PAMPA TEXAS NEWS AND BLOG


Latest News - PAMPA TEXAS

Thomas defied odds to have career in NFL


At less than one, they seemed nearly impossible. But that 8-year-old boy playing for the “Mean Machine” in Pampa, Texas, in 1981 was set on defying those odds. “That’s big odds, but I dreamed big,” Thomas said. “I just wanted to play the game ...

Pampa PD investigating motorcycle wreck


29, at approximately 8:30 p.m., the Pampa Police Department responded to the 1100 block ...
Stowers, who was not wearing a helmet, was taken by Lifestar to Northwest Texas Hospital in Amarillo, and is listed in stable condition at this time.

Pampa Motorcycle Wreck; Road Closed For Investigation


The driver was not wearing a helmet and was taken by Lifestar to Northwest Texas Hospital in Amarillo. PAMPA -- Pampa Police responded to a motorcycle wreck at 8:30 p.m. Monday night at the 1100 block of W. 19th Ave. The driver was not wearing a helmet and ...

Lavena Mae “Jean” Tyrrell


They moved to Pampa in 1957, and Leo started with the Pampa Fire Department ...
Memorials may be made to Child Evangelism, CEF of West Texas, Inc., 818 W. 9 th Ave., Amarillo TX 79101-3206. The family will receive friends from 6:00-7:30 PM Monday at ...

Pampa Crime of the Week: $400 reward offered for info


PAMPA, TEXAS -- Pampa & Gray County Crime Stoppers needs your help in solving this week's Crime of the Week. On Sept. 20 at around 1:30 a.m., suspect(s) forced entry into the Cottage Collection Store, 922 W. 23rd Ave. in Pampa. Once inside, the suspect(s ...

Red Raider Gridiron: Thomas in Pampa Hall of Fame; Stopping the Run


Former Red Raider footballer Zach Thomas is inducted into the Pampa Harvester Hall of Fame, plus some of the ESPN folks opine on the Texas Tech defense. I'll have a open thread at 11:00 am or so later today. Fix the Run. ESPN writes about how new defensive ...

Thomas delivers stirring message to students


Thomas put Pampa football on the map, becoming one of the greatest football players in Texas Panhandle history. Thomas starred at linebacker for Texas Tech — he is the only three-year team captain in Tech history — and then with the Miami Dolphins ...

Basic acquires Pioneer Fishing and Rental


PFR operates its rental and fishing tool business from locations in Woodward, Oklahoma; Pampa, Texas; and Springtown, Texas. Basic expects this acquisition to be immediately accretive to earnings and to contribute revenue of $14 million in 2015.

Basic Energy Services Completes Acquisition of Pioneer Fishing and Rental, a Division of Pioneer Energy Services


PFR operates its rental and fishing tool business from locations in Woodward, OK, Pampa, TX and Springtown, TX. Basic expects this acquisition to be immediately accretive to earnings and to contribute revenue of approximately $14 million in 2015.

Texas woman given 60 years for shooting husband


FORT WORTH, Texas (AP) -- A North Texas woman has been sentenced to 60 years in prison for the 2011 shooting death of her husband. Michele Williams was sentenced by a Fort Worth jury on Tuesday after being convicted a day earlier of murder and tampering ...

These 5 what ifs stopped the Texas Rangers playoff hopes


Looking back at the Texas Rangers horrible season it’s easy to find places where to lay blame. The team used 64 different players, 33 pitchers, 33 rookies and used the disabled list 25 times. Those numbers alone were a huge part of the team’s last ...

Texas Governor's Race: Davis, Abbott to Spar in Last Debate


Tonight's debate will be streamed live inside of this article. The stream will appear at the top of the page. Democrat Wendy Davis has one last debate with Republican Greg Abbott to try to narrow the gap in the Texas governor's race. Their final debate ...

Texas man who faked military past pleads guilty


HOUSTON (AP) — A convicted Texas felon who faked being an Army Ranger to get close to acclaimed retired Navy SEAL Marcus Luttrell faces up to 10 years in prison for having guns. Daniel Lee Marshall of Conroe pleaded guilty Monday to possession of a ...

Texas Ebola virus case confirmed


Dan Patrick, Texas State Senator and Republican nominee for Lieutenant Governor makes the following statement regarding today’s confirmation of Ebola virus in Dallas: “Today the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), along with the Commissioner of the ...

Ebola Is Diagnosed in Texas, First Case Found in the U.S.


A man who took a commercial flight from Liberia that landed in Dallas on Sept. 20 has been found to have the Ebola virus, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported on Tuesday. He is the first traveler to have brought the virus to the United ...

Dallas Texas


Neiman MarcusNorthPark store in Dallas Texas will launch a new Estée Lauder in-store shop on June 18,2014. Model/actress Elizabeth Hurley and Leonard Lauder will be on hand at the opening. The event will also showcase the traveling Estée Lauder..

First case of Ebola diagnosed in U.S. after infected man arrives in Texas from West Africa: CDC


The first case of Ebola has been diagnosed in the U.S., the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has confirmed. An unidentified male patient in Texas who recently arrived from Liberia in West Africa is currently being treated for the deadly virus at ...

CDC experts to deploy to Texas if patient has Ebola: official


DALLAS (Reuters) - U.S. health specialists are ready to deploy to Dallas if a patient being evaluated for Ebola is found to be carrying the disease that has killed thousands of people in West Africa, a Dallas County official said on Tuesday. Texas Health ...

Strong accepts Texas is underdog against No. 7 Baylor, even if his players don't


AUSTIN, Texas – In his first season in the Big 12, Texas coach Charlie Strong seems to have accepted his role as underdog this week against No. 7 Baylor. "I don't have a choice,' Strong said with a laugh on Monday. "We're a (two-touchdown) underdog right ...



SPECIAL INFORMATION FOR PAMPA

How women tend to react to stress?

woman with her familyHistory of Kasandra I have two full time jobs: I´m the manager of a customer service middle and the mother of two young children. I see myself as a happy person and a dedicated worker. But last month, the traffic, my work, household chores, and try to spend enough time with my kids were genuinely stressed out. I get up very early in the morning to prepare my children for school, and then take so long to get to work when I arrive and am cranky. In my office there is shortage of staff and we had meet many deadlines, so I was working overtime. My home life was affected: the traffic back home did not improve my mood, and when it came I was so tired I did not want to do anything! But I was faced with having to make dinner and wash clothes. My kids also need my attention! wanted to control my stress before it overwhelmed me. I talked to my boss about work later to avoid traffic and therefore be in a better mood when I get to work and home. I asked my husband to go to get the kids through school, and he´s offered to help with dinner and laundry. When he cooks, I go biking with my kids. I also started to book five minutes morning and late at work to relax and breathe deeply. These small changes have had a major positive effect on my life!

What are some of the most common causes of stress?

Stress can occur for many reasons. It can be triggered by a traumatic accident, a death, or an emergency situation.Stress can also be a side effect of a serious illness.

There is also stress associated with daily life, the workplace, and family responsibilities. It´s difficult to stay calm or relaxed with our hectic lives. As women we have many roles to play: that of wife, mother, caregiver, friend or employee. With all the occupations we have in our life, it seems almost impossible to find ways to relieve our stress. However it is important to find those ways, because your health depends on it.

What are some of the early signs of stress?

Stress can have many different forms, and contribute to the symptoms of disease. Some of the common symptoms are headache, sleep problems, difficulty concentrating, bad temper, stomach disorders, job dissatisfaction, low mood, depression and anxiety.

How women tend to react to stress?

We all have to deal with stressful situations such as traffic, fights with spouse, and work problems. Some researchers believe that women handle stress in a unique way: engage and befriend.

  • Dealing: women protect and care for their children
  • Befriend: women seeking and receiving social support

In times of stress, women tend to care for their children and get support from their female friends. Women organisms produce chemicals that are believed to promote these reactions. One of these chemicals is oxytocin, which has a calming effect during times of stress. This is the same chemical that is released during childbirth and that is found in taller levels in lactating women, who are believed to be calmer and more sociable than those who do not. Women also have estrogen hormone, which enhances the effects of oxytocin. Men, on the other hand, have tall levels of testosterone in times of stress, which blocks the calming effects of oxytocin and causes hostility, withdrawal and anger.

How does stress affect my body and my health?

We all suffer stress. There are short-term stress, such as getting lost when driving or missing the bus. To everyday situations, such as planning a meal or making time for errands, can be stressful. This type of stress can make us feel worried or anxious.

At other times we face long-term stress, such as racial discrimination, a fatal illness, or divorce. These stressful events can also affect your health in different ways. The long-term stress can increase your risk for certain medical conditions, such as depression problems.

Both short-term stress and long-term stress can affect your body. The research is beginning to show the serious effects of stress on our body. Stress triggers changes in our body and makes it more likely you sick. It can also worsen problems and suffering. You can influence the following problems:

  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Headaches
  • Constipation
  • Diarrhea
  • Irritability
  • Lack of energy
  • Lack of concentration
  • Overeating or not eating
  • Anger
  • Sadness
  • Increased risk of asthma attacks or arthritis
  • Tension
  • Stomach cramps
  • Bloating
  • Skin problems such as urticaria
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Weight gain or loss
  • Heart problems
  • Hypertension
  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome
  • Diabetes
  • Neck or back pain
  • Decreased sexual desire
  • Trouble getting pregnant

What are some of the most stressful life events?

Any change in our lives can be stressful, even some of the happiest, like having a baby or starting a modern job. Here are some of the most stressful life events:

  • Death of a spouse
  • Divorce
  • Separation
  • Going to jail
  • Death of a close relative
  • Illness or injury
  • Marriage
  • Pregnancy
  • Retirement

Scale of Life Events Holmes and Rahe (1967)

What is Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)?

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD for short) is a debilitating condition that can occur after being exposed to a terrifying event or experience in which serious physical harm occurred or the threat thereof. Among the traumatic events that may trigger PTSD include violent attacks on the person, such as rape or mugging, natural disasters or caused by man, accidents, or military combat.

Many people with PTSD repeatedly relive the experience through episodes of flashbacks, memories, nightmares, or frightening thoughts, especially when exposed to events or objects that remind them of the trauma. Anniversaries of the event can also trigger symptoms. People with PTSD may also experience emotional numbness, sleep disturbances, depression, anxiety, irritability or outbursts of anger. Feelings of intense guilt are also common (called survivor guilt), especially if other people did not survive the traumatic event.

Most people who are exposed to a traumatic and stressful event suffer some symptoms of PTSD in the days and weeks following the event, but the symptoms normally disappear. However, about 8% of men and 20% of women go on to develop PTSD, and roughly 30% of these individuals develop a chronic or long-term PTSD continuing for the rest of their lives variety.

How I can help manage my stress?

Do not let stress the disease. Women normally carry a taller burden of stress we should. Often we are not even aware of our stress level. Pay attention to your body to know when stress is affected their health. Here are some ways to help manage stress:

  • Relax. loose is important. Everyone has their way of relaxing. Some of these ways are deep breathing, yoga, meditation and massage therapy. If you can not do these things, take a few minutes to sit down, listen to soothing music, or read a book.
  • Reserve time for yourself. Taking care of yourself is important. To not feel guilty, consider it an order from your doctor! No matter how busy you are, you can try to book at least 15 minutes per day in its program of activities to do something for herself, such as taking a bubble bath, go for a walk or call a friend on the phone.
  • Sleep. Sleeping is a great way to help both your body and your mind. If you do not get enough sleep, your stress can worsen. Nor can fight disease in the same way if you sleep destitutely. If you get enough sleep, you can better address their problems and reduce your risk of getting sick. Try to get seven to nine hours every night.
  • Eat right. Try to get energy by eating fruits, vegetables and protein. Peanut butter, chicken salad or tuna are good sources of protein. Eat whole grains, such as bread and wheat crackers. Do not be fooled by the jolt of energy you feel when consuming caffeine or sugar, that energy will run out rapidly.
  • Move. Believe it or not, physical activity not only helps relieve muscle tension, but also improves your mood!Before and after physical activity, the body produces certain chemicals called endorphins that relieve stress and improve your mood.
  • Talk to friends. Talk to your friends in order to better manage stress. Friends listen well. Does very well find someone who will let you talk freely about their problems and feelings without judgment. It also helps to hear a different point of view. His friends remember you are not alone.
  • Get professional help if needed. Talk to a therapist. A therapist can help you manage stress and find better ways to cope. Therapy can also help with more serious stress-related disorders such as PTSD. There are medications that can help relieve symptoms of depression and anxiety, and promote sleep.
  • Be transigente. Sometimes discuss not worth the stress it generates. Yield occasionally.
  • Write down what you think. Did you ever sent email to a friend about the terrible day that was, and felt better afterwards? Why not take a pen and paper and write down what is happening in your life? Keeping a journal can be a great way to vent and manage their problems. You can then re-read your journal and see how much progress has been crazye!
  • Help others. Helping someone can help themselves. Help your neighbor, or do volunteer work in your community.
  • Have a hobby. Find something you enjoy. Be sure to take the time to explore their interests.
  • Please limits. Regarding things like work and family, determine how much you can actually do. The amount of hours in the day is limited. Limit yourself to yourself and others too. Do not be afraid to say NO to requests for your time and energy.
  • Plan your time. Consider in advance how you will use your time. Write a list of things to do. Decide which are the most important.
  • Do not handle stress in ways that are not healthy. Among these are drinking too much alcohol, using drugs, smoking or overeating.

I heard deep breathing can help with my stress. How is it done?

Deep breathing is a good way to relax. Try to do it a few times per day. Here´s how you do it:

  1. Lie down or sit in a chair.
  2. Rest your hands on your stomach.
  3. Slowly count to four and inhale through the nose. Feel your stomach rise. Hold your breath for a second.
  4. Slowly count to four while you exhale through your mouth. To control how fast you exhale, purse your lips as if to whistle. Your stomach will slowly drop.
  5. Repeat for five to ten times.

Cause stress ulcers?

Doctors used to think ulcers were caused by stress and spicy foods. We now know that stress does not cause ulcers, only irritates. The ulcers are caused by a bacterium (germ) called H. pylori. Researchers do not yet know for certain how people contract. They think they can get it through the water. It is treated by a combination of antibiotics and other drugs.

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Atention: "Every time you see someone promises you will lose weight without exercise, you know that the only thing you lose is your money"

The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) reported that at least four manufacturers -LeanSpa fashion formulas, L´Occitane, HCG Diet Direct and have engaged in misleading sensationalist propaganda. Companies, meanwhile, agreed to pay a combined $ 30 million to settle the matter.

The fine is not much for a business that moves each year between 60,000 million and 70,000 million dollars in a country where two thirds of the population are obese or overweight.

The FTC not only expects to collect that money to reimburse consumers who bought the fraudulent products but also called on newspapers, magazines, television stations and other media that suppress false or misleading propaganda.

"Every time you see someone promises you will lose weight without exercise, you know that the only thing you lose is your money," said a statement from the FTC. "Weight loss requires wise choices about the food."

About 100 million people "dieters" in the United States, easy and miraculous formulas have become even more popular since the years of the Great Recession.

Total spending on EE diets. UU. stagnated during the crisis and, in fact, it has not grown much since. Total revenues of the companies diets rose about 1.2% in 2012 and 2.6% in 2013, according to research firm MarketData markets.

What has changed is that more people are turning to the "fashionable formula"-usually a hodgepodge, fruit, grain or seed exótica- systems use less structured and more costly diets, the results are tested as WeightWatchers.

Over a year ago it became fashionable to extract green coffee beans, hailed as a miracle supplement for weight loss.

The investigation of the American Chemical Society on chlorogenic acid, the main ingredient in supplements of green coffee beans that soon went on sale in the "health food stores" showed that not contribute to weight loss and instead can make fatty deposits build up in the liver.

Another recent example of how quickly the exotic products gain public attention, and pay millions of dollars to doctors and dietitians who are promoted on popular television programs is Garcinia cambogia.

The extract of this fruit from Southeast Asia is promoted as a quick fix for excess weight, with no clinical studies to prove, without much time to use to determine their effects on people with certain health conditions.

On the other hand still has little popularity that the universal formula for losing excess weight, and to maintain healthy, remains a varied and moderate diet, along with an appropriate level of physical exercise. Ie consumption and expenditure necessary than consumed.

"It´s easy to make the resolution to lose weight and keep it is difficult," said Jessica Rich, director of the Office of Consumer Protection at the FTC. "And the odds of success just sprinkle something in the food, running a creamy thighs or using a ´supplement´ are between few and none."

Currently the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has given approval for only three compounds for weight loss, and these are suitable only for certain adults Belviq, Qsymia and Orilstat (sold without prescription under the name Alli) .

For Sensa is a powder which contains maltodextrin, tricalcium phosphate and siliceous as well as natural and artificial flavors, and that users spread on your meals.

The manufacturers claim in their propaganda that has been tested clinically an average weight loss of almost 14 pounds in six months, without dieting or exercise.

The FTC charged that Sensa Products, Inc. Sensa, Sensa´s chief executive, Adam Goldberg, and the creator of the formula, the doctor Alan Hirsch, making claims that are not supported by the evidence.

The FTC closed in December 2011 companies LeanSpa weight loss indicating that made false promises in its promotion of acai fruit and products for colon cleansing.

L´Occitane appeared on the market with a different approach: skin creams with names like Beautiful Shape and Almond Delight Almond Shaping the application, according to the propaganda, slim down the fats in about three inches in just four weeks.

HDG Diet Direct, meanwhile, sells a liquid form of chorionic gonadotropin produced by the human placenta, and as the propaganda has to be taken with a diet of less than 800 calories daily.

But "a very low calorie diet should only be used under proper medical supervision," the government notice.

In that warning the government argued that "HDG products sold without prescription have not proven to aid in weight loss and can be dangerous, even if administered according to the instructions.

[12]

My identity was stolen. What should I do?

Identity theft occurs when someone steals your name and other personal information, such as your Social Security or driver’s license numbers, and uses it without your permission.

What to do if Someone Steals Your Identity If you think you may be a victim of identity theft: The FTC’s ID Theft Affidavit is a form that you can use to report information to businesses, notifying them that there is a fraudulent debt in your name. Download a copy of the ID Theft Affidavit (PDF | requires Adobe Acrobat Reader) or call the FTC’s ID Theft Hotline at 1-877-IDTHEFT (1-877-438-4338) to get a copy. Security Freeze Some states allow you to place a “security freeze” on your credit report, which will keep businesses from issuing credit to a thief. The cost of a security freeze varies from state to state, and is not available in every state. Contact your state consumer protection office for more information about your state security freeze laws.
[16]

The city and the 7 steps to positive thinking

Most of us keep a constant mental conversation .  We talk with ourselves every day, and unfortunately, many times these "internal" discussions are negative,  often marked by guilt about the past or worry about the future.  Such negativity can destroy any sign of hope that we have about the realization of our dreams.

Our actions are based on our thoughts.  If we change the way we think, we can begin to change the actions we take.  Humans are always in pursuit of personal growth  financial, emotional, physical or spiritual. Practicing positive internal conversations can help us going to take actions that lead to great results.

Then I leave seven steps to achieving a positive self-talk.  Following these steps you will be able to start eliminating your negative conversations and replace them with thoughts that will motivate you to improve.

1   Eliminate negative self-talk

The first step is realizing.  Would difficult to make a change without know intimately the thoughts that are in our head. 

No doubt that if you have a long history of negative internal conversations, will be a challenge.  Their conversation becomes negative over the years for various reasons.  For example, if a child constantly told you that you were "dumb", you could incorporate as a truth. Then  you will discover your inner self there is a little voice that often repeats phrases like "I´m too slow", or "it costs me learn something."  If you constantly pass on negative stories, your actions will reflect their low self-esteem.  Going to be difficult for you to get somewhere if you´re always pulling back.

Ordinary conversation includes the negative "can not."  When you say to yourself  "I can´t" or "it´s very difficult," you are creating resistance.  A mental block  are prevented you from doing things that  could succeed.

Whenever you find yourself saying "I can´t ...", stop the game and challenge yourself with a "why?".  Studies show that most geniuses become outstanding people after years of commitment and more commitment.  So if you want to be successful need to start saying "I can" more often.

A good method I have found useful is to say "stopping, stopping" whenever I notice myself saying something negative about myself, both mentally and verbally.  This method works if you have a sincere interest in positive thinking.

2    Positive Affirmations

Affirmations are positive expressions of a desired outcome or goal.  Expressions are generally short, believable and focused.  By repeating them over time, we opened new paths in our subconscious, creating the possibility of a new order of thoughts.

An important step in repeating affirmations is to read them aloud and with feeling.  But read does not help unless you really feel what you say.

Surely you have any questions about this technique at the beginning.  Nevertheless, if you follow these simple instructions to his disbelief will soon be replaced by faith in yourself.

3      Create positive screenplays

One thing you can see is that it´s easy for your mind to generate negative thoughts, based on other negative thoughts.  This cycle never ends, but increases, creating a strong limitation.

From now on, let´s do this exercise.  Invent a positive, uplifting story that flows like a movie script.  Visualize the situation. Build  the story with a positive ending;  how bigger the storyline  better.  Better yet if you can develop a story that tells how all your goals are reached.  When you do begin to internalize your goals and dreams as if they were something you already did.

4      Replace negative influences with positive

It is important to identify external negative factors in your life that are limiting your thoughts.  For example, your mood can poison with friends and people who are negative.  If you are not careful enough, you will begin to adopt their  negative thoughts.  So be alert to negative influences.  Whether they come from friends, limit your exposure to these thoughts as much as you can. Additionally, avoid discussing your plans with people who did not  encourage and help you in your dreams and goals.

Instead, look to surround yourself with the thoughts and actions of people that motivate you. Before long you will see the transformation of a pessimistic ball in a good and pleasant aura .  This positive energy that surrounds you will begin to improve their internal conversations too.

5    Posts in present time

What can help you is to focus about the steps you can take now.  If you find yourself locked, think: "what can I do now?."  Change your self-talk, letting anxiety about the future and start to act in this time.  You can not control what happens in the future, but if you take the necessary steps now, it allows you to have a better tomorrow. Focus   your thoughts on today and now.

6    Controlling fears

Fear is often what prevents you from achieving the goals.  Are you afraid to take risks for fear of losing the security that enjoys now.  You try to convince yourself that you are happy in their current state when, in reality, is not .  Your inner self may seem positive in trying to lie to himself.  Yet somehow, you know you´re cheating.

Ask yourself what are your fears. What ´s the worst that can happen? Follow  a step-by-step approach - to discuss their fears and see if there is any way to see things more positively.  When you confront your fears, often going to realize that the worst case scenario is not as bad as thought.  On indeed, the benefits of change tend to justify the risk.

7    Enjoy the good times

It´s much easier to have a positive attitude if you focus on the good moments of your life instead of the bad.  Although it is inevitable to have  problems and challenges, remember that life consists of ups and downs, and that the good times are forged through the bad times.

So choose to fill your mind with positive thoughts and images.  Make it a conscious habit.  To start, if you can be grateful for what you have now, your internal conversation will begin to change and align yourself with that sense of joy.  A state of gratitude helps a lot to your mind.

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PAMPA TEXAS tspan:3m PAMPA TEXAS

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You have the right to a safe workplace

You have the right to a safe workplace. The Law on Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (OSH Act) was enacted to prevent death, injury or illness of workers in their workplaces. The law requires employers to provide free working conditions hazards and unsafe conditions. The Act (OSH Act) created the Administration Occupational Safety and Health (OSHA), which sets and enforces standards that protect the safety and health at workplaces. OSHA also provides information, training and assistance to workers and employers. Workers can make a complaint to OSHA inspect their workplace if they believe their employer is not following OSHA standards or there are serious risks. Contact us with questions or to make a complaint . We will keep your information confidential. We are here to help.

The rights of workers under the OSHA Act

Workers have the right to conditions of work without risk of serious harm. Site to ensure safe and healthful workplace, OSHA also provides workers the right to:
  • Ask OSHA to conduct an inspection of the workplace.
  • Exercise their rights under the law of revenge free or discrimination.
  • Receive information and training about hazards, methods to prevent damage and OSHA standards that apply to your workplace. The training must be in a language you can understand;
  • Having access to the results of the tests done to find hazards in the workplace,
  • Read the archives of injuries and work-related diseases ;
  • Access to copies of your medical records ;

Who covers the OSHA

Private sector workers Most employees in the country are under the jurisdiction of the OSHA law. OSHA covers employers and private sector workers in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and other jurisdictions of the United States, either directly by the OSHA Federal, or anOSHA-approved state program . State Programs health and safety should be at least as effective as federal OSHA program. To find the contact information for the Office of Federal or state program of the nearest OSHA, see the map of the regional offices. Employees of state and local government Employees who work for state and local governments are not covered by the federal OSHA, but have protection under the OSHA law if they work in states that have a state program approved by OSHA. Four states and a territory of the USA. UU. have OSHA-approved plans that cover only public sector employees. These include: Connecticut, Illinois, New Jersey, New York, and the Virgin Islands. Workers in the private sector in these four states and the Virgin Islands are covered by federal OSHA. Federal workers Federal agencies must have a safety and health program that meets the same standards as private employers. Although OSHA does not assign fines to federal agencies, yes the monitors and responds to complaints from their workers. The States Postal Service (USPS) is covered by OSHA. Not covered by the OSHA Act:
  • Freelance workers;
  • Members of the immediate family of the owners of a farm that did not employ outside workers; and
  • Workplace hazards that are regulated by another federal agency (eg Administration Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA), the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), the Coast Guard)

Standards OSHA: Occupational

OSHA standards are regulations that describe the methods that employers must use to protect their employees from hazards and risks. There are OSHA standards for the construction , agriculturemarine operations , and general industry. latter category are the standards that apply to most workplaces. Standards limit the amount of hazardous chemicals to which workers can be exposed;require the use of certain safe practices and equipment; and require employers to monitor hazards and keep reports of injuries and illnesses in the workplace. Examples of OSHA standards include requirements to: provide fall protection; prevent the collapse of excavations; prevent some infectious diseases; ensure that workers entering confined spaces safely; prevent employees from being exposed to harmful substances such as asbestos; put guards on machines; provide respirators or other safety equipment; and provide training for certain dangerous jobs. Employers must also conform to the General Duty Clause of the OSHA Act ​​requires employers to keep their workplace free of hazards that are recognized as serious. This clause is usually cited when no OSHA standard applies directly to danger.

Workers can request that OSHA inspect your workplace

Workers or their representatives, may file a complaint and request OSHA to conduct an inspection of your workplace if they believe there is a serious danger or your employer is not complying with OSHA standards. A worker can tell OSHA to keep your identity confidential. 's a violation of the OSH Act an employee is fired, demoted, transferred, or discriminated against in any way for filing a complaint or exercise other rights of OSHA. You can make a complaint online , download the form and mail or fax to the office of the nearest OSHA ; or by calling 1-800-321-OSHA (6742). Most of the complaints received from the Internet can be resolved informally by phone with your employer. Written complaints that are signed by an employee or representative and sent to the OSHA office nearest are more likely to result in an OSHA inspection at your workplace. When the OSHA inspector arrives, workers and their representatives have the right to:
  • Be present during the inspection.
  • Talk to the OSHA inspector privately.
  • Take part in meetings between the inspector and the employer before and after the inspection.
When no union representative or the employee, the OSHA inspector must speak confidentially to a reasonable number of employees during the course of the inspection. When an inspector finds violations of OSHA standards or serious hazards, OSHA can issue citations and fines. A citation includes the methods that an employer can use to fix the problem, and the date when these corrective actions must be completed. Workers have the right to challenge only the date when the problem has to be solved. But employers have the right to dispute whether there is a violation, or any other part of the citation. Workers or their representatives must notify OSHA if they want to be involved in the appeal process, if the employer challenges a subpoena. "If you send a complaint requesting an OSHA inspection, you are entitled to a copy of the results of the OSHA inspection and request that they be revised if OSHA decides not to issue citations."

Employer Responsibilities

Employers have a responsibility to provide a safe workplace. Employers MUST provide a workplace free of serious hazards and follow all health and safety standards of OSHA .Employers have to find and fix security issues and health. OSHA also requires employers to try to eliminate or reduce hazards by making changes in working conditions, rather than simply wear masks, gloves, ear plugs, or other types of personal protective equipment (PPE for short in English). Switching to safer chemicals, processes to trap harmful gases, or using ventilation systems to clean the air are examples of effective ways to eliminate or reduce risks. Employers also MUST:
  • Inform employees about the dangers workout, tags, alarms, color-coded systems, information sheets on chemicals and other methods.
  • Save accurate reports of injuries and work-related diseases .
  • Testing in the workplace, such as air sampling, required by some OSHA standards
  • Providing hearing tests or other medical tests required by OSHA standards
  • Locate OSHA citations, data on injuries and illnesses, and the OSHA poster at the jobsite in a place where employees can see them.
  • Report to OSHA within 8 hours after an incident in the workplace where there is a death or when three or more workers to go to hospital.
  • Not discriminate and not retaliate against an employee for exercising their rights under the law.

You can not be punished or discriminated against for exercising their rights under the law of the OSHA

OSHA law protects workers who complain to their employer, OSHA or other government agencies on working conditions that are not healthy or safe, or environmental problems. You can not be transferred, denied a raise, have your hours reduced, be fired, or punished in any other way for exercising their rights under the law of OSHA. OSHA There is help for whistleblowers . If you have been punished or discriminated against for asserting your rights, you must file a complaint with OSHA within 30 days of the alleged retaliation have occurred to most complaints. No form is required, but you must send a letter or call the office nearest OSHA explaining the situation and the alleged discrimination.

What if there is a dangerous situation at work?

If you believe that your work conditions are not healthy or safe, we recommend that you notify your employer of the conditions, if possible. You can make a complaint with OSHA about a hazardous job at any time. But you should not leave the job site only because you made ​​a complaint. If the condition clearly presents a risk of death or serious physical harm, there is insufficient time for OSHA consider, and, whenever possible, you have shown the condition to your employer, you may have a legal right reused to work in a situation where you would be exposed to danger.

Additional information for workers

Does OSHA has reviewed my employer? You can research the history of inspection through their employer seeking establishment of OSHA . Just enter the name of your company and choose the dates you want to examine. What is the danger most commonly cited in my industry? You'll need to know the standard industry classification code (SIC, for its acronym in English) from their employer . Once you know your four-digit code, visit the OSHA Standards that are frequently cited , enter your SIC code and see the information for the last year. Does OSHA provides technical information on hazards? OSHA provides technical information to help workers, employers and professionals in health and safety issues, to reduce occupational injuries and illnesses. For example, you can find information on pathogens, and ergonomic machine guards or fall protection. What is the OSHA materials that may be of interest to workers? OSHA publishes a variety of publications on many topics. Some of the most useful publications for workers are listed below. See OSHA publications for a complete list of materials published by the agency. You can also order publications online.


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