PAMPA TEXAS NEWS AND BLOG


Latest News - PAMPA TEXAS

Basic Energy Services Completes Acquisition of Pioneer Fishing and Rental, a Division of Pioneer Energy Services


PFR operates its rental and fishing tool business from locations in Woodward, OK, Pampa, TX and Springtown, TX. Basic expects this acquisition to be immediately accretive to earnings and to contribute revenue of approximately $14 million in 2015.

Basic Energy Services (BAS) Completes $16M Purchase of Pioneer Energy's (PES) PFR Unit


PFR operates its rental and fishing tool business from locations in Woodward, OK, Pampa, TX and Springtown, TX. Basic expects this acquisition to be immediately accretive to earnings and to contribute revenue of approximately $14 million in 2015.

City Commission tables budget vote


If passed, this increase would make Pampa’s one of the higher tax rates in all of the Texas Panhandle. In addition to this, there was a second public hearing on the proposed budget for the upcoming fiscal year, which begins on Oct. 1, 2014. There was ...

Pampa Residents to Expect a Property Tax Rate Increase


Pampa, TX - Several Pampa residents are outraged after hearing about a 17.5% increase on property taxes. It all started with a letter to the editor that was published in the Pampa News over the weekend. It was written by City Commissioner, Robert Dixon who ...

Pampa residents outraged over proposed tax-rate increase


AMARILLO, TEXAS -- Pampa City Officials asked for public input surrounding the proposed 17.66 percent tax-rate increase, and they got it, at Tuesday's special city commission meeting. So many residents were present they were forced to stand in the halls ...

Texas Medical Board: Pampa Doctor Violates Medical Board Agreement


Last month, Dr. Jack Coldwell Smith III agreed to quit taking prescription drugs unless they were prescribed by another doctor or for a real medical need. PAMPA -- The Texas Medical Board says a Pampa doctor violates a medical board's agreement by using ...

Carolouise “Carol” Kourt Creacy


The Memorial Service will be held at 10:30 am, Wednesday August 27, 2014 at Cross and Spurs Cowboy Church, Buchanan Dam, Texas. Rev Johnny Sawyer will be officiating. A reception will follow. Carol was born in Pampa, Texas on June 28, 1938.

AimBank buys banks in West Texas


AimBank on Friday announced the acquisition of National Bank of Commerce Pampa and Shamrock from First National Bank of Waupaca, Wis. AimBank has 14 branches in the South Plains, Big Country and Texas Panhandle. Acquisition and conversion of the branches ...

AimBank buys banks in Pampa, Shamrock


AimBank on Friday announced the acquisition of National Bank of Commerce Pampa and Shamrock from First National Bank of Waupaca, Wis. AimBank has 14 branches in the South Plains, Big Country and Texas Panhandle. Acquisition and conversion of the branches ...

Basic Energy Services Completes Acquisition of Pioneer Fishing and Rental, a Division of Pioneer Energy Services


PFR operates its rental and fishing tool business from locations in Woodward, OK, Pampa, TX and Springtown, TX. Basic expects this acquisition to be immediately accretive to earnings and to contribute revenue of approximately $14 million in 2015.

Basic Energy Services (BAS) Completes $16M Purchase of Pioneer Energy's (PES) PFR Unit


PFR operates its rental and fishing tool business from locations in Woodward, OK, Pampa, TX and Springtown, TX. Basic expects this acquisition to be immediately accretive to earnings and to contribute revenue of approximately $14 million in 2015.

City Commission tables budget vote


If passed, this increase would make Pampa’s one of the higher tax rates in all of the Texas Panhandle. In addition to this, there was a second public hearing on the proposed budget for the upcoming fiscal year, which begins on Oct. 1, 2014. There was ...

Pampa Residents to Expect a Property Tax Rate Increase


Pampa, TX - Several Pampa residents are outraged after hearing about a 17.5% increase on property taxes. It all started with a letter to the editor that was published in the Pampa News over the weekend. It was written by City Commissioner, Robert Dixon who ...

Pampa residents outraged over proposed tax-rate increase


AMARILLO, TEXAS -- Pampa City Officials asked for public input surrounding the proposed 17.66 percent tax-rate increase, and they got it, at Tuesday's special city commission meeting. So many residents were present they were forced to stand in the halls ...

Texas Medical Board: Pampa Doctor Violates Medical Board Agreement


Last month, Dr. Jack Coldwell Smith III agreed to quit taking prescription drugs unless they were prescribed by another doctor or for a real medical need. PAMPA -- The Texas Medical Board says a Pampa doctor violates a medical board's agreement by using ...

Carolouise “Carol” Kourt Creacy


The Memorial Service will be held at 10:30 am, Wednesday August 27, 2014 at Cross and Spurs Cowboy Church, Buchanan Dam, Texas. Rev Johnny Sawyer will be officiating. A reception will follow. Carol was born in Pampa, Texas on June 28, 1938.

AimBank buys banks in West Texas


AimBank on Friday announced the acquisition of National Bank of Commerce Pampa and Shamrock from First National Bank of Waupaca, Wis. AimBank has 14 branches in the South Plains, Big Country and Texas Panhandle. Acquisition and conversion of the branches ...

AimBank buys banks in Pampa, Shamrock


AimBank on Friday announced the acquisition of National Bank of Commerce Pampa and Shamrock from First National Bank of Waupaca, Wis. AimBank has 14 branches in the South Plains, Big Country and Texas Panhandle. Acquisition and conversion of the branches ...



SPECIAL INFORMATION FOR PAMPA

What you need to know about Ebola

What is Ebola?

Ebola virus is the cause of a viral hemorrhagic fever disease. Symptoms include: fever, headache, joint and muscle aches, feebleness, diarrhea, vomiting, stomach pain, lack of appetite, and abnormal bleeding. Symptoms may appear anywhere from 2 to 21 days after exposure to ebolavirus though 8-10 days is most common.

How is Ebola transmitted?

Ebola is transmitted through direct contact with the blood or bodily fluids of an infected symptomatic person or though exposure to objects (such as needles) that have been contaminated with infected secretions.

Can Ebola be transmitted through the air?

No. Ebola is not a respiratory disease like the flu, so it is not transmitted through the air.

Can I get Ebola from contaminated food or water?

No. Ebola is not a food-borne illness. It is not a water-borne illness.

Can I get Ebola from a person who is infected but doesn’t have any symptoms?

No. Individuals who are not symptomatic are not contagious. In order for the virus to be transmitted, an individual would have to have direct contact with an individual who is experiencing symptoms.

Are there any cases of individuals contracting Ebola in the U.S.?

No.

What is being done to prevent ill passengers in West Africa from getting on a plane?

CDC is assisting with active screening and education efforts on the ground in West Africa to prevent sick travelers from getting on planes. In addition, airports in Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea are screening all outbound passengers for Ebola symptoms, including fever, and passengers are required to respond to a healthcare questionnaire. CDC is also surging support in the region by deploying 50 additional workers to help build capacity on the ground.

What is CDC doing in the U.S.?

On the remote possibility that an ill passenger enters the U.S., CDC has protocols in place to protect against further spread of disease. These include notification to CDC of ill passengers on a plane before arrival, investigation of ill travelers, and, if necessary, isolation. CDC has also provided guidance to airlines for managing ill passengers and crew and for disinfecting aircraft. CDC has issued a Health Alert Notice reminding U.S. healthcare workers of the importance of taking steps to prevent the spread of this virus, how to test and isolate suspected patients and how they can protect themselves from infection.

What about ill Americans with Ebola who are being brought to the United States for treatment? How is CDC protecting the American public?

CDC has very well-established protocols in place to ensure the secure transport and care of patients with infectious diseases back to the United States. These procedures cover the entire process -- from patients leaving their bedside in a foreign country to their transport to an airport and boarding a non-commercial airplane equipped with a special transport isolation unit, to their arrival at a medical facility in the United States that is appropriately equipped and staffed to handle such cases. CDC’s role is to ensure that travel and hospitalization is done to minimize risk of spread of infection and to ensure that the American public is protected. Patients were evacuated in similar ways during SARS.

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How women tend to react to stress?

woman with her familyHistory of Kasandra I have two full time jobs: I´m the manager of a customer service center and the mother of two young children. I see myself as a happy person and a dedicated worker. But last month, the traffic, my work, household chores, and try to spend enough time with my kids were really stressed out. I get up very early in the morning to prepare my children for school, and then take so long to get to work when I arrive and am cranky. In my office there is shortage of staff and we had meet many deadlines, so I was working overtime. My home life was affected: the traffic back home did not improve my mood, and when it came I was so tired I did not want to do anything! But I was faced with having to make dinner and wash clothes. My kids also need my attention! wanted to control my stress before it overwhelmed me. I talked to my boss about work later to avoid traffic and therefore be in a better mood when I get to work and home. I asked my husband to go to get the kids through school, and he´s offered to help with dinner and laundry. When he cooks, I go biking with my kids. I also started to book five minutes morning and late at work to relax and breathe deeply. These small changes have had a major positive effect on my life!

What are some of the most common causes of stress?

Stress can occur for many reasons. It can be triggered by a traumatic accident, a death, or an emergency situation.Stress can also be a side effect of a serious illness.

There is also stress associated with daily life, the workplace, and family responsibilities. It´s hard to stay calm or relaxed with our hectic lives. As women we have many roles to play: that of wife, mother, caregiver, friend or employee. With all the occupations we have in our life, it seems almost impossible to find ways to relieve our stress. However it is important to find those ways, because your health depends on it.

What are some of the early signs of stress?

Stress can have many different forms, and contribute to the symptoms of disease. Some of the common symptoms are headache, sleep problems, difficulty concentrating, bad temper, stomach disorders, job dissatisfaction, low mood, depression and anxiety.

How women tend to react to stress?

We all have to deal with stressful situations such as traffic, fights with spouse, and work problems. Some researchers believe that women handle stress in a unique way: engage and befriend.

  • Dealing: women protect and care for their children
  • Befriend: women seeking and receiving social support

In times of stress, women tend to care for their children and get support from their female friends. Women organisms produce chemicals that are believed to promote these reactions. One of these chemicals is oxytocin, which has a calming effect during times of stress. This is the same chemical that is released during childbirth and that is found in higher levels in lactating women, who are believed to be calmer and more sociable than those who do not. Women also have estrogen hormone, which enhances the effects of oxytocin. Men, on the other hand, have high levels of testosterone in times of stress, which blocks the calming effects of oxytocin and causes hostility, withdrawal and anger.

How does stress affect my body and my health?

We all suffer stress. There are short-term stress, such as getting lost when driving or missing the bus. To everyday situations, such as planning a meal or making time for errands, can be stressful. This type of stress can make us feel worried or anxious.

At other times we face long-term stress, such as racial discrimination, a fatal illness, or divorce. These stressful events can also affect your health in different ways. The long-term stress can increase your risk for certain medical conditions, such as depression problems.

Both short-term stress and long-term stress can affect your body. The research is beginning to show the serious effects of stress on our body. Stress triggers changes in our body and makes it more likely you sick. It can also worsen problems and suffering. You can influence the following problems:

  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Headaches
  • Constipation
  • Diarrhea
  • Irritability
  • Lack of energy
  • Lack of concentration
  • Overeating or not eating
  • Anger
  • Sadness
  • Increased risk of asthma attacks or arthritis
  • Tension
  • Stomach cramps
  • Bloating
  • Skin problems such as urticaria
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Weight gain or loss
  • Heart problems
  • Hypertension
  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome
  • Diabetes
  • Neck or back pain
  • Decreased sexual desire
  • Trouble getting pregnant

What are some of the most stressful life events?

Any change in our lives can be stressful, even some of the happiest, like having a baby or starting a new job. Here are some of the most stressful life events:

  • Death of a spouse
  • Divorce
  • Separation
  • Going to jail
  • Death of a close relative
  • Illness or injury
  • Marriage
  • Pregnancy
  • Retirement

Scale of Life Events Holmes and Rahe (1967)

What is Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)?

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD for short) is a debilitating condition that can occur after being exposed to a terrifying event or experience in which serious physical harm occurred or the threat thereof. Among the traumatic events that may trigger PTSD include violent attacks on the person, such as rape or mugging, natural disasters or caused by man, accidents, or military combat.

Many people with PTSD repeatedly relive the experience through episodes of flashbacks, memories, nightmares, or frightening thoughts, especially when exposed to events or objects that remind them of the trauma. Anniversaries of the event can also trigger symptoms. People with PTSD may also experience emotional numbness, sleep disturbances, depression, anxiety, irritability or outbursts of anger. Feelings of intense guilt are also common (called survivor guilt), especially if other people did not survive the traumatic event.

Most people who are exposed to a traumatic and stressful event suffer some symptoms of PTSD in the days and weeks following the event, but the symptoms usually disappear. However, about 8% of men and 20% of women go on to develop PTSD, and roughly 30% of these individuals develop a chronic or long-term PTSD continuing for the rest of their lives variety.

How I can help manage my stress?

Do not let stress the disease. Women usually carry a higher burden of stress we should. Often we are not even aware of our stress level. Pay attention to your body to know when stress is affected their health. Here are some ways to help manage stress:

  • Relax. loose is important. Everyone has their way of relaxing. Some of these ways are deep breathing, yoga, meditation and massage therapy. If you can not do these things, take a few minutes to sit down, listen to soothing music, or read a book.
  • Reserve time for yourself. Taking care of yourself is important. To not feel guilty, consider it an order from your doctor! No matter how busy you are, you can try to book at least 15 minutes per day in its program of activities to do something for herself, such as taking a bubble bath, go for a walk or call a friend on the phone.
  • Sleep. Sleeping is a great way to help both your body and your mind. If you do not get enough sleep, your stress can worsen. Nor can fight disease in the same way if you sleep poorly. If you get enough sleep, you can better address their problems and reduce your risk of getting sick. Try to get seven to nine hours every night.
  • Eat right. Try to get energy by eating fruits, vegetables and protein. Peanut butter, chicken salad or tuna are good sources of protein. Eat whole grains, such as bread and wheat crackers. Do not be fooled by the jolt of energy you feel when consuming caffeine or sugar, that energy will run out quickly.
  • Move. Believe it or not, physical activity not only helps relieve muscle tension, but also improves your mood!Before and after physical activity, the body produces certain chemicals called endorphins that relieve stress and improve your mood.
  • Talk to friends. Talk to your friends in order to better manage stress. Friends listen well. Does very well find someone who will let you talk freely about their problems and feelings without judgment. It also helps to hear a different point of view. His friends remember you are not alone.
  • Get professional help if needed. Talk to a therapist. A therapist can help you manage stress and find better ways to cope. Therapy can also help with more serious stress-related disorders such as PTSD. There are medications that can help relieve symptoms of depression and anxiety, and promote sleep.
  • Be transigente. Sometimes discuss not worth the stress it generates. Yield occasionally.
  • Write down what you think. Did you ever sent email to a friend about the terrible day that was, and felt better afterwards? Why not take a pen and paper and write down what is happening in your life? Keeping a journal can be a great way to vent and manage their problems. You can then re-read your journal and see how much progress has been made!
  • Help others. Helping someone can help themselves. Help your neighbor, or do volunteer work in your community.
  • Have a hobby. Find something you enjoy. Be sure to take the time to explore their interests.
  • Please limits. Regarding things like work and family, determine how much you can actually do. The amount of hours in the day is limited. Limit yourself to yourself and others too. Do not be afraid to say NO to requests for your time and energy.
  • Plan your time. Consider in advance how you will use your time. Write a list of things to do. Decide which are the most important.
  • Do not handle stress in ways that are not healthy. Among these are drinking too much alcohol, using drugs, smoking or overeating.

I heard deep breathing can help with my stress. How is it done?

Deep breathing is a good way to relax. Try to do it a few times per day. Here´s how you do it:

  1. Lie down or sit in a chair.
  2. Rest your hands on your stomach.
  3. Slowly count to four and inhale through the nose. Feel your stomach rise. Hold your breath for a second.
  4. Slowly count to four while you exhale through your mouth. To control how fast you exhale, purse your lips as if to whistle. Your stomach will slowly drop.
  5. Repeat for five to ten times.

Cause stress ulcers?

Doctors used to think ulcers were caused by stress and spicy foods. We now know that stress does not cause ulcers, only irritates. The ulcers are caused by a bacterium (germ) called H. pylori. Researchers do not yet know for certain how people contract. They think they can get it through the water. It is treated by a combination of antibiotics and other drugs.

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4 Ways how young people can get health insurance

Young adults have several options to get coverage through the insurance market.

1. Special Enrollment Periods

Find out if you are eligible for a Special Enrollment Period. You may be eligible for registration under the Special Enrollment Period unknowingly. If your student medical coverage you finished, you may be eligible for a Special Enrollment Period that will allow you to purchase a health plan through the Insurance Market. You might also grant a Special Enrollment Period if you get married or divorced, have a child or adopt a child, moving to another area, and not old enough to be on the safe parent or have in your life some other event eligible to do so.

2. Medicaid and CHIP

Find out how to request coverage for Medicaid and CHIP . You can enroll in Medicaid or the Childrens Health Insurance Program (CHIP) at any time of year. If you qualify you can now register.

3. coverage through the health plan of the parent

You can get coverage from their parents plan until age 26, even if married, not living with their parents or dependent on them economically. After age 26, you qualify for a Special Enrollment Period.

4. Catastrophic Coverage

These plans are an affordable way to protect yourself from the high costs of the worst cases, such as an accident or serious illness. If you are under 30, you can purchase a catastrophic plan coverage. Served three visits per year before you have paid the deductible and certain preventive services .

Pay attention to your lifestyle in times of stress, advises a researcher

 

 Exercise, a healthy diet and a good sleep can protect the body from the negative effects of stress and slow down the process of aging at the cellular level, some researchers report.

A study with hundreds of older women found that stressful events are linked to increased shrinkage of Telomeres, the protective caps at the ends of chromosomes that affect the speed with which age the cells.

"We found that in a period of one year, while more stressful factors showed a woman, most likely it was their Telomeres are encogieran," said the author of the study, Eli Puterman, Assistant Professor of Psychiatry at the Faculty of Medicine of the University of California in San Francisco.

But women who maintained an active life style, ate and slept well seemed protected from the effects of stress, and their Telomeres did not show a significant additional shrink, the researchers said.

Dr. Michael Speicher, Professor and Chair of the Institute of genetics, human at the Medical University of Graz, in Austria, said that the study "addresses a really important biological question: the reason that a healthy lifestyle of truth is useful, especially if one is exposed to stressors".

"The encouraging message is that if one carries out these healthy behaviors, you can reduce some of the effects of stress on the body," he said.

Telomeres are like the plastic end tips at the ends of the shoelace, which avoid you to discard.

They are composed of DNA and protein, and protect the ends of chromosomes so that you discard. As the Telomeres are shortened and their structural integrity is weakened, the cells age and die more quickly.

This type of cell aging has partnered with diseases related to age, cardiovascular disease, Alzheimers disease and cancer. A theory holds that older people are more likely to get cancer because its shrunken Telomeres have made that their chromosomes are unstable and that they tend to operate poorly, said Speicher, it did not participate in the study.

The Telomeres become shorter naturally with age, but unhealthy behaviors such as smoking, poor diet and lack of sleep can do that they shorten before, warned Puterman. Chronic emotional stress has also been linked with a few shorter Telomeres.

To see if a healthy lifestyle could combat the effects of stress, the researchers tracked 239 postmenopausal women who do not smoked for a year. The findings appear in the edition of July 29, the journal Molecular Psychiatry.

The women provided blood samples at the beginning and at the end of the year to measure the Telomere. They were subjected to periodic reviews of their physical activity, diet, and sleep.

In the end, the women also reported stressful events that had occurred in that year. Researchers focused on really stressful life events, become a caregiver of a relative sick, losing a house or a job, or that a loved one died, said Puterman.

The researchers found that those major stressful events elicited a more significant decline in the length of the Telomeres in women who were healthy behaviors without too much evidence.

But the same levels of stress not elicited a greater shortening of Telomeres in women who remained active, eat a healthy diet and slept well.

The study shows the importance of maintaining a healthy lifestyle in the difficult life periods, they said Puterman and Speicher.

"If were in stressful situations, physical activity, sleep and nutrition of truth are really important to keep our bodies in shape and stay healthy", said Speicher. "With this study now we see it at the genetic level."

The study also expands our understanding of how a healthy lifestyle affects the aging process, said Puterman.

"The same type of person who eats well and continues to exercise is the same type of person who does not age much," he said. "As we delve ever deeper into the cell, get more information above why and what happens at the genetic level".

But the study actually does not prove a causal relationship between healthy habits and a few longer Telomeres. The next step will be randomised trials to see if the exercise can be used to slow down Cellular Aging in people who face a continuous life stress, such as caregivers of Alzheimers patients.

"We will see if we can change the aging process within cells, as well as the levels of depression and stress and that sort of thing," said Puterman.

Although the study was limited to women, both experts said it makes sense that the findings apply to men.

Speicher went further. "There are several studies that say that on average, men have about womens shorter Telomeres," he said. "It could assumed that the effects on men would be even greater on women, but that is just a theory".

More information

For more information about Telomeres, visit the University of Utah.


Article by HealthDay



Why my child need the HPV vaccine?

This vaccine protects against most of the cancers caused by the virus infection of human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV is a common virus that spreads among people when they have sexual contact with another person. Each year, around 14 million people, including teenagers, are infected with HPV. HPV infection can cause cancer of the cervix in women and cancer of the penis in men. HPV can also cause anal cancer, cancer of the throat and genital warts in both men and women.


When should my child be vaccinated?

It is recommended that preteens, both male and female, put the HPV vaccine at age 11 or 12 years old so that they are protected until they are exposed to the virus. If your teen not has been the vaccine still, talk to your doctor to make it be as soon as possible.

The HPV vaccine is given in 3 doses. The second dose should be 1 or 2 months after the first and the third dose should be administered 6 months after the first. Make sure that your child wear 3 doses to ensure the best protection.


Teen outdoors.

What else should I know about the HPV vaccine?

There are two vaccines against HPV. Girls between 11 and 12 years of age) and young women between 13 and 26 years any of them should be placed to prevent cancer of the cervix.

One vaccine also protects against genital warts and anal cancer in women as in men. Children need to be with this HPV vaccine to prevent anal cancer and genital warts. Girls can be this vaccine to prevent cancer of the cervix, anal cancer and genital warts.

Very careful studies of both HPV vaccines have been performed and these studies have shown that no serious security concern there is with them. Some side effects that have been reported in these studies include pain in the arm, on the site that has been the injection, fever, dizziness and nausea.

Some preteens and teens you can pass out after receiving the HPV vaccine or any other vaccine.Preteens and teens must sit or lie when they put the vaccine and remain so for about 15 minutes after receiving the injection. This can help prevent fainting or other injury that could happen to the faint.

Serious side effects of the HPV vaccine are rare. It is important to tell the doctor or nurse your child if you have any severe allergies, including allergy against the latex or yeast. He is not recommended to put the HPV vaccine to women who are pregnant.

Centres stop Control and prevention of diseases (CDC), all American Academy of family physicians, the American Academy of Pediatrics and the society of adolescent medicine and health recommended vaccines against HPV.


Where can I get more information?

For more information on HPV vaccines and other vaccines for pre-teens and teens talk with the doctor or the nurse her son. You can also get more information is available on the web site "Vaccines for pre-teens and teenagers" from CDC at the following address:cdc.govAclaraci?n sobre los enlaces a sitios web externos ohttp://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/teensAclaraci?n sobre los enlaces a sitios web externos (for more information).


How can I get help to pay for these vaccines?

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By making some small changes in your home and garden, you can reduce emissions of greenhouse gases and save money

By making some small changes in your home and garden, you can reduce emissions of greenhouse gases and save money. Explore our list of the 10 simple steps you can take to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases.

1. Replace 5 lights at home

Replace the five most frequently used lights or the bulbs in these, with products certified under the seal of ENERGY STAR ® and you help the environment by saving more than $ 70 per year in electricity bills. ENERGY STAR lighting provides bright, warm light that generates 75% less heat; uses up to 75% less energy than traditional lighting; and lasts 10 to 50 times longer.

2. Look for products certified under the ENERGY STAR

When buying new products for your home, look for the ENERGY STAR EPA that will help you make a decision more energy efficient. You can find the Energy Star label on more than 60 kinds of products, including appliances, lighting equipment, heating and air conditioning, electronics and office equipment. Throughout life all on your home certified under the ENERGY STAR label may reduce emissions of greenhouse gases approximately 130.000 pounds and save $ 11,000 in electricity bills.

3. Heat and cool your home smartly

Expenses for the use of heating and cooling account for almost half of its electricity-bill about $ 1,000 a year! There are many things you can do to reduce these costs. Simple steps such as changing air filters regularly, properly using a programmable thermostat and making sure to give annually due maintain your heating and air conditioning by a licensed contractor can save energy and increase comfort at home while helping to protect environment. Depending on the area you live in, you can reduce your annual energy bill by more than $ 200 to replace your heating and air conditioning old certificate under the seal of ENERGY STAR equipment.

4. Selle home and add insulation with ENERGY STAR

Reduce leaks and drafts using caulk, weatherstripping and insulation to seal any cracks or hollow along windows and doors in your home as well as in the attic to block heat and cold. An owner with appropriate knowledge or skilled contractor can save you up to 20% on the cost of heating and air conditioning. Through these actions you can greatly improve the comfort in your home following proper sealing and insulation measures.

5. Reduce, Reuse and Recycle

The reduce, reuse, and recycling in your home helps conserve energy and reduce pollution and emissions of greenhouse gases from extraction, manufacturing and disposal. If there is a recycling program in your community, recycle your newspapers, soda bottles, paper and other products. Also the composting of food waste and yard cleanup reduces the amount of waste you send to landfill and reduces emissions of greenhouse gases. Visit the Individual Waste Reduction Model EPA (iWARM for its acronym in English) to learn about the energy benefits of recycling common waste on landfill disposal.

6. Use water efficiently

It requires a lot of energy to pump, treat, and heat water, thus water conservation reduces emissions of greenhouse gases. Saving water at home is easy. Three percent of the nation´s energy is used to pump and treat water, thus conserving water also conserves energy by reducing pollution of greenhouse gases. Reduce as much as possible the amount of waste generated and the water you drink. Take simple steps to conserve water such as not leaving the tap when shaving or brushing your teeth and save money while conserving water using products labeled WaterSense . Did you know a leaky toilet can waste 200 gallons of water per day? Repair all leaks and dripping faucets and toilets immediately. When you run the dishwasher to capacity will save 100 pounds of carbon dioxide and up to $ 40 per year.Pour water to the lawn and garden wisely. Only water them when necessary and do it in the coolest part of the day.Typically, early morning is the best time. See the Web site of the EPA WaterSense for more tips on how to conserve water.

7. Practice organic gardening

The composting of food waste and grass clippings reduces the amount of waste sent to landfills and emissions of greenhouse gases. The program GreenScapes EPA has several tips and useful publications (PDF)  (16 pp, 1.8MB, About PDF )on how to improve your lawn or garden while also helping the environment.

8. Buy green energy

Energize your home by purchasing green energy. The green energy is environmentally beneficial electricity that has been generated by renewable energy sources like wind and sun. There are two ways to use green energy. You can buy green power or you can modify your house to generate your own green energy. Purchasing green power is easy . It offers a host of environmental and economic benefits unlike conventional electricity, including lower emissions of greenhouse gases and helps to increase the supply of clean energy. There are several steps you can take to create a greener home, including installing solar panels  and investigate incentives for renewable energy in your state .

9. Calculate the carbon footprint in your home

Use the calculator Domestic Emissions EPA Greenhouse Gas to make an estimate of emissions of greenhouse gases in their residence from the use of energy, transportation, and waste disposal. This tool will help you understand where they come from and how emissions identify ways to reduce them.

10. Communicate the message

Tell your family and friends that energy efficiency is good for their homes and good for the environment because it reduces emissions of greenhouse gases and air pollution. Tell five people and together we can help each other, reducing the cost of energy in our homes.

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PAMPA TEXAS tspan:3m PAMPA TEXAS

You have the right to a safe workplace

You have the right to a safe workplace. The Law on Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (OSH Act) was enacted to prevent death, injury or illness of workers in their workplaces. The law requires employers to provide free working conditions hazards and unsafe conditions. The Act (OSH Act) created the Administration Occupational Safety and Health (OSHA), which sets and enforces standards that protect the safety and health at workplaces. OSHA also provides information, training and assistance to workers and employers. Workers can make a complaint to OSHA inspect their workplace if they believe their employer is not following OSHA standards or there are serious risks. Contact us with questions or to make a complaint . We will keep your information confidential. We are here to help.

The rights of workers under the OSHA Act

Workers have the right to conditions of work without risk of serious harm. Site to ensure safe and healthful workplace, OSHA also provides workers the right to:
  • Ask OSHA to conduct an inspection of the workplace.
  • Exercise their rights under the law of revenge free or discrimination.
  • Receive information and training about hazards, methods to prevent damage and OSHA standards that apply to your workplace. The training must be in a language you can understand;
  • Having access to the results of the tests done to find hazards in the workplace,
  • Read the archives of injuries and work-related diseases ;
  • Access to copies of your medical records ;

Who covers the OSHA

Private sector workers Most employees in the country are under the jurisdiction of the OSHA law. OSHA covers employers and private sector workers in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and other jurisdictions of the United States, either directly by the OSHA Federal, or anOSHA-approved state program . State Programs health and safety should be at least as effective as federal OSHA program. To find the contact information for the Office of Federal or state program of the nearest OSHA, see the map of the regional offices. Employees of state and local government Employees who work for state and local governments are not covered by the federal OSHA, but have protection under the OSHA law if they work in states that have a state program approved by OSHA. Four states and a territory of the USA. UU. have OSHA-approved plans that cover only public sector employees. These include: Connecticut, Illinois, New Jersey, New York, and the Virgin Islands. Workers in the private sector in these four states and the Virgin Islands are covered by federal OSHA. Federal workers Federal agencies must have a safety and health program that meets the same standards as private employers. Although OSHA does not assign fines to federal agencies, yes the monitors and responds to complaints from their workers. The States Postal Service (USPS) is covered by OSHA. Not covered by the OSHA Act:
  • Freelance workers;
  • Members of the immediate family of the owners of a farm that did not employ outside workers; and
  • Workplace hazards that are regulated by another federal agency (eg Administration Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA), the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), the Coast Guard)

Standards OSHA: Occupational

OSHA standards are regulations that describe the methods that employers must use to protect their employees from hazards and risks. There are OSHA standards for the construction , agriculturemarine operations , and general industry. latter category are the standards that apply to most workplaces. Standards limit the amount of hazardous chemicals to which workers can be exposed;require the use of certain safe practices and equipment; and require employers to monitor hazards and keep reports of injuries and illnesses in the workplace. Examples of OSHA standards include requirements to: provide fall protection; prevent the collapse of excavations; prevent some infectious diseases; ensure that workers entering confined spaces safely; prevent employees from being exposed to harmful substances such as asbestos; put guards on machines; provide respirators or other safety equipment; and provide training for certain dangerous jobs. Employers must also conform to the General Duty Clause of the OSHA Act ​​requires employers to keep their workplace free of hazards that are recognized as serious. This clause is usually cited when no OSHA standard applies directly to danger.

Workers can request that OSHA inspect your workplace

Workers or their representatives, may file a complaint and request OSHA to conduct an inspection of your workplace if they believe there is a serious danger or your employer is not complying with OSHA standards. A worker can tell OSHA to keep your identity confidential. 's a violation of the OSH Act an employee is fired, demoted, transferred, or discriminated against in any way for filing a complaint or exercise other rights of OSHA. You can make a complaint online , download the form and mail or fax to the office of the nearest OSHA ; or by calling 1-800-321-OSHA (6742). Most of the complaints received from the Internet can be resolved informally by phone with your employer. Written complaints that are signed by an employee or representative and sent to the OSHA office nearest are more likely to result in an OSHA inspection at your workplace. When the OSHA inspector arrives, workers and their representatives have the right to:
  • Be present during the inspection.
  • Talk to the OSHA inspector privately.
  • Take part in meetings between the inspector and the employer before and after the inspection.
When no union representative or the employee, the OSHA inspector must speak confidentially to a reasonable number of employees during the course of the inspection. When an inspector finds violations of OSHA standards or serious hazards, OSHA can issue citations and fines. A citation includes the methods that an employer can use to fix the problem, and the date when these corrective actions must be completed. Workers have the right to challenge only the date when the problem has to be solved. But employers have the right to dispute whether there is a violation, or any other part of the citation. Workers or their representatives must notify OSHA if they want to be involved in the appeal process, if the employer challenges a subpoena. "If you send a complaint requesting an OSHA inspection, you are entitled to a copy of the results of the OSHA inspection and request that they be revised if OSHA decides not to issue citations."

Employer Responsibilities

Employers have a responsibility to provide a safe workplace. Employers MUST provide a workplace free of serious hazards and follow all health and safety standards of OSHA .Employers have to find and fix security issues and health. OSHA also requires employers to try to eliminate or reduce hazards by making changes in working conditions, rather than simply wear masks, gloves, ear plugs, or other types of personal protective equipment (PPE for short in English). Switching to safer chemicals, processes to trap harmful gases, or using ventilation systems to clean the air are examples of effective ways to eliminate or reduce risks. Employers also MUST:
  • Inform employees about the dangers workout, tags, alarms, color-coded systems, information sheets on chemicals and other methods.
  • Save accurate reports of injuries and work-related diseases .
  • Testing in the workplace, such as air sampling, required by some OSHA standards
  • Providing hearing tests or other medical tests required by OSHA standards
  • Locate OSHA citations, data on injuries and illnesses, and the OSHA poster at the jobsite in a place where employees can see them.
  • Report to OSHA within 8 hours after an incident in the workplace where there is a death or when three or more workers to go to hospital.
  • Not discriminate and not retaliate against an employee for exercising their rights under the law.

You can not be punished or discriminated against for exercising their rights under the law of the OSHA

OSHA law protects workers who complain to their employer, OSHA or other government agencies on working conditions that are not healthy or safe, or environmental problems. You can not be transferred, denied a raise, have your hours reduced, be fired, or punished in any other way for exercising their rights under the law of OSHA. OSHA There is help for whistleblowers . If you have been punished or discriminated against for asserting your rights, you must file a complaint with OSHA within 30 days of the alleged retaliation have occurred to most complaints. No form is required, but you must send a letter or call the office nearest OSHA explaining the situation and the alleged discrimination.

What if there is a dangerous situation at work?

If you believe that your work conditions are not healthy or safe, we recommend that you notify your employer of the conditions, if possible. You can make a complaint with OSHA about a hazardous job at any time. But you should not leave the job site only because you made ​​a complaint. If the condition clearly presents a risk of death or serious physical harm, there is insufficient time for OSHA consider, and, whenever possible, you have shown the condition to your employer, you may have a legal right reused to work in a situation where you would be exposed to danger.

Additional information for workers

Does OSHA has reviewed my employer? You can research the history of inspection through their employer seeking establishment of OSHA . Just enter the name of your company and choose the dates you want to examine. What is the danger most commonly cited in my industry? You'll need to know the standard industry classification code (SIC, for its acronym in English) from their employer . Once you know your four-digit code, visit the OSHA Standards that are frequently cited , enter your SIC code and see the information for the last year. Does OSHA provides technical information on hazards? OSHA provides technical information to help workers, employers and professionals in health and safety issues, to reduce occupational injuries and illnesses. For example, you can find information on pathogens, and ergonomic machine guards or fall protection. What is the OSHA materials that may be of interest to workers? OSHA publishes a variety of publications on many topics. Some of the most useful publications for workers are listed below. See OSHA publications for a complete list of materials published by the agency. You can also order publications online.


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