By making some small changes in your home and garden, you can reduce emissions of greenhouse gases and save money
By making some small changes in your home and garden, you can reduce emissions of greenhouse gases and save money. Explore our list of the 10 simple steps you can take to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases.
1. Replace 5 lights at home
Replace the five most frequently used lights or the bulbs in these, with products certified under the seal of ENERGY STAR ® and you help the environment by saving more than $ 70 per year in electricity bills. ENERGY STAR lighting provides bright, warm light that generates 75% less heat; uses up to 75% less energy than traditional lighting; and lasts 10 to 50 times longer.
2. Look for products certified under the ENERGY STAR
When buying modern products for your home, look for the ENERGY STAR EPA that will help you make a decision more energy efficient. You can find the Energy Star label on more than 60 kinds of products, including appliances, lighting equipment, heating and air conditioning, electronics and office equipment. Throughout life all on your home certified under the ENERGY STAR label may reduce emissions of greenhouse gases approximately 130.000 pounds and save $ 11,000 in electricity bills.
3. Heat and cool your home smartly
Expenses for the use of heating and cooling account for almost half of its electricity-bill about $ 1,000 a year! There are many things you can do to reduce these costs. Simple steps such as changing air filters regularly, properly using a programmable thermostat and making sure to give annually due maintain your heating and air conditioning by a licensed contractor can save energy and increase comfort at home while helping to protect environment. Depending on the area you live in, you can reduce your annual energy bill by more than $ 200 to replace your heating and air conditioning ancient certificate under the seal of ENERGY STAR equipment.
4. Selle home and add insulation with ENERGY STAR
Reduce leaks and drafts using caulk, weatherstripping and insulation to seal any cracks or hollow along windows and doors in your home as well as in the attic to block heat and cold. An owner with appropriate knowledge or skilled contractor can save you up to 20% on the cost of heating and air conditioning. Through these actions you can greatly improve the comfort in your home following proper sealing and insulation measures.
5. Reduce, Reuse and Recycle
The reduce, reuse, and recycling in your home helps conserve energy and reduce pollution and emissions of greenhouse gases from extraction, manufacturing and disposal. If there is a recycling program in your community, recycle your modernspapers, soda bottles, paper and other products. Also the composting of food waste and yard cleanup reduces the amount of waste you send to landfill and reduces emissions of greenhouse gases. Visit the Individual Waste Reduction Model EPA (iWARM for its acronym in English) to learn about the energy benefits of recycling common waste on landfill disposal.
6. Use water efficiently
It requires a lot of energy to pump, treat, and heat water, thus water conservation reduces emissions of greenhouse gases. Saving water at home is easy. Three percent of the nation´s energy is used to pump and treat water, thus conserving water also conserves energy by reducing pollution of greenhouse gases. Reduce as much as possible the amount of waste generated and the water you drink. Take simple steps to conserve water such as not leaving the tap when shaving or brushing your teeth and save money while conserving water using products labeled WaterSense . Did you know a leaky toilet can waste 200 gallons of water per day? Repair all leaks and dripping faucets and toilets immediately. When you run the dishwasher to capacity will save 100 pounds of carbon dioxide and up to $ 40 per year.Pour water to the lawn and garden wisely. Only water them when necessary and do it in the coolest part of the day.Typically, early morning is the best time. See the Web site of the EPA WaterSense for more tips on how to conserve water.
7. Practice organic gardening
The composting of food waste and grass clippings reduces the amount of waste sent to landfills and emissions of greenhouse gases. The program GreenScapes EPA has several tips and useful publications (PDF) (16 pp, 1.8MB, About PDF )on how to improve your lawn or garden while also helping the environment.
8. Buy green energy
Energize your home by purchasing green energy. The green energy is environmentally beneficial electricity that has been generated by renewable energy sources like wind and sun. There are two ways to use green energy. You can buy green power or you can modify your house to generate your own green energy. Purchasing green power is easy . It offers a host of environmental and economic benefits unlike conventional electricity, including lower emissions of greenhouse gases and helps to increase the supply of clean energy. There are several steps you can take to create a greener home, including installing solar panels and investigate incentives for renewable energy in your state .
9. Calculate the carbon footprint in your home
Use the calculator Domestic Emissions EPA Greenhouse Gas to make an estimate of emissions of greenhouse gases in their residence from the use of energy, transportation, and waste disposal. This tool will help you understand where they come from and how emissions identify ways to reduce them.
10. Communicate the message
Tell your family and friends that energy efficiency is good for their homes and good for the environment because it reduces emissions of greenhouse gases and air pollution. Tell five people and together we can help each other, reducing the cost of energy in our homes.
The cord blood: What You Should Know
The cord blood is present in the blood vessels of the placenta and umbilical cord, and is collected after the baby is born and then cut the umbilical cord; an important detail.
"Because cord blood is usually collected after delivery and after cutting the cord, intervention is generally safe for both mother and baby," says Dr. Keith Wonnacott, PhD, Branch Chief Therapies Office Phones Cell Therapies, Tissue and Genetic FDA.
The use of cord blood is only approved for interventions "hematopoietic stem cell transplantation," which was performed in patients with disorders of the hematopoietic (blood producing). The cord blood contains blood cell production can be used to treat patients with cancers of the blood such as leukemias and lymphomas, as well as certain blood disorders and immune system, such as stem cells of sickle cell anemia and Wiskott-Aldrich
"The cord blood is useful because it is a source of stem cells that are transformed into blood cells. Cord blood transplants can be used for people who need feedback, ie ´re-produce´ these cells producing blood cells, "says Dr. Wonnacott.
For example, in many cancer patients, the disease is found in the blood cells. Chemotherapy to treat these patients undergoing cancer cells eliminates both as producing healthy stem cells of blood cells. Transplantation of umbilical cord stem cells can support the regeneration of blood cells following chemotherapy.
However, the cord blood is not a cure-all.
"Given that cord blood contains stem cells, have been several cases of fraud related to cord blood," says Dr. Wonnacott. "Consumers think that stem cells can cure all diseases, but science has not shown this to be true.Patients should maintain skepticism if the cord blood is available for uses other than blood regeneration by stem "cells.
Information about the storage of cord blood
After obtaining the cord blood is frozen and can be stored safely for many years. "The method of freeze-called ´criopreservación´-is very important to maintain the integrity of the cells," says Dr. Wonnacott. "The cord blood will be stored with care."
Blood from the umbilical cord can be stored in a private bank, so it is available if the baby in the future-or relatives of first or second degree, they need it. The private cord banks typically charge for the collection and storage of blood.
Alternatively, blood can be donated to a public bank so that doctors can use to treat patients who need blood stem cell transplants.
The FDA regulates the cord blood in different ways, depending on its origin, processing level and intended use.
The stored cord blood for personal use, use in relatives of first or second degree, and that also meets other requirements of the FDA regulations, does not need the consent of this body before being used. Still, private cord banks must comply with other requirements of the FDA, including those that require them to register and enroll in the listings, be updated on the proper use of tissues standards, testing and analysis and detection of diseases infectious patients (except when the cord blood is going to be used by the original donor). These FDA requirements ensure the safety of these products to minimize the risk of contamination and transmission of infectious diseases.
The cord blood is stored to treat patients with unrelated donor is eligible to be considered a "drug" and a "biological product". The cord blood in this category must meet additional requirements and be authorized in accordance with a Biologics License Application, or be subjected to research new drug application before it can be used. The FDA requirements help ensure the safety and efficacy of the products in their intended uses.
Not all units of cord blood meeting the requirements necessary to be stored in a public bank, added Safa Karandish, MT, safety officer for the FDA Consumer. If this happens, part of the donated cord blood may be used for non-clinical research.
Tips for Consumers
If you are considering donating to bank cord blood, it is important to study the various options during pregnancy to have enough time to make a decision before the baby is born. If you want to donate to a public bank, ask if the hospital will give birth in a program storage of cord blood.
If you have questions about the risks and the procedures followed to obtain blood, or the donation process, ask your doctor.
The FDA also has a database which is available with information on banks registered cord blood.
All assertions that the cord blood is a miracle cure is not created; it is not. Some parents may consider using a private bank as an "insurance policy" against diseases that may arise in the future. But it is important to remember that currently the only approved use of cord blood is the treatment of hematologic (blood disorders).
Also good to know that, in some cases, the cord blood is stored may not be appropriate for the child who donated."For example, it is not possible to cure some diseases or genetic defects with cord blood containing the same disease or defect," says Karandish.
Parents of children from ethnic minorities should especially consider donating to a public bank, says Dr. Wonnacott, because the more donations make these groups receive more help minority patients who need a stem cell transplant. (Recipients must be "compatible" with donors so that doctors are more likely to find a good candidate among donors within the ethnic group of the receiver).
"As far as public banks is concerned, there is a clear need for cord blood," says Dr. Wonnacott. "And there is a need especially among minorities to have stem cell transplants. The cord blood is an excellent source of stem cells for transplantation. "
And these transplants can change the lives of patients.
The city and the 7 steps to positive thinking
Most of us keep a constant mental conversation . We talk with ourselves every day, and unfortunately, many times these "internal" discussions are negative, often marked by guilt about the past or worry about the future. Such negativity can destroy any sign of hope that we have about the realization of our dreams.
Our actions are based on our thoughts. If we change the way we think, we can begin to change the actions we take. Humans are always in pursuit of personal growth financial, emotional, physical or spiritual. Practicing positive internal conversations can help us going to take actions that lead to great results.
Then I leave seven steps to achieving a positive self-talk. Following these steps you will be able to start eliminating your negative conversations and replace them with thoughts that will motivate you to improve.
1 Eliminate negative self-talk
The first step is realizing. Would difficult to make a change without know intimately the thoughts that are in our head.
No doubt that if you have a long history of negative internal conversations, will be a challenge. Their conversation becomes negative over the years for various reasons. For example, if a child constantly told you that you were "dumb", you could incorporate as a truth. Then you will discover your inner self there is a little voice that often repeats phrases like "I´m too slow", or "it costs me learn something." If you constantly pass on negative stories, your actions will reflect their low self-esteem. Going to be difficult for you to get somewhere if you´re always pulling back.
Ordinary conversation includes the negative "can not." When you say to yourself "I can´t" or "it´s very difficult," you are creating resistance. A mental block are prevented you from doing things that could succeed.
Whenever you find yourself saying "I can´t ...", stop the game and challenge yourself with a "why?". Studies show that most geniuses become outstanding people after years of commitment and more commitment. So if you want to be successful need to start saying "I can" more often.
A good method I have found useful is to say "stopping, stopping" whenever I notice myself saying something negative about myself, both mentally and verbally. This method works if you have a sincere interest in positive thinking.
2 Positive Affirmations
Affirmations are positive expressions of a desired outcome or goal. Expressions are generally short, believable and focused. By repeating them over time, we opened new paths in our subconscious, creating the possibility of a new order of thoughts.
An important step in repeating affirmations is to read them aloud and with feeling. But read does not help unless you really feel what you say.
Surely you have any questions about this technique at the beginning. Nevertheless, if you follow these simple instructions to his disbelief will soon be replaced by faith in yourself.
3 Create positive screenplays
One thing you can see is that it´s easy for your mind to generate negative thoughts, based on other negative thoughts. This cycle never ends, but increases, creating a strong limitation.
From now on, let´s do this exercise. Invent a positive, uplifting story that flows like a movie script. Visualize the situation. Build the story with a positive ending; how bigger the storyline better. Better yet if you can develop a story that tells how all your goals are reached. When you do begin to internalize your goals and dreams as if they were something you already did.
4 Replace negative influences with positive
It is important to identify external negative factors in your life that are limiting your thoughts. For example, your mood can poison with friends and people who are negative. If you are not careful enough, you will begin to adopt their negative thoughts. So be alert to negative influences. Whether they come from friends, limit your exposure to these thoughts as much as you can. Additionally, avoid discussing your plans with people who did not encourage and help you in your dreams and goals.
Instead, look to surround yourself with the thoughts and actions of people that motivate you. Before long you will see the transformation of a pessimistic ball in a good and pleasant aura . This positive energy that surrounds you will begin to improve their internal conversations too.
5 Posts in present time
What can help you is to focus about the steps you can take now. If you find yourself locked, think: "what can I do now?." Change your self-talk, letting anxiety about the future and start to act in this time. You can not control what happens in the future, but if you take the necessary steps now, it allows you to have a better tomorrow. Focus your thoughts on today and now.
6 Controlling fears
Fear is often what prevents you from achieving the goals. Are you afraid to take risks for fear of losing the security that enjoys now. You try to convince yourself that you are happy in their current state when, in reality, is not . Your inner self may seem positive in trying to lie to himself. Yet somehow, you know you´re cheating.
Ask yourself what are your fears. What ´s the worst that can happen? Follow a step-by-step approach - to discuss their fears and see if there is any way to see things more positively. When you confront your fears, often going to realize that the worst case scenario is not as bad as thought. On indeed, the benefits of change tend to justify the risk.
7 Enjoy the good times
It´s much easier to have a positive attitude if you focus on the good moments of your life instead of the bad. Although it is inevitable to have problems and challenges, remember that life consists of ups and downs, and that the good times are forged through the bad times.
So choose to fill your mind with positive thoughts and images. Make it a conscious habit. To start, if you can be grateful for what you have now, your internal conversation will begin to change and align yourself with that sense of joy. A state of gratitude helps a lot to your mind.
The city agains Asthma
If you or your child has asthma, you are not alone. About 23 million people in the United States suffer from asthma. Asthma is the leading cause of disease of long duration in children.
We are all responsible for protecting the conditions that determine a good level of health for our family and our community. Education is the basis for creating health-promoting environments for all.
At present, we have at our disposal a wealth of information about asthma. Hence, both the parents and the people who are caring for children play an important role in the transmission of knowledge, and changing lifestyle of the family.
Since the EPA is committed to educating all people about asthma, then you will find useful information that will help you more effectively control asthma.
What are the environmental factors that cause asthma?
Asthma can be triggered by allergens or irritants that are common in our homes.The most common factors are:
Asthma can be caused by smoke from a cigarette butt, pipe or cigar and also by the smoke exhaled by a smoker.
- Choose not to smoke in your home or car or allow others to do so.
Dust mites are too small to be seen with the naked eye, but are in every home.They live in mattresses, pillows, carpets, furniture fabric wallpaper, bedspreads, clothes and stuffed toys.
- Wash sheets and blankets weekly in hot water.
- Choose soft toys that are washable, and wash them often in hot water, drying them completely. Keep these toys off beds.
- Cover mattresses and pillows with covers that prevent the passage of dust (allergen impermeable) having a closure.
Skin flakes emerging from domestic animals, urine and saliva may trigger asthma.
Learn more at www.epa.gov/asthma/pets.html
- Consider keeping pets out of the house or finding a new home if necessary.
- Keep your pets all the time outside the bedroom or any other area that is used for sleeping and keep the doors shut.
- Keep pets off the furniture with tapestry fabric, carpets and stuffed toys.
Mold grows in damp places or materials. The key to mold control is moisture control. If mold is a problem in your home, clean and remove excess water or moisture. Reducing moisture also helps reduce other factors that cause asthma, such as cockroaches.
- Wash mold off hard surfaces and dry completely. Absorbents, such as tile roofs and carpets, if they rust, should probably be removed or replaced materials.
- Make any water leaks in the pipes and pipes and other sources of water supply.
- Keep drip pans in your refrigerator, air conditioner and dehumidifier environments, clean and dry.
- Use exhaust fans or open windows hold while cooking or when using the dishwasher.
- Use exhaust fans in the bathrooms while showering.
- Place the exhaust in a clothes dryer to the outside.
- Keep the humidity inside the house at a low level, 30 to 50 percent relative humidity. Humidity levels can be measured by hygrometers which can be purchased at hardware stores.
Droppings or excretions of cockroaches can trigger asthma.
If sprays are used:
- Do not leave food or garbage out environmental exposure.
- Store food in tightly sealed containers.
- Clean all food waste or spilled liquids immediately.
- First try to control cockroaches using poison baits, boric acid or traps before using pesticide sprays.
- Limit yourself to use only in infested areas.
- Carefully follow the instructions found on product labels.
- Ensure that enough fresh air when you spray and keep the person with asthma out of the home.
Preventing asthma attacks
. To make an asthma action plan, tips on how to manage asthma and get a copy of the popular activity book "Dusty the Goldfish".
- Step 1: Talk to your doctor about your child´s asthma. If your child has asthma or you think your child has this disease, take your child to a doctor.The doctor will work with you to ensure that your child has an asthma attack.
- Learn what causes asthma in your child.
- Identify your asthma triggers in your home are.
- Learn how to rid your home the factors that cause asthma.
- Know what your child should take medication.
- Step 2: Make a plan. Ask your doctor to help you create an individual action plan to control your child´s asthma. Work with your doctor to create a plan of action to help you learn how to prevent asthma attacks your child regularly.
- Step 3 - Make your home resistant asthma. The factors that cause asthma are part of our daily lives. Asthma attacks can be caused by mold growing on the shower curtain in the bathroom, dust mites living in blankets or blankets, the pillows and stuffed toys of your child. Learn more about the things that can cause an asthma attack and what you can do to eliminate them and keep your child healthy.
Tools Program Indoor Air Quality for Schools
EPA has developed a program of Air Quality Tools for Schools Interior to reduce exposure to environmental contaminants in them through the voluntary adoption of practices to manage indoor air quality.
The "program IAQ Tools for Schools
"is a detailed to help maintain a healthy environment in school buildings by identifying, correcting and preventing problems of air quality resource.Poor indoor air quality in schools can affect the comfort and health of students and staff, which in turn can affect concentration, attendance, and student performance. In addition, if the school takes to react promptly as poor air quality, students and staff are at increased risk of health problems in the short term, such as fatigue and nausea, as well as problems long-term health such as asthma. Read more about it and download or order a kit action " IAQ Tools for Schools ".