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Centerville FFA takes trip out east


On the way back to Iowa the students drove by Fort Knox and toured the Marengo Cave in Marengo, Indiana. The chaperone was Angel Litke who helped Elizebeth Gaskins drive on the trip using school vehicles.

Marengo Tornado Cleanup Continues


(MARENGO, Ind., June 1, 2004) -- Residents in Marengo, Indiana are slowly getting their lives back to normal after an F-3 tornado tore through the area on Sunday. Today, Indiana Governor Joe Kernan called it "miraculous" that the human toll wasn't greater ...

David L. Skinner


Following his time at Marengo, he became an accounting instructor ...
and grandchildren Brittany and Katelyn Skinner of Evansville. Funeral services were held in Milltown, Indiana at 11 a.m. on Saturday, November 1. Memorial contributions may be made ...

Another Arrest Made in Paoli Murder Case


One of the men Indiana State Police have been looking for in the Paoli murder investigation is now in custody. Investigators say 36 year-old James Davidson was captured at his brother's home near Marengo, Indiana. Davidson is the second of three suspects ...

Three Indiana Men Face Alleged Murder Charges in Deadly Shootings


Brooks explained that the three then returned to the town of Marengo, Indiana where he was given methamphetamine and money. He is being held on a $1 million bond while Indiana police continue to look for both Carpenter and Davidson. Court records show at ...

2 sought, 1 arrested in Paoli triple shooting


AN ARREST IN CONNECTION TO A TRIPLE SHOOTING IN PAOLI, AND ARE NOW LOOKING FOR TWO OTHER SUSPECTS ...
48- YEAR-OLD ELBERT BROOKS WITHIN THE HOUR AT AN APARTMENT COMPLEX IN MARENGO, INDIANA. HE NOW FACES A MURDER CHARGE. THEY ALSO JUST ANNOUNCED THEY ...

Indiana Caverns no longer a deep secret


Indiana Caverns is part of the Binkley cave system, which Roberson and fellow members of the Indiana Speleological Survey have been exploring since 1967. In the meantime, they also helped develop Squire Boone Caverns and Marengo Cave, both of which are ...

Marengo, Indiana Vacation Rentals


Marengo, Indiana offers great vacation house rental and home rental-by-owner deals for the knowledgeable traveler. No matter what budget or level of comfort you seek in your holiday to Marengo, IN, there's surely a great local vacation home rental ...

Marengo Indiana--Marengo Cave day trip


Spring is a great time of year to take the family spelunking, also known as cave exploring. Approximately two and a half hours from Indianapolis is the small town of Marengo, and home of Marengo Cave, a US National Landmark. On September 6 of 1883 Blanche ...

Marengo Cave to be Featured in New Movie


Andrew Stevens Entertainment, a Beverly Hills-based film production company, will be filming several scenes in a new movie, “Fire From Below,” at Marengo Cave in southern Indiana Dec. 10 and 11. The movie, which stars Kevin Sorbo of Hercules fame ...



SPECIAL INFORMATION FOR MARENGO

The cord blood: What You Should Know

Mother with sleeping babyThe cord blood is present in the blood vessels of the placenta and umbilical cord, and is collected after the baby is born and then cut the umbilical cord; an important detail.

"Because cord blood is usually collected after delivery and after cutting the cord, intervention is generally safe for both mother and baby," says Dr. Keith Wonnacott, PhD, Branch Chief Therapies Office Phones Cell Therapies, Tissue and Genetic FDA.

Approved Uses

The use of cord blood is only approved for interventions "hematopoietic stem cell transplantation," which was performed in patients with disorders of the hematopoietic (blood producing). The cord blood contains blood cell production can be used to treat patients with cancers of the blood such as leukemias and lymphomas, as well as certain blood disorders and immune system, such as stem cells of sickle cell anemia  and Wiskott-Aldrich

"The cord blood is useful because it is a source of stem cells that are transformed into blood cells. Cord blood transplants can be used for people who need feedback, ie ´re-produce´ these cells producing blood cells, "says Dr. Wonnacott.

For example, in many cancer patients, the disease is found in the blood cells. Chemotherapy to treat these patients undergoing cancer cells eliminates both as producing healthy stem cells of blood cells. Transplantation of umbilical cord stem cells can support the regeneration of blood cells following chemotherapy.

However, the cord blood is not a cure-all.

"Given that cord blood contains stem cells, have been several cases of fraud related to cord blood," says Dr. Wonnacott. "Consumers think that stem cells can cure all diseases, but science has not shown this to be true.Patients should maintain skepticism if the cord blood is available for uses other than blood regeneration by stem "cells.

Information about the storage of cord blood

After obtaining the cord blood is frozen and can be stored safely for many years. "The method of freeze-called ´criopreservación´-is very important to maintain the integrity of the cells," says Dr. Wonnacott. "The cord blood will be stored with care."

Blood from the umbilical cord can be stored in a private bank, so it is available if the baby in the future-or relatives of first or second degree, they need it. The private cord banks typically charge for the collection and storage of blood.

Alternatively, blood can be donated to a public bank so that doctors can use to treat patients who need blood stem cell transplants.

The FDA regulates the cord blood in different ways, depending on its origin, processing level and intended use.

The stored cord blood for personal use, use in relatives of first or second degree, and that also meets other requirements of the FDA regulations, does not need the consent of this body before being used. Still, private cord banks must comply with other requirements of the FDA, including those that require them to register and enroll in the listings, be updated on the proper use of tissues standards, testing and analysis and detection of diseases infectious patients (except when the cord blood is going to be used by the original donor). These FDA requirements ensure the safety of these products to minimize the risk of contamination and transmission of infectious diseases.

The cord blood is stored to treat patients with unrelated donor is eligible to be considered a "drug" and a "biological product". The cord blood in this category must meet additional requirements and be authorized in accordance with a Biologics License Application, or be subjected to research new drug application before it can be used. The FDA requirements help ensure the safety and efficacy of the products in their intended uses.

Not all units of cord blood meeting the requirements necessary to be stored in a public bank, added Safa Karandish, MT, safety officer for the FDA Consumer. If this happens, part of the donated cord blood may be used for non-clinical research.

Tips for Consumers

If you are considering donating to bank cord blood, it is important to study the various options during pregnancy to have enough time to make a decision before the baby is born. If you want to donate to a public bank, ask if the hospital will give birth in a program storage of cord blood.

If you have questions about the risks and the procedures followed to obtain blood, or the donation process, ask your doctor.

The FDA also has a database  which is available with information on banks registered cord blood.

All assertions that the cord blood is a miracle cure is not created; it is not. Some parents may consider using a private bank as an "insurance policy" against diseases that may arise in the future. But it is important to remember that currently the only approved use of cord blood is the treatment of hematologic (blood disorders).

Also good to know that, in some cases, the cord blood is stored may not be appropriate for the child who donated."For example, it is not possible to cure some diseases or genetic defects with cord blood containing the same disease or defect," says Karandish.

Parents of children from ethnic minorities should especially consider donating to a public bank, says Dr. Wonnacott, because the more donations make these groups receive more help minority patients who need a stem cell transplant. (Recipients must be "compatible" with donors so that doctors are more likely to find a good candidate among donors within the ethnic group of the receiver).

"As far as public banks is concerned, there is a clear need for cord blood," says Dr. Wonnacott. "And there is a need especially among minorities to have stem cell transplants. The cord blood is an excellent source of stem cells for transplantation. "

And these transplants can change the lives of patients.

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To protect students at career colleges from becoming burdened by student loan debt they cannot repay !

 These regulations will hold career training programs accountable for putting their students on the path to success, and they complement action across the Administration to protect consumers and prevent and investigate fraud, waste and abuse, particularly at for-profit colleges.

"Career colleges must be a stepping stone to the middle class. But too many hard-working students find themselves buried in debt with little to show for it. That is simply unacceptable," U.S. Secretary of Education Arne Duncan said. "These regulations are a necessary step to ensure that colleges accepting federal funds protect students, cut costs and improve outcomes. We will continue to take action as needed."

To qualify for federal student aid, the law requires that most for-profit programs and certificate programs at private non-profit and public institutions prepare students for "gainful employment in a recognized occupation." Under the regulations finalized today, a program would be considered to lead to gainful employment if the estimated annual loan payment of a typical graduate does not exceed 20 percent of his or her discretionary income or 8 percent of his or her total earnings. Programs that exceed these levels would be at risk of losing their ability to participate in taxpayer-funded federal student aid programs.

The final gainful employment regulations follow an extensive rulemaking process involving public hearings, negotiations and about 95,000 public comments. The regulations, which will go into effect on July 1, 2015, reflect the feedback the Department received, and aim to protect Americans from poor career training programs by targeting those programs that leave students buried in debt with few opportunities to repay it. Highlights of the rule include:

  • Preventing students from being buried in debt: Based on available data, the Department estimates that about 1,400 programs serving 840,000 students—of whom 99 percent are at for-profit institutions—would not pass the accountability standards. All programs will have the opportunity to make immediate changes that could help them avoid sanctions, but if these programs do not improve, they will ultimately become ineligible for federal student aid—which often makes up nearly 90 percent of the revenue at for-profit institutions.
  • More rigorous accountability than previous regulations: The new regulations are tougher than the Department's 2011 rules because they set a higher passing requirement and lay out a shorter path to ineligibility for the poorest-performing programs. In 2012, the Department estimated that 193 programs would not have passed the previous regulations; with respect to these new regulations, based on available data, the Department estimates that about 1,400 programs would not pass the accountability metric.
  • Providing transparency about student success: The rule also provides useful information for all students and consumers by requiring institutions to provide important information about their programs, like what their former students are earning, their success at graduating, and the amount of debt they accumulated.
  • Improving student outcomes: The regulations build on momentum toward increased accountability in higher education by setting standards for career training programs, including programs offered by for-profit institutions, to ensure they are serving students well. While the Department has seen encouraging changes in the past five years, it believes all career training programs can and should meet higher expectations.

Today, the Department is also taking new steps to formalize partnerships with several federal agencies to enhance cooperation and ensure proper oversight of for-profit institutions of higher education through an interagency task force.

Background on the Administration's efforts to protect students from poor-performing career colleges Too often, students at career colleges—including thousands of veterans—are charged excessive costs, but don't get the education they paid for. Instead, students in such programs are provided with poor quality training, often for low-wage jobs or in occupations where there are simply no job opportunities. They find themselves with large amounts of debt and, too often, end up in default. In many cases, students are drawn into these programs with confusing or misleading information.

The situation for students at for-profit institutions is particularly troubling. On average, attending a two-year for-profit institution costs a student four times as much as attending a community college. More than 80 percent of students at for-profits borrow, while less than half of students at public institutions do. Ultimately, students at for-profit colleges represent only about 11 percent of the total higher education population but 44 percent of all federal student loan defaults.

In response to these concerns, in 2009, the Department began extensive conversations with the higher education community about the role of career colleges, particularly on how they could be held accountable for the outcomes of their students. Following a 2012 court decision, which affirmed the U.S. Department of Education's authority to regulate in this area in order to protect students and taxpayers, the Department undertook new efforts to make sure career training programs provide affordable pathways to good jobs.

The Department believes many institutions have already started to take steps to improve. Some of the largest institutions have instituted trial periods for programs before students have to commit, so students can decide if that program is right for them. There are reports that institutions have decreased program lengths. Some are reducing costs. And a few institutions have closed some locations and programs they judge to be performing poorly.

But the Department also believes there is still potential for improvement in many of these programs—public, private non-profit and for-profit—so it is taking action to spur more change.

The gainful employment regulations are a central part of the Administration's work to ensure that student debt is affordable and that for-profit colleges serve students well. These regulations complement other efforts taken by the Administration to protect students by addressing problems at poor performing institutions, particularly in the for-profit sector. These efforts include:

  • Formalizing an interagency oversight task force The Department will lead an effort to formalize an interagency task force to help ensure proper oversight of for-profit institutions of higher education. In particular, the Department and other federal and state agencies will coordinate their activities and promote information sharing to protect students from unfair, deceptive, and abusive policies and practices. The task force will build on efforts already underway among various federal agencies, and include the Departments of Justice, Treasury and Veterans Affairs, as well as the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, Federal Trade Commission, and the Securities and Exchange Commission. In addition, state attorneys general will also be invited to continue their participation in this collaboration. Given the important responsibilities each of these federal agencies has, and the vital role that states play, the agencies will leverage their resources and expertise to assist one another, thereby making the best use of scarce resources and better protecting the interests of students and taxpayers. This task force will formalize and strengthen a working group that has been working together over the past year and that has coordinated efforts in several reviews and investigatory work. The task force will meet as needed, but at least once each quarter.

  • Keeping student debt affordable The Department is helping more students manage their student debt through flexible repayment options like the Pay As You Earn plan, which caps student loan payments at 10 percent of a borrower's discretionary income. In addition, the Administration continues targeted outreach to help borrowers who may be struggling to repay their loans, ensuring that they have the information they need to select the best repayment option for them and avoid future default.

  • Developing a college ratings system The Department is also working on a new college ratings system, which will showcase colleges and universities that are effective in improving student success; incentivize institutions to work toward the most important goals, like graduating low-income students and holding down costs; and help students and families choose their school based on the value it provides for their investment.

  • Strengthening oversight of the programs on which our nation's service members and veterans rely Through Executive Order 13607, the Principles of Excellence for Educational Institutions Serving Service Members, Veterans, Spouses, and Other Family Members, the Administration has worked to protect our nation's military families by ensuring that federal military and veterans educational benefits programs are providing service members, veterans, spouses, and other family members with the information, support, and protections they deserve. This includes: establishing a centralized complaint system; new, risk-based program reviews informed by students complaints to focus enforcement efforts at the Departments of Veterans Affairs, Defense, Education and Justice, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, and the Federal Trade Commission; and key tools and resources like the online GI Bill ® Comparison Tool, which has made it easier for over 450,000 veterans, service members and their dependents to select education and training programs that provide a good value and meet their needs.




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