pounded out 19 hits,
including eight doubles,
to easily beat Alabama
16-1 Friday in the
The Commodores broke the
game open with eight runs
in the fourth inning to
take a 10-1 lead.
$25. To make
reservations, send checks
payable to Gold Tiger
Club, P.O. Box 1964,
Gadsden, AL. Reservations
are required. Almost 3000
invitations were mailed
and the expectations are
for the largest number
yet to attend the
reunion. The fun ...
was employed by General
Electric Co. in Morrison
for 30 years before her
retirement in 2002. Emma
was born May 22, 1932, in
Gadsden, Alabama, the
daughter of Ellis and
Zanie (Gwin) Chasteen.
She married Lawrence
Roebuck on Nov. 11, 1950,
Tim Cook, an Alabama
native, criticized the
state for its stance on
Senate Committee on
Governmental Affairs on
Thursday morning. Sen.
Phil Williams, R-Gadsden,
said he was shocked the
bill came to the
committee without a
It's a new look this year
for Gadsden's Barbarian
Challenge, set for June
20 at Noccalula Falls
Richardson, this year's
coordinator of the event,
said there will be many
changes as the City of
Gadsden is now directing
HUNTSVILLE — The
Alabama Department of
Transportation will begin
from former U.S. Highway
411 to the relocated and
expanded highway between
north Gadsden and
Turkeytown following the
Memorial Day holiday. The
transition from the old
Click here to
view or print the entire
April report compliments
of the ACRE Corporate
Cabinet. Sales: According
to the Valley MLS,
Gadsden area residential
sales totaled 62 units in
April, an increase in
sales growth of 1.6
percent from the same
period a ...
stop crying. The Wetumpka
senior was mobbed by
teammates and fans
following her dramatic
in the 3-2 final against
time Brewer recomposed
well-wisher was ...
15, 2015 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE)
-- The Southern Banc
(OTCBB:SRNN), the holding
company for The Southern
Bank Company, formerly
First Federal Savings and
Loan Association of
announced a net loss of
– An Alabama woman
convicted of running her
to death as punishment
for lying about candy was
sentenced Monday to life
in prison without the
possibility of parole.
Joyce Hardin Garrard, the
Normal 0 false
false false EN-US
Residential for $30,000
in Gadsden, AL. Click
here for more info, map
and virtual tour
District Court of Appeals
Hears Case for Slots in
false EN-US X-NONE
(WIAT) — The woman
convicted of running her
granddaughter to death is
ordered to spend the rest
of her life in prison.
An Etowah County judge
could have given Joyce
Garrard the death
The Seige of Charlestown
Lt. Governor Christopher
Gadsden wrote to Gen.
Lincoln encouraging him
that “no time
should be lost in
renewing the negotiation
with Sir Henry Clinton on
false false false
EN-US X-NONE X-NONE
Part 1 of 3: Labor
History and Militant
Unions in the South
Birth of the US Labor
Workers Day (May Day) is
a celebration of worker
contributions to our
society and the
Part 1 of 3: Labor
History and Militant
Unions in the South
Birth of the US Labor
Workers Day (May Day) is
a celebration of worker
contributions to our
society and the
GADSDEN, Ala. (WIAT)
— After two and a
half days of tragedy on
Big Wills Creek, Gadsden
city leaders are looking
for was to keep something
like this from happening
again. The water may
SPECIAL INFORMATION FOR GADSDEN
Take Action to Improve Your Financial Situation in GADSDEN ALABAMA
By Katie Bryan, America Saves Communications Director.
America Saves Week, February 24
March 1, 2014, is a time to review your finances, decide what you want to
save for, and set up a system that will allow you to save automatically. Thats
why the America Saves Week theme is Set
a Goal. Make a Plan. Save Automatically. Did you know that only half of
Americans report having good savings habits? Even if you are already saving,
its good to take a look at your goals and decide if you can save more or start
a new savings goal. Join thousands of others who are pledging to pay down
debt, save money, and take financial action during America Saves Week.
Not sure what to
save for or what to save for next? Here are the most popular saving goals
of those who have pledged to save through America Saves:
· Save for Emergencies - Only 37 percent
of low-to-moderate income households have a savings or money market account at
a bank or credit union and nearly a quarter of savers who have pledged to save
have chosen emergency savings as their first wealth-building goal. Learn
· Save for Education - Saving for
education is the second most popular goal savers select when they pledge to
save with America Saves. There are many different things to factor in when
saving and paying for college. Learn
· Pay Down Debt - Getting out of debt is the #3 goal
Savers select when they pledge to save. That does not come as a surprise since
a 2012 survey found that 45% of families
with annual incomes under $50,000 rely on credit cards to pay for basic needs
such as rent, utilities, insurance and food. Learn
· Save for a Home - For decades, home ownership has
been the main path to wealth for most Americans. Today, home equity - the
market value of a home minus the balance on any home loans - represents more
than four-fifths of the typical family’s wealth. Learn
· Save for Retirement - Retirement
savings is a top priority for many Savers. Saving for retirement now will
ensure that you have enough money to maintain a comfortable standard of living
when you stop or reduce the amount of hours you work. Learn
Not sure how to
save for your goals? Here are some saving strategies to help:
· Save Automatically - The easiest and
most effective way to save is automatically. This is how millions of Americans
save at their bank or credit union, and how millions of employees save through
401(k) and other retirement programs at work. Learn more.
· Save at Tax Time - Do you spend weeks eagerly
anticipating your tax refund? When the money finally comes in, is it gone
tomorrow? Many people view tax refunds as unplanned bonuses. They see the money
as a gift from the government, to use for splurges or treats. But a tax refund
provides the opportunity to improve your financial situation. Learn
the America Saves Pledge (or re-pledge) today to set your savings goal and
make a plan to save. When you take the pledge you can also choose to receive
text message tips and reminders to help you save for your goal. And dont
forget to follow America Saves on Facebook
America Saves Week is coordinated
by America Saves and the American Savings
Education Council. Started in 2007, the Week is an annual opportunity for
organizations to promote good savings behavior and a chance for inpiduals to
assess their own saving status
GADSDEN ALABAMA tspan:3m
Tips to Prevent Data Theft in GADSDEN ALABAMA
Today, its quick and easy to get a credit card approved, transfer money from one account to another, renew your drivers license, fill a prescription from your doctor at your local pharmacy, use store loyalty cards, and purchase products online. But you pay for this convenience by providing more opportunities for your personal information to be changed, stolen, or reported inaccurately. Companies can also use the information you have shared to direct their future marketing efforts or can sell the information to other companies. To help protect your privacy, follow these tips:
- Look for privacy statements on websites, sales materials, and forms you fill out. If a website claims to follow a set of established voluntary standards, read the standards. Don´t assume they provide the level of privacy you want.
- Ask how your personal information will be stored and used.
- Only provide the purchase date, model/serial numbers, and your contact information of warranty registration forms.
- Discuss privacy with others in your home. Everyone, even children, should understand what information is not appropriate to share on the phone, while using a computer, tablet, smart phone and in other situations.
Check with your state or local consumer agency to find out whether any state laws that help protect your privacy. Some companies and industry groups have also adopted voluntary policies that address privacy concerns.
Creating Secure Passwords
The number of passwords that you need on a daily basis can be overwhelming. It is tempting to use the same password across several sites; however to get the most protection available, you should use different passwords on each site and change your passwords periodically. The goal for creating passwords is to strike a balance between being something that is easy to remember and unique. Some general tips for creating a secure password include:
- Use a mix of uppercase and lowercase letters, numbers, and special characters.
- The longer password, the better it is.
- Dont use your name, birthday, license plate, favorite sports teams or other facts that are easily guessed.
- Create a password based on a phrase. For example A stitch in time saves nine can be translated into the password Ast!Ts9. where each character represents a word in the phrase.
- If you must use the same password on several websites, add a prefix or suffix. For example, use Ast!Ts9:4bnkfor your bank account and Eml: Ast!Ts9 for your email account.
Back to Top
Specialty Consumer Reports
Credit reports are not the only reports that you can get for free. The same law that allows you to get a free credit report each year also allows you to get a copy of specialty consumer reports. Just like Equifax, Experian, and TransUnion collect your credit information, there are other companies that collect information about your medical, insurance, rental/tenant and alternative credit histories. Landlords, insurers and other companies buy these reports to help them decide whether or not they will offer their services to you.
Just like your credit reports, you have the right to a free annual report from each specialty consumer reporting agency. Since there is no centralized place to order these reports (like there is for credit reports), you must contact each agency individually. If you are planning to rent an apartment, ask the landlord for the name of the screening company that they use and request a copy of your report in advance. Similarly if you are getting a new insurance policy, you can contact the consumer reporting agencies that collect related information. If there is a mistake on your report, you have a right to correct it.
For a list of specialty consumer agencies, visit the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (PDF) or Privacy Rights Clearinghouse. If you need to file a complaint about a consumer reporting agency, contact the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau or the Federal Trade Commission.
Advices to people with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in GADSDEN ALABAMA
What is irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?
Irritable bowel syndrome* (IBS) is a functional gastrointestinal (GI) disorder, meaning that the symptoms are caused by changes in how the GI tract works. The GI tract is a series of hollow organs joined in a long, twisting tube from the mouth to the anusthe opening where stool leaves your body. Food is digested, or broken down, in the GI tract.
The organs of the GI tract
*See the Pronunciation Guide for tips on how to say words in bold type.
IBS is a group of symptoms that occur together, not a disease. Symptoms can come and go repeatedly without signs of damage to the GI tract.
What are the symptoms of IBS?
The most common symptoms of IBS include pain or discomfort in your abdomenthe area between your chest and hipsand changes in your bowel habits. The pain or discomfort of IBS may be reported as cramping and
- starts when you have bowel movements more or less often than usual
- starts when your stool appears looser and more watery or harder and more lumpy than usual
- goes away after a bowel movement
The changes in bowel habits with IBS may be diarrhea, constipation, or both.
Symptoms of diarrhea are
- passing stools three or more times a day
- having loose, watery stools
- feeling an urgent need to have a bowel movement
Symptoms of constipation are
- passing fewer than three stools in a week
- having hard, dry stools
- straining to have a bowel movement
Some people with IBS have only diarrhea or only constipation. Some people have symptoms of both diarrhea and constipation or have diarrhea sometimes and constipation other times. People often have symptoms after eating a meal.
Other symptoms of IBS are
- whitish mucusa clear liquid made by the intestinesin the stool
- a swollen or bloated abdomen
- the feeling that you havent finished a bowel movement
Women with IBS often have more symptoms during their menstrual periods.
IBS is a chronic disorder, meaning it lasts a long time, often years. However, the symptoms may come and go. You may have IBS if
- you have had symptoms at least three times a month for the past 3 months
- your symptoms first started at least 6 months ago
While IBS can be painful, it doesnt lead to other health problems or damage the GI tract.
What causes IBS?
Doctors are not sure what causes IBS. Researchers are studying the following possible causes of IBS:
- Brain-gut signal problems. Signals between your brain and the nerves of your gut, or small and large intestines, control how your gut works. Problems with brain-gut signals may cause IBS symptoms, such as changes in your bowel habits and pain or discomfort.
- Colon muscle problems. The muscles of your colon, part of your large intestine, may not work normally. The muscles may contract, or tighten, too much. These contractions may move stool through your gut too quickly, causing cramping and diarrhea during or shortly after a meal, or slow the movement of stool, causing constipation.
- Sensitive nerves. The nerves in your gut may be extra sensitive, causing you to feel more pain or discomfort than normal when gas or stool is in the gut.
- Mental health issues. Psychological, or mental health, issues such as anxiety or depression may be related to IBS in some people. Stress can make the nerves of your gut more sensitive, causing more discomfort and emotional distress.
- Infections. A bacterial infection in the GI tract may cause some people to develop IBS.
- Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth. Normally, few bacteria live in the small intestine. Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth is an increase in the number or a change in the type of bacteria in the small intestine. These bacteria can produce extra gas and may also cause diarrhea and weight loss. Some researchers believe small intestinal bacterial overgrowth may lead to IBS; however, more research is needed to show a link between the two conditions.
How is IBS diagnosed?
Your doctor may be able to diagnose IBS based on your symptoms. Your doctor may not need to do medical tests or may do a limited number of tests.
Your doctor will ask about your
- medical history
- eating habits
- medicine use
Your doctor will look for a certain pattern in your symptoms. Your doctor can diagnose IBS by using symptom-based standards such as the Rome criteria. Based on the Rome criteria, IBS may be diagnosed if
- your symptoms started at least 6 months ago
- you have had abdominal pain or discomfort at least three times a month for the past 3 months
- your abdominal pain or discomfort has two or three of the following features:
- Your pain or discomfort improves after a bowel movement.
- When your pain or discomfort starts, you notice a change in how often you have a bowel movement.
- When your pain or discomfort starts, you notice a change in the way your stools look.
Your doctor will also conduct a physical exam and may perform blood tests to make sure you dont have other health problems. IBS can have the same symptoms as other health problems, so more tests may be needed. If any blood tests suggest you may have another health problem, your doctor might also perform the following tests:
- Stool test. A stool test is used to check stool for blood or parasites, which are tiny organisms found in contaminated food or water. Your doctor will give you a container for catching and storing the stool. You will return the stool sample to your doctor or a commercial facility. The sample will be sent to a lab to check for blood or parasites. Your doctor may also check for blood in stool by examining your rectumthe lower end of the large intestine leading to the anusduring your physical exam.
- Flexible sigmoidoscopy. Flexible sigmoidoscopy is used to look inside your rectum and lower colon. This test is used to look inside the rectum and lower colon. The test is performed at a hospital or an outpatient center by a gastroenterologista doctor who specializes in digestive diseases. Anesthesia is usually not needed. Your doctor will give you written bowel prep instructions to follow at home before the test. You may need to follow a clear liquid diet for 1 to 3 days before the test. You may also need a laxative or enema the night before the test. You may also have one or more enemas about 2 hours before the procedure.
For the test, you will lie on a table while the doctor inserts a flexible tube into your anus. A small camera on the tube sends a video image of the intestinal lining to a computer screen. The test can show problems in the rectum or lower colon that may be causing your symptoms.
You can usually go back to your normal diet after the test, though you may have cramping or bloating during the first hour after the test.
- Colonoscopy. Colonoscopy is used to look inside your rectum and entire colon. The test is performed at a hospital or an outpatient center by a gastroenterologist. Youll be given a light sedative and possibly pain medicine to help you relax. Your doctor will give you written bowel prep instructions to follow at home before the test. You may need to follow a clear liquid diet for 1 to 3 days before the test. You may need to take laxatives and enemas the evening before the test.
For the test, you will lie on a table while the doctor inserts a flexible tube into your anus. A small camera on the tube sends a video image of the intestinal lining to a computer screen. The test can show problems in your colon that may be causing your symptoms.
Cramping or bloating may occur during the first hour after the test. Driving is not permitted for 24 hours after the test so that the sedative can wear off. Before the appointment, you should make plans for a ride home. By the next day, you should fully recover and go back to your normal diet.
How is IBS treated?
Irritable bowel syndrome is treated by relieving symptoms through
- changes in eating, diet, and nutrition
- psychological therapy
You may have to try a few treatments to see what works best for you. Your doctor can help you find the right treatment plan.
Eating, Diet, and Nutrition
Eating large meals can cause cramping and diarrhea in some people with IBS. If you experience these symptoms, try to change your eating patterns by eating four or five small meals a day.
Certain foods or drinks may make symptoms worse, such as
- foods high in fat
- some milk products
- drinks with alcohol or caffeine
- drinks with large amounts of artificial sweeteners, which are used in place of sugar
- beans, cabbage, and other foods that may cause gas
To find out if certain foods trigger your symptoms, keep a diary and track
- what you eat during the day
- what symptoms you have
- when symptoms occur
Take your notes to your doctor and talk about which foods seem to make your symptoms worse. You may need to avoid these foods or eat less of them.
Fiber may improve constipation symptoms caused by IBS because it makes stool soft and easier to pass. Fiber is found in foods such as whole-grain breads and cereals, beans, fruits, and vegetables. The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics recommends that adults consume 21 to 38 grams of fiber a day.
While fiber may help constipation, it may not be enough to treat the abdominal discomfort or pain of IBS. In fact, some people with IBS may feel a bit more abdominal discomfort after adding more fiber to their diet. Add foods with fiber a little at a time to let your body get used to them. Too much fiber at once can cause gas, which can trigger symptoms in people with IBS.
Your doctor may give you medicine help relieve symptoms. Follow your doctors instructions when you use medicine to treat IBS. Talk with your doctor about possible side effects and what to do if you have them.
These medicines can lessen the symptoms of IBS:
- Laxatives treat constipation. Many kinds of laxatives are available. Your doctor can help you find the right laxative for you.
- Loperamide (Imodium) treats diarrhea.
- Antispasmodics help reduce muscle spasms in the intestines and help ease abdominal pain.
- Antidepressants in low doses can help relieve IBS symptoms.
- Lubiprostone (Amitiza) is prescribed for people who have IBS with constipation.
- Linaclotide (Linzess) is also prescribed for people who have IBS with constipation.
The antibiotic rifaximin can reduce bloating by treating small intestinal bacterial overgrowth; however, scientists are still debating the use of antibiotics to treat IBS and more research is needed.
Probiotics are live microorganismstiny organisms that can be seen only with a microscope. These microorganisms, most often bacteria, are like the microorganisms normally found in your GI tract. Studies have found that probiotics taken in large enough amounts improve symptoms of IBS; however, more research is needed. Probiotics can be found in dietary supplements, such as capsules, tablets, and powders, and in some foods, such as yogurt. Talk with your doctor before using probiotics, supplements, or any other complementary or alternative medical treatment. Read more at www.nccam.nih.gov/health/probiotics.
Psychological therapy can help improve IBS symptoms.
- Talk therapy. Talk therapy may reduce stress and improve IBS symptoms. Two types of talk therapy used to treat IBS are cognitive behavioral therapy and psychodynamic, or interpersonal, therapy. Cognitive behavioral therapy focuses on your thoughts and actions. Psychodynamic therapy focuses on how your emotions affect your IBS symptoms.
- Gut-directed hypnotherapy. In hypnotherapy, a therapist may help relax the muscles in your colon by putting you into a trancelike state.
- Mindfulness training. Mindfulness training can teach you to focus your attention on sensations occurring at the moment and to avoid catastrophizing, or worrying about the meaning of those sensations.
Does stress cause IBS?
Although stress does not cause IBS, if you already have IBS, stress can make your symptoms worse. In addition, simply having IBS symptoms can produce stress.
Learning to reduce stress can help improve IBS. With less stress, you may find you have less cramping and pain. You may also find it easier to manage your symptoms.
Meditation, exercise, hypnosis, and counseling may help lessen IBS symptoms. Getting enough sleep and changing life situations to make them less stressful may also help. You may need to try different activities to see what works best for you.
Points to Remember
- Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional gastrointestinal (GI) disorder, meaning symptoms are caused by changes in how the GI tract works.
- IBS is a group of symptoms that occur together, not a disease. Symptoms can come and go repeatedly without signs of damage to the GI tract.
- The most common symptoms of IBS include pain or discomfort in your abdomenthe area between your chest and hipsand changes in your bowel habits.
- While IBS can be painful, it doesnt lead to other health problems or damage the GI tract.
- Doctors are not sure what causes IBS. Researchers are studying the following possible causes of IBS:
- brain-gut signal problems
- colon muscle problems
- sensitive nerves
- mental health issues
- small intestinal bacterial overgrowth
- Your doctor may be able to diagnose IBS based on your symptoms. Your doctor may not need to do medical tests or may do a limited number of tests.
- IBS is treated by relieving symptoms through
- changes in eating, diet, and nutrition
- psychological therapy
- Although stress does not cause IBS, if you already have IBS, stress can make your symptoms worse.
Hope through Research
The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDKs) pision of Digestive Diseases and Nutrition conducts and supports basic and clinical research into many digestive disorders.
Clinical trials are research studies involving people. Clinical trials look at safe and effective new ways to prevent, detect, or treat disease. Researchers also use clinical trials to look at other aspects of care, such as improving the quality of life for people with chronic illnesses. To learn more about clinical trials, why they matter, and how to participate, visit the NIH Clinical Research Trials and You website at www.nih.gov/health/clinicaltrials. For information about current studies, visit www.ClinicalTrials.gov.
flexible sigmoidoscopy (FLEK-suh-buhl) (SIG-moy-DOSS-kuh-pee)
irritable bowel syndrome (IHR-ih-tuh-buhl) (boul) (SIN-drohm)
For More Information
American Neurogastroenterology and Motility Society
45685 Harmony Lane
Belleville, MI 48111
International Foundation for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders
700 West Virginia Street, Suite 201
Milwaukee, WI 53204
Phone: 18889642001 or 4149641799
Rome Foundation, Inc.
P.O. Box 6524
Raleigh, NC 27628
Publications produced by the Clearinghouse are carefully reviewed by both NIDDK scientists and outside experts. This publication was reviewed by Douglas A. Drossman, M.D., University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Thank you also to the Salvation Army, SE Corps, Washington, D.C., for facilitating field-testing of the original version of this publication.
The U.S. Government does not endorse or favor any specific commercial product or company. Trade, proprietary, or company names appearing in this document are used only because they are considered necessary in the context of the information provided. If a product is not mentioned, the omission does not mean or imply that the product is unsatisfactory.
National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse
2 Information Way
Bethesda, MD 208923570
The National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse (NDDIC) is a service of the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK). The NIDDK is part of the National Institutes of Health of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Established in 1980, the Clearinghouse provides information about digestive diseases to people with digestive disorders and to their families, health care professionals, and the public. The NDDIC answers inquiries, develops and distributes publications, and works closely with professional and patient organizations and Government agencies to coordinate resources about digestive diseases.
This publication is not copyrighted. The Clearinghouse encourages users of this publication to duplicate and distribute as many copies as desired.
This publication may contain information about medications and, when taken as prescribed, the conditions they treat. When prepared, this publication included the most current information available. For updates or for questions about any medications, contact the U.S. Food and Drug Administration toll-free at 1888INFOFDA (18884636332) or visit www.fda.gov. Consult your health care provider for more information.
NIH Publication No. 134686
Page last updated October 16, 2013