CLINTON MISSOURI NEWS AND BLOG


Latest News - CLINTON MISSOURI

Missouri man, 70, guilty of killing 66-year-old neighbor


JEFFERSON CITY, Mo. – A western Missouri man has been found guilty of killing his neighbor following a feud. Attorney General Chris Koster’s office handled prosecution of 70-year-old Lonny Leroy Mays of Clinton. Koster said Tuesday that a jury found ...

Missouri State football wearing orange decals to honor softball star Allie Alvstad as she battles leukemia


“It’s about Allie, not us,” said Hays, a long snapper and safety from Clinton, Mo. “There’s no doubt she’d be at the game Saturday if she could, and it’s important that we show her that we’re here for her even though she can’t be here.

Grandma Talks About 12-Year-Old Clinton Girl's Death


A 12-year-old Clinton, Mo., girl who died over the weekend may have applied a discarded prescription painkiller patch on her abdomen. While trying to escape the gun shots, Patch Associate Regional Ad Director Al Wilson details how he was detained by police ...

Chelsea Clinton Gave Birth to a Baby Girl (and You'll Love Her Adorable Name)!


Charlotte Clinton Mezvinsky. Anna Moeslein Assistant editor and entertainment writer. University of Missouri grad. Will listen to any song and watch any TV show, movie, or cute puppy video at least once (but probably twice). Eats ice cream or fro-yo daily ...

Bill Clinton: America has 'bought the NRA's theory'


Clinton pointed out that the more recent shooting of an unarmed teen in Ferguson, Missouri, ignited similar concerns about race and the law. Overnight on Wednesday the city broke into protests again over the shooting of 18-year-old Michael Brown by Officer ...

Large sea turtle washes ashore in Clinton


Drug investigators in eastern Missouri are reporting the seizure of nearly nine pounds of crystal methamphetamine from a Texas trucker. New mom Chelsea Clinton celebrates baby daughter New mom Chelsea Clinton celebrates baby daughter Chelsea Clinton has ...

Hillary Clinton: Frayed bonds of trust led to Missouri teen's shooting death, violent protests


Former Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton speaks at the Nexenta OpenSDx Summit, Thursday, Aug. 28, 2014, in San Francisco. (AP Photo/Noah Berger)The Associated Press Nexenta CEO Tarkan Maner, left, presents former Secretary of State Hillary Rodham ...

Hillary Clinton weighs in on tension in Ferguson, Mo. — 19 days after fatal shooting of Michael Brown


Nearly three weeks after an unarmed black teen was gunned down in a St. Louis suburb by a white police officer, sparking violent riots and a national conversation about race, Hillary Clinton finally broke her silence about the ongoing tension in Ferguson, Mo.

Twitter starting to wonder why Hillary Clinton has not addressed events in Ferguson, Mo.


Hillary Clinton has had much to say of late about foreign policy, drawing a great deal of coverage for an interview in which she pointed out her differences with President Obama on how he has handled crises around the world. Analysts suggest that she is ...

Crash near Clinton, Mo., kills 2, injures 4


A crash in Clinton, Missouri, on Saturday killed two men from the Kansas ...
Harken was killed the wreck, along with passenger Clayton Miller, 18, of Kansas City, Missouri. Four other passengers, David Draxler, 19, and Lukas Fleming, 20, both of Prairie ...

Missouri S&T to host a magical Homecoming celebration


Help dedicate James E. Bertelsmeyer Hall, run a 5K and cheer on the Miner football team as part of Missouri University of Science and Technology’s 2014 Homecoming celebration Oct. 17-18. This year’s theme is The Wizardly World of Miners, based on the ...

Missouri pension funds ahead of national norms


JEFFERSON CITY, Mo. (AP) - Missouri's public employee retirement plans generally are in better financial shape than those nationwide, though there is cause for concern about some, according to a state audit released Tuesday. Auditor Tom Schweich's report ...

23rd Annual Best of Missouri Market at Missouri Botanical Garden


(KPLR)- The Missouri Botanical Garden will host the the 23rd Annual Best of Missouri Market from October 3rd through 5th. This year the market is expanding. It will now welcome vendors from neighboring states. Katie O’Sullivan, with the Best of Missouri ...

Missouri officials investigate human rabies death


Missouri Department of Health officials are investigating a rabies death in a Cole County man who died last Friday. According to an ABC News 17 report Monday, John Emmerich of Eugene was hospitalized with severe neck pain, began shaking, trouble ...

Grow Missouri fires PR firm that tried to solicit journalists


JEFFERSON CITY, Mo. – For a political organization as well-funded as Grow Missouri, there isn’t much money can’t buy. Most recently, the organization made headlines when a massive blimp with its name emblazoned on both sides began soaring across the ...

Missouri Prairie Foundation to host ‘Evening on the Prairie’


The Missouri Prairie Foundation’s (MPF’s) Evening on the Prairie will be held Saturday, Oct. 11 at 5 p.m., just outside Cole Camp. The event will be held on the private, original, 400-acre prairie owned by Dr. Wayne Morton, a member of MPF’s board of ...

Examiner honored among Missouri peers


The Examiner has won several awards in the Missouri Press Association’s annual Better Newspaper Contest. The awards were presented Saturday in Columbia, Missouri. The paper took third place among mid-sized dailies in the state in general excellence.

Missouri pension funds ahead of national norms, state auditor says


JEFFERSON CITY, Mo. • Missouri's public employee retirement plans generally are in better financial shape than those nationwide, though there is cause for concern about some, according to a state audit released Tuesday. Auditor Tom Schweich's report ...

Missouri boy battling terminal cancer scores touchdown in first game


A six-year-old Missouri boy battling terminal cancer served as captain of a local football team last weekend, and scored a touchdown with the help of some teammates. When he was just 3-years-old, doctors diagnosed Liam Myrick with stage 4 high-risk ...

Grants will help preserve history of Route 66 in Missouri


An oral history project is making sure Route 66 stays an important part of history in Missouri. The project is spearheaded by David Richards, Department Head of Special Collections and Archives at Missouri State University, and Tom Peters, Dean of Library ...



SPECIAL INFORMATION FOR CLINTON

By making some small changes in your home and garden, you can reduce emissions of greenhouse gases and save money

By making some small changes in your home and garden, you can reduce emissions of greenhouse gases and save money. Explore our list of the 10 simple steps you can take to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases.

1. Replace 5 lights at home

Replace the five most frequently used lights or the bulbs in these, with products certified under the seal of ENERGY STAR ® and you help the environment by saving more than $ 70 per year in electricity bills. ENERGY STAR lighting provides bright, warm light that generates 75% less heat; uses up to 75% less energy than traditional lighting; and lasts 10 to 50 times longer.

2. Look for products certified under the ENERGY STAR

When buying modern products for your home, look for the ENERGY STAR EPA that will help you make a decision more energy efficient. You can find the Energy Star label on more than 60 kinds of products, including appliances, lighting equipment, heating and air conditioning, electronics and office equipment. Throughout life all on your home certified under the ENERGY STAR label may reduce emissions of greenhouse gases approximately 130.000 pounds and save $ 11,000 in electricity bills.

3. Heat and cool your home smartly

Expenses for the use of heating and cooling account for almost half of its electricity-bill about $ 1,000 a year! There are many things you can do to reduce these costs. Simple steps such as changing air filters regularly, properly using a programmable thermostat and making sure to give annually due maintain your heating and air conditioning by a licensed contractor can save energy and increase comfort at home while helping to protect environment. Depending on the area you live in, you can reduce your annual energy bill by more than $ 200 to replace your heating and air conditioning ancient certificate under the seal of ENERGY STAR equipment.

4. Selle home and add insulation with ENERGY STAR

Reduce leaks and drafts using caulk, weatherstripping and insulation to seal any cracks or hollow along windows and doors in your home as well as in the attic to block heat and cold. An owner with appropriate knowledge or skilled contractor can save you up to 20% on the cost of heating and air conditioning. Through these actions you can greatly improve the comfort in your home following proper sealing and insulation measures.

5. Reduce, Reuse and Recycle

The reduce, reuse, and recycling in your home helps conserve energy and reduce pollution and emissions of greenhouse gases from extraction, manufacturing and disposal. If there is a recycling program in your community, recycle your modernspapers, soda bottles, paper and other products. Also the composting of food waste and yard cleanup reduces the amount of waste you send to landfill and reduces emissions of greenhouse gases. Visit the Individual Waste Reduction Model EPA (iWARM for its acronym in English) to learn about the energy benefits of recycling common waste on landfill disposal.

6. Use water efficiently

It requires a lot of energy to pump, treat, and heat water, thus water conservation reduces emissions of greenhouse gases. Saving water at home is easy. Three percent of the nation´s energy is used to pump and treat water, thus conserving water also conserves energy by reducing pollution of greenhouse gases. Reduce as much as possible the amount of waste generated and the water you drink. Take simple steps to conserve water such as not leaving the tap when shaving or brushing your teeth and save money while conserving water using products labeled WaterSense . Did you know a leaky toilet can waste 200 gallons of water per day? Repair all leaks and dripping faucets and toilets immediately. When you run the dishwasher to capacity will save 100 pounds of carbon dioxide and up to $ 40 per year.Pour water to the lawn and garden wisely. Only water them when necessary and do it in the coolest part of the day.Typically, early morning is the best time. See the Web site of the EPA WaterSense for more tips on how to conserve water.

7. Practice organic gardening

The composting of food waste and grass clippings reduces the amount of waste sent to landfills and emissions of greenhouse gases. The program GreenScapes EPA has several tips and useful publications (PDF)  (16 pp, 1.8MB, About PDF )on how to improve your lawn or garden while also helping the environment.

8. Buy green energy

Energize your home by purchasing green energy. The green energy is environmentally beneficial electricity that has been generated by renewable energy sources like wind and sun. There are two ways to use green energy. You can buy green power or you can modify your house to generate your own green energy. Purchasing green power is easy . It offers a host of environmental and economic benefits unlike conventional electricity, including lower emissions of greenhouse gases and helps to increase the supply of clean energy. There are several steps you can take to create a greener home, including installing solar panels  and investigate incentives for renewable energy in your state .

9. Calculate the carbon footprint in your home

Use the calculator Domestic Emissions EPA Greenhouse Gas to make an estimate of emissions of greenhouse gases in their residence from the use of energy, transportation, and waste disposal. This tool will help you understand where they come from and how emissions identify ways to reduce them.

10. Communicate the message

Tell your family and friends that energy efficiency is good for their homes and good for the environment because it reduces emissions of greenhouse gases and air pollution. Tell five people and together we can help each other, reducing the cost of energy in our homes.

[2]



The cord blood: What You Should Know

Mother with sleeping babyThe cord blood is present in the blood vessels of the placenta and umbilical cord, and is collected after the baby is born and then cut the umbilical cord; an important detail.

"Because cord blood is usually collected after delivery and after cutting the cord, intervention is generally safe for both mother and baby," says Dr. Keith Wonnacott, PhD, Branch Chief Therapies Office Phones Cell Therapies, Tissue and Genetic FDA.

Approved Uses

The use of cord blood is only approved for interventions "hematopoietic stem cell transplantation," which was performed in patients with disorders of the hematopoietic (blood producing). The cord blood contains blood cell production can be used to treat patients with cancers of the blood such as leukemias and lymphomas, as well as certain blood disorders and immune system, such as stem cells of sickle cell anemia  and Wiskott-Aldrich

"The cord blood is useful because it is a source of stem cells that are transformed into blood cells. Cord blood transplants can be used for people who need feedback, ie ´re-produce´ these cells producing blood cells, "says Dr. Wonnacott.

For example, in many cancer patients, the disease is found in the blood cells. Chemotherapy to treat these patients undergoing cancer cells eliminates both as producing healthy stem cells of blood cells. Transplantation of umbilical cord stem cells can support the regeneration of blood cells following chemotherapy.

However, the cord blood is not a cure-all.

"Given that cord blood contains stem cells, have been several cases of fraud related to cord blood," says Dr. Wonnacott. "Consumers think that stem cells can cure all diseases, but science has not shown this to be true.Patients should maintain skepticism if the cord blood is available for uses other than blood regeneration by stem "cells.

Information about the storage of cord blood

After obtaining the cord blood is frozen and can be stored safely for many years. "The method of freeze-called ´criopreservación´-is very important to maintain the integrity of the cells," says Dr. Wonnacott. "The cord blood will be stored with care."

Blood from the umbilical cord can be stored in a private bank, so it is available if the baby in the future-or relatives of first or second degree, they need it. The private cord banks typically charge for the collection and storage of blood.

Alternatively, blood can be donated to a public bank so that doctors can use to treat patients who need blood stem cell transplants.

The FDA regulates the cord blood in different ways, depending on its origin, processing level and intended use.

The stored cord blood for personal use, use in relatives of first or second degree, and that also meets other requirements of the FDA regulations, does not need the consent of this body before being used. Still, private cord banks must comply with other requirements of the FDA, including those that require them to register and enroll in the listings, be updated on the proper use of tissues standards, testing and analysis and detection of diseases infectious patients (except when the cord blood is going to be used by the original donor). These FDA requirements ensure the safety of these products to minimize the risk of contamination and transmission of infectious diseases.

The cord blood is stored to treat patients with unrelated donor is eligible to be considered a "drug" and a "biological product". The cord blood in this category must meet additional requirements and be authorized in accordance with a Biologics License Application, or be subjected to research new drug application before it can be used. The FDA requirements help ensure the safety and efficacy of the products in their intended uses.

Not all units of cord blood meeting the requirements necessary to be stored in a public bank, added Safa Karandish, MT, safety officer for the FDA Consumer. If this happens, part of the donated cord blood may be used for non-clinical research.

Tips for Consumers

If you are considering donating to bank cord blood, it is important to study the various options during pregnancy to have enough time to make a decision before the baby is born. If you want to donate to a public bank, ask if the hospital will give birth in a program storage of cord blood.

If you have questions about the risks and the procedures followed to obtain blood, or the donation process, ask your doctor.

The FDA also has a database  which is available with information on banks registered cord blood.

All assertions that the cord blood is a miracle cure is not created; it is not. Some parents may consider using a private bank as an "insurance policy" against diseases that may arise in the future. But it is important to remember that currently the only approved use of cord blood is the treatment of hematologic (blood disorders).

Also good to know that, in some cases, the cord blood is stored may not be appropriate for the child who donated."For example, it is not possible to cure some diseases or genetic defects with cord blood containing the same disease or defect," says Karandish.

Parents of children from ethnic minorities should especially consider donating to a public bank, says Dr. Wonnacott, because the more donations make these groups receive more help minority patients who need a stem cell transplant. (Recipients must be "compatible" with donors so that doctors are more likely to find a good candidate among donors within the ethnic group of the receiver).

"As far as public banks is concerned, there is a clear need for cord blood," says Dr. Wonnacott. "And there is a need especially among minorities to have stem cell transplants. The cord blood is an excellent source of stem cells for transplantation. "

And these transplants can change the lives of patients.

[3]

Learn about obesity in children

How do I know if my child has a healthy weight?

young boy on scaleThe doctor will monitor the changes in height and weight of children in the course of time and can tell you if your child has a healthy weight. During regular checkups, be sure to talk to your doctor about your childs weight.

Your childs doctor may ask about:

  • The feeding habits of your child
  • If you know places where to buy healthy food for children
  • How much physical activity the child
  • If there are certain places where your child can run and play
  • Much time your child spends each day in front of screens (watching TV, playing video games or at the computer, phone or tablet, such as iPad)
  • Any health problems your child has
  • The medical history of your family

What is BMI and what are the percentiles of BMI?

To find out if your child is in a healthy weight range, your doctor may use a measure called BMI or "body mass index". BMI is based on height and weight of your child measure. The BMI helps the doctor estimate how much body fat your child. The doctor can use BMI to see if your child has an appropriate weight for your height. A healthy BMI is different between girls and boys and varies by age.

Your doctor can compare your child´s BMI values ??typical of children of the same sex and age BMI. For that, doctors may use what is called "BMI percentile". This can help the doctor determine if your child is underweight, healthy weight, overweight or obese.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention of Diseases, CDC, for its acronym in English), it is considered that a child has:

  • A healthy weight if your BMI is between the 5th percentile and 85th
  • Overweight if their BMI is between the 85th percentile and 95 º
  • Obese if their BMI is in the 95th percentile or higher

Talk with your child´s doctor about what BMI means your child.

Obesity: the 95th percentile upwards Overweight: 85th percentile to less than 95 Healthy Weight: 5th percentile to the 85th Underweight: below the 5th percentile

To calculate BMI and BMI percentile your child visit http://apps.nccd.cdc.gov/dnpabmi/ (available in English)

What health problems can cause a child being overweight or obese?

Children who are overweight or obese are more likely to be overweight or obese as adults. Also more likely to develop serious health problems, such as:

  • High blood sugar or diabetes
  • High Blood Pressure
  • Cholesterol (a type of blood fat) high
  • Sleep apnea (a condition in which a person stops breathing for short periods during sleep)
  • Heart problems (such as heart attack or heart failure) or stroke in adulthood
  • Increased pressure on bones and joints, which can cause problems in childhood and in adulthood, joints and bones
  • Disease Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (disease caused by excess fat in the liver)
  • Low self-esteem or depression
  • Eating disorders such as binging and purging food

In the U.S., 1 in 3 children are overweight or obese.

What can cause a child to become overweight or obese?

Many things can cause a child to become overweight or obese; for instance:

  • Unhealthy eating habits . Children may overeat, eat many foods that are not healthy or take too many sugary drinks.
  • Not getting enough sleep . Children who do not sleep long enough each night are more likely to be overweight.
  • Family history . Children in families with overweight may be more likely to develop it. That may be due to the child´s genes or eating habits that are learned in the family.
  • Lack of sufficient physical activity . It is possible that children do not carry enough physical activity.Children should be active for at least 1 hour each day.
  • Too much time in front of screens . Children can spend too much time each day in front of screens.Some children eat while watching TV or playing on the computer.
  • Environment . Children may spend time in an environment (such as with family or friends, at daycare or school) where they have access to healthy food choices and opportunities for physical activity.

How to prevent your child from becoming overweight or obese

How I can prevent my child from becoming overweight or obese?

To help prevent your child from becoming overweight or obese, make sure you eat healthy and be active. There are many things you can do at home, at school and in the community to help children maintain a healthy weight.Here are some examples of each is.

At home

There are many things families can do at home. Some examples are:

Eat healthily
  • Prepare healthy meals at home with components of each food group.
    • The food groups include fruits, vegetables, grains, protein foods (meat, eggs, fish, "tofu" or tofu and beans) and low-fat dairy products or fat.
  • Make sure you eat a healthy breakfast every day.
  • Eat at the table with the family, rather than in front of a screen (TV, computer, cell phone or tablet).
  • Limit or avoid having drinks and foods that are not healthy at home.
    • Replace unhealthy snacks such as cookies, candy or chips in bag, healthy snacks such as fruits and vegetables.
    • Replace unhealthy sugary drinks such as soda, sports drinks or juices for healthy drinks such as water and low fat milk or fat.
  • Whenever you can, eat at home instead of in restaurants. At home, you are more likely to limit the amount of fat, sugar and salt in their food.
  • Make sure you eat the right amount of food.
For more information about healthy foods, the right amounts and sample menus, visithttp://choosemyplate.gov/en-espanol.html
Stay physically active
  • Give your child a chance to run and play for at least 1 hour a day.
  • Organize fun activities like biking, walking to the park, playing ball or swimming.
  • Encourage the whole family to stay active throughout the day.
    • For example, use the stairs instead of the elevator and go to places to walk or bike instead of going by car or bus.
  • Limit the time you spend in front of screens every day.
  • In addition to being physically active, make sure your child gets enough sleep each night.

Let´s Go! (Come on!) is a program to prevent children from becoming obese. The program is based on healthy eating and physical activity. Let´s Go! recommends healthy habits "5-2-1-0" for each day:

  • 5 fruits and vegetables
  • 2 hours or less of screen time for fun
  • 1 hour or more of physical activity
  • 0 sugary drinks

Let´s Go also recommends keeping the TV and computers out of the bedroom of the child and not allowing screen time for children under 2 years.

Let´s Go is a program of the State of Maine also provides resources to communities in other states.

These images and messages are adapted from Let´s Go on www.letsgo.org   (available in English only)

Let´s Go also has resources for schools to help children to eat healthy and be physically active. For more information and a packet of resources for your school, visit www.letsgo.org / toolkits .   Certain pages package resources are available in Spanish.

To find out what is making your child´s school to help prevent children are overweight or become obese, talk to the principal, the school nurse or school counselor your child. You can also ask how to participate in the Parent Teacher Association (PTA, for its acronym in English) or Parent Teacher Organization (PTO, for its acronym in English).

children at play

In school

In addition to eating healthily and be physically active at home, school programs can help children maintain a healthy weight. School programs can include activities such as:

  • Lessons about the importance of healthy eating and physical activity.
  • Information sessions for parents to learn ways to help your child maintain a healthy weight.
  • Healthy options for breakfast and lunch in the cafeteria, with appropriate portion sizes.
  • Healthy snacks and drinks in vending machines and at parties and events.
  • Water Dispensers with filters, to promote the use of drinking water instead of soda or sports drinks.
  • Groups led by adults to go to school on foot or by bicycle.
  • A longer period of physical education, in which children are physically active.
  • Fitness equipment such as balls and jump ropes for use at recess.

In the community

In addition to home and school, they can also make changes in the community to help children maintain a healthy weight. Communities and community centers can:

  • Improve parks, sidewalks and bike paths to ride in the community.
  • Take steps to parks, sidewalks and bike paths to be safe.
  • Promote community events such as health fairs, walks 5 kilometers (5K), sporting events at local parks, community gardens programs and local farmers markets. This can be done through posters, local newspapers and radio stations and local television.
  • Offer programs where families can receive advice on healthy eating and physical activity.

Girls on bikes

For other resources that can help your child maintain a healthy weight, visit:

For more information to improve parks, sidewalks and bike paths to ride in your area, contact your local department of parks and recreation.

For more information about events or programs in your community, contact your local community and recreation centers (such as the YMCA, the Boys and Girls Club or the local religious community centers).

What researchers found on measures that can be taken at home, school and community to prevent children are overweight or become obese?

Healthy eating and physical activity are very important to prevent children are overweight or become obese.

The researchers found that:

  • School programs to help children to eat healthily and being physically active can help prevent becoming overweight or become obese.
  • In conjunction with the curriculum, they can be useful also other measures taken at home and in the community.
  • More research is needed to find out what programs or measures are most effective.

Talking to your child´s doctor, school officials and community centers

Examples of questions to ask your child

  • Is my child a healthy weight?
  • What are the most important things I do at home to help my child maintain a healthy weight?
  • How I can get my child to eat healthy foods?
  • How much of each type of food should my child eat?
  • How much physical activity does my child need each day?
  • What are the best types of physical activity for my child?
  • How long should I allow my child pass in front of screens every day?
  • How long should my child sleep every night?
  • Do you have resources that can help me keep my child at a healthy weight?
  • Are you of community resources that can help you know?
  • If I have no grocery stores nearby or healthy foods are expensive for me, do you know resources that can help?
  • If there is a safe place for my child out to play, how I can help you stay active?

Sample questions for the principal, school nurse or your child´s counselor

  • Does the school offer programs to help prevent children are overweight or become obese? If not, how could we start one?
  • In the cafeteria and vending machines? Healthy foods like fruits and vegetables are offered instead of sugary drinks and salty or fatty foods?
  • How long will my child for physical activities is given in physical education class, at recess or during the day?
  • Do you use once school physical education as punishment or other physical activities?
  • Do you have programs for group walks or go to school groups for cycling to school guided by adults or other physical activity programs for children?
  • Is there information sessions that you can attend to learn more about how to help my child maintain a healthy weight?
  • What can I do at home to help reinforce what is taught in school about healthy eating and physical activity?
  • Are you of community resources that can help you know?

Examples of questions to their local community or recreation centers

  • Do you have resources or programs on healthy eating and physical activity for children?
  • Do you have a calendar of community events that include activities such as health fairs, walks 5 kilometers (5K) and sporting events at local parks?
  • Do you have a list of community gardens or local farmers markets?
  • Do you know of programs that can guide me to help my family eat healthy and be physically active?

Source

The information in this summary comes from the report Childhood Obesity Prevention Programs: Comparative Effectiveness Review and Meta-Analysis, (Programs to prevent childhood obesity: A review of comparative efficacy and meta-analysis)., June 2013 The report was produced by the Johns Hopkins University Evidence-based Practice Center (Centre for Evidence-Based Practice at Johns Hopkins) with funding from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality in Health Care, AHRQ, for its acronym in English).

Additional information MedlinePlus website was obtained ® , a service of the National Library of Medicine (National Library of Medicine) and the National Institutes of Health (National Institutes of Health) of the United States. This page is available at www.nlm.nih.gov / medlineplus / spanish .

This summary was prepared by the John M. Eisenberg Center for Clinical Decisions and Communications Science (John M. Eisenberg Center for Science Communications and Clinical Decision) at Baylor College of Medicine (Baylor College of Medicine) in Houston, Texas. It was written by Amelia Williamson Smith, MS, Jason A. Mendoza, MD, MPH, and Michael Fordis, MD This summary was reviewed by parents of children aged 2 to 18 years old.

[7]

Nobody who starts smoking in adolescence expect your teeth will begin to fall when you are 40

No person who starts smoking in adolescence expect your teeth will begin to fall when you are 40.But that´s exactly what happened to Felicita and Brett, two people in real life who tell their stories in the CDC´s tips of quitters ( Advice ). The new high-impact ads will be broadcast throughout the United States as of July 7, 2014. Advertisements encourage smokers to stop smoking and to call 1-800-QUIT-NOW (1-800-784 -8669) or 1-855-DÉJELO-YA (1-855-335-3569) if you want free help. Smoking causes immediate and long-term damage to the body. Former smokers who are in the campaign share very personal stories about their own suffering to motivate smokers to quit. Seven people from different parts of the country are in the most recent campaign Advice .

Smoking destroys the smile

It is known that cigarette smoking causes yellow teeth are made, but for many it is a surprise that can cause tooth loss. The explanation is gum disease (periodontal disease), an infection of the gums and bone structure supporting the teeth. In severe cases, gum disease can make your teeth fall out.If you smoke:
  • Is twice as likely to have gum disease than non-smoking person.
  • The more cigarettes smoked, the greater your risk of gum disease.
  • The longer you smoke, the greater your risk of gum disease.
Notice of Felicita and Brett
Felicita and Brett, two new campaigners advice , learned the hard way that smoking can ruin your teeth. Felicita started smoking at age 12 and continued to do so for many more, but did not realize that smoking worsens their dental problems. Like many people with gum disease, did not feel much pain as gums worse. At age 50, Felicita was the dentist to have a tooth taken out and could not believe it when he learned that they had to get everyone. Currently, Felicita loves not being a smoker, but I do not smile much because ashamed to have dentures. The campaign ads Advice Felicita tell the story in English and Spanish.
The history of Felicita
Brettstarted smoking at 16 to impress a girl. When I was about 35, Brett gave him gum disease and when he turned 42, and he had to take almost all teeth, including 16 in a single operation. After several attempts, Brett finally managed to quit smoking. Now know you can not smoke or even a puff that could fall. "My wake up call was lost most of my teeth," he says. Now Brett is 4 years without smoking. Stay away from cigarettes and have good dental habits are important to help prevent gum disease.This means brushing your teeth, use floss or dental floss to remove tartar and go to the dentist regularly for checkups and to make professional cleanings.

Smoking, pregnancy and babies

Smoking during pregnancy can cause serious health problems for the mother and baby. The baby may be born much too soon, have a birth defect or dying from sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Even being around smoke a cigarette can cause health problems for the mother and baby. Amanda started smoking when I was in fifth grade and when was 13 and smoked every day, even outside during the harsh Wisconsin winters. While in college, newly-engaged to be married and still smoking a pack-daily, Amanda learned she was pregnant. His daughter was born 2 months premature. The tiny baby spent weeks in a hospital incubator. "Cancer. I do not give."
Announcement Rose
Rose grew up in a small town in Texas and started smoking at age 13. After a while, I had an addiction to two packs a day and almost lost a foot due to blockage of blood vessels. Before Rose could leg surgery at an X-ray showed he had lung cancer, which then spread to the brain. After two operations, Rose is in close contact with their oncologists. "I regret having started smoking in the first place," says Rose. Shawn lives in Washington state and began smoking at age 14 to try to be accepted by the other students in a new school. I was about 45 when a chronic cough and laryngitis ended up being throat cancer. He endured 38 radiation treatments and finally quit smoking, but doctors could not save his larynx. You now have a stoma (hole) that lets you breathe and laryngeal implant that allows you to talk. Terrie lived in North Carolina and started smoking in high school. At age 40, he was diagnosed with mouth and throat cancer, and they removed the larynx. Terrie fought cancer bravely until he died at age 53 in the fall of 2013. She shares a powerful message in a new ad that was recorded days before he died. More than anything, Terrie wanted help motivate smokers to quit, and could avoid the pain and suffering she passed by.

Smoking and HIV

If you have HIV, the virus that can cause AIDS, smoking is especially dangerous to your health. If you smoke:
  • You are more likely to be affected by the harmful consequences of smoking than people who do not have HIV. These diseases include cancer, heart disease or stroke.
  • You are more likely to have HIV-related infections that people who have HIV and do not smoke.These diseases include oral candidiasis (an infection in the mouth) and Pneumocystispneumonia , a dangerous infection of the lungs.
Brian was in good health, worked in California and had it under control HIV when her life changed drastically. Cigarette smoking combined with HIV, made ??her some obstruct blood vessels. At 43, he had a blood clot in the lungs, stroke, and he had surgery on a neck artery. "I had to have a stroke to quit smoking," says Brian. For months after the stroke, Brian struggled to speak and read. I could not work or even dress. Today, his right hand is still weak so you can no longer work as a waiter or give pottery classes.

Resources for quitting

People who quit smoking can significantly reduce your risk of illness or premature death. The younger of quitting smoking, the more likely you are to avoid health problems. The following resources can help you quit smoking:
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You have the right to a safe workplace

You have the right to a safe workplace. The Law on Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (OSH Act) was enacted to prevent death, injury or illness of workers in their workplaces. The law requires employers to provide free working conditions hazards and unsafe conditions. The Act (OSH Act) created the Administration Occupational Safety and Health (OSHA), which sets and enforces standards that protect the safety and health at workplaces. OSHA also provides information, training and assistance to workers and employers. Workers can make a complaint to OSHA inspect their workplace if they believe their employer is not following OSHA standards or there are serious risks. Contact us with questions or to make a complaint . We will keep your information confidential. We are here to help.

The rights of workers under the OSHA Act

Workers have the right to conditions of work without risk of serious harm. Site to ensure safe and healthful workplace, OSHA also provides workers the right to:
  • Ask OSHA to conduct an inspection of the workplace.
  • Exercise their rights under the law of revenge free or discrimination.
  • Receive information and training about hazards, methods to prevent damage and OSHA standards that apply to your workplace. The training must be in a language you can understand;
  • Having access to the results of the tests done to find hazards in the workplace,
  • Read the archives of injuries and work-related diseases ;
  • Access to copies of your medical records ;

Who covers the OSHA

Private sector workers Most employees in the country are under the jurisdiction of the OSHA law. OSHA covers employers and private sector workers in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and other jurisdictions of the United States, either directly by the OSHA Federal, or anOSHA-approved state program . State Programs health and safety should be at least as effective as federal OSHA program. To find the contact information for the Office of Federal or state program of the nearest OSHA, see the map of the regional offices. Employees of state and local government Employees who work for state and local governments are not covered by the federal OSHA, but have protection under the OSHA law if they work in states that have a state program approved by OSHA. Four states and a territory of the USA. UU. have OSHA-approved plans that cover only public sector employees. These include: Connecticut, Illinois, New Jersey, New York, and the Virgin Islands. Workers in the private sector in these four states and the Virgin Islands are covered by federal OSHA. Federal workers Federal agencies must have a safety and health program that meets the same standards as private employers. Although OSHA does not assign fines to federal agencies, yes the monitors and responds to complaints from their workers. The States Postal Service (USPS) is covered by OSHA. Not covered by the OSHA Act:
  • Freelance workers;
  • Members of the immediate family of the owners of a farm that did not employ outside workers; and
  • Workplace hazards that are regulated by another federal agency (eg Administration Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA), the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), the Coast Guard)

Standards OSHA: Occupational

OSHA standards are regulations that describe the methods that employers must use to protect their employees from hazards and risks. There are OSHA standards for the construction , agriculturemarine operations , and general industry. latter category are the standards that apply to most workplaces. Standards limit the amount of hazardous chemicals to which workers can be exposed;require the use of certain safe practices and equipment; and require employers to monitor hazards and keep reports of injuries and illnesses in the workplace. Examples of OSHA standards include requirements to: provide fall protection; prevent the collapse of excavations; prevent some infectious diseases; ensure that workers entering confined spaces safely; prevent employees from being exposed to harmful substances such as asbestos; put guards on machines; provide respirators or other safety equipment; and provide training for certain dangerous jobs. Employers must also conform to the General Duty Clause of the OSHA Act ​​requires employers to keep their workplace free of hazards that are recognized as serious. This clause is usually cited when no OSHA standard applies directly to danger.

Workers can request that OSHA inspect your workplace

Workers or their representatives, may file a complaint and request OSHA to conduct an inspection of your workplace if they believe there is a serious danger or your employer is not complying with OSHA standards. A worker can tell OSHA to keep your identity confidential. 's a violation of the OSH Act an employee is fired, demoted, transferred, or discriminated against in any way for filing a complaint or exercise other rights of OSHA. You can make a complaint online , download the form and mail or fax to the office of the nearest OSHA ; or by calling 1-800-321-OSHA (6742). Most of the complaints received from the Internet can be resolved informally by phone with your employer. Written complaints that are signed by an employee or representative and sent to the OSHA office nearest are more likely to result in an OSHA inspection at your workplace. When the OSHA inspector arrives, workers and their representatives have the right to:
  • Be present during the inspection.
  • Talk to the OSHA inspector privately.
  • Take part in meetings between the inspector and the employer before and after the inspection.
When no union representative or the employee, the OSHA inspector must speak confidentially to a reasonable number of employees during the course of the inspection. When an inspector finds violations of OSHA standards or serious hazards, OSHA can issue citations and fines. A citation includes the methods that an employer can use to fix the problem, and the date when these corrective actions must be completed. Workers have the right to challenge only the date when the problem has to be solved. But employers have the right to dispute whether there is a violation, or any other part of the citation. Workers or their representatives must notify OSHA if they want to be involved in the appeal process, if the employer challenges a subpoena. "If you send a complaint requesting an OSHA inspection, you are entitled to a copy of the results of the OSHA inspection and request that they be revised if OSHA decides not to issue citations."

Employer Responsibilities

Employers have a responsibility to provide a safe workplace. Employers MUST provide a workplace free of serious hazards and follow all health and safety standards of OSHA .Employers have to find and fix security issues and health. OSHA also requires employers to try to eliminate or reduce hazards by making changes in working conditions, rather than simply wear masks, gloves, ear plugs, or other types of personal protective equipment (PPE for short in English). Switching to safer chemicals, processes to trap harmful gases, or using ventilation systems to clean the air are examples of effective ways to eliminate or reduce risks. Employers also MUST:
  • Inform employees about the dangers workout, tags, alarms, color-coded systems, information sheets on chemicals and other methods.
  • Save accurate reports of injuries and work-related diseases .
  • Testing in the workplace, such as air sampling, required by some OSHA standards
  • Providing hearing tests or other medical tests required by OSHA standards
  • Locate OSHA citations, data on injuries and illnesses, and the OSHA poster at the jobsite in a place where employees can see them.
  • Report to OSHA within 8 hours after an incident in the workplace where there is a death or when three or more workers to go to hospital.
  • Not discriminate and not retaliate against an employee for exercising their rights under the law.

You can not be punished or discriminated against for exercising their rights under the law of the OSHA

OSHA law protects workers who complain to their employer, OSHA or other government agencies on working conditions that are not healthy or safe, or environmental problems. You can not be transferred, denied a raise, have your hours reduced, be fired, or punished in any other way for exercising their rights under the law of OSHA. OSHA There is help for whistleblowers . If you have been punished or discriminated against for asserting your rights, you must file a complaint with OSHA within 30 days of the alleged retaliation have occurred to most complaints. No form is required, but you must send a letter or call the office nearest OSHA explaining the situation and the alleged discrimination.

What if there is a dangerous situation at work?

If you believe that your work conditions are not healthy or safe, we recommend that you notify your employer of the conditions, if possible. You can make a complaint with OSHA about a hazardous job at any time. But you should not leave the job site only because you made ​​a complaint. If the condition clearly presents a risk of death or serious physical harm, there is insufficient time for OSHA consider, and, whenever possible, you have shown the condition to your employer, you may have a legal right reused to work in a situation where you would be exposed to danger.

Additional information for workers

Does OSHA has reviewed my employer? You can research the history of inspection through their employer seeking establishment of OSHA . Just enter the name of your company and choose the dates you want to examine. What is the danger most commonly cited in my industry? You'll need to know the standard industry classification code (SIC, for its acronym in English) from their employer . Once you know your four-digit code, visit the OSHA Standards that are frequently cited , enter your SIC code and see the information for the last year. Does OSHA provides technical information on hazards? OSHA provides technical information to help workers, employers and professionals in health and safety issues, to reduce occupational injuries and illnesses. For example, you can find information on pathogens, and ergonomic machine guards or fall protection. What is the OSHA materials that may be of interest to workers? OSHA publishes a variety of publications on many topics. Some of the most useful publications for workers are listed below. See OSHA publications for a complete list of materials published by the agency. You can also order publications online.


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