EAST LIVERPOOL OHIO NEWS AND BLOG


Latest News - EAST LIVERPOOL OHIO

Tops 1341


EAST LIVERPOOL - Tops Ohio 1341 met Sept. 22, at the Glenmoor Presbyterian Church, with leader, Dorothy Garn, presiding. The meeting opened with the pledges and joys and concerns for those needing prayer.

East Liverpool, OH, Residents Win Friskies Award for Cat and Baby Video to Become SweepstakesToday.coms newest 10K Club Winner


Ryan and Annie Boso of E. Liverpool, OH, Become SweeptstakesToday.com10K Club Winners with their Baby and Cat Video Award from Friskies Ryan and Annie Boso of E. Liverpool, OH, become SweeptstakesToday.com10K Club Winners with their baby and cat video ...

East Liverpool, OH, Residents Win Friskies Award for Cat and Baby Video to Become SweepstakesToday.coms newest 10K Club Winner


Ryan and Annie Boso of E. Liverpool, OH, become SweeptstakesToday.com10K Club Winners with their baby and cat video award from Friskies Ryan and Annie Boso were notified they were winners in the Res-Cute division Friskies Best Cat Video Competition.

East Liverpool police investigate shooting


EAST LIVERPOOL, Ohio - Police in East Liverpool are investigating an early-morning shooting that happened in the East end of the city. Authorities say four people were shot in the incident and a fifth person was injured in an assault that happened before ...

Northeast Ohio tells LeBron it loves him again


CLEVELAND — The crowd's deafening roar was so loud LeBron James couldn't hear his name announced. Unsure of whether to walk out onto the floor, he looked around and realized he was the last one left on the bench. Seconds later, James knew he was home.

Opinion: 5 keys to Ohio State’s matchup with Maryland


The Ohio State Buckeyes are 3-1 heading into conference play as they are scheduled to take on the Maryland Terrapins on Saturday. The Terrapins, who are playing their first Big Ten home game, boast a 4-1 record and sit atop the east division. OSU is one of ...

Ohio women sue over receiving sperm from black donor


CLEVELAND – An Ohio woman and her partner have sued a Chicago-area sperm bank after she became pregnant with sperm donated by a black man instead of a white man as she'd intended. Jennifer Cramblett was five months pregnant and happy with her life in ...

Ohio State TE Jeff Heuerman: We're going to welcome Maryland to the Big 10


On Saturday, the 20th-ranked Ohio State Buckeyes (3-1) will travel to Maryland to battle the Terrapins (4-1). The Terrapins left the ACC to join the Big 10 and defeated the Indiana Hoosiers 37-15 in their first ever Big 10 game last week. Ohio State tight ...

Maryland to wear hand-painted helmets against Ohio State


Maryland is expected to wear hand-painted helmets for its upcoming game against Ohio State, the athletic department announced in a tweet Wednesday morning. Miss the hand-painted helmets…? Well, they’re back this Saturday vs. Ohio State! #GoTerps # ...

Ohio State revokes scholarship of student who ran on field during Buckeyes game and was body-slammed by assistant coach


COLUMBUS, Ohio (AP) — A student who ran onto the field during an Ohio State football game and was body-slammed by a coach is losing his scholarship amid his court case. Defense attorney Mark Collins says officials on Tuesday started removing 21-year-old ...

Is Ohio State's new pass defense scheme worth the risk? (story and poll)


The Bearcats were 4 of 11 on third down Saturday. And lost. Risk? Yes. Worth it? Probably. "When you want to challenge every throw and play press coverage, the vulnerability is not the hitch," Meyer said. "You take those away, and I still want to do it.

Ohio State fan that ran on the field loses his academic scholarship


The Ohio State student who became an Internet joke after being body-slammed by an Ohio State coach is losing his academic scholarship. Anthony Wunder, 21, ran onto the field during last Saturday’s Ohio State home victory against Cincinnati and as he got ...

Ohio State Football: Joey Bosa Is Already Next Great Buckeye Defender


COLUMBUS, Ohio — Never shy to interact with his fans (and media members) on Twitter, it's no secret to Joey Bosa's 20,000-plus followers that the Ohio State defensive end is a fan of music and video games. That was apparent on Saturday, when the super ...

Ohio St. taking scholarship away


COLUMBUS, Ohio -- A student who ran onto the field during an Ohio State football game and was body-slammed by a coach is losing his scholarship amid his court case. Defense attorney Mark Collins says officials Tuesday started removing 21-year-old Anthony ...



SPECIAL INFORMATION FOR EAST LIVERPOOL

The city agains Asthma

 If you or your child has asthma, you are not alone. About 23 million people in the United States suffer from asthma. Asthma is the leading cause of disease of long duration in children.

We are all responsible for protecting the conditions that determine a good level of health for our family and our community. Education is the basis for creating health-promoting environments for all.

At present, we have at our disposal a wealth of information about asthma. Hence, both the parents and the people who are caring for children play an important role in the transmission of knowledge, and changing lifestyle of the family.

Since the EPA is committed to educating all people about asthma, then you will find useful information that will help you more effectively control asthma.

What are the environmental factors that cause asthma?

Asthma can be triggered by allergens or irritants that are common in our homes.The most common factors are:

Smoke snuff

Asthma can be caused by smoke from a cigarette butt, pipe or cigar and also by the smoke exhaled by a smoker.
  • Choose not to smoke in your home or car or allow others to do so.

Dust mites

Dust mites are too small to be seen with the naked eye, but are in every home.They live in mattresses, pillows, carpets, furniture fabric wallpaper, bedspreads, clothes and stuffed toys.
  • Wash sheets and emptyets weekly in hot water.
  • Choose soft toys that are washable, and wash them often in hot water, drying them completely. Keep these toys off beds.
  • Cover mattresses and pillows with covers that prevent the passage of dust (allergen impermeable) having a closure.

Pets

Skin flakes emerging from domestic animals, urine and saliva may trigger asthma.
  • Consider keeping pets out of the house or finding a modern home if necessary.
  • Keep your pets all the time outside the bedroom or any other area that is used for sleeping and keep the doors shut.
  • Keep pets off the furniture with tapestry fabric, carpets and stuffed toys.
Learn more at www.epa.gov/asthma/pets.html 

Moho

Mold grows in damp places or materials. The key to mold control is moisture control. If mold is a problem in your home, clean and remove excess water or moisture. Reducing moisture also helps reduce other factors that cause asthma, such as cockroaches.
  • Wash mold off difficult surfaces and dry completely. Absorbents, such as tile roofs and carpets, if they rust, should probably be removed or replaced materials.
  • Make any water leaks in the pipes and pipes and other sources of water supply.
  • Keep drip pans in your refrigerator, air conditioner and dehumidifier environments, clean and dry.
  • Use exhaust fans or open windows hold while cooking or when using the dishwasher.
  • Use exhaust fans in the bathrooms while showering.
  • Place the exhaust in a clothes dryer to the outside.
  • Keep the humidity inside the house at a low level, 30 to 50 percent relative humidity. Humidity levels can be measured by hygrometers which can be purchased at difficultware stores.

Cockroaches

Droppings or excretions of cockroaches can trigger asthma.
  • Do not leave food or garbage out environmental exposure.
  • Store food in tightly sealed containers.
  • Clean all food waste or spilled liquids immediately.
  • First try to control cockroaches using poison baits, boric acid or traps before using pesticide sprays.
If sprays are used:
  • Limit yourself to use only in infested areas.
  • Carefully follow the instructions found on product labels.
  • Ensure that enough fresh air when you spray and keep the person with asthma out of the home.

Preventing asthma attacks

Visit www.noattacks.org/es. To make an asthma action plan, tips on how to manage asthma and get a copy of the popular activity book "Dusty the Goldfish".
www.noattacks.org/es
  • Step 1: Talk to your doctor about your child´s asthma. If your child has asthma or you think your child has this disease, take your child to a doctor.The doctor will work with you to ensure that your child has an asthma attack.
    • Learn what causes asthma in your child.
    • Identify your asthma triggers in your home are.
    • Learn how to rid your home the factors that cause asthma.
    • Know what your child should take medication.
  • Step 2: Make a plan. Ask your doctor to help you create an individual action plan to control your child´s asthma. Work with your doctor to create a plan of action to help you learn how to prevent asthma attacks your child regularly.
  • Step 3 - Make your home resistant asthma. The factors that cause asthma are part of our daily lives. Asthma attacks can be caused by mold growing on the shower curtain in the bathroom, dust mites living in emptyets or emptyets, the pillows and stuffed toys of your child. Learn more about the things that can cause an asthma attack and what you can do to eliminate them and keep your child healthy.

Tools Program Indoor Air Quality for Schools

EPA has developed a program of Air Quality Tools for Schools Interior to reduce exposure to environmental contaminants in them through the voluntary adoption of practices to manage indoor air quality.
IAQ Tools for Schools Program
The "program IAQ Tools for Schools "is a detailed to help maintain a healthy environment in school buildings by identifying, correcting and preventing problems of air quality resource.Poor indoor air quality in schools can affect the comfort and health of students and staff, which in turn can affect concentration, attendance, and student performance. In addition, if the school takes to react promptly as destitute air quality, students and staff are at increased risk of health problems in the short term, such as fatigue and nausea, as well as problems long-term health such as asthma. Read more about it and download or order a kit action " IAQ Tools for Schools ".
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The city and the 7 steps to positive thinking

Most of us keep a constant mental conversation .  We talk with ourselves every day, and unfortunately, many times these "internal" discussions are negative,  often marked by guilt about the past or worry about the future.  Such negativity can destroy any sign of hope that we have about the realization of our dreams.

Our actions are based on our thoughts.  If we change the way we think, we can begin to change the actions we take.  Humans are always in pursuit of personal growth  financial, emotional, physical or spiritual. Practicing positive internal conversations can help us going to take actions that lead to great results.

Then I leave seven steps to achieving a positive self-talk.  Following these steps you will be able to start eliminating your negative conversations and replace them with thoughts that will motivate you to improve.

1   Eliminate negative self-talk

The first step is realizing.  Would difficult to make a change without know intimately the thoughts that are in our head. 

No doubt that if you have a long history of negative internal conversations, will be a challenge.  Their conversation becomes negative over the years for various reasons.  For example, if a child constantly told you that you were "dumb", you could incorporate as a truth. Then  you will discover your inner self there is a little voice that often repeats phrases like "I´m too slow", or "it costs me learn something."  If you constantly pass on negative stories, your actions will reflect their low self-esteem.  Going to be difficult for you to get somewhere if you´re always pulling back.

Ordinary conversation includes the negative "can not."  When you say to yourself  "I can´t" or "it´s very difficult," you are creating resistance.  A mental block  are prevented you from doing things that  could succeed.

Whenever you find yourself saying "I can´t ...", stop the game and challenge yourself with a "why?".  Studies show that most geniuses become outstanding people after years of commitment and more commitment.  So if you want to be successful need to start saying "I can" more often.

A good method I have found useful is to say "stopping, stopping" whenever I notice myself saying something negative about myself, both mentally and verbally.  This method works if you have a sincere interest in positive thinking.

2    Positive Affirmations

Affirmations are positive expressions of a desired outcome or goal.  Expressions are generally short, believable and focused.  By repeating them over time, we opened new paths in our subconscious, creating the possibility of a new order of thoughts.

An important step in repeating affirmations is to read them aloud and with feeling.  But read does not help unless you really feel what you say.

Surely you have any questions about this technique at the beginning.  Nevertheless, if you follow these simple instructions to his disbelief will soon be replaced by faith in yourself.

3      Create positive screenplays

One thing you can see is that it´s easy for your mind to generate negative thoughts, based on other negative thoughts.  This cycle never ends, but increases, creating a strong limitation.

From now on, let´s do this exercise.  Invent a positive, uplifting story that flows like a movie script.  Visualize the situation. Build  the story with a positive ending;  how bigger the storyline  better.  Better yet if you can develop a story that tells how all your goals are reached.  When you do begin to internalize your goals and dreams as if they were something you already did.

4      Replace negative influences with positive

It is important to identify external negative factors in your life that are limiting your thoughts.  For example, your mood can poison with friends and people who are negative.  If you are not careful enough, you will begin to adopt their  negative thoughts.  So be alert to negative influences.  Whether they come from friends, limit your exposure to these thoughts as much as you can. Additionally, avoid discussing your plans with people who did not  encourage and help you in your dreams and goals.

Instead, look to surround yourself with the thoughts and actions of people that motivate you. Before long you will see the transformation of a pessimistic ball in a good and pleasant aura .  This positive energy that surrounds you will begin to improve their internal conversations too.

5    Posts in present time

What can help you is to focus about the steps you can take now.  If you find yourself locked, think: "what can I do now?."  Change your self-talk, letting anxiety about the future and start to act in this time.  You can not control what happens in the future, but if you take the necessary steps now, it allows you to have a better tomorrow. Focus   your thoughts on today and now.

6    Controlling fears

Fear is often what prevents you from achieving the goals.  Are you afraid to take risks for fear of losing the security that enjoys now.  You try to convince yourself that you are happy in their current state when, in reality, is not .  Your inner self may seem positive in trying to lie to himself.  Yet somehow, you know you´re cheating.

Ask yourself what are your fears. What ´s the worst that can happen? Follow  a step-by-step approach - to discuss their fears and see if there is any way to see things more positively.  When you confront your fears, often going to realize that the worst case scenario is not as bad as thought.  On indeed, the benefits of change tend to justify the risk.

7    Enjoy the good times

It´s much easier to have a positive attitude if you focus on the good moments of your life instead of the bad.  Although it is inevitable to have  problems and challenges, remember that life consists of ups and downs, and that the good times are forged through the bad times.

So choose to fill your mind with positive thoughts and images.  Make it a conscious habit.  To start, if you can be grateful for what you have now, your internal conversation will begin to change and align yourself with that sense of joy.  A state of gratitude helps a lot to your mind.

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If you use cell phones, pay attention to this limits for safe exposure to radiofrequency (RF) energy.

Working closely with federal health and safety agencies, such as the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the FCC has adopted limits for safe exposure to radiofrequency (RF) energy. These limits are given in terms of a unit referred to as the Specific Absorption Rate (SAR), which is a measure of the amount of radio frequency energy absorbed by the body when using a mobile phone. The FCC requires cell phone manufacturers to ensure that their phones comply with these objective limits for safe exposure. Any cell phone at or below these SAR levels (that is, any phone legally sold in the U.S.) is a "safe" phone, as measured by these standards. The FCC limit for public exposure from cellular telephones is an SAR level of 1.6 watts per kilogram (1.6 W/kg).

Consumer Publications

SAR Information from individual manufacturers can be found on the below websites:

FCC SAR Database - You can usually find the SAR value of a cellular phone through the FCC database if you can get the FCC ID number from the instrument.

The FCC ID number is usually shown somewhere on the case of the phone or device. In many cases, you will have to remove the battery pack to find the number. Once you have the number proceed as follows. Go to the following Web address:www.fcc.gov/oet/ea/fccid. Once you are there you will see instructions for inserting the FCC ID number. Enter the FCC ID number (in two parts as indicated: "Grantee Code" is comprised of the first three characters, the "Equipment Product Code" is the remainder of the FCC ID). Then click on "Start Search." The grant of equipment authorization for this particular ID number should appear. The highest SAR values reported in the equipment certification test data are usually included in the comments section of the grant of equipment certification.

Additional information on Specific Absorption Rates (SAR) can be found on

For general information, you may contact the FCC’s Consumer and Governmental Affairs Bureau in the following ways:

Via Internet at www.fcc.gov/consumer-governmental-affairs-bureau Consumer Center, Voice: 1-888-CALL-FCC (1-888-225-5322) and TTY: 1-888-TELL-FCC (1-888-835-5322)

For this or any other consumer publication in an alternative format (electronic ASCII text, Braille, large print or audio) please write or call us at the address or phone number below, or send an email to FCC504@fcc.gov.

Looking For More Information?

You can contact the FCC at:

Federal Communications Commission Consumer and Governmental Affairs Bureau 445 12th Street, SW Washington, DC 20554 1-888-CALL-FCC (1-888-225-5322) VOICE 1-888-TELL-FCC (1-888-835-5322) TTY

[15]

4 Ways how young people can get health insurance

Young adults have several options to get coverage through the insurance market.

1. Special Enrollment Periods

Find out if you are eligible for a Special Enrollment Period. You may be eligible for registration under the Special Enrollment Period unknowingly. If your student medical coverage you finished, you may be eligible for a Special Enrollment Period that will allow you to purchase a health plan through the Insurance Market. You might also grant a Special Enrollment Period if you get married or divorced, have a child or adopt a child, moving to another area, and not old enough to be on the safe parent or have in your life some other event eligible to do so.

2. Medicaid and CHIP

Find out how to request coverage for Medicaid and CHIP . You can enroll in Medicaid or the Childrens Health Insurance Program (CHIP) at any time of year. If you qualify you can now register.

3. coverage through the health plan of the parent

You can get coverage from their parents plan until age 26, even if married, not living with their parents or dependent on them economically. After age 26, you qualify for a Special Enrollment Period.

4. Catastrophic Coverage

These plans are an affordable way to protect yourself from the high costs of the worst cases, such as an accident or serious illness. If you are under 30, you can purchase a catastrophic plan coverage. Served three visits per year before you have paid the deductible and certain preventive services .

Pay attention to your lifestyle in times of stress, advises a researcher

 

 Exercise, a healthy diet and a good sleep can protect the body from the negative effects of stress and slow down the process of aging at the cellular level, some researchers report.

A study with hundreds of older women found that stressful events are linked to increased shrinkage of Telomeres, the protective caps at the ends of chromosomes that affect the speed with which age the cells.

"We found that in a period of one year, while more stressful factors showed a woman, most likely it was their Telomeres are encogieran," said the author of the study, Eli Puterman, Assistant Professor of Psychiatry at the Faculty of Medicine of the University of California in San Francisco.

But women who maintained an active life style, ate and slept well seemed protected from the effects of stress, and their Telomeres did not show a significant additional shrink, the researchers said.

Dr. Michael Speicher, Professor and Chair of the Institute of genetics, human at the Medical University of Graz, in Austria, said that the study "addresses a really important biological question: the reason that a healthy lifestyle of truth is useful, especially if one is exposed to stressors".

"The encouraging message is that if one carries out these healthy behaviors, you can reduce some of the effects of stress on the body," he said.

Telomeres are like the plastic end tips at the ends of the shoelace, which avoid you to discard.

They are composed of DNA and protein, and protect the ends of chromosomes so that you discard. As the Telomeres are shortened and their structural integrity is weakened, the cells age and die more quickly.

This type of cell aging has partnered with diseases related to age, cardiovascular disease, Alzheimers disease and cancer. A theory holds that older people are more likely to get cancer because its shrunken Telomeres have made that their chromosomes are unstable and that they tend to operate poorly, said Speicher, it did not participate in the study.

The Telomeres become shorter naturally with age, but unhealthy behaviors such as smoking, poor diet and lack of sleep can do that they shorten before, warned Puterman. Chronic emotional stress has also been linked with a few shorter Telomeres.

To see if a healthy lifestyle could combat the effects of stress, the researchers tracked 239 postmenopausal women who do not smoked for a year. The findings appear in the edition of July 29, the journal Molecular Psychiatry.

The women provided blood samples at the beginning and at the end of the year to measure the Telomere. They were subjected to periodic reviews of their physical activity, diet, and sleep.

In the end, the women also reported stressful events that had occurred in that year. Researchers focused on really stressful life events, become a caregiver of a relative sick, losing a house or a job, or that a loved one died, said Puterman.

The researchers found that those major stressful events elicited a more significant decline in the length of the Telomeres in women who were healthy behaviors without too much evidence.

But the same levels of stress not elicited a greater shortening of Telomeres in women who remained active, eat a healthy diet and slept well.

The study shows the importance of maintaining a healthy lifestyle in the difficult life periods, they said Puterman and Speicher.

"If were in stressful situations, physical activity, sleep and nutrition of truth are really important to keep our bodies in shape and stay healthy", said Speicher. "With this study now we see it at the genetic level."

The study also expands our understanding of how a healthy lifestyle affects the aging process, said Puterman.

"The same type of person who eats well and continues to exercise is the same type of person who does not age much," he said. "As we delve ever deeper into the cell, get more information above why and what happens at the genetic level".

But the study actually does not prove a causal relationship between healthy habits and a few longer Telomeres. The next step will be randomised trials to see if the exercise can be used to slow down Cellular Aging in people who face a continuous life stress, such as caregivers of Alzheimers patients.

"We will see if we can change the aging process within cells, as well as the levels of depression and stress and that sort of thing," said Puterman.

Although the study was limited to women, both experts said it makes sense that the findings apply to men.

Speicher went further. "There are several studies that say that on average, men have about womens shorter Telomeres," he said. "It could assumed that the effects on men would be even greater on women, but that is just a theory".

More information

For more information about Telomeres, visit the University of Utah.


Article by HealthDay



Why my child need the HPV vaccine?

This vaccine protects against most of the cancers caused by the virus infection of human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV is a common virus that spreads among people when they have sexual contact with another person. Each year, around 14 million people, including teenagers, are infected with HPV. HPV infection can cause cancer of the cervix in women and cancer of the penis in men. HPV can also cause anal cancer, cancer of the throat and genital warts in both men and women.


When should my child be vaccinated?

It is recommended that preteens, both male and female, put the HPV vaccine at age 11 or 12 years old so that they are protected until they are exposed to the virus. If your teen not has been the vaccine still, talk to your doctor to make it be as soon as possible.

The HPV vaccine is given in 3 doses. The second dose should be 1 or 2 months after the first and the third dose should be administered 6 months after the first. Make sure that your child wear 3 doses to ensure the best protection.


Teen outdoors.

What else should I know about the HPV vaccine?

There are two vaccines against HPV. Girls between 11 and 12 years of age) and young women between 13 and 26 years any of them should be placed to prevent cancer of the cervix.

One vaccine also protects against genital warts and anal cancer in women as in men. Children need to be with this HPV vaccine to prevent anal cancer and genital warts. Girls can be this vaccine to prevent cancer of the cervix, anal cancer and genital warts.

Very careful studies of both HPV vaccines have been performed and these studies have shown that no serious security concern there is with them. Some side effects that have been reported in these studies include pain in the arm, on the site that has been the injection, fever, dizziness and nausea.

Some preteens and teens you can pass out after receiving the HPV vaccine or any other vaccine.Preteens and teens must sit or lie when they put the vaccine and remain so for about 15 minutes after receiving the injection. This can help prevent fainting or other injury that could happen to the faint.

Serious side effects of the HPV vaccine are rare. It is important to tell the doctor or nurse your child if you have any severe allergies, including allergy against the latex or yeast. He is not recommended to put the HPV vaccine to women who are pregnant.

Centres stop Control and prevention of diseases (CDC), all American Academy of family physicians, the American Academy of Pediatrics and the society of adolescent medicine and health recommended vaccines against HPV.


Where can I get more information?

For more information on HPV vaccines and other vaccines for pre-teens and teens talk with the doctor or the nurse her son. You can also get more information is available on the web site "Vaccines for pre-teens and teenagers" from CDC at the following address:cdc.govAclaraci?n sobre los enlaces a sitios web externos ohttp://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/teensAclaraci?n sobre los enlaces a sitios web externos (for more information).


How can I get help to pay for these vaccines?

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You have the right to a safe workplace

You have the right to a safe workplace. The Law on Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (OSH Act) was enacted to prevent death, injury or illness of workers in their workplaces. The law requires employers to provide free working conditions hazards and unsafe conditions. The Act (OSH Act) created the Administration Occupational Safety and Health (OSHA), which sets and enforces standards that protect the safety and health at workplaces. OSHA also provides information, training and assistance to workers and employers. Workers can make a complaint to OSHA inspect their workplace if they believe their employer is not following OSHA standards or there are serious risks. Contact us with questions or to make a complaint . We will keep your information confidential. We are here to help.

The rights of workers under the OSHA Act

Workers have the right to conditions of work without risk of serious harm. Site to ensure safe and healthful workplace, OSHA also provides workers the right to:
  • Ask OSHA to conduct an inspection of the workplace.
  • Exercise their rights under the law of revenge free or discrimination.
  • Receive information and training about hazards, methods to prevent damage and OSHA standards that apply to your workplace. The training must be in a language you can understand;
  • Having access to the results of the tests done to find hazards in the workplace,
  • Read the archives of injuries and work-related diseases ;
  • Access to copies of your medical records ;

Who covers the OSHA

Private sector workers Most employees in the country are under the jurisdiction of the OSHA law. OSHA covers employers and private sector workers in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and other jurisdictions of the United States, either directly by the OSHA Federal, or anOSHA-approved state program . State Programs health and safety should be at least as effective as federal OSHA program. To find the contact information for the Office of Federal or state program of the nearest OSHA, see the map of the regional offices. Employees of state and local government Employees who work for state and local governments are not covered by the federal OSHA, but have protection under the OSHA law if they work in states that have a state program approved by OSHA. Four states and a territory of the USA. UU. have OSHA-approved plans that cover only public sector employees. These include: Connecticut, Illinois, New Jersey, New York, and the Virgin Islands. Workers in the private sector in these four states and the Virgin Islands are covered by federal OSHA. Federal workers Federal agencies must have a safety and health program that meets the same standards as private employers. Although OSHA does not assign fines to federal agencies, yes the monitors and responds to complaints from their workers. The States Postal Service (USPS) is covered by OSHA. Not covered by the OSHA Act:
  • Freelance workers;
  • Members of the immediate family of the owners of a farm that did not employ outside workers; and
  • Workplace hazards that are regulated by another federal agency (eg Administration Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA), the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), the Coast Guard)

Standards OSHA: Occupational

OSHA standards are regulations that describe the methods that employers must use to protect their employees from hazards and risks. There are OSHA standards for the construction , agriculturemarine operations , and general industry. latter category are the standards that apply to most workplaces. Standards limit the amount of hazardous chemicals to which workers can be exposed;require the use of certain safe practices and equipment; and require employers to monitor hazards and keep reports of injuries and illnesses in the workplace. Examples of OSHA standards include requirements to: provide fall protection; prevent the collapse of excavations; prevent some infectious diseases; ensure that workers entering confined spaces safely; prevent employees from being exposed to harmful substances such as asbestos; put guards on machines; provide respirators or other safety equipment; and provide training for certain dangerous jobs. Employers must also conform to the General Duty Clause of the OSHA Act ​​requires employers to keep their workplace free of hazards that are recognized as serious. This clause is usually cited when no OSHA standard applies directly to danger.

Workers can request that OSHA inspect your workplace

Workers or their representatives, may file a complaint and request OSHA to conduct an inspection of your workplace if they believe there is a serious danger or your employer is not complying with OSHA standards. A worker can tell OSHA to keep your identity confidential. 's a violation of the OSH Act an employee is fired, demoted, transferred, or discriminated against in any way for filing a complaint or exercise other rights of OSHA. You can make a complaint online , download the form and mail or fax to the office of the nearest OSHA ; or by calling 1-800-321-OSHA (6742). Most of the complaints received from the Internet can be resolved informally by phone with your employer. Written complaints that are signed by an employee or representative and sent to the OSHA office nearest are more likely to result in an OSHA inspection at your workplace. When the OSHA inspector arrives, workers and their representatives have the right to:
  • Be present during the inspection.
  • Talk to the OSHA inspector privately.
  • Take part in meetings between the inspector and the employer before and after the inspection.
When no union representative or the employee, the OSHA inspector must speak confidentially to a reasonable number of employees during the course of the inspection. When an inspector finds violations of OSHA standards or serious hazards, OSHA can issue citations and fines. A citation includes the methods that an employer can use to fix the problem, and the date when these corrective actions must be completed. Workers have the right to challenge only the date when the problem has to be solved. But employers have the right to dispute whether there is a violation, or any other part of the citation. Workers or their representatives must notify OSHA if they want to be involved in the appeal process, if the employer challenges a subpoena. "If you send a complaint requesting an OSHA inspection, you are entitled to a copy of the results of the OSHA inspection and request that they be revised if OSHA decides not to issue citations."

Employer Responsibilities

Employers have a responsibility to provide a safe workplace. Employers MUST provide a workplace free of serious hazards and follow all health and safety standards of OSHA .Employers have to find and fix security issues and health. OSHA also requires employers to try to eliminate or reduce hazards by making changes in working conditions, rather than simply wear masks, gloves, ear plugs, or other types of personal protective equipment (PPE for short in English). Switching to safer chemicals, processes to trap harmful gases, or using ventilation systems to clean the air are examples of effective ways to eliminate or reduce risks. Employers also MUST:
  • Inform employees about the dangers workout, tags, alarms, color-coded systems, information sheets on chemicals and other methods.
  • Save accurate reports of injuries and work-related diseases .
  • Testing in the workplace, such as air sampling, required by some OSHA standards
  • Providing hearing tests or other medical tests required by OSHA standards
  • Locate OSHA citations, data on injuries and illnesses, and the OSHA poster at the jobsite in a place where employees can see them.
  • Report to OSHA within 8 hours after an incident in the workplace where there is a death or when three or more workers to go to hospital.
  • Not discriminate and not retaliate against an employee for exercising their rights under the law.

You can not be punished or discriminated against for exercising their rights under the law of the OSHA

OSHA law protects workers who complain to their employer, OSHA or other government agencies on working conditions that are not healthy or safe, or environmental problems. You can not be transferred, denied a raise, have your hours reduced, be fired, or punished in any other way for exercising their rights under the law of OSHA. OSHA There is help for whistleblowers . If you have been punished or discriminated against for asserting your rights, you must file a complaint with OSHA within 30 days of the alleged retaliation have occurred to most complaints. No form is required, but you must send a letter or call the office nearest OSHA explaining the situation and the alleged discrimination.

What if there is a dangerous situation at work?

If you believe that your work conditions are not healthy or safe, we recommend that you notify your employer of the conditions, if possible. You can make a complaint with OSHA about a hazardous job at any time. But you should not leave the job site only because you made ​​a complaint. If the condition clearly presents a risk of death or serious physical harm, there is insufficient time for OSHA consider, and, whenever possible, you have shown the condition to your employer, you may have a legal right reused to work in a situation where you would be exposed to danger.

Additional information for workers

Does OSHA has reviewed my employer? You can research the history of inspection through their employer seeking establishment of OSHA . Just enter the name of your company and choose the dates you want to examine. What is the danger most commonly cited in my industry? You'll need to know the standard industry classification code (SIC, for its acronym in English) from their employer . Once you know your four-digit code, visit the OSHA Standards that are frequently cited , enter your SIC code and see the information for the last year. Does OSHA provides technical information on hazards? OSHA provides technical information to help workers, employers and professionals in health and safety issues, to reduce occupational injuries and illnesses. For example, you can find information on pathogens, and ergonomic machine guards or fall protection. What is the OSHA materials that may be of interest to workers? OSHA publishes a variety of publications on many topics. Some of the most useful publications for workers are listed below. See OSHA publications for a complete list of materials published by the agency. You can also order publications online.


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