less than one week to go,
between Martha ...
them a fighting chance.
Jon D. Hanson, Alfred
Smart Professor of Law at
Harvard Law School, Jacob
Lipton, and Sarah Paige
are participants in
Harvard Law ...
Eastern Bank has added 17
ATMs at service plazas
along the Massachusetts
Turnpike and parts of
Ambulance Service has
donated a wheelchair van
to the Hanson family in
Salem. Mark Hanson is a
chair car field training
Today is also
the birthday of Acacia
Brinley, lead singer of
the band Watercolor, born
in Massachusetts in 1997
born in Connecticut
in 1938; Zac Hanson,
singer and drummer born
in Virginia in 1985;
Lewis Brindley, YouTube
star born in England in
The linens that
we have are fresher, they
smell better, they are
cleaner, they're softer,"
said Comfort Inn North
regional vice president
Chad Hanson, in Xeros
The commercial cleaning
company says typical use
Sen. Elizabeth Warren
invented a Native
of a past
century that is now
largely irrelevant in
Victor Davis Hanson is a
classicist and historian
at the Hoover
SPECIAL INFORMATION FOR HANSON
How women tend to react to stress?
History of Kasandra
I have two full time jobs: I´m the manager of a customer service center and the mother of two young children. I see myself as a happy person and a dedicated worker. But last month, the traffic, my work, household chores, and try to spend enough time with my kids were really stressed out. I get up very early in the morning to prepare my children for school, and then take so long to get to work when I arrive and am cranky. In my office there is shortage of staff and we had meet many deadlines, so I was working overtime. My home life was affected: the traffic back home did not improve my mood, and when it came I was so tired I did not want to do anything! But I was faced with having to make dinner and wash clothes. My kids also need my attention! wanted to control my stress before it overwhelmed me. I talked to my boss about work later to avoid traffic and therefore be in a better mood when I get to work and home. I asked my husband to go to get the kids through school, and he´s offered to help with dinner and laundry. When he cooks, I go biking with my kids. I also started to book five minutes morning and late at work to relax and breathe deeply. These small changes have had a major positive effect on my life!
What are some of the most common causes of stress?
Stress can occur for many reasons. It can be triggered by a traumatic accident, a death, or an emergency situation.Stress can also be a side effect of a serious illness.
There is also stress associated with daily life, the workplace, and family responsibilities. It´s hard to stay calm or relaxed with our hectic lives. As women we have many roles to play: that of wife, mother, caregiver, friend or employee. With all the occupations we have in our life, it seems almost impossible to find ways to relieve our stress. However it is important to find those ways, because your health depends on it.
What are some of the early signs of stress?
Stress can have many different forms, and contribute to the symptoms of disease. Some of the common symptoms are headache, sleep problems, difficulty concentrating, bad temper, stomach disorders, job dissatisfaction, low mood, depression and anxiety.
How women tend to react to stress?
We all have to deal with stressful situations such as traffic, fights with spouse, and work problems. Some researchers believe that women handle stress in a unique way: engage and befriend.
- Dealing: women protect and care for their children
- Befriend: women seeking and receiving social support
In times of stress, women tend to care for their children and get support from their female friends. Women organisms produce chemicals that are believed to promote these reactions. One of these chemicals is oxytocin, which has a calming effect during times of stress. This is the same chemical that is released during childbirth and that is found in higher levels in lactating women, who are believed to be calmer and more sociable than those who do not. Women also have estrogen hormone, which enhances the effects of oxytocin. Men, on the other hand, have high levels of testosterone in times of stress, which blocks the calming effects of oxytocin and causes hostility, withdrawal and anger.
How does stress affect my body and my health?
We all suffer stress. There are short-term stress, such as getting lost when driving or missing the bus. To everyday situations, such as planning a meal or making time for errands, can be stressful. This type of stress can make us feel worried or anxious.
At other times we face long-term stress, such as racial discrimination, a fatal illness, or divorce. These stressful events can also affect your health in different ways. The long-term stress can increase your risk for certain medical conditions, such as depression problems.
Both short-term stress and long-term stress can affect your body. The research is beginning to show the serious effects of stress on our body. Stress triggers changes in our body and makes it more likely you sick. It can also worsen problems and suffering. You can influence the following problems:
- Difficulty sleeping
- Lack of energy
- Lack of concentration
- Overeating or not eating
- Increased risk of asthma attacks or arthritis
- Stomach cramps
- Skin problems such as urticaria
- Weight gain or loss
- Heart problems
- Irritable Bowel Syndrome
- Neck or back pain
- Decreased sexual desire
- Trouble getting pregnant
What are some of the most stressful life events?
Any change in our lives can be stressful, even some of the happiest, like having a baby or starting a new job. Here are some of the most stressful life events:
- Death of a spouse
- Going to jail
- Death of a close relative
- Illness or injury
Scale of Life Events Holmes and Rahe (1967)
What is Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)?
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD for short) is a debilitating condition that can occur after being exposed to a terrifying event or experience in which serious physical harm occurred or the threat thereof. Among the traumatic events that may trigger PTSD include violent attacks on the person, such as rape or mugging, natural disasters or caused by man, accidents, or military combat.
Many people with PTSD repeatedly relive the experience through episodes of flashbacks, memories, nightmares, or frightening thoughts, especially when exposed to events or objects that remind them of the trauma. Anniversaries of the event can also trigger symptoms. People with PTSD may also experience emotional numbness, sleep disturbances, depression, anxiety, irritability or outbursts of anger. Feelings of intense guilt are also common (called survivor guilt), especially if other people did not survive the traumatic event.
Most people who are exposed to a traumatic and stressful event suffer some symptoms of PTSD in the days and weeks following the event, but the symptoms usually disappear. However, about 8% of men and 20% of women go on to develop PTSD, and roughly 30% of these individuals develop a chronic or long-term PTSD continuing for the rest of their lives variety.
How I can help manage my stress?
Do not let stress the disease. Women usually carry a higher burden of stress we should. Often we are not even aware of our stress level. Pay attention to your body to know when stress is affected their health. Here are some ways to help manage stress:
- Relax. loose is important. Everyone has their way of relaxing. Some of these ways are deep breathing, yoga, meditation and massage therapy. If you can not do these things, take a few minutes to sit down, listen to soothing music, or read a book.
- Reserve time for yourself. Taking care of yourself is important. To not feel guilty, consider it an order from your doctor! No matter how busy you are, you can try to book at least 15 minutes per day in its program of activities to do something for herself, such as taking a bubble bath, go for a walk or call a friend on the phone.
- Sleep. Sleeping is a great way to help both your body and your mind. If you do not get enough sleep, your stress can worsen. Nor can fight disease in the same way if you sleep poorly. If you get enough sleep, you can better address their problems and reduce your risk of getting sick. Try to get seven to nine hours every night.
- Eat right. Try to get energy by eating fruits, vegetables and protein. Peanut butter, chicken salad or tuna are good sources of protein. Eat whole grains, such as bread and wheat crackers. Do not be fooled by the jolt of energy you feel when consuming caffeine or sugar, that energy will run out quickly.
- Move. Believe it or not, physical activity not only helps relieve muscle tension, but also improves your mood!Before and after physical activity, the body produces certain chemicals called endorphins that relieve stress and improve your mood.
- Talk to friends. Talk to your friends in order to better manage stress. Friends listen well. Does very well find someone who will let you talk freely about their problems and feelings without judgment. It also helps to hear a different point of view. His friends remember you are not alone.
- Get professional help if needed. Talk to a therapist. A therapist can help you manage stress and find better ways to cope. Therapy can also help with more serious stress-related disorders such as PTSD. There are medications that can help relieve symptoms of depression and anxiety, and promote sleep.
- Be transigente. Sometimes discuss not worth the stress it generates. Yield occasionally.
- Write down what you think. Did you ever sent email to a friend about the terrible day that was, and felt better afterwards? Why not take a pen and paper and write down what is happening in your life? Keeping a journal can be a great way to vent and manage their problems. You can then re-read your journal and see how much progress has been made!
- Help others. Helping someone can help themselves. Help your neighbor, or do volunteer work in your community.
- Have a hobby. Find something you enjoy. Be sure to take the time to explore their interests.
- Please limits. Regarding things like work and family, determine how much you can actually do. The amount of hours in the day is limited. Limit yourself to yourself and others too. Do not be afraid to say NO to requests for your time and energy.
- Plan your time. Consider in advance how you will use your time. Write a list of things to do. Decide which are the most important.
- Do not handle stress in ways that are not healthy. Among these are drinking too much alcohol, using drugs, smoking or overeating.
I heard deep breathing can help with my stress. How is it done?
Deep breathing is a good way to relax. Try to do it a few times per day. Here´s how you do it:
- Lie down or sit in a chair.
- Rest your hands on your stomach.
- Slowly count to four and inhale through the nose. Feel your stomach rise. Hold your breath for a second.
- Slowly count to four while you exhale through your mouth. To control how fast you exhale, purse your lips as if to whistle. Your stomach will slowly drop.
- Repeat for five to ten times.
Cause stress ulcers?
Doctors used to think ulcers were caused by stress and spicy foods. We now know that stress does not cause ulcers, only irritates. The ulcers are caused by a bacterium (germ) called H. pylori. Researchers do not yet know for certain how people contract. They think they can get it through the water. It is treated by a combination of antibiotics and other drugs.
HANSON MASSACHUSETTS tspan:3m
You have the right to a safe workplace
You have the right to a safe workplace. The Law on Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970
(OSH Act) was enacted to prevent death, injury or illness of workers in their workplaces. The law requires employers to provide free working conditions hazards and unsafe conditions. The Act (OSH Act) created the Administration Occupational Safety and Health (OSHA), which sets and enforces standards that protect the safety and health at workplaces. OSHA also provides information, training and assistance to workers and employers. Workers can make a complaint to OSHA inspect their workplace if they believe their employer is not following OSHA standards or there are serious risks.
Contact us with questions or to make a complaint
. We will keep your information confidential. We are here to help.
The rights of workers under the OSHA Act
Workers have the right to conditions
of work without risk of serious harm. Site to ensure safe and healthful workplace, OSHA also provides workers the right to:
- Ask OSHA to conduct an inspection of the workplace.
- Exercise their rights under the law of revenge free or discrimination.
- Receive information and training about hazards, methods to prevent damage and OSHA standards that apply to your workplace. The training must be in a language you can understand;
- Having access to the results of the tests done to find hazards in the workplace,
- Read the archives of injuries and work-related diseases ;
- Access to copies of your medical records ;
Who covers the OSHA
Private sector workers
Most employees in the country are under the jurisdiction of the OSHA law. OSHA covers employers and private sector workers in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and other jurisdictions of the United States, either directly by the OSHA
Federal, or anOSHA-approved state program
. State Programs health and safety should be at least as effective as federal OSHA program. To find the contact information for the Office of Federal or state program of the nearest OSHA, see the map of the regional offices
Employees of state and local government
Employees who work for state and local governments are not covered by the federal OSHA, but have protection under the OSHA law if they work in states that have a state program approved by OSHA. Four states and a territory of the USA. UU. have OSHA-approved plans that cover only public sector employees. These include: Connecticut, Illinois, New Jersey, New York, and the Virgin Islands. Workers in the private sector in these four states and the Virgin Islands are covered by federal OSHA.
Federal agencies must have a safety and health program that meets the same standards as private employers. Although OSHA does not assign fines to federal agencies, yes the monitors and responds to complaints from their workers. The States Postal Service (USPS) is covered by OSHA.
Not covered by the OSHA Act:
- Freelance workers;
- Members of the immediate family of the owners of a farm that did not employ outside workers; and
- Workplace hazards that are regulated by another federal agency (eg Administration Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA), the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), the Coast Guard)
Standards OSHA: Occupational
OSHA standards are regulations that describe the methods that employers must use to protect their employees from hazards and risks. There are OSHA standards for the construction
, marine operations
, and general industry.
latter category are the standards that apply to most workplaces. Standards limit the amount of hazardous chemicals to which workers can be exposed;require the use of certain safe practices and equipment; and require employers to monitor hazards and keep reports of injuries and illnesses in the workplace. Examples of OSHA standards include requirements to: provide fall protection; prevent the collapse of excavations; prevent some infectious diseases; ensure that workers entering confined spaces safely; prevent employees from being exposed to harmful substances such as asbestos; put guards on machines; provide respirators or other safety equipment; and provide training for certain dangerous jobs.
Employers must also conform to the General Duty Clause
of the OSHA Act requires employers to keep their workplace free of hazards that are recognized as serious. This clause is usually cited when no OSHA standard applies directly to danger.
Workers can request that OSHA inspect your workplace
Workers or their representatives, may file a complaint
and request OSHA to conduct an inspection of your workplace if they believe there is a serious danger or your employer is not complying with OSHA standards. A worker can tell OSHA to keep your identity confidential. 's a violation of the OSH Act an employee is fired, demoted, transferred, or discriminated against in any way for filing a complaint or exercise other rights of OSHA.
You can make a complaint online
, download the form
and mail or fax to the office of the nearest OSHA
; or by calling 1-800-321-OSHA (6742). Most of the complaints received from the Internet can be resolved informally by phone with your employer. Written complaints that are signed by an employee or representative and sent to the OSHA office nearest are more likely to result in an OSHA inspection at your workplace.
When the OSHA inspector arrives, workers and their representatives have the right to:
- Be present during the inspection.
- Talk to the OSHA inspector privately.
- Take part in meetings between the inspector and the employer before and after the inspection.
When no union representative or the employee, the OSHA inspector must speak confidentially to a reasonable number of employees during the course of the inspection.
When an inspector finds violations of OSHA standards or serious hazards, OSHA can issue citations and fines. A citation includes the methods that an employer can use to fix the problem, and the date when these corrective actions must be completed. Workers have the right to challenge only the date when the problem has to be solved. But employers have the right to dispute whether there is a violation, or any other part of the citation. Workers or their representatives must notify OSHA if they want to be involved in the appeal process, if the employer challenges a subpoena.
"If you send a complaint requesting an OSHA inspection, you are entitled to a copy of the results of the OSHA inspection and request that they be revised if OSHA decides not to issue citations."
Employers have a responsibility to provide a safe workplace. Employers MUST provide a workplace free of serious hazards and follow all health and safety standards of OSHA
.Employers have to find and fix security issues and health. OSHA also requires employers to try to eliminate or reduce hazards by making changes in working conditions, rather than simply wear masks, gloves, ear plugs, or other types of personal protective equipment (PPE for short in English). Switching to safer chemicals, processes to trap harmful gases, or using ventilation systems to clean the air are examples of effective ways to eliminate or reduce risks.
Employers also MUST:
- Inform employees about the dangers workout, tags, alarms, color-coded systems, information sheets on chemicals and other methods.
- Save accurate reports of injuries and work-related diseases .
- Testing in the workplace, such as air sampling, required by some OSHA standards
- Providing hearing tests or other medical tests required by OSHA standards
- Locate OSHA citations, data on injuries and illnesses, and the OSHA poster at the jobsite in a place where employees can see them.
- Report to OSHA within 8 hours after an incident in the workplace where there is a death or when three or more workers to go to hospital.
- Not discriminate and not retaliate against an employee for exercising their rights under the law.
You can not be punished or discriminated against for exercising their rights under the law of the OSHA
OSHA law protects workers who complain to their employer, OSHA or other government agencies on working conditions that are not healthy or safe, or environmental problems. You can not be transferred, denied a raise, have your hours reduced, be fired, or punished in any other way for exercising their rights under the law of OSHA. OSHA There is help for whistleblowers
If you have been punished or discriminated against for asserting your rights, you must file a complaint with OSHA within 30 days of the alleged retaliation have occurred to most complaints. No form is required, but you must send a letter or call the office nearest OSHA
explaining the situation and the alleged discrimination.
What if there is a dangerous situation at work?
If you believe that your work conditions are not healthy or safe, we recommend that you notify your employer of the conditions, if possible.
You can make a complaint with
OSHA about a hazardous job at any time. But you should not leave the job site only because you made a complaint. If the condition clearly presents a risk of death or serious physical harm, there is insufficient time for OSHA consider, and, whenever possible, you have shown the condition to your employer, you may have a legal right reused to work
in a situation where you would be exposed to danger.
Additional information for workers
Does OSHA has reviewed my employer?
You can research the history of inspection through their employer seeking establishment of OSHA
. Just enter the name of your company and choose the dates you want to examine.
What is the danger most commonly cited in my industry?
You'll need to know the standard industry classification code (SIC, for its acronym in English) from their employer
. Once you know your four-digit code, visit the OSHA Standards that are frequently cited
, enter your SIC code and see the information for the last year.
Does OSHA provides technical information on hazards?
OSHA provides technical information
to help workers, employers and professionals in health and safety issues, to reduce occupational injuries and illnesses. For example, you can find information on pathogens, and ergonomic machine guards or fall protection.
What is the OSHA materials that may be of interest to workers?
OSHA publishes a variety of publications on many topics. Some of the most useful publications for workers are listed below. See OSHA publications
for a complete list of materials published by the agency. You can also order publications online.