Health experts who lead the Preventive Services Task Force of the United States (US Preventive Services Task Force) advise that when you go to your next checkup, ask your doctor or nurse about how to stay healthy no matter the age.
Some tests can make in the office, such as measuring blood pressure. Others, such as mammograms, need special equipment, so maybe I should go to a different place.They call screening those seeking disease before symptoms. Measurements of blood pressure and mammograms are examples of screenings.
After a screening test, ask when you can see the results and who can explain them.
Breast cancer. ask your doctor if you should have a mammogram, considering his age, family history, general health and personal concerns.
Cervical cancer. Make a pap smear (“Pap smear”) every 1-3 years if you are between 21 and 65 years old and have been sexually active. If you are over 65 and their last Pap tests were normal, and no need to have the tests. If you had a hysterectomy for a reason other than cancer, do not need a Pap smear.
Chlamydia and other sexually transmitted diseases. sexually transmitted diseases can make it difficult to get pregnant affect the baby and cause other health problems.
- Get tested for chlamydia if you are 24 or younger and sexually active. If you are over 24, ask your doctor if you need to get tested for chlamydia.
- Ask your doctor or nurse if you should be tested for other STDs.
Colorectal cancer. Become a screening test for colorectal cancer starting at age 50. Perhaps the need to do before, if there have been cases of colorectal cancer in their family. There are several tests for this cancer. Your doctor can help you decide which is best for you.
Depression. Their emotional health is as relevant as your physical health. Ask your doctor if you need to get tested for depression, especially during the last two weeks:
- Have you felt discouraged, sad or depressed.
- He has lost interest or pleasure in doing things.
Diabetes. yourself tested for diabetes if your blood pressure is higher than 135/80 or taking medicine for high blood pressure.
Diabetes (high blood sugar) can cause problems with your heart, brain, eyes, feet, kidneys, nerves, and other body parts.
High blood pressure. Starting from 18, the blood pressure should be measured every 2 years at least. A blood pressure of 140/90 or above is considered high. High blood pressure can cause stroke, heart attack, kidney problems or eyes, and heart failure.
. High Cholesterol From 20 years of age, cholesterol should be regularly assessed if:
- You consume snuff.
- Are you obese.
- Have diabetes or high blood pressure.
- Have a personal history of heart disease or clogged arteries.
- Within his family happened a heart attack in a man before age 50 or a woman before 60 years.
. HIV Ask your doctor about HIV screening if any of the following concerns:
- He has had unprotected sex with multiple people.
- Injected drugs.
- Offers sex for money or drugs or have sex with people who do.
- Have or had a sexual partner infected with HIV or who is bisexual or inject drugs.
- He is being treated for a sexually transmitted disease.
- He received a blood transfusion between 1978 and 1985.
- Have any other concern.
Osteoporosis (loss of bone density). At age 65, get tested to assess the strength of your bones. If you are under 65, ask your doctor whether you should be tested.
Overweight and obesity. The best way to know if you are overweight or obese is to calculate your body mass index (BMI, for its acronym in English). To get it, enter your height and weight into a BMI calculator like the one found athttp://www.nhlbisupport.com/bmi/ (available in English). A BMI between 18.5 and 25 indicates a normal weight.People with a BMI of 30 or higher may be obese. If you are obese, ask your doctor or nurse how to get intensive counseling and help to change their habits and thus lose weight. Overweight and obesity can lead to diabetes and cardiovascular disease.
It’s your body!
You know your body better than anyone. Always tell your doctor or nurse of any changes in your health, including sight and hearing. Have them test you for any condition that concerns you; not only mentioned here. If you want to know about diseases like glaucoma or cancer of the skin, for example, ask about them.
Take preventive medicines if you need them
Aspirin. If you are 55 or older, ask your doctor about taking aspirin to prevent stroke.
Drugs against breast cancer. If your mother, sister or daughter has had breast cancer, ask your doctor about taking medication to prevent this cancer.
Estrogen for menopause (hormone replacement therapy). should not use estrogen to prevent heart disease or other diseases. If you need relief from the symptoms of menopause, talk with your doctor.
- Get a flu shot every year.
- If you are 65 or older get vaccinated against pneumonia.
- Depending on health problems, you may need a pneumonia shot at a younger age or be vaccinated against diseases such as whooping cough or herpes zoster (shingles).
- Ask your health care team if you need any vaccinations. You can also find out what you need in:http://www2.cdc.gov/nip/adultimmsched/ (available in English).
Change for good health
Physically active and choose healthy foods. Learn how to http://www.healthfinder.gov/prevention/ (English only).
Reach your right and hold weight. Seek a balance between the calories you take in with food and drinks, and you burn with physical activity.
Do not smoke. ‘ll find tips to stop in the snuff http://www.smokefree.gov (page in English, but with assignences to resources in Spanish). If you want to talk to someone about how to quit, call the National Quitline (free national hotline): 1-800 QUITNOW (784-8669).
If you drink alcohol, have no more than one drink a day. A standard “drink” is a 12-ounce bottle of beer or wine cooler (wine cooler ), one 5-ounce glass of wine or 1.5 ounces of liquor 80 ° proof distillate.
Learn more about good health
See these sites from the federal government:
Healthfinder.gov. Guides and resources for healthy living, an encyclopedia of issues related to health, health news and more. Visit: http://www.healthfinder.gov/espanol/ .
MedlinePlus. Health information provided by government agencies and health organizations, including a medical encyclopedia and health resources. Visit: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/spanish/medlineplus.html .
If you have access to a computer, ask your librarian for the health information available at the local library.