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President Clinton To Campaign In AR For "Arkansas Victory 2014"


President Bill Clinton will campaign for Arkansas Victory 2014 this Sunday November 2nd in West Memphis, Blytheville, Texarkana and Fort Smith. LITTLE ROCK, AR (News release) – President Bill Clinton will campaign for Arkansas Victory 2014 this Sunday ...

North Little Rock Employee Honored for Long Time Service


The city of North Little Rock spent Thursday afternoon honoring their oldest employee. NORTH LITTLE ROCK, AR.- The city of North Little Rock spent Thursday afternoon honoring their oldest employee. Roosevelt Horton is 83 years old and has been working for ...

Legally blind Arkansas teacher earns award


LITTLE ROCK, AR (AP) - A teacher from Camden who is legally blind has been named the area's outstanding Consumer of the Year by the Department of Human Services' Division of Services for the Blind. Kimberly Finney, a teacher with the Camden Fairview School ...

Little Rock Zoo hosting Dia de los Muertos celebration


LITTLE ROCK, Ark. (October 30, 2014) - The Little Rock Zoo and Hola! Arkansas are hosting a Dia de los Muertos celebration this weekend. Officials from the Little Rock Zoo, Hola! Arkansas, and the Mexican Consulate will host the Zoo's Día de los Muertos ...

Arkansas Representatives To Move Back Into Restored Chamber Next Week


LITTLE ROCK (KFSM) – Arkansas Representatives are set to move back into their restored chamber next week, officials say. The restoration project started on June 2, and next week representatives will be able to see the restoration for themselves ...



SPECIAL INFORMATION FOR LITTLE ROCK

Learn about obesity in children

How do I know if my child has a healthy weight?

young boy on scaleThe doctor will monitor the changes in height and weight of children in the course of time and can tell you if your child has a healthy weight. During regular checkups, be sure to talk to your doctor about your childs weight.

Your childs doctor may ask about:

  • The feeding habits of your child
  • If you know places where to buy healthy food for children
  • How much physical activity the child
  • If there are certain places where your child can run and play
  • Much time your child spends each day in front of screens (watching TV, playing video games or at the computer, phone or tablet, such as iPad)
  • Any health problems your child has
  • The medical history of your family

What is BMI and what are the percentiles of BMI?

To find out if your child is in a healthy weight range, your doctor may use a measure called BMI or "body mass index". BMI is based on height and weight of your child measure. The BMI helps the doctor estimate how much body fat your child. The doctor can use BMI to see if your child has an appropriate weight for your height. A healthy BMI is different between girls and boys and varies by age.

Your doctor can compare your child´s BMI values ??typical of children of the same sex and age BMI. For that, doctors may use what is called "BMI percentile". This can help the doctor determine if your child is underweight, healthy weight, overweight or obese.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention of Diseases, CDC, for its acronym in English), it is considered that a child has:

  • A healthy weight if your BMI is between the 5th percentile and 85th
  • Overweight if their BMI is between the 85th percentile and 95 º
  • Obese if their BMI is in the 95th percentile or higher

Talk with your child´s doctor about what BMI means your child.

Obesity: the 95th percentile upwards Overweight: 85th percentile to less than 95 Healthy Weight: 5th percentile to the 85th Underweight: below the 5th percentile

To calculate BMI and BMI percentile your child visit http://apps.nccd.cdc.gov/dnpabmi/ (available in English)

What health problems can cause a child being overweight or obese?

Children who are overweight or obese are more likely to be overweight or obese as adults. Also more likely to develop serious health problems, such as:

  • High blood sugar or diabetes
  • High Blood Pressure
  • Cholesterol (a type of blood fat) high
  • Sleep apnea (a condition in which a person stops breathing for short periods during sleep)
  • Heart problems (such as heart attack or heart failure) or stroke in adulthood
  • Increased pressure on bones and joints, which can cause problems in childhood and in adulthood, joints and bones
  • Disease Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (disease caused by excess fat in the liver)
  • Low self-esteem or depression
  • Eating disorders such as binging and purging food

In the U.S., 1 in 3 children are overweight or obese.

What can cause a child to become overweight or obese?

Many things can cause a child to become overweight or obese; for instance:

  • Unhealthy eating habits . Children may overeat, eat many foods that are not healthy or take too many sugary drinks.
  • Not getting enough sleep . Children who do not sleep long enough each night are more likely to be overweight.
  • Family history . Children in families with overweight may be more likely to develop it. That may be due to the child´s genes or eating habits that are learned in the family.
  • Lack of sufficient physical activity . It is possible that children do not carry enough physical activity.Children should be active for at least 1 hour each day.
  • Too much time in front of screens . Children can spend too much time each day in front of screens.Some children eat while watching TV or playing on the computer.
  • Environment . Children may spend time in an environment (such as with family or friends, at daycare or school) where they have access to healthy food choices and opportunities for physical activity.

How to prevent your child from becoming overweight or obese

How I can prevent my child from becoming overweight or obese?

To help prevent your child from becoming overweight or obese, make sure you eat healthy and be active. There are many things you can do at home, at school and in the community to help children maintain a healthy weight.Here are some examples of each is.

At home

There are many things families can do at home. Some examples are:

Eat healthily
  • Prepare healthy meals at home with components of each food group.
    • The food groups include fruits, vegetables, grains, protein foods (meat, eggs, fish, "tofu" or tofu and beans) and low-fat dairy products or fat.
  • Make sure you eat a healthy breakfast every day.
  • Eat at the table with the family, rather than in front of a screen (TV, computer, cell phone or tablet).
  • Limit or avoid having drinks and foods that are not healthy at home.
    • Replace unhealthy snacks such as cookies, candy or chips in bag, healthy snacks such as fruits and vegetables.
    • Replace unhealthy sugary drinks such as soda, sports drinks or juices for healthy drinks such as water and low fat milk or fat.
  • Whenever you can, eat at home instead of in restaurants. At home, you are more likely to limit the amount of fat, sugar and salt in their food.
  • Make sure you eat the right amount of food.
For more information about healthy foods, the right amounts and sample menus, visithttp://choosemyplate.gov/en-espanol.html
Stay physically active
  • Give your child a chance to run and play for at least 1 hour a day.
  • Organize fun activities like biking, walking to the park, playing ball or swimming.
  • Encourage the whole family to stay active throughout the day.
    • For example, use the stairs instead of the elevator and go to places to walk or bike instead of going by car or bus.
  • Limit the time you spend in front of screens every day.
  • In addition to being physically active, make sure your child gets enough sleep each night.

Let´s Go! (Come on!) is a program to prevent children from becoming obese. The program is based on healthy eating and physical activity. Let´s Go! recommends healthy habits "5-2-1-0" for each day:

  • 5 fruits and vegetables
  • 2 hours or less of screen time for fun
  • 1 hour or more of physical activity
  • 0 sugary drinks

Let´s Go also recommends keeping the TV and computers out of the bedroom of the child and not allowing screen time for children under 2 years.

Let´s Go is a program of the State of Maine also provides resources to communities in other states.

These images and messages are adapted from Let´s Go on www.letsgo.org   (available in English only)

Let´s Go also has resources for schools to help children to eat healthy and be physically active. For more information and a packet of resources for your school, visit www.letsgo.org / toolkits .   Certain pages package resources are available in Spanish.

To find out what is making your child´s school to help prevent children are overweight or become obese, talk to the principal, the school nurse or school counselor your child. You can also ask how to participate in the Parent Teacher Association (PTA, for its acronym in English) or Parent Teacher Organization (PTO, for its acronym in English).

children at play

In school

In addition to eating healthily and be physically active at home, school programs can help children maintain a healthy weight. School programs can include activities such as:

  • Lessons about the importance of healthy eating and physical activity.
  • Information sessions for parents to learn ways to help your child maintain a healthy weight.
  • Healthy options for breakfast and lunch in the cafeteria, with appropriate portion sizes.
  • Healthy snacks and drinks in vending machines and at parties and events.
  • Water Dispensers with filters, to promote the use of drinking water instead of soda or sports drinks.
  • Groups led by adults to go to school on foot or by bicycle.
  • A longer period of physical education, in which children are physically active.
  • Fitness equipment such as balls and jump ropes for use at recess.

In the community

In addition to home and school, they can also make changes in the community to help children maintain a healthy weight. Communities and community centers can:

  • Improve parks, sidewalks and bike paths to ride in the community.
  • Take steps to parks, sidewalks and bike paths to be safe.
  • Promote community events such as health fairs, walks 5 kilometers (5K), sporting events at local parks, community gardens programs and local farmers markets. This can be done through posters, local newspapers and radio stations and local television.
  • Offer programs where families can receive advice on healthy eating and physical activity.

Girls on bikes

For other resources that can help your child maintain a healthy weight, visit:

For more information to improve parks, sidewalks and bike paths to ride in your area, contact your local department of parks and recreation.

For more information about events or programs in your community, contact your local community and recreation centers (such as the YMCA, the Boys and Girls Club or the local religious community centers).

What researchers found on measures that can be taken at home, school and community to prevent children are overweight or become obese?

Healthy eating and physical activity are very important to prevent children are overweight or become obese.

The researchers found that:

  • School programs to help children to eat healthily and being physically active can help prevent becoming overweight or become obese.
  • In conjunction with the curriculum, they can be useful also other measures taken at home and in the community.
  • More research is needed to find out what programs or measures are most effective.

Talking to your child´s doctor, school officials and community centers

Examples of questions to ask your child

  • Is my child a healthy weight?
  • What are the most important things I do at home to help my child maintain a healthy weight?
  • How I can get my child to eat healthy foods?
  • How much of each type of food should my child eat?
  • How much physical activity does my child need each day?
  • What are the best types of physical activity for my child?
  • How long should I allow my child pass in front of screens every day?
  • How long should my child sleep every night?
  • Do you have resources that can help me keep my child at a healthy weight?
  • Are you of community resources that can help you know?
  • If I have no grocery stores nearby or healthy foods are expensive for me, do you know resources that can help?
  • If there is a safe place for my child out to play, how I can help you stay active?

Sample questions for the principal, school nurse or your child´s counselor

  • Does the school offer programs to help prevent children are overweight or become obese? If not, how could we start one?
  • In the cafeteria and vending machines? Healthy foods like fruits and vegetables are offered instead of sugary drinks and salty or fatty foods?
  • How long will my child for physical activities is given in physical education class, at recess or during the day?
  • Do you use once school physical education as punishment or other physical activities?
  • Do you have programs for group walks or go to school groups for cycling to school guided by adults or other physical activity programs for children?
  • Is there information sessions that you can attend to learn more about how to help my child maintain a healthy weight?
  • What can I do at home to help reinforce what is taught in school about healthy eating and physical activity?
  • Are you of community resources that can help you know?

Examples of questions to their local community or recreation centers

  • Do you have resources or programs on healthy eating and physical activity for children?
  • Do you have a calendar of community events that include activities such as health fairs, walks 5 kilometers (5K) and sporting events at local parks?
  • Do you have a list of community gardens or local farmers markets?
  • Do you know of programs that can guide me to help my family eat healthy and be physically active?

Source

The information in this summary comes from the report Childhood Obesity Prevention Programs: Comparative Effectiveness Review and Meta-Analysis, (Programs to prevent childhood obesity: A review of comparative efficacy and meta-analysis)., June 2013 The report was produced by the Johns Hopkins University Evidence-based Practice Center (Centre for Evidence-Based Practice at Johns Hopkins) with funding from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality in Health Care, AHRQ, for its acronym in English).

Additional information MedlinePlus website was obtained ® , a service of the National Library of Medicine (National Library of Medicine) and the National Institutes of Health (National Institutes of Health) of the United States. This page is available at www.nlm.nih.gov / medlineplus / spanish .

This summary was prepared by the John M. Eisenberg Center for Clinical Decisions and Communications Science (John M. Eisenberg Center for Science Communications and Clinical Decision) at Baylor College of Medicine (Baylor College of Medicine) in Houston, Texas. It was written by Amelia Williamson Smith, MS, Jason A. Mendoza, MD, MPH, and Michael Fordis, MD This summary was reviewed by parents of children aged 2 to 18 years old.

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You have the right to a safe workplace

You have the right to a safe workplace. The Law on Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (OSH Act) was enacted to prevent death, injury or illness of workers in their workplaces. The law requires employers to provide free working conditions hazards and unsafe conditions. The Act (OSH Act) created the Administration Occupational Safety and Health (OSHA), which sets and enforces standards that protect the safety and health at workplaces. OSHA also provides information, training and assistance to workers and employers. Workers can make a complaint to OSHA inspect their workplace if they believe their employer is not following OSHA standards or there are serious risks. Contact us with questions or to make a complaint . We will keep your information confidential. We are here to help.

The rights of workers under the OSHA Act

Workers have the right to conditions of work without risk of serious harm. Site to ensure safe and healthful workplace, OSHA also provides workers the right to:
  • Ask OSHA to conduct an inspection of the workplace.
  • Exercise their rights under the law of revenge free or discrimination.
  • Receive information and training about hazards, methods to prevent damage and OSHA standards that apply to your workplace. The training must be in a language you can understand;
  • Having access to the results of the tests done to find hazards in the workplace,
  • Read the archives of injuries and work-related diseases ;
  • Access to copies of your medical records ;

Who covers the OSHA

Private sector workers Most employees in the country are under the jurisdiction of the OSHA law. OSHA covers employers and private sector workers in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and other jurisdictions of the United States, either directly by the OSHA Federal, or anOSHA-approved state program . State Programs health and safety should be at least as effective as federal OSHA program. To find the contact information for the Office of Federal or state program of the nearest OSHA, see the map of the regional offices. Employees of state and local government Employees who work for state and local governments are not covered by the federal OSHA, but have protection under the OSHA law if they work in states that have a state program approved by OSHA. Four states and a territory of the USA. UU. have OSHA-approved plans that cover only public sector employees. These include: Connecticut, Illinois, New Jersey, New York, and the Virgin Islands. Workers in the private sector in these four states and the Virgin Islands are covered by federal OSHA. Federal workers Federal agencies must have a safety and health program that meets the same standards as private employers. Although OSHA does not assign fines to federal agencies, yes the monitors and responds to complaints from their workers. The States Postal Service (USPS) is covered by OSHA. Not covered by the OSHA Act:
  • Freelance workers;
  • Members of the immediate family of the owners of a farm that did not employ outside workers; and
  • Workplace hazards that are regulated by another federal agency (eg Administration Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA), the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), the Coast Guard)

Standards OSHA: Occupational

OSHA standards are regulations that describe the methods that employers must use to protect their employees from hazards and risks. There are OSHA standards for the construction , agriculturemarine operations , and general industry. latter category are the standards that apply to most workplaces. Standards limit the amount of hazardous chemicals to which workers can be exposed;require the use of certain safe practices and equipment; and require employers to monitor hazards and keep reports of injuries and illnesses in the workplace. Examples of OSHA standards include requirements to: provide fall protection; prevent the collapse of excavations; prevent some infectious diseases; ensure that workers entering confined spaces safely; prevent employees from being exposed to harmful substances such as asbestos; put guards on machines; provide respirators or other safety equipment; and provide training for certain dangerous jobs. Employers must also conform to the General Duty Clause of the OSHA Act ​​requires employers to keep their workplace free of hazards that are recognized as serious. This clause is usually cited when no OSHA standard applies directly to danger.

Workers can request that OSHA inspect your workplace

Workers or their representatives, may file a complaint and request OSHA to conduct an inspection of your workplace if they believe there is a serious danger or your employer is not complying with OSHA standards. A worker can tell OSHA to keep your identity confidential. 's a violation of the OSH Act an employee is fired, demoted, transferred, or discriminated against in any way for filing a complaint or exercise other rights of OSHA. You can make a complaint online , download the form and mail or fax to the office of the nearest OSHA ; or by calling 1-800-321-OSHA (6742). Most of the complaints received from the Internet can be resolved informally by phone with your employer. Written complaints that are signed by an employee or representative and sent to the OSHA office nearest are more likely to result in an OSHA inspection at your workplace. When the OSHA inspector arrives, workers and their representatives have the right to:
  • Be present during the inspection.
  • Talk to the OSHA inspector privately.
  • Take part in meetings between the inspector and the employer before and after the inspection.
When no union representative or the employee, the OSHA inspector must speak confidentially to a reasonable number of employees during the course of the inspection. When an inspector finds violations of OSHA standards or serious hazards, OSHA can issue citations and fines. A citation includes the methods that an employer can use to fix the problem, and the date when these corrective actions must be completed. Workers have the right to challenge only the date when the problem has to be solved. But employers have the right to dispute whether there is a violation, or any other part of the citation. Workers or their representatives must notify OSHA if they want to be involved in the appeal process, if the employer challenges a subpoena. "If you send a complaint requesting an OSHA inspection, you are entitled to a copy of the results of the OSHA inspection and request that they be revised if OSHA decides not to issue citations."

Employer Responsibilities

Employers have a responsibility to provide a safe workplace. Employers MUST provide a workplace free of serious hazards and follow all health and safety standards of OSHA .Employers have to find and fix security issues and health. OSHA also requires employers to try to eliminate or reduce hazards by making changes in working conditions, rather than simply wear masks, gloves, ear plugs, or other types of personal protective equipment (PPE for short in English). Switching to safer chemicals, processes to trap harmful gases, or using ventilation systems to clean the air are examples of effective ways to eliminate or reduce risks. Employers also MUST:
  • Inform employees about the dangers workout, tags, alarms, color-coded systems, information sheets on chemicals and other methods.
  • Save accurate reports of injuries and work-related diseases .
  • Testing in the workplace, such as air sampling, required by some OSHA standards
  • Providing hearing tests or other medical tests required by OSHA standards
  • Locate OSHA citations, data on injuries and illnesses, and the OSHA poster at the jobsite in a place where employees can see them.
  • Report to OSHA within 8 hours after an incident in the workplace where there is a death or when three or more workers to go to hospital.
  • Not discriminate and not retaliate against an employee for exercising their rights under the law.

You can not be punished or discriminated against for exercising their rights under the law of the OSHA

OSHA law protects workers who complain to their employer, OSHA or other government agencies on working conditions that are not healthy or safe, or environmental problems. You can not be transferred, denied a raise, have your hours reduced, be fired, or punished in any other way for exercising their rights under the law of OSHA. OSHA There is help for whistleblowers . If you have been punished or discriminated against for asserting your rights, you must file a complaint with OSHA within 30 days of the alleged retaliation have occurred to most complaints. No form is required, but you must send a letter or call the office nearest OSHA explaining the situation and the alleged discrimination.

What if there is a dangerous situation at work?

If you believe that your work conditions are not healthy or safe, we recommend that you notify your employer of the conditions, if possible. You can make a complaint with OSHA about a hazardous job at any time. But you should not leave the job site only because you made ​​a complaint. If the condition clearly presents a risk of death or serious physical harm, there is insufficient time for OSHA consider, and, whenever possible, you have shown the condition to your employer, you may have a legal right reused to work in a situation where you would be exposed to danger.

Additional information for workers

Does OSHA has reviewed my employer? You can research the history of inspection through their employer seeking establishment of OSHA . Just enter the name of your company and choose the dates you want to examine. What is the danger most commonly cited in my industry? You'll need to know the standard industry classification code (SIC, for its acronym in English) from their employer . Once you know your four-digit code, visit the OSHA Standards that are frequently cited , enter your SIC code and see the information for the last year. Does OSHA provides technical information on hazards? OSHA provides technical information to help workers, employers and professionals in health and safety issues, to reduce occupational injuries and illnesses. For example, you can find information on pathogens, and ergonomic machine guards or fall protection. What is the OSHA materials that may be of interest to workers? OSHA publishes a variety of publications on many topics. Some of the most useful publications for workers are listed below. See OSHA publications for a complete list of materials published by the agency. You can also order publications online.


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