MISHAWAKA INDIANA NEWS AND BLOG


Latest News - MISHAWAKA INDIANA

UPDATE: Police: Truck driver impaired by narcotics in crash that injured 2


The flatbed truck struck the passenger side of her vehicle. The flatbed truck was driven by Mark Snelling (56 years old of Mishawaka Indiana). Both Jeanette Moore and Mark Snelling were injured in the crash. Both drivers were transported to South Bend ...

AM General's Proven BRV-O JLTV Candidate Showcased at 2014 Modern Day Marine Expo


In fact, AM General has built more light tactical vehicles for the military than any other manufacturer on its dedicated Light Tactical Vehicle (LTV) production line in Mishawaka, Indiana. The 22 BRV-Os, delivered to the Joint Program Office and built on ...

Arthur Barnhart, 64


Arthur L. Barnhart, 64, of Mishawaka, Indiana, passed away Wednesday, September 24th, at his home. He was born in Constantine, MI on December 8, 1949, a son of Ernest and Mary (Dehoff) Barnhart. Arthur graduated from Constantine High School and was ...

All New MV-1 Wheelchair Accessible Minivan


It is fully MADE IN AMERICA vehicle – manufactured at Mishawaka, Indiana. For many years it has been a vehicle of choice for many disabled drivers and passengers. “Many of us recognized great simplicity, spacious interior and reliable engines as ...

UPDATE: Mishawaka shooting suspect killed by police


Photo Courtesy Sarah Welliver, from The Elkhart Truth. ELKHART, Ind. - Indiana State Police confirmed that Mishawaka shooting suspect Joseph Lee was shot and killed by police Tuesday night. It happened around 8:30 p.m. in the Washington Gardens complex in ...

UPDATE: Man killed by Elkhart police identified


Lee was wanted for a recent shooting in Mishawaka. According to Indiana State Police, officers learned that Lee was possibly in an apartment at 403 Chapman St. in the Washington Gardens apartment complex in Elkhart. Lee fled the apartment as police ...

Adam Driver's Yearbook Photos Preview Total Stardom


tweeted photos of the "Girls" star from the Beiger Junior High and Mishawaka High School in Mishawaka, Indiana yearbooks. As a response to Kevin Lincoln's Grantland article on Driver, Doty wrote, "Can you spot him in my junior-high yearbook?" "I remember ...

South Bend man pleads guilty to drunken driving after Mishawaka woman dies in freak accident


SOUTH BEND, Indiana — A South Bend man has pleaded guilty to leaving the scene of an accident while driving intoxicated causing serious bodily injury in a freak accident where a minivan passenger was killed when her head hit a telephone pole guy wire ...

Mishawaka Police search for shooting suspect after teen is shot and injured


Early Saturday, Mishawaka Police were still searching for a man they say ...
6 Mayor Pete Buttigieg has returned to South Bend and will retake office on Oct. 6 Indiana State Police will help with gaps in police coverage now that seven Elkhart Police ...

CHS Trojan Guard takes 2nd at season opener in Goshen


The Class “A” competition was won by the 220 member Penn Marching Kingsmen from Mishawaka, Indiana which scored 63.50. Second place was captured by the CHS Trojan Guard with a score of 55.30, third to the members of Elkhart Memorial’s Crimson Charger ...

NW Indiana man killed during his birthday party


HAMMOND, Ind. - Police in northwestern Indiana say a man was fatally shot after breaking up a fight during his own birthday party. Hammond police say the suspected shooter in Saturday night's death of 44-year-old Lonnie Williams was arrested Sunday morning ...

Obama scheduled to visit SW Indiana on Friday


President Barack Obama is scheduled to visit a southwestern Indiana business on Friday. WFIE-TV quotes White House officials as saying (http://bit.ly/1nAYZxI ) Obama will fly to Evansville Regional Airport and then go to a business in Gibson County ...

Indiana's passing game uncharacteristically down


BLOOMINGTON – Through victory and defeat, a constant for Indiana University football during coach Kevin Wilson's four seasons has been potent passing. The Hoosiers led the Big Ten in each of the past two years and were fifth in their 1-11 season of 2011.

Indiana man charged with perjury, obstruction and making false statements


Alexander Krivozus, 42, of Carmel, Indiana, was charged earlier this week by a grand jury in Cleveland, Ohio for two counts of making false statements, one count of perjury and one count of obstruction of justice during an investigation into a Cleveland ...

Indiana Pacers not interested in trading Roy Hibbert


The Indiana Pacers are looking at a season in which they will be without Paul George and critics are already starting to pile it on as though this is a lost year for the team. It may very well be that the Pacers stand little to no chance of winning much ...

If past is prologue, HMOs will make a comeback in Indiana


WellPoint Inc. struck a big deal this month to form an HMO with Los Angeles’ biggest hospitals that could shake up the kind of health benefits employers offer their workers. The joint venture, called Vivity, will offer a health plan to employers that is ...

Will the Supreme Court take up Indiana’s same-sex marriage case?


INDIANAPOLIS – People on both sides want to know what’s next in the fight over same-sex marriage, a fight that’s now in the hands of the U.S. Supreme Court, which met in private conference Monday to decide which cases to take on in the coming term.

Indiana same-sex marriage case heads to U.S. Supreme Court


INDIANAPOLIS (WISH) – On Monday, a major development from the U.S. Supreme Court could determine the fate of same sex marriage in Indiana as well as several other states. Justices will meet in a private conference to decide which cases they’ll take up ...

Mike Bolden running for Indiana State Treasurer


The office of State Treasurer typically does not draw much attention from the public or the media. However with Richard Mourdock — a former Republican candidate for U.S. Senate who came under scrutiny for his controversial comments on rape and abortion ...

Indiana State University Shooting Suspect Calvin McCauley Arrested


The Indiana State University shooting suspect has been arrested, according to the latest report by Indianapolis Star. Police say Calvin McCauley, 21, has been arrested for the ISU campus shooting, where a student was shot in the buttocks. According to Fox ...



SPECIAL INFORMATION FOR MISHAWAKA

An NIH study indicates that regular use of aspirin may reduce the risk of ovarian cancer

Women who take aspirin daily may reduce the risk of ovarian cancer by 20 percent, according to a study by scientists at the National Cancer Institute (NCI), which is part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) . However, it is necessary to conduct more research before we can make clinical recommendations. The study was published on February 6, 2014, in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute .

An estimated 22,240 American women will be diagnosed with ovarian cancer in 2014 and 14,030 will die from the disease. Ovarian cancer in early stage can be treated successfully. However, because the symptoms associated with ovarian cancer may be similar to those of other common conditions, such as diagnosing digestive and bladder disorders, often not determined until the disease is advanced.Ovarian cancer in advanced stage has a destitute prognosis and treatment options are limited. That is why prevention strategies can be of great importance in controlling this disease.

It has been proven that chronic or persistent inflammation increases the risk of cancer and other diseases. It is clear from previous studies, the anti-inflammatory properties of aspirin and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) without aspirin could reduce the risk of cancer in general. However, studies examining whether the use of these drugs may influence the risk of ovarian cancer have yielded inconclusive results for the most part. This is the largest study to date to evaluate the relationship between these drugs and the risk of ovarian cancer.

Doctors and Nicolas Wentzensen Britton Trabert, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, NCI, and colleagues analyzed data collected from 12 epidemiological studies of large volume in order to investigate whether women who took aspirin, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) without aspirin or acetaminophen had a lower risk of ovarian cancer. These 12 studies (nine of them crazye ??in the U.S.) were part of the consortium of the Ovarian Cancer Association ( Ovarian Cancer Association Consortium ). Scientists evaluated the benefits of these drugs in approximately 8000 women with ovarian cancer and about 12,000 women without the disease.

Among study participants who reported taking aspirin regularly or not: 18 percent used aspirin, 24 percent consumed nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) without aspirin and 16 percent took acetaminophen. Researchers found that participants who reported having used aspirin daily had a risk of ovarian cancer 20 percent lower than those who had taken aspirin less than once a week. The conclusions were less clear with regard to the non-aspirin NSAIDs, among which a variety of drugs is included. In this case, scientists observed an ovarian cancer risk 10 percent lower in women who took NSAIDs at least once a week, compared with those who consumed these drugs less often. However, this result was not statistically significant within the range. In contrast to the results on aspirin and NSAIDs, acetaminophen consumption (which is not an anti-inflammatory drug) was not associated with a reduced risk of ovarian cancer.

The focus of this study adds to a growing list that includes other malignancies, such as colorectal cancer and other cancers that seem to be able to be prevented by the use of aspirin. "Our study suggests that treatment with aspirin, which have proven to protect against heart attack, could also reduce the risk of ovarian cancer effect. Though the results are of great interest, should not influence current clinical practice . further study is necessary to analyze the delicate balance between risks and benefits of this drug with potential chemopreventive properties, as well as other studies to identify the mechanism by which aspirin could reduce the risk of ovarian cancer, "Trabert said.

Adverse effects of daily aspirin use include, upper gastrointestinal bleeding and hemorrhagic stroke.Consequently, scientists warn that daily aspirin therapy should only be undertaken with the approval of a physician.

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A House Child-Proof Risk !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

12 Safety Devices to Protect Your Children

Every year children are injured by hazards found in the home and around it. The good news is that the risk of injury can be reduced or avoided if child safety devices are used and reminded older children who activate or connect the devices after turning them off or disconnected.

Most of these safety devices are relatively inexpensive and are readily available in hardware stores, playground equipment, supermarkets, drug stores that sell products to make home improvements, on the Internet and through catalogs. Safety devices should be firm enough to prevent access of children and at the same time easy to use for an adult.

To be effective, they must be installed properly. Follow the installation instructions carefully. Also, remember that no device is completely childproof; have been known to youngsters who have found a way to disable or disconnect.

Here are some child safety devices that can help reduce injuries in young children. The red numbers correspond to those found in the drawing on the back of the house.

home

Every year children are injured by hazards found in the home and around it. The good news is that the risk of injury can be reduced or avoided if child safety devices are used and reminded older children who activate or connect the devices after turning them off or disconnected.

Most of these safety devices are relatively inexpensive and are readily available in hardware stores, playground equipment, supermarkets, drug stores that sell products to make home improvements, on the Internet and through catalogs. Safety devices should be firm enough to prevent access of children and at the same time easy to use for an adult.

To be effective, they must be installed properly. Follow the installation instructions carefully. Also, remember that no device is completely childproof; have been known to youngsters who have found a way to disable or disconnect.

Here are some child safety devices that can help reduce injuries in young children. The red numbers correspond to those found in the drawing on the back of the house.

 

1.

Use  latches and locks  on cabinets and drawers in the kitchen, bathrooms and other areas to help prevent incidents of poisoning and other injuries. Install locks and latches on cabinets and drawers can help prevent children from gaining access to medicines, cleaning products, matches or cigarette lighters, as well as knives and other sharp objects.

Even products with safety caps must be locked and kept out of reach of children. This packaging is not childproof.Buy locks and latches that can be easily installed and used by an adult, but at the same time be firm enough to withstand children halons.

2.

Use  Safety Gates  to help prevent falls down stairs and to keep children from entering the bedroom and other areas that are potentially dangerous.

Install safety gates that children can not be removed easily, but that adults can open and close easily. At the top of the stairs only use gates that screw to the wall. Use safety gates that meet current safety standards. Replace old doors that have a "V" as the space between bars is large enough so that the head and neck of a child entrapment.

3.

Use  Knob Covers Doors and Locks  to help prevent children from entering areas that are potentially dangerous. The knob covers and door locks can help keep children away from dangerous places.

Make sure the guard door knob to be firm and to allow an adult to open the door quickly in an emergency.

4.

Use  anti-scald devices  for faucets and shower and set the temperature of your water heater to 120 degrees Fahrenheit to help prevent burns from hot water. The devices used to prevent burns for adjusting the temperature of the water can help reduce the chance of burns.

5.

Use  SMOKE ALARMS  at every level of your home, inside each bedroom and outside sleeping areas used to alert your family in case of fire. Examine the smoke alarms once a month to make sure they are working. Replace the batteries at least once a year or consider using batteries that last 10 years.

6.

Use  Window Guards Window and Mesh Networks and Security  to help prevent falls from windows, balconies and terraces. Check these safety devices frequently to make sure they are secure and properly installed and maintained properly. Do not open windows more than four inches. The space between the bars of the grates should not be more than four inches. If you have security bars for windows, make sure at least one window in each room can be easily used for escape in case of fire. The metal nets are not effective for preventing children from falling out of windows.

7.

Use  Receipts edges or corners  to help prevent injuries from falls against sharp edges of furniture and fireplaces. Ensure that guards are tight on the furniture and in the corners of the chimney.

8.

Use  safety covers on outlets Plates  to help prevent electrocution incidents. Safety covers for outlets and plates can help protect children from electrical shock and possible electrocution. Make sure children can not remove the safety covers that easily and are large enough to prevent children can choke on them. If you replace the receptacles, buy those that are resistant to handling children.

9.

Use a  Detector Alarm Carbon Monoxide (CO)  to help prevent incidents of CO poisoning. All consumers should install alarms carbon monoxide near sleeping areas in their homes. Replace the batteries at least once a year.

10.

CPSC recommends the use  of curtains and blinds without cords  in homes where small children were strangled to prevent it. Children can wrap the cord around the neck or reach a cord that seem inaccessible and entangled in the loop formed. If your windows have curtains and blinds 2000 or previous years and can not buy new slip, call the Security Council Curtains and Blinds (Window Coverings Safety Council, WCSC) at 800-506-4636 or visit  www.windowcoverings. org  to request a free repair kit. A potentially deadly bond can be formed in the blinds when a child pulls the cord up inside the blind. Consumers should know that the repair kit WSSC does not eliminate the danger of the cords hanging freely from many shades and blinds common.

11.

Use  fasteners to Avoid Fallen Furniture and Appliances . Furniture, TVs and ranges can tip over and crush children. Deaths and injuries occur when children climb onto, lie down or push on television stands, cabinets, bookcases, desks, chests and stoves. For added security, anchor these products to the floor or attach them to the wall. Independent stoves should be installed with supports to prevent rollovers.

12.

Use  Layers of Protection Around Pools and Spas . It is essential that the pool and spa are completely surrounded by a wall. This should include a fence 4 feet tall and has gates that are closed and secure themselves.If the house is one side of the barrier, the doors leading to the pool should have an alarm or the pool should have a power safety cover. The pool alarms can serve as an additional layer of protection.

Sliding glass doors must be secured after each use is not an effective barrier to prevent access to the pool.

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How women tend to react to stress?

woman with her familyHistory of Kasandra I have two full time jobs: I´m the manager of a customer service center and the mother of two young children. I see myself as a happy person and a dedicated worker. But last month, the traffic, my work, household chores, and try to spend enough time with my kids were really stressed out. I get up very early in the morning to prepare my children for school, and then take so long to get to work when I arrive and am cranky. In my office there is shortage of staff and we had meet many deadlines, so I was working overtime. My home life was affected: the traffic back home did not improve my mood, and when it came I was so tired I did not want to do anything! But I was faced with having to make dinner and wash clothes. My kids also need my attention! wanted to control my stress before it overwhelmed me. I talked to my boss about work later to avoid traffic and therefore be in a better mood when I get to work and home. I asked my husband to go to get the kids through school, and he´s offered to help with dinner and laundry. When he cooks, I go biking with my kids. I also started to book five minutes morning and late at work to relax and breathe deeply. These small changes have had a major positive effect on my life!

What are some of the most common causes of stress?

Stress can occur for many reasons. It can be triggered by a traumatic accident, a death, or an emergency situation.Stress can also be a side effect of a serious illness.

There is also stress associated with daily life, the workplace, and family responsibilities. It´s hard to stay calm or relaxed with our hectic lives. As women we have many roles to play: that of wife, mother, caregiver, friend or employee. With all the occupations we have in our life, it seems almost impossible to find ways to relieve our stress. However it is important to find those ways, because your health depends on it.

What are some of the early signs of stress?

Stress can have many different forms, and contribute to the symptoms of disease. Some of the common symptoms are headache, sleep problems, difficulty concentrating, bad temper, stomach disorders, job dissatisfaction, low mood, depression and anxiety.

How women tend to react to stress?

We all have to deal with stressful situations such as traffic, fights with spouse, and work problems. Some researchers believe that women handle stress in a unique way: engage and befriend.

  • Dealing: women protect and care for their children
  • Befriend: women seeking and receiving social support

In times of stress, women tend to care for their children and get support from their female friends. Women organisms produce chemicals that are believed to promote these reactions. One of these chemicals is oxytocin, which has a calming effect during times of stress. This is the same chemical that is released during childbirth and that is found in higher levels in lactating women, who are believed to be calmer and more sociable than those who do not. Women also have estrogen hormone, which enhances the effects of oxytocin. Men, on the other hand, have high levels of testosterone in times of stress, which blocks the calming effects of oxytocin and causes hostility, withdrawal and anger.

How does stress affect my body and my health?

We all suffer stress. There are short-term stress, such as getting lost when driving or missing the bus. To everyday situations, such as planning a meal or making time for errands, can be stressful. This type of stress can make us feel worried or anxious.

At other times we face long-term stress, such as racial discrimination, a fatal illness, or divorce. These stressful events can also affect your health in different ways. The long-term stress can increase your risk for certain medical conditions, such as depression problems.

Both short-term stress and long-term stress can affect your body. The research is beginning to show the serious effects of stress on our body. Stress triggers changes in our body and makes it more likely you sick. It can also worsen problems and suffering. You can influence the following problems:

  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Headaches
  • Constipation
  • Diarrhea
  • Irritability
  • Lack of energy
  • Lack of concentration
  • Overeating or not eating
  • Anger
  • Sadness
  • Increased risk of asthma attacks or arthritis
  • Tension
  • Stomach cramps
  • Bloating
  • Skin problems such as urticaria
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Weight gain or loss
  • Heart problems
  • Hypertension
  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome
  • Diabetes
  • Neck or back pain
  • Decreased sexual desire
  • Trouble getting pregnant

What are some of the most stressful life events?

Any change in our lives can be stressful, even some of the happiest, like having a baby or starting a new job. Here are some of the most stressful life events:

  • Death of a spouse
  • Divorce
  • Separation
  • Going to jail
  • Death of a close relative
  • Illness or injury
  • Marriage
  • Pregnancy
  • Retirement

Scale of Life Events Holmes and Rahe (1967)

What is Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)?

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD for short) is a debilitating condition that can occur after being exposed to a terrifying event or experience in which serious physical harm occurred or the threat thereof. Among the traumatic events that may trigger PTSD include violent attacks on the person, such as rape or mugging, natural disasters or caused by man, accidents, or military combat.

Many people with PTSD repeatedly relive the experience through episodes of flashbacks, memories, nightmares, or frightening thoughts, especially when exposed to events or objects that remind them of the trauma. Anniversaries of the event can also trigger symptoms. People with PTSD may also experience emotional numbness, sleep disturbances, depression, anxiety, irritability or outbursts of anger. Feelings of intense guilt are also common (called survivor guilt), especially if other people did not survive the traumatic event.

Most people who are exposed to a traumatic and stressful event suffer some symptoms of PTSD in the days and weeks following the event, but the symptoms usually disappear. However, about 8% of men and 20% of women go on to develop PTSD, and roughly 30% of these individuals develop a chronic or long-term PTSD continuing for the rest of their lives variety.

How I can help manage my stress?

Do not let stress the disease. Women usually carry a higher burden of stress we should. Often we are not even aware of our stress level. Pay attention to your body to know when stress is affected their health. Here are some ways to help manage stress:

  • Relax. loose is important. Everyone has their way of relaxing. Some of these ways are deep breathing, yoga, meditation and massage therapy. If you can not do these things, take a few minutes to sit down, listen to soothing music, or read a book.
  • Reserve time for yourself. Taking care of yourself is important. To not feel guilty, consider it an order from your doctor! No matter how busy you are, you can try to book at least 15 minutes per day in its program of activities to do something for herself, such as taking a bubble bath, go for a walk or call a friend on the phone.
  • Sleep. Sleeping is a great way to help both your body and your mind. If you do not get enough sleep, your stress can worsen. Nor can fight disease in the same way if you sleep poorly. If you get enough sleep, you can better address their problems and reduce your risk of getting sick. Try to get seven to nine hours every night.
  • Eat right. Try to get energy by eating fruits, vegetables and protein. Peanut butter, chicken salad or tuna are good sources of protein. Eat whole grains, such as bread and wheat crackers. Do not be fooled by the jolt of energy you feel when consuming caffeine or sugar, that energy will run out quickly.
  • Move. Believe it or not, physical activity not only helps relieve muscle tension, but also improves your mood!Before and after physical activity, the body produces certain chemicals called endorphins that relieve stress and improve your mood.
  • Talk to friends. Talk to your friends in order to better manage stress. Friends listen well. Does very well find someone who will let you talk freely about their problems and feelings without judgment. It also helps to hear a different point of view. His friends remember you are not alone.
  • Get professional help if needed. Talk to a therapist. A therapist can help you manage stress and find better ways to cope. Therapy can also help with more serious stress-related disorders such as PTSD. There are medications that can help relieve symptoms of depression and anxiety, and promote sleep.
  • Be transigente. Sometimes discuss not worth the stress it generates. Yield occasionally.
  • Write down what you think. Did you ever sent email to a friend about the terrible day that was, and felt better afterwards? Why not take a pen and paper and write down what is happening in your life? Keeping a journal can be a great way to vent and manage their problems. You can then re-read your journal and see how much progress has been made!
  • Help others. Helping someone can help themselves. Help your neighbor, or do volunteer work in your community.
  • Have a hobby. Find something you enjoy. Be sure to take the time to explore their interests.
  • Please limits. Regarding things like work and family, determine how much you can actually do. The amount of hours in the day is limited. Limit yourself to yourself and others too. Do not be afraid to say NO to requests for your time and energy.
  • Plan your time. Consider in advance how you will use your time. Write a list of things to do. Decide which are the most important.
  • Do not handle stress in ways that are not healthy. Among these are drinking too much alcohol, using drugs, smoking or overeating.

I heard deep breathing can help with my stress. How is it done?

Deep breathing is a good way to relax. Try to do it a few times per day. Here´s how you do it:

  1. Lie down or sit in a chair.
  2. Rest your hands on your stomach.
  3. Slowly count to four and inhale through the nose. Feel your stomach rise. Hold your breath for a second.
  4. Slowly count to four while you exhale through your mouth. To control how fast you exhale, purse your lips as if to whistle. Your stomach will slowly drop.
  5. Repeat for five to ten times.

Cause stress ulcers?

Doctors used to think ulcers were caused by stress and spicy foods. We now know that stress does not cause ulcers, only irritates. The ulcers are caused by a bacterium (germ) called H. pylori. Researchers do not yet know for certain how people contract. They think they can get it through the water. It is treated by a combination of antibiotics and other drugs.

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This is Real: The World Climate is Changing

Our Earth is warming. The average temperature of the Earth has risen about 1.4 ° F (0.7 ° C over) over the last century. It is projected that the average temperature rise of approximately 2 to 11.5 ° F (1.1 ° C to 6.4 ° C) over the next hundred years. Small changes in average global temperature could lead to large and potentially dangerous changes in climate and weather.

The evidence is clear. Rising temperatures have been accompanied by changes in the weather and climate. Many sites have seen changes in rainfall, which resulted in more flooding, drought or heavy rain and waves more frequent and severe heat.The oceans and glaciers on the planet have also undergone some big changes: the oceans are warming and acidifying, the ice caps are melting and sea levels are rising. As these and other changes are more pronounced in the coming decades, they will have to present challenges to our society and our environment.

Learn about the signs of climate change in the United States.


Humans are largely responsible for recent climate change

smoke coming from a chimney in a factory

Over the past century, human activity has downloaded large amounts of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. Most greenhouse gases come from the burning of fossil fuels that produce energy, but deforestation, industrial processes and some agricultural practices also emit gases into the atmosphere.

The greenhouse gases act like a blanket around the Earth, which traps energy in the atmosphere and causes it to heat.This phenomenon is called the greenhouse effect is natural and necessary to sustain life on Earth. However, the accumulation of greenhouse gases can change the Earth´s climate and dangerous effects to human health and welfare and ecosystems.

The choices we make today will affect the amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere will in the near future and for years to come.

Learn about the causes of climate change .


Climate change affects all

Our lives are linked to climate. Human societies have adapted to relatively stable climate which have enjoyed since the last Ice Age ended several millennia ago. A warming climate will result in process changes that could affect our water supplies, agriculture, energy and transport systems, the natural environment and to our own health and safety.

Some of the climate changes are inevitable. carbon dioxide can remain in the atmosphere for about a century so the Earth will continue to warm over the coming decades. The hotter it gets, the greater the risk of more severe changes in climate and Earth system. Although it is difficult to predict the exact impacts of climate change, it is clear that the climate to which we are accustomed to is no longer a guide to which we can trust what we can expect in the future.

We can reduce the risks we face from climate change. Choosing options that reduce pollution from greenhouse gases and prepare for the changes that are already underway, we can reduce the risks of climate change. Our decisions will shape the world in which our children and grandchildren will live.

Learn about the impacts of climate change and adaptation to change .


We can make a difference

hands holding a globe

You can take action. You can take steps at home, on the road, in your office to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases and the risks associated with climate change. Many of these steps can save you money; some, such as walking or cycling to work could improve your health! You may also participate in activities to support local or state level energy efficiency, clean energy programs and other climate programs.

Learn about what you can do .

Calculate your carbon footprint and find ways to reduce their emissions through simple actions you take daily.

EPA and other federal agencies are taking action. EPA is working to protect the health and welfare of the people in this country through common sense measures to reduce pollution and greenhouse gases to help communities prepare for change climate.

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MISHAWAKA INDIANA tspan:3m MISHAWAKA INDIANA

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You have the right to a safe workplace

You have the right to a safe workplace. The Law on Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (OSH Act) was enacted to prevent death, injury or illness of workers in their workplaces. The law requires employers to provide free working conditions hazards and unsafe conditions. The Act (OSH Act) created the Administration Occupational Safety and Health (OSHA), which sets and enforces standards that protect the safety and health at workplaces. OSHA also provides information, training and assistance to workers and employers. Workers can make a complaint to OSHA inspect their workplace if they believe their employer is not following OSHA standards or there are serious risks. Contact us with questions or to make a complaint . We will keep your information confidential. We are here to help.

The rights of workers under the OSHA Act

Workers have the right to conditions of work without risk of serious harm. Site to ensure safe and healthful workplace, OSHA also provides workers the right to:
  • Ask OSHA to conduct an inspection of the workplace.
  • Exercise their rights under the law of revenge free or discrimination.
  • Receive information and training about hazards, methods to prevent damage and OSHA standards that apply to your workplace. The training must be in a language you can understand;
  • Having access to the results of the tests done to find hazards in the workplace,
  • Read the archives of injuries and work-related diseases ;
  • Access to copies of your medical records ;

Who covers the OSHA

Private sector workers Most employees in the country are under the jurisdiction of the OSHA law. OSHA covers employers and private sector workers in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and other jurisdictions of the United States, either directly by the OSHA Federal, or anOSHA-approved state program . State Programs health and safety should be at least as effective as federal OSHA program. To find the contact information for the Office of Federal or state program of the nearest OSHA, see the map of the regional offices. Employees of state and local government Employees who work for state and local governments are not covered by the federal OSHA, but have protection under the OSHA law if they work in states that have a state program approved by OSHA. Four states and a territory of the USA. UU. have OSHA-approved plans that cover only public sector employees. These include: Connecticut, Illinois, New Jersey, New York, and the Virgin Islands. Workers in the private sector in these four states and the Virgin Islands are covered by federal OSHA. Federal workers Federal agencies must have a safety and health program that meets the same standards as private employers. Although OSHA does not assign fines to federal agencies, yes the monitors and responds to complaints from their workers. The States Postal Service (USPS) is covered by OSHA. Not covered by the OSHA Act:
  • Freelance workers;
  • Members of the immediate family of the owners of a farm that did not employ outside workers; and
  • Workplace hazards that are regulated by another federal agency (eg Administration Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA), the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), the Coast Guard)

Standards OSHA: Occupational

OSHA standards are regulations that describe the methods that employers must use to protect their employees from hazards and risks. There are OSHA standards for the construction , agriculturemarine operations , and general industry. latter category are the standards that apply to most workplaces. Standards limit the amount of hazardous chemicals to which workers can be exposed;require the use of certain safe practices and equipment; and require employers to monitor hazards and keep reports of injuries and illnesses in the workplace. Examples of OSHA standards include requirements to: provide fall protection; prevent the collapse of excavations; prevent some infectious diseases; ensure that workers entering confined spaces safely; prevent employees from being exposed to harmful substances such as asbestos; put guards on machines; provide respirators or other safety equipment; and provide training for certain dangerous jobs. Employers must also conform to the General Duty Clause of the OSHA Act ​​requires employers to keep their workplace free of hazards that are recognized as serious. This clause is usually cited when no OSHA standard applies directly to danger.

Workers can request that OSHA inspect your workplace

Workers or their representatives, may file a complaint and request OSHA to conduct an inspection of your workplace if they believe there is a serious danger or your employer is not complying with OSHA standards. A worker can tell OSHA to keep your identity confidential. 's a violation of the OSH Act an employee is fired, demoted, transferred, or discriminated against in any way for filing a complaint or exercise other rights of OSHA. You can make a complaint online , download the form and mail or fax to the office of the nearest OSHA ; or by calling 1-800-321-OSHA (6742). Most of the complaints received from the Internet can be resolved informally by phone with your employer. Written complaints that are signed by an employee or representative and sent to the OSHA office nearest are more likely to result in an OSHA inspection at your workplace. When the OSHA inspector arrives, workers and their representatives have the right to:
  • Be present during the inspection.
  • Talk to the OSHA inspector privately.
  • Take part in meetings between the inspector and the employer before and after the inspection.
When no union representative or the employee, the OSHA inspector must speak confidentially to a reasonable number of employees during the course of the inspection. When an inspector finds violations of OSHA standards or serious hazards, OSHA can issue citations and fines. A citation includes the methods that an employer can use to fix the problem, and the date when these corrective actions must be completed. Workers have the right to challenge only the date when the problem has to be solved. But employers have the right to dispute whether there is a violation, or any other part of the citation. Workers or their representatives must notify OSHA if they want to be involved in the appeal process, if the employer challenges a subpoena. "If you send a complaint requesting an OSHA inspection, you are entitled to a copy of the results of the OSHA inspection and request that they be revised if OSHA decides not to issue citations."

Employer Responsibilities

Employers have a responsibility to provide a safe workplace. Employers MUST provide a workplace free of serious hazards and follow all health and safety standards of OSHA .Employers have to find and fix security issues and health. OSHA also requires employers to try to eliminate or reduce hazards by making changes in working conditions, rather than simply wear masks, gloves, ear plugs, or other types of personal protective equipment (PPE for short in English). Switching to safer chemicals, processes to trap harmful gases, or using ventilation systems to clean the air are examples of effective ways to eliminate or reduce risks. Employers also MUST:
  • Inform employees about the dangers workout, tags, alarms, color-coded systems, information sheets on chemicals and other methods.
  • Save accurate reports of injuries and work-related diseases .
  • Testing in the workplace, such as air sampling, required by some OSHA standards
  • Providing hearing tests or other medical tests required by OSHA standards
  • Locate OSHA citations, data on injuries and illnesses, and the OSHA poster at the jobsite in a place where employees can see them.
  • Report to OSHA within 8 hours after an incident in the workplace where there is a death or when three or more workers to go to hospital.
  • Not discriminate and not retaliate against an employee for exercising their rights under the law.

You can not be punished or discriminated against for exercising their rights under the law of the OSHA

OSHA law protects workers who complain to their employer, OSHA or other government agencies on working conditions that are not healthy or safe, or environmental problems. You can not be transferred, denied a raise, have your hours reduced, be fired, or punished in any other way for exercising their rights under the law of OSHA. OSHA There is help for whistleblowers . If you have been punished or discriminated against for asserting your rights, you must file a complaint with OSHA within 30 days of the alleged retaliation have occurred to most complaints. No form is required, but you must send a letter or call the office nearest OSHA explaining the situation and the alleged discrimination.

What if there is a dangerous situation at work?

If you believe that your work conditions are not healthy or safe, we recommend that you notify your employer of the conditions, if possible. You can make a complaint with OSHA about a hazardous job at any time. But you should not leave the job site only because you made ​​a complaint. If the condition clearly presents a risk of death or serious physical harm, there is insufficient time for OSHA consider, and, whenever possible, you have shown the condition to your employer, you may have a legal right reused to work in a situation where you would be exposed to danger.

Additional information for workers

Does OSHA has reviewed my employer? You can research the history of inspection through their employer seeking establishment of OSHA . Just enter the name of your company and choose the dates you want to examine. What is the danger most commonly cited in my industry? You'll need to know the standard industry classification code (SIC, for its acronym in English) from their employer . Once you know your four-digit code, visit the OSHA Standards that are frequently cited , enter your SIC code and see the information for the last year. Does OSHA provides technical information on hazards? OSHA provides technical information to help workers, employers and professionals in health and safety issues, to reduce occupational injuries and illnesses. For example, you can find information on pathogens, and ergonomic machine guards or fall protection. What is the OSHA materials that may be of interest to workers? OSHA publishes a variety of publications on many topics. Some of the most useful publications for workers are listed below. See OSHA publications for a complete list of materials published by the agency. You can also order publications online.


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