This is Real: The World Climate is Changing
Our Earth is warming. The average temperature of the Earth has risen about 1.4 ° F (0.7 ° C over) over the last century. It is projected that the average temperature rise of approximately 2 to 11.5 ° F (1.1 ° C to 6.4 ° C) over the next hundred years. Small changes in average global temperature could lead to large and potentially risky changes in climate and weather.
The evidence is clear. Rising temperatures have been accompanied by changes in the weather and climate. Many sites have seen changes in rainfall, which resulted in more flooding, drought or heavy rain and waves more frequent and severe heat.The oceans and glaciers on the planet have also undergone some large changes: the oceans are warming and acidifying, the ice caps are melting and sea levels are rising. As these and other changes are more pronounced in the coming decades, they will have to present challenges to our society and our environment.
Learn about the signs of climate change in the United States.
Humans are largely responsible for recent climate change
Over the past century, human activity has downloaded large amounts of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. Most greenhouse gases come from the burning of fossil fuels that produce energy, but deforestation, industrial processes and some agricultural practices also emit gases into the atmosphere.
The greenhouse gases act like a emptyet around the Earth, which traps energy in the atmosphere and causes it to heat.This phenomenon is called the greenhouse effect is natural and necessary to sustain life on Earth. However, the accumulation of greenhouse gases can change the Earth´s climate and risky effects to human health and welfare and ecosystems.
The choices we make today will affect the amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere will in the near future and for years to come.
Learn about the causes of climate change .
Climate change affects all
Our lives are linked to climate. Human societies have adapted to relatively stable climate which have enjoyed since the last Ice Age ended several millennia ago. A warming climate will result in process changes that could affect our water supplies, agriculture, energy and transport systems, the natural environment and to our own health and securety.
Some of the climate changes are inevitable. carbon dioxide can remain in the atmosphere for about a century so the Earth will continue to warm over the coming decades. The hotter it gets, the greater the risk of more severe changes in climate and Earth system. Although it is difficult to predict the exact impacts of climate change, it is clear that the climate to which we are accustomed to is no longer a guide to which we can trust what we can expect in the future.
We can reduce the risks we face from climate change. Choosing options that reduce pollution from greenhouse gases and prepare for the changes that are already underway, we can reduce the risks of climate change. Our decisions will shape the world in which our children and grandchildren will live.
Learn about the impacts of climate change and adaptation to change .
We can make a difference
You can take action. You can take steps at home, on the road, in your office to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases and the risks associated with climate change. Many of these steps can save you money; some, such as walking or cycling to work could improve your health! You may also participate in activities to support local or state level energy efficiency, clean energy programs and other climate programs.
Learn about what you can do .
Calculate your carbon footprint and find ways to reduce their emissions through simple actions you take daily.
EPA and other federal agencies are taking action. EPA is working to protect the health and welfare of the people in this country through common sense measures to reduce pollution and greenhouse gases to help communities prepare for change climate.
By making some small changes in your home and garden, you can reduce emissions of greenhouse gases and save money
By making some small changes in your home and garden, you can reduce emissions of greenhouse gases and save money. Explore our list of the 10 simple steps you can take to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases.
1. Replace 5 lights at home
Replace the five most frequently used lights or the bulbs in these, with products certified under the seal of ENERGY STAR ® and you help the environment by saving more than $ 70 per year in electricity bills. ENERGY STAR lighting provides bright, warm light that generates 75% less heat; uses up to 75% less energy than traditional lighting; and lasts 10 to 50 times longer.
2. Look for products certified under the ENERGY STAR
When buying new products for your home, look for the ENERGY STAR EPA that will help you make a decision more energy efficient. You can find the Energy Star label on more than 60 kinds of products, including appliances, lighting equipment, heating and air conditioning, electronics and office equipment. Throughout life all on your home certified under the ENERGY STAR label may reduce emissions of greenhouse gases approximately 130.000 pounds and save $ 11,000 in electricity bills.
3. Heat and cool your home smartly
Expenses for the use of heating and cooling account for almost half of its electricity-bill about $ 1,000 a year! There are many things you can do to reduce these costs. Simple steps such as changing air filters regularly, properly using a programmable thermostat and making sure to give annually due maintain your heating and air conditioning by a licensed contractor can save energy and increase comfort at home while helping to protect environment. Depending on the area you live in, you can reduce your annual energy bill by more than $ 200 to replace your heating and air conditioning old certificate under the seal of ENERGY STAR equipment.
4. Selle home and add insulation with ENERGY STAR
Reduce leaks and drafts using caulk, weatherstripping and insulation to seal any cracks or hollow along windows and doors in your home as well as in the attic to block heat and cold. An owner with appropriate knowledge or skilled contractor can save you up to 20% on the cost of heating and air conditioning. Through these actions you can greatly improve the comfort in your home following proper sealing and insulation measures.
5. Reduce, Reuse and Recycle
The reduce, reuse, and recycling in your home helps conserve energy and reduce pollution and emissions of greenhouse gases from extraction, manufacturing and disposal. If there is a recycling program in your community, recycle your newspapers, soda bottles, paper and other products. Also the composting of food waste and yard cleanup reduces the amount of waste you send to landfill and reduces emissions of greenhouse gases. Visit the Individual Waste Reduction Model EPA (iWARM for its acronym in English) to learn about the energy benefits of recycling common waste on landfill disposal.
6. Use water efficiently
It requires a lot of energy to pump, treat, and heat water, thus water conservation reduces emissions of greenhouse gases. Saving water at home is easy. Three percent of the nation´s energy is used to pump and treat water, thus conserving water also conserves energy by reducing pollution of greenhouse gases. Reduce as much as possible the amount of waste generated and the water you drink. Take simple steps to conserve water such as not leaving the tap when shaving or brushing your teeth and save money while conserving water using products labeled WaterSense . Did you know a leaky toilet can waste 200 gallons of water per day? Repair all leaks and dripping faucets and toilets immediately. When you run the dishwasher to capacity will save 100 pounds of carbon dioxide and up to $ 40 per year.Pour water to the lawn and garden wisely. Only water them when necessary and do it in the coolest part of the day.Typically, early morning is the best time. See the Web site of the EPA WaterSense for more tips on how to conserve water.
7. Practice organic gardening
The composting of food waste and grass clippings reduces the amount of waste sent to landfills and emissions of greenhouse gases. The program GreenScapes EPA has several tips and useful publications (PDF) (16 pp, 1.8MB, About PDF )on how to improve your lawn or garden while also helping the environment.
8. Buy green energy
Energize your home by purchasing green energy. The green energy is environmentally beneficial electricity that has been generated by renewable energy sources like wind and sun. There are two ways to use green energy. You can buy green power or you can modify your house to generate your own green energy. Purchasing green power is easy . It offers a host of environmental and economic benefits unlike conventional electricity, including lower emissions of greenhouse gases and helps to increase the supply of clean energy. There are several steps you can take to create a greener home, including installing solar panels and investigate incentives for renewable energy in your state .
9. Calculate the carbon footprint in your home
Use the calculator Domestic Emissions EPA Greenhouse Gas to make an estimate of emissions of greenhouse gases in their residence from the use of energy, transportation, and waste disposal. This tool will help you understand where they come from and how emissions identify ways to reduce them.
10. Communicate the message
Tell your family and friends that energy efficiency is good for their homes and good for the environment because it reduces emissions of greenhouse gases and air pollution. Tell five people and together we can help each other, reducing the cost of energy in our homes.
4 Ways how young people can get health insurance
Young adults have several options to get coverage through the insurance market.
Find out if you are eligible for a Special Enrollment Period. You may be eligible for registration under the Special Enrollment Period unknowingly. If your student medical coverage you finished, you may be eligible for a Special Enrollment Period that will allow you to purchase a health plan through the Insurance Market. You might also grant a Special Enrollment Period if you get married or divorced, have a child or adopt a child, moving to another area, and not old enough to be on the safe parent or have in your life some other event eligible to do so.
Find out how to request coverage for Medicaid
. You can enroll in Medicaid or the Childrens Health Insurance Program (CHIP) at any time of year. If you qualify you can now register.
You can get coverage from their parents plan until age 26, even if married, not living with their parents or dependent on them economically. After age 26, you qualify for a Special Enrollment Period.
These plans are an affordable way to protect yourself from the high costs of the worst cases, such as an accident or serious illness. If you are under 30, you can purchase a catastrophic plan coverage. Served three visits per year before you have paid the deductible and certain preventive services
Pay attention to your lifestyle in times of stress, advises a researcher
Exercise, a healthy diet and a good sleep can protect the body from the negative effects of stress and slow down the process of aging at the cellular level, some researchers report.
A study with hundreds of older women found that stressful events are linked to increased shrinkage of Telomeres, the protective caps at the ends of chromosomes that affect the speed with which age the cells.
"We found that in a period of one year, while more stressful factors showed a woman, most likely it was their Telomeres are encogieran," said the author of the study, Eli Puterman, Assistant Professor of Psychiatry at the Faculty of Medicine of the University of California in San Francisco.
But women who maintained an active life style, ate and slept well seemed protected from the effects of stress, and their Telomeres did not show a significant additional shrink, the researchers said.
Dr. Michael Speicher, Professor and Chair of the Institute of genetics, human at the Medical University of Graz, in Austria, said that the study "addresses a really important biological question: the reason that a healthy lifestyle of truth is useful, especially if one is exposed to stressors".
"The encouraging message is that if one carries out these healthy behaviors, you can reduce some of the effects of stress on the body," he said.
Telomeres are like the plastic end tips at the ends of the shoelace, which avoid you to discard.
They are composed of DNA and protein, and protect the ends of chromosomes so that you discard. As the Telomeres are shortened and their structural integrity is weakened, the cells age and die more quickly.
This type of cell aging has partnered with diseases related to age, cardiovascular disease, Alzheimers disease and cancer. A theory holds that older people are more likely to get cancer because its shrunken Telomeres have made that their chromosomes are unstable and that they tend to operate poorly, said Speicher, it did not participate in the study.
The Telomeres become shorter naturally with age, but unhealthy behaviors such as smoking, poor diet and lack of sleep can do that they shorten before, warned Puterman. Chronic emotional stress has also been linked with a few shorter Telomeres.
To see if a healthy lifestyle could combat the effects of stress, the researchers tracked 239 postmenopausal women who do not smoked for a year. The findings appear in the edition of July 29, the journal Molecular Psychiatry.
The women provided blood samples at the beginning and at the end of the year to measure the Telomere. They were subjected to periodic reviews of their physical activity, diet, and sleep.
In the end, the women also reported stressful events that had occurred in that year. Researchers focused on really stressful life events, become a caregiver of a relative sick, losing a house or a job, or that a loved one died, said Puterman.
The researchers found that those major stressful events elicited a more significant decline in the length of the Telomeres in women who were healthy behaviors without too much evidence.
But the same levels of stress not elicited a greater shortening of Telomeres in women who remained active, eat a healthy diet and slept well.
The study shows the importance of maintaining a healthy lifestyle in the difficult life periods, they said Puterman and Speicher.
"If were in stressful situations, physical activity, sleep and nutrition of truth are really important to keep our bodies in shape and stay healthy", said Speicher. "With this study now we see it at the genetic level."
The study also expands our understanding of how a healthy lifestyle affects the aging process, said Puterman.
"The same type of person who eats well and continues to exercise is the same type of person who does not age much," he said. "As we delve ever deeper into the cell, get more information above why and what happens at the genetic level".
But the study actually does not prove a causal relationship between healthy habits and a few longer Telomeres. The next step will be randomised trials to see if the exercise can be used to slow down Cellular Aging in people who face a continuous life stress, such as caregivers of Alzheimers patients.
"We will see if we can change the aging process within cells, as well as the levels of depression and stress and that sort of thing," said Puterman.
Although the study was limited to women, both experts said it makes sense that the findings apply to men.
Speicher went further. "There are several studies that say that on average, men have about womens shorter Telomeres," he said. "It could assumed that the effects on men would be even greater on women, but that is just a theory".
For more information about Telomeres, visit the University of Utah.
Article by HealthDay
Why my child need the HPV vaccine?
This vaccine protects against most of the cancers caused by the virus infection of human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV is a common virus that spreads among people when they have sexual contact with another person. Each year, around 14 million people, including teenagers, are infected with HPV. HPV infection can cause cancer of the cervix in women and cancer of the penis in men. HPV can also cause anal cancer, cancer of the throat and genital warts in both men and women.
When should my child be vaccinated?
It is recommended that preteens, both male and female, put the HPV vaccine at age 11 or 12 years old so that they are protected until they are exposed to the virus. If your teen not has been the vaccine still, talk to your doctor to make it be as soon as possible.
The HPV vaccine is given in 3 doses. The second dose should be 1 or 2 months after the first and the third dose should be administered 6 months after the first. Make sure that your child wear 3 doses to ensure the best protection.
What else should I know about the HPV vaccine?
There are two vaccines against HPV. Girls between 11 and 12 years of age) and young women between 13 and 26 years any of them should be placed to prevent cancer of the cervix.
One vaccine also protects against genital warts and anal cancer in women as in men. Children need to be with this HPV vaccine to prevent anal cancer and genital warts. Girls can be this vaccine to prevent cancer of the cervix, anal cancer and genital warts.
Very careful studies of both HPV vaccines have been performed and these studies have shown that no serious security concern there is with them. Some side effects that have been reported in these studies include pain in the arm, on the site that has been the injection, fever, dizziness and nausea.
Some preteens and teens you can pass out after receiving the HPV vaccine or any other vaccine.Preteens and teens must sit or lie when they put the vaccine and remain so for about 15 minutes after receiving the injection. This can help prevent fainting or other injury that could happen to the faint.
Serious side effects of the HPV vaccine are rare. It is important to tell the doctor or nurse your child if you have any severe allergies, including allergy against the latex or yeast. He is not recommended to put the HPV vaccine to women who are pregnant.
Centres stop Control and prevention of diseases (CDC), all American Academy of family physicians, the American Academy of Pediatrics and the society of adolescent medicine and health recommended vaccines against HPV.
Where can I get more information?
For more information on HPV vaccines and other vaccines for pre-teens and teens talk with the doctor or the nurse her son. You can also get more information is available on the web site "Vaccines for pre-teens and teenagers" from CDC at the following address:cdc.gov ohttp://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/teens (for more information).
How can I get help to pay for these vaccines?
The city agains Asthma
If you or your child has asthma, you are not alone. About 23 million people in the United States suffer from asthma. Asthma is the leading cause of disease of long duration in children.
We are all responsible for protecting the conditions that determine a good level of health for our family and our community. Education is the basis for creating health-promoting environments for all.
At present, we have at our disposal a wealth of information about asthma. Hence, both the parents and the people who are caring for children play an important role in the transmission of knowledge, and changing lifestyle of the family.
Since the EPA is committed to educating all people about asthma, then you will find useful information that will help you more effectively control asthma.
What are the environmental factors that cause asthma?
Asthma can be triggered by allergens or irritants that are common in our homes.The most common factors are:
Asthma can be caused by smoke from a cigarette butt, pipe or cigar and also by the smoke exhaled by a smoker.
- Choose not to smoke in your home or car or allow others to do so.
Dust mites are too small to be seen with the naked eye, but are in every home.They live in mattresses, pillows, carpets, furniture fabric wallpaper, bedspreads, clothes and stuffed toys.
- Wash sheets and blankets weekly in hot water.
- Choose soft toys that are washable, and wash them often in hot water, drying them completely. Keep these toys off beds.
- Cover mattresses and pillows with covers that prevent the passage of dust (allergen impermeable) having a closure.
Skin flakes emerging from domestic animals, urine and saliva may trigger asthma.
Learn more at www.epa.gov/asthma/pets.html
- Consider keeping pets out of the house or finding a new home if necessary.
- Keep your pets all the time outside the bedroom or any other area that is used for sleeping and keep the doors shut.
- Keep pets off the furniture with tapestry fabric, carpets and stuffed toys.
Mold grows in damp places or materials. The key to mold control is moisture control. If mold is a problem in your home, clean and remove excess water or moisture. Reducing moisture also helps reduce other factors that cause asthma, such as cockroaches.
- Wash mold off hard surfaces and dry completely. Absorbents, such as tile roofs and carpets, if they rust, should probably be removed or replaced materials.
- Make any water leaks in the pipes and pipes and other sources of water supply.
- Keep drip pans in your refrigerator, air conditioner and dehumidifier environments, clean and dry.
- Use exhaust fans or open windows hold while cooking or when using the dishwasher.
- Use exhaust fans in the bathrooms while showering.
- Place the exhaust in a clothes dryer to the outside.
- Keep the humidity inside the house at a low level, 30 to 50 percent relative humidity. Humidity levels can be measured by hygrometers which can be purchased at hardware stores.
Droppings or excretions of cockroaches can trigger asthma.
If sprays are used:
- Do not leave food or garbage out environmental exposure.
- Store food in tightly sealed containers.
- Clean all food waste or spilled liquids immediately.
- First try to control cockroaches using poison baits, boric acid or traps before using pesticide sprays.
- Limit yourself to use only in infested areas.
- Carefully follow the instructions found on product labels.
- Ensure that enough fresh air when you spray and keep the person with asthma out of the home.
Preventing asthma attacks
. To make an asthma action plan, tips on how to manage asthma and get a copy of the popular activity book "Dusty the Goldfish".
- Step 1: Talk to your doctor about your child´s asthma. If your child has asthma or you think your child has this disease, take your child to a doctor.The doctor will work with you to ensure that your child has an asthma attack.
- Learn what causes asthma in your child.
- Identify your asthma triggers in your home are.
- Learn how to rid your home the factors that cause asthma.
- Know what your child should take medication.
- Step 2: Make a plan. Ask your doctor to help you create an individual action plan to control your child´s asthma. Work with your doctor to create a plan of action to help you learn how to prevent asthma attacks your child regularly.
- Step 3 - Make your home resistant asthma. The factors that cause asthma are part of our daily lives. Asthma attacks can be caused by mold growing on the shower curtain in the bathroom, dust mites living in blankets or blankets, the pillows and stuffed toys of your child. Learn more about the things that can cause an asthma attack and what you can do to eliminate them and keep your child healthy.
Tools Program Indoor Air Quality for Schools
EPA has developed a program of Air Quality Tools for Schools Interior to reduce exposure to environmental contaminants in them through the voluntary adoption of practices to manage indoor air quality.
The "program IAQ Tools for Schools
"is a detailed to help maintain a healthy environment in school buildings by identifying, correcting and preventing problems of air quality resource.Poor indoor air quality in schools can affect the comfort and health of students and staff, which in turn can affect concentration, attendance, and student performance. In addition, if the school takes to react promptly as poor air quality, students and staff are at increased risk of health problems in the short term, such as fatigue and nausea, as well as problems long-term health such as asthma. Read more about it and download or order a kit action " IAQ Tools for Schools ".