were scheduled for 11
a.m. Thursday, April 2,
at St. John’s
Episcopal Church in
Camden, Arkansas. Hite,
who had a son and a
daughter, had five
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Maize; 2. Hunter Chase,
Arkansas City; 3. Colton
Brusven, Tonganoxie; 4.
Rhett Briggs, ...
Frederick Steele, whose
army went from Little
Rock to Camden in the
spring of 1864. The
campaign, Christ said,
was "a cornucopia of
awfulness." 'MURDERED ON
THE SPOT' Mary Jane
Warde's 2013 book
published by the
University of Arkansas
press, When the Wolf
University of Arkansas at
Pine Bluff's student body
exceeds 3,000 ...
collapse of predominantly
African American cities
in Southern towns like
Camden and Pine Bluff
correlate, some feel,
with the collapse of
— The bat Babe Ruth
used to swat his first
home run ...
Sports Investments of
Voorhees claims it
purchased the bat from
Sports Cards Plus in
February 2014. But on
March 16, Kenneth Goldin,
a Clearwater principal
say they are trying to
work out a settlement
with Roizman on
delinquent loan payments
for a second housing
project that the company
has had in Camden for
decades. An Arkansas
House panel has rejected
a proposal to give tax
credits to low ...
Born in Camden,
AR., Carl was the son of
the late Carlos M.
Pinkston and the late Ava
Nell (Taylor) Pinkston.
Carl served in the air
force and moved to
civilian life on the
frontier of computer
technology, working and
retiring from the
projects will represent
16 schools from the
following districts in
Bradley, Camden Fairview,
Emerson, El Dorado,
Genoa, Harmony Grove,
Hope, Junction City,
Magnolia, Smackover and
Taylor. While on campus,
students will be ...
Jaquestin Anderson, 20,
of Camden, worked at the
business. CAMDEN, AR - A
second suspect has been
named in the Dec. 19
killing of a local store
manager. The Camden
Police Department says
it's issued an arrest
warrant for Jaquestin
John McDevitt CAMDEN,
NJ. (CBS) — A
community pet food
assistance program will
launch next month in
Camden County, New
Jersey. The Camden
County Pet Food Pantry
will open in four
time I visit London, I
try to see a bit more of
the vast city, and two
weeks ago I spent a day
hanging out in Camden
Town. I am a massive
market fan so this was
right up my street, from
been a month since we
last reported on
Art, but that
doesn’t mean we
popping by for all the
newest happenings in the
area. In that time,
despite so much of
This cabinet card
portrait features a young
dressed posing for her
photograph at the Garns
& Company studio in
Camden, New Jersey. She
is wearing beautiful lace
and a ring. Most
So. I went
to see Real Friends in
Camden tonight. It was
sweaty, fun and too
these guys so much. Their
album has been a massive
rock in this last year
since I’ve moved
Meeting this Sunday at
10.30am outside the
Christ Church in
– a call
from ardent supporters,
Church, Hampstead Square,
London NW3 1AB
CAMDEN, N.J., (CBS)
– An accident
involving three vehicles
snarled traffic on I-676
southbound during the
(CBS) – The Camden
County Police Department
is investigating an
attempted luring that
happened over the
weekend. According to
police, a group of three
juvenile females was
walking on the
CAMDEN, N.J. (CBS)
— A family narrowly
escaped their home
after it partially
collapsed late Sunday
night in Camden, New
Madden CAMDEN, NJ (CBS)
– Seniors and the
disabled in Camden County
can actually avail
themselves of free
assistance in clearing
snow from their
sidewalks, now that
Thursday’s storm is
SPECIAL INFORMATION FOR CAMDEN
Responding To and Protecting Students from Sexual Assault in CAMDEN ARKANSAS
January 26, 2015
Courtesy of Eve Hill and Mark Kappelhoff, Deputy Assistant Attorneys General for the Civil Rights pision
Note: The sample MOU can be found at here.
President Obama established the White House Task Force to Protect Students from Sexual Assault one year ago. On this anniversary, the task force has released a sample memorandum of understanding (MOU) to assist campuses and law enforcement agencies to work together in their efforts to protect students, address the needs of sexual assault survivors, and ensure a prompt, thorough, and fair response to allegations of sexual misconduct. This is yet another important step in the task forces effort to help colleges and universities, as well as their partners in the community, address the problem of campus sexual violence.
While colleges and universities can do much on their own, communication and collaboration between campus administrators, campus police and local law enforcement is critically important to address the problem of sexual assault on campus.
The sample MOU reflects input from task force members and agencies, outside experts on sexual assault, police associations, state attorneys general, and campus administrators and counsels.
Many colleges and universities already have MOUs in place with local law enforcement authorities covering a variety of areas. Our conversations with campus administrators, campus police, and law enforcement have underscored the need for additional tools and strategies that are specifically tailored to the dynamics of sexual assault on campus, as well as the needs of sexual assault survivors. The task force is providing this sample MOU with that in mind.
We recognize that every campus and community is unique and there is no one-size-fits-all solution. The sample MOU is, therefore, intended to be a starting point for a conversation between campus administrators, campus police and local law enforcement on how to improve collaborations between critical first responders. We fully expect that, in partnering to address the issue of sexual violence on campus, campus administrators and law enforcement will adapt the provisions of the sample MOU to meet their particular needs and circumstances. For example, some campus and law enforcement authorities may wish to incorporate some or all of the provisions into an existing general campus safety MOU, while others may prefer a standalone agreement specifically addressing campus sexual violence. Still others may decide that some different method of collaboration better meets their needs. We hope that this sample MOU will be an important resource in collaborative efforts between campus administrators, campus police and law enforcement to eradicate sexual assault from college communities nationwide.
Civil Rights pision
Office on Violence Against Women
CAMDEN ARKANSAS tspan:3m
Advices to people with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in CAMDEN ARKANSAS
What is irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?
Irritable bowel syndrome* (IBS) is a functional gastrointestinal (GI) disorder, meaning that the symptoms are caused by changes in how the GI tract works. The GI tract is a series of hollow organs joined in a long, twisting tube from the mouth to the anusthe opening where stool leaves your body. Food is digested, or broken down, in the GI tract.
The organs of the GI tract
*See the Pronunciation Guide for tips on how to say words in bold type.
IBS is a group of symptoms that occur together, not a disease. Symptoms can come and go repeatedly without signs of damage to the GI tract.
What are the symptoms of IBS?
The most common symptoms of IBS include pain or discomfort in your abdomenthe area between your chest and hipsand changes in your bowel habits. The pain or discomfort of IBS may be reported as cramping and
- starts when you have bowel movements more or less often than usual
- starts when your stool appears looser and more watery or harder and more lumpy than usual
- goes away after a bowel movement
The changes in bowel habits with IBS may be diarrhea, constipation, or both.
Symptoms of diarrhea are
- passing stools three or more times a day
- having loose, watery stools
- feeling an urgent need to have a bowel movement
Symptoms of constipation are
- passing fewer than three stools in a week
- having hard, dry stools
- straining to have a bowel movement
Some people with IBS have only diarrhea or only constipation. Some people have symptoms of both diarrhea and constipation or have diarrhea sometimes and constipation other times. People often have symptoms after eating a meal.
Other symptoms of IBS are
- whitish mucusa clear liquid made by the intestinesin the stool
- a swollen or bloated abdomen
- the feeling that you havent finished a bowel movement
Women with IBS often have more symptoms during their menstrual periods.
IBS is a chronic disorder, meaning it lasts a long time, often years. However, the symptoms may come and go. You may have IBS if
- you have had symptoms at least three times a month for the past 3 months
- your symptoms first started at least 6 months ago
While IBS can be painful, it doesnt lead to other health problems or damage the GI tract.
What causes IBS?
Doctors are not sure what causes IBS. Researchers are studying the following possible causes of IBS:
- Brain-gut signal problems. Signals between your brain and the nerves of your gut, or small and large intestines, control how your gut works. Problems with brain-gut signals may cause IBS symptoms, such as changes in your bowel habits and pain or discomfort.
- Colon muscle problems. The muscles of your colon, part of your large intestine, may not work normally. The muscles may contract, or tighten, too much. These contractions may move stool through your gut too quickly, causing cramping and diarrhea during or shortly after a meal, or slow the movement of stool, causing constipation.
- Sensitive nerves. The nerves in your gut may be extra sensitive, causing you to feel more pain or discomfort than normal when gas or stool is in the gut.
- Mental health issues. Psychological, or mental health, issues such as anxiety or depression may be related to IBS in some people. Stress can make the nerves of your gut more sensitive, causing more discomfort and emotional distress.
- Infections. A bacterial infection in the GI tract may cause some people to develop IBS.
- Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth. Normally, few bacteria live in the small intestine. Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth is an increase in the number or a change in the type of bacteria in the small intestine. These bacteria can produce extra gas and may also cause diarrhea and weight loss. Some researchers believe small intestinal bacterial overgrowth may lead to IBS; however, more research is needed to show a link between the two conditions.
How is IBS diagnosed?
Your doctor may be able to diagnose IBS based on your symptoms. Your doctor may not need to do medical tests or may do a limited number of tests.
Your doctor will ask about your
- medical history
- eating habits
- medicine use
Your doctor will look for a certain pattern in your symptoms. Your doctor can diagnose IBS by using symptom-based standards such as the Rome criteria. Based on the Rome criteria, IBS may be diagnosed if
- your symptoms started at least 6 months ago
- you have had abdominal pain or discomfort at least three times a month for the past 3 months
- your abdominal pain or discomfort has two or three of the following features:
- Your pain or discomfort improves after a bowel movement.
- When your pain or discomfort starts, you notice a change in how often you have a bowel movement.
- When your pain or discomfort starts, you notice a change in the way your stools look.
Your doctor will also conduct a physical exam and may perform blood tests to make sure you dont have other health problems. IBS can have the same symptoms as other health problems, so more tests may be needed. If any blood tests suggest you may have another health problem, your doctor might also perform the following tests:
- Stool test. A stool test is used to check stool for blood or parasites, which are tiny organisms found in contaminated food or water. Your doctor will give you a container for catching and storing the stool. You will return the stool sample to your doctor or a commercial facility. The sample will be sent to a lab to check for blood or parasites. Your doctor may also check for blood in stool by examining your rectumthe lower end of the large intestine leading to the anusduring your physical exam.
- Flexible sigmoidoscopy. Flexible sigmoidoscopy is used to look inside your rectum and lower colon. This test is used to look inside the rectum and lower colon. The test is performed at a hospital or an outpatient center by a gastroenterologista doctor who specializes in digestive diseases. Anesthesia is usually not needed. Your doctor will give you written bowel prep instructions to follow at home before the test. You may need to follow a clear liquid diet for 1 to 3 days before the test. You may also need a laxative or enema the night before the test. You may also have one or more enemas about 2 hours before the procedure.
For the test, you will lie on a table while the doctor inserts a flexible tube into your anus. A small camera on the tube sends a video image of the intestinal lining to a computer screen. The test can show problems in the rectum or lower colon that may be causing your symptoms.
You can usually go back to your normal diet after the test, though you may have cramping or bloating during the first hour after the test.
- Colonoscopy. Colonoscopy is used to look inside your rectum and entire colon. The test is performed at a hospital or an outpatient center by a gastroenterologist. Youll be given a light sedative and possibly pain medicine to help you relax. Your doctor will give you written bowel prep instructions to follow at home before the test. You may need to follow a clear liquid diet for 1 to 3 days before the test. You may need to take laxatives and enemas the evening before the test.
For the test, you will lie on a table while the doctor inserts a flexible tube into your anus. A small camera on the tube sends a video image of the intestinal lining to a computer screen. The test can show problems in your colon that may be causing your symptoms.
Cramping or bloating may occur during the first hour after the test. Driving is not permitted for 24 hours after the test so that the sedative can wear off. Before the appointment, you should make plans for a ride home. By the next day, you should fully recover and go back to your normal diet.
How is IBS treated?
Irritable bowel syndrome is treated by relieving symptoms through
- changes in eating, diet, and nutrition
- psychological therapy
You may have to try a few treatments to see what works best for you. Your doctor can help you find the right treatment plan.
Eating, Diet, and Nutrition
Eating large meals can cause cramping and diarrhea in some people with IBS. If you experience these symptoms, try to change your eating patterns by eating four or five small meals a day.
Certain foods or drinks may make symptoms worse, such as
- foods high in fat
- some milk products
- drinks with alcohol or caffeine
- drinks with large amounts of artificial sweeteners, which are used in place of sugar
- beans, cabbage, and other foods that may cause gas
To find out if certain foods trigger your symptoms, keep a diary and track
- what you eat during the day
- what symptoms you have
- when symptoms occur
Take your notes to your doctor and talk about which foods seem to make your symptoms worse. You may need to avoid these foods or eat less of them.
Fiber may improve constipation symptoms caused by IBS because it makes stool soft and easier to pass. Fiber is found in foods such as whole-grain breads and cereals, beans, fruits, and vegetables. The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics recommends that adults consume 21 to 38 grams of fiber a day.
While fiber may help constipation, it may not be enough to treat the abdominal discomfort or pain of IBS. In fact, some people with IBS may feel a bit more abdominal discomfort after adding more fiber to their diet. Add foods with fiber a little at a time to let your body get used to them. Too much fiber at once can cause gas, which can trigger symptoms in people with IBS.
Your doctor may give you medicine help relieve symptoms. Follow your doctors instructions when you use medicine to treat IBS. Talk with your doctor about possible side effects and what to do if you have them.
These medicines can lessen the symptoms of IBS:
- Laxatives treat constipation. Many kinds of laxatives are available. Your doctor can help you find the right laxative for you.
- Loperamide (Imodium) treats diarrhea.
- Antispasmodics help reduce muscle spasms in the intestines and help ease abdominal pain.
- Antidepressants in low doses can help relieve IBS symptoms.
- Lubiprostone (Amitiza) is prescribed for people who have IBS with constipation.
- Linaclotide (Linzess) is also prescribed for people who have IBS with constipation.
The antibiotic rifaximin can reduce bloating by treating small intestinal bacterial overgrowth; however, scientists are still debating the use of antibiotics to treat IBS and more research is needed.
Probiotics are live microorganismstiny organisms that can be seen only with a microscope. These microorganisms, most often bacteria, are like the microorganisms normally found in your GI tract. Studies have found that probiotics taken in large enough amounts improve symptoms of IBS; however, more research is needed. Probiotics can be found in dietary supplements, such as capsules, tablets, and powders, and in some foods, such as yogurt. Talk with your doctor before using probiotics, supplements, or any other complementary or alternative medical treatment. Read more at www.nccam.nih.gov/health/probiotics.
Psychological therapy can help improve IBS symptoms.
- Talk therapy. Talk therapy may reduce stress and improve IBS symptoms. Two types of talk therapy used to treat IBS are cognitive behavioral therapy and psychodynamic, or interpersonal, therapy. Cognitive behavioral therapy focuses on your thoughts and actions. Psychodynamic therapy focuses on how your emotions affect your IBS symptoms.
- Gut-directed hypnotherapy. In hypnotherapy, a therapist may help relax the muscles in your colon by putting you into a trancelike state.
- Mindfulness training. Mindfulness training can teach you to focus your attention on sensations occurring at the moment and to avoid catastrophizing, or worrying about the meaning of those sensations.
Does stress cause IBS?
Although stress does not cause IBS, if you already have IBS, stress can make your symptoms worse. In addition, simply having IBS symptoms can produce stress.
Learning to reduce stress can help improve IBS. With less stress, you may find you have less cramping and pain. You may also find it easier to manage your symptoms.
Meditation, exercise, hypnosis, and counseling may help lessen IBS symptoms. Getting enough sleep and changing life situations to make them less stressful may also help. You may need to try different activities to see what works best for you.
Points to Remember
- Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional gastrointestinal (GI) disorder, meaning symptoms are caused by changes in how the GI tract works.
- IBS is a group of symptoms that occur together, not a disease. Symptoms can come and go repeatedly without signs of damage to the GI tract.
- The most common symptoms of IBS include pain or discomfort in your abdomenthe area between your chest and hipsand changes in your bowel habits.
- While IBS can be painful, it doesnt lead to other health problems or damage the GI tract.
- Doctors are not sure what causes IBS. Researchers are studying the following possible causes of IBS:
- brain-gut signal problems
- colon muscle problems
- sensitive nerves
- mental health issues
- small intestinal bacterial overgrowth
- Your doctor may be able to diagnose IBS based on your symptoms. Your doctor may not need to do medical tests or may do a limited number of tests.
- IBS is treated by relieving symptoms through
- changes in eating, diet, and nutrition
- psychological therapy
- Although stress does not cause IBS, if you already have IBS, stress can make your symptoms worse.
Hope through Research
The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDKs) pision of Digestive Diseases and Nutrition conducts and supports basic and clinical research into many digestive disorders.
Clinical trials are research studies involving people. Clinical trials look at safe and effective new ways to prevent, detect, or treat disease. Researchers also use clinical trials to look at other aspects of care, such as improving the quality of life for people with chronic illnesses. To learn more about clinical trials, why they matter, and how to participate, visit the NIH Clinical Research Trials and You website at www.nih.gov/health/clinicaltrials. For information about current studies, visit www.ClinicalTrials.gov.
flexible sigmoidoscopy (FLEK-suh-buhl) (SIG-moy-DOSS-kuh-pee)
irritable bowel syndrome (IHR-ih-tuh-buhl) (boul) (SIN-drohm)
For More Information
American Neurogastroenterology and Motility Society
45685 Harmony Lane
Belleville, MI 48111
International Foundation for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders
700 West Virginia Street, Suite 201
Milwaukee, WI 53204
Phone: 18889642001 or 4149641799
Rome Foundation, Inc.
P.O. Box 6524
Raleigh, NC 27628
Publications produced by the Clearinghouse are carefully reviewed by both NIDDK scientists and outside experts. This publication was reviewed by Douglas A. Drossman, M.D., University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Thank you also to the Salvation Army, SE Corps, Washington, D.C., for facilitating field-testing of the original version of this publication.
The U.S. Government does not endorse or favor any specific commercial product or company. Trade, proprietary, or company names appearing in this document are used only because they are considered necessary in the context of the information provided. If a product is not mentioned, the omission does not mean or imply that the product is unsatisfactory.
National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse
2 Information Way
Bethesda, MD 208923570
The National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse (NDDIC) is a service of the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK). The NIDDK is part of the National Institutes of Health of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Established in 1980, the Clearinghouse provides information about digestive diseases to people with digestive disorders and to their families, health care professionals, and the public. The NDDIC answers inquiries, develops and distributes publications, and works closely with professional and patient organizations and Government agencies to coordinate resources about digestive diseases.
This publication is not copyrighted. The Clearinghouse encourages users of this publication to duplicate and distribute as many copies as desired.
This publication may contain information about medications and, when taken as prescribed, the conditions they treat. When prepared, this publication included the most current information available. For updates or for questions about any medications, contact the U.S. Food and Drug Administration toll-free at 1888INFOFDA (18884636332) or visit www.fda.gov. Consult your health care provider for more information.
NIH Publication No. 134686
Page last updated October 16, 2013
The situation of health coverage in in CAMDEN ARKANSAS
1. After five years of the Affordable Care Act, more than 16 million people have health coverage.
That's more people than the populations of New York City, Los Angeles, and Chicago combined. This number includes parents who can finally afford to take their kids to the doctor, families who no longer risk losing their homes or savings because someone becomes ill, and young people who are now free to pursue their dreams without worrying about losing access to health care.
2. Medicaid is helping millions.
The Affordable Care Act allows states to expand eligibility for Medicaid, and 28 states and the District of Columbia have done so. Across all 50 states, there are 11.2 million additional Americans enrolled in Medicaid compared to a baseline period in the fall of 2013.
While not every state expanded Medicaid, those that did are seeing especially strong coverage gains. In Medicaid expansion states, the uninsured rate among families with incomes below 138 percent of the federal poverty line declined by 13 percentage points, nearly double the decline in non-expansion states.
3. Those with pre-existing conditions can no longer be denied health insurance.
Prior to the Affordable Care Act, health insurance companies could deny you coverage or charge you more because of a health problem that you had prior to applying for insurance. Thanks to the Affordable Care Act, health insurance companies can’t refuse to cover you just because you have a pre-existing condition and they can’t close you out of coverage by charging you more than someone who doesn’t have a pre-existing condition.
This key provision means that up to 129 million Americans with pre-existing conditions are no longer at risk of being denied coverage. This includes the parents of over 17.6 million children with pre-existing conditions who no longer have to live with that worry.
4. The uninsured rate for young Americans is at its lowest point since at least 1997.
Thanks to the Affordable Care Act, the uninsured rate for young Americans has declined by more than 40 percent over the past five years. Since 2010, more than 5 million young adults have gained coverage. This includes 2.3 million young adults who have gained coverage by being able to stay on their parent's health plan. Under the Affordable Care Act, young adults can stay on their parent’s coverage until age 26. With all that can happens in a young person's life, this provision helps ensure that those who are just starting out in college and work careers can plan with the assurance that they have access to quality and affordable coverage.
5. Americans no longer have lifetime and annual limits on their coverage.
The Affordable Care Act has lifted the lifetime health benefit caps for 105 million Americans. Previously, many plans set a lifetime limit on how much they would spend for your covered benefits during the entire time you were enrolled in their plan. If you went over, you’d be paying out of pocket. Annual limits also constrained families and inpiduals by restricting how much they could receive per year. That's not how it should be. That’s why the Affordable Care Act prohibits health plans from putting annual or lifetime dollar limits on most benefits.
These are just five of the core ways in which the Affordable Care Act has helped Americans get quality, affordable health care. See for yourself: Click here to meet inpiduals who have benefited from health care, read their stories, and then pass them on so others can see what getting covered -- and staying covered -- means.