funeral will follow at 11
a.m. in the church.
Burial will be in Pine
Grove Cemetery, Spencer.
Donations may be made to
Association, 480 Pleasant
St., Watertown, MA.02472,
or to the First
Congregational Church of
Spencer, 207 Main St
said Wednesday it is
issuing a voluntary
recall on some in-store
bakery fresh breads,
including crusty breads,
pan breads, whole wheat
pizza dough, rye breads,
crusty rolls, and Vienna
breads. The company said
the bread is being
recalled due ...
— Tucked off a
two-lane highway in a
hilly, wooded section of
central Massachusetts, a
group of Roman Catholic
monks has embraced a
they hope can sustain
their aging members in a
world of rapidly rising
Find July 4th Fireworks
in Spencer, MA including
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Trappist Ale” made
its commercial debut
earlier this ...
long-term ability to stay
on their sprawling 1,100
acres in the small town
in central Massachusetts.
These monks of the
Cistercian Order of the
(commonly known as
— Ellsworth G.
Spencer, 93, passed away
peacefully with his
family at his side on
Tuesday, April 15, 2014.
A longtime resident of
Andover, MA, Ellsworth
was born in Skowhegan,
ME, to Archie and Aurelia
Spencer and raised in
Anson, ME. He was the
did not quite have the
spice complexity and
firm, rocky head that
many similar beers have.
These are minor quibbles,
however, that will likely
fade as the product is
Trappist Ale is only
Massachusetts at this
Evening is an extensive
new age shop filled with
a multitude of items.
Some are specifically
pagan: wands created
during a waxing Moon
exclusively for this
store, nearly 200
different herbs from
Agrimony to Wormwood, and
great vacation house
rental and home
rental-by-owner deals for
traveler. No matter what
budget or level of
comfort you seek in your
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there's surely a great
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pm, The Spencer Fire
Department was dispatched
for a reported shed fire
at an apartment complex.
A firefighter responding
from his home, near the
called dispatch to advise
that it was a working
structure fire. First
(AP) — Boston
says it is treating four
patients for muscle
weakness or paralysis
similar to nine cases
reported in Colorado, and
they are investigating if
the symptoms are related
to enterovirus 68.
Neurologist Dr. Mark
The 15 community colleges
in Massachusetts led by
College have been given a
$20 million grant from
U.S. Department of Labor
for the Trade Adjustment
College and Career
ACADEMY, Colo. — A
National Guard pilot who
was killed in the crash
of an F-15C fighter jet
will be buried at the Air
Force Academy in
Colorado. Lt. Col. Morris
M. Fontenot Jr.’s
funeral and interment
will be Friday at the
Service Via Acquire Media
NewsEdge) by DONABEL
HARMS Targeted News
Service WASHINGTON, Sept.
30 -- The following
federal contracts were
announced by federal
agencies as having been
awarded to companies
Patrick, D-Mass., has
announced that the
energy sector saw
double-digit job growth
for the third consecutive
year and now employs more
than 88,000 workers in
the state. The 2014
Energy Industry Report
— Two Massachusetts
colleges are among 24
nationwide to share in a
$75 million Education
Department to foster
innovation in college
value and efficiency. Bay
Path University in
Longmeadow received more
than $3.5 million while
A Boston news
organization turned on
the ;-o to make sense of
a key political debate
through emoticons. There
will be a new
come Nov. 4 and the first
debate between five
candidates Monday night
was lively in every way,
but especially ...
continues to trail its
peers in global measures
of academic excellence.
Based on results from the
latest Program for
Assessment (PISA) test,
of the 65 countries
ranked, the US ranks 31
st in math (down from 25
th in 2009), 24 ...
(Reuters) - Massachusetts
investigating on Monday
the death of two people
during a skydiving
accident on the Cape Cod
resort area. Instructor
Eldon Burrier, 48, of
West Lynwood, Washington,
and student Andrew
Munson, 29, of Nantucket
— A Massachusetts
man with facial tattoos,
forehead implants that
resemble horns and other
body modifications told
jurors he would see them
“all in hell”
after he was convicted
last week of murdering
three men in 2011. Caius
Veiovis, 34 ...
SPECIAL INFORMATION FOR SPENCER
What you need to know about Ebola
What is Ebola?
Ebola virus is the cause of a viral hemorrhagic fever disease. Symptoms include: fever, headache, joint and muscle aches, feebleness, diarrhea, vomiting, stomach pain, lack of appetite, and abnormal bleeding. Symptoms may appear anywhere from 2 to 21 days after exposure to ebolavirus though 8-10 days is most common.
How is Ebola transmitted?
Ebola is transmitted through direct contact with the blood or bodily fluids of an infected symptomatic person or though exposure to objects (such as needles) that have been contaminated with infected secretions.
Can Ebola be transmitted through the air?
No. Ebola is not a respiratory disease like the flu, so it is not transmitted through the air.
Can I get Ebola from contaminated food or water?
No. Ebola is not a food-borne illness. It is not a water-borne illness.
Can I get Ebola from a person who is infected but doesnt have any symptoms?
No. Individuals who are not symptomatic are not contagious. In order for the virus to be transmitted, an individual would have to have direct contact with an individual who is experiencing symptoms.
Are there any cases of individuals contracting Ebola in the U.S.?
What is being done to prevent ill passengers in West Africa from getting on a plane?
CDC is assisting with active screening and education efforts on the ground in West Africa to prevent sick travelers from getting on planes. In addition, airports in Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea are screening all outbound passengers for Ebola symptoms, including fever, and passengers are required to respond to a healthcare questionnaire. CDC is also surging support in the region by deploying 50 additional workers to help build capacity on the ground.
What is CDC doing in the U.S.?
On the remote possibility that an ill passenger enters the U.S., CDC has protocols in place to protect against further spread of disease. These include notification to CDC of ill passengers on a plane before arrival, investigation of ill travelers, and, if necessary, isolation. CDC has also provided guidance to airlines for managing ill passengers and crew and for disinfecting aircraft. CDC has issued a Health Alert Notice reminding U.S. healthcare workers of the importance of taking steps to prevent the spread of this virus, how to test and isolate suspected patients and how they can protect themselves from infection.
What about ill Americans with Ebola who are being brought to the United States for treatment? How is CDC protecting the American public?
CDC has very well-established protocols in place to ensure the secure transport and care of patients with infectious diseases back to the United States. These procedures cover the entire process -- from patients leaving their bedside in a foreign country to their transport to an airport and boarding a non-commercial airplane equipped with a special transport isolation unit, to their arrival at a medical facility in the United States that is appropriately equipped and staffed to handle such cases. CDCs role is to ensure that travel and hospitalization is done to minimize risk of spread of infection and to ensure that the American public is protected. Patients were evacuated in similar ways during SARS.
How women tend to react to stress?
History of Kasandra
I have two full time jobs: I´m the manager of a customer service center and the mother of two young children. I see myself as a happy person and a dedicated worker. But last month, the traffic, my work, household chores, and try to spend enough time with my kids were really stressed out. I get up very early in the morning to prepare my children for school, and then take so long to get to work when I arrive and am cranky. In my office there is shortage of staff and we had meet many deadlines, so I was working overtime. My home life was affected: the traffic back home did not improve my mood, and when it came I was so tired I did not want to do anything! But I was faced with having to make dinner and wash clothes. My kids also need my attention! wanted to control my stress before it overwhelmed me. I talked to my boss about work later to avoid traffic and therefore be in a better mood when I get to work and home. I asked my husband to go to get the kids through school, and he´s offered to help with dinner and laundry. When he cooks, I go biking with my kids. I also started to book five minutes morning and late at work to relax and breathe deeply. These small changes have had a major positive effect on my life!
What are some of the most common causes of stress?
Stress can occur for many reasons. It can be triggered by a traumatic accident, a death, or an emergency situation.Stress can also be a side effect of a serious illness.
There is also stress associated with daily life, the workplace, and family responsibilities. It´s hard to stay calm or relaxed with our hectic lives. As women we have many roles to play: that of wife, mother, caregiver, friend or employee. With all the occupations we have in our life, it seems almost impossible to find ways to relieve our stress. However it is important to find those ways, because your health depends on it.
What are some of the early signs of stress?
Stress can have many different forms, and contribute to the symptoms of disease. Some of the common symptoms are headache, sleep problems, difficulty concentrating, bad temper, stomach disorders, job dissatisfaction, low mood, depression and anxiety.
How women tend to react to stress?
We all have to deal with stressful situations such as traffic, fights with spouse, and work problems. Some researchers believe that women handle stress in a unique way: engage and befriend.
- Dealing: women protect and care for their children
- Befriend: women seeking and receiving social support
In times of stress, women tend to care for their children and get support from their female friends. Women organisms produce chemicals that are believed to promote these reactions. One of these chemicals is oxytocin, which has a calming effect during times of stress. This is the same chemical that is released during childbirth and that is found in higher levels in lactating women, who are believed to be calmer and more sociable than those who do not. Women also have estrogen hormone, which enhances the effects of oxytocin. Men, on the other hand, have high levels of testosterone in times of stress, which blocks the calming effects of oxytocin and causes hostility, withdrawal and anger.
How does stress affect my body and my health?
We all suffer stress. There are short-term stress, such as getting lost when driving or missing the bus. To everyday situations, such as planning a meal or making time for errands, can be stressful. This type of stress can make us feel worried or anxious.
At other times we face long-term stress, such as racial discrimination, a fatal illness, or divorce. These stressful events can also affect your health in different ways. The long-term stress can increase your risk for certain medical conditions, such as depression problems.
Both short-term stress and long-term stress can affect your body. The research is beginning to show the serious effects of stress on our body. Stress triggers changes in our body and makes it more likely you sick. It can also worsen problems and suffering. You can influence the following problems:
- Difficulty sleeping
- Lack of energy
- Lack of concentration
- Overeating or not eating
- Increased risk of asthma attacks or arthritis
- Stomach cramps
- Skin problems such as urticaria
- Weight gain or loss
- Heart problems
- Irritable Bowel Syndrome
- Neck or back pain
- Decreased sexual desire
- Trouble getting pregnant
What are some of the most stressful life events?
Any change in our lives can be stressful, even some of the happiest, like having a baby or starting a new job. Here are some of the most stressful life events:
- Death of a spouse
- Going to jail
- Death of a close relative
- Illness or injury
Scale of Life Events Holmes and Rahe (1967)
What is Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)?
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD for short) is a debilitating condition that can occur after being exposed to a terrifying event or experience in which serious physical harm occurred or the threat thereof. Among the traumatic events that may trigger PTSD include violent attacks on the person, such as rape or mugging, natural disasters or caused by man, accidents, or military combat.
Many people with PTSD repeatedly relive the experience through episodes of flashbacks, memories, nightmares, or frightening thoughts, especially when exposed to events or objects that remind them of the trauma. Anniversaries of the event can also trigger symptoms. People with PTSD may also experience emotional numbness, sleep disturbances, depression, anxiety, irritability or outbursts of anger. Feelings of intense guilt are also common (called survivor guilt), especially if other people did not survive the traumatic event.
Most people who are exposed to a traumatic and stressful event suffer some symptoms of PTSD in the days and weeks following the event, but the symptoms usually disappear. However, about 8% of men and 20% of women go on to develop PTSD, and roughly 30% of these individuals develop a chronic or long-term PTSD continuing for the rest of their lives variety.
How I can help manage my stress?
Do not let stress the disease. Women usually carry a higher burden of stress we should. Often we are not even aware of our stress level. Pay attention to your body to know when stress is affected their health. Here are some ways to help manage stress:
- Relax. loose is important. Everyone has their way of relaxing. Some of these ways are deep breathing, yoga, meditation and massage therapy. If you can not do these things, take a few minutes to sit down, listen to soothing music, or read a book.
- Reserve time for yourself. Taking care of yourself is important. To not feel guilty, consider it an order from your doctor! No matter how busy you are, you can try to book at least 15 minutes per day in its program of activities to do something for herself, such as taking a bubble bath, go for a walk or call a friend on the phone.
- Sleep. Sleeping is a great way to help both your body and your mind. If you do not get enough sleep, your stress can worsen. Nor can fight disease in the same way if you sleep poorly. If you get enough sleep, you can better address their problems and reduce your risk of getting sick. Try to get seven to nine hours every night.
- Eat right. Try to get energy by eating fruits, vegetables and protein. Peanut butter, chicken salad or tuna are good sources of protein. Eat whole grains, such as bread and wheat crackers. Do not be fooled by the jolt of energy you feel when consuming caffeine or sugar, that energy will run out quickly.
- Move. Believe it or not, physical activity not only helps relieve muscle tension, but also improves your mood!Before and after physical activity, the body produces certain chemicals called endorphins that relieve stress and improve your mood.
- Talk to friends. Talk to your friends in order to better manage stress. Friends listen well. Does very well find someone who will let you talk freely about their problems and feelings without judgment. It also helps to hear a different point of view. His friends remember you are not alone.
- Get professional help if needed. Talk to a therapist. A therapist can help you manage stress and find better ways to cope. Therapy can also help with more serious stress-related disorders such as PTSD. There are medications that can help relieve symptoms of depression and anxiety, and promote sleep.
- Be transigente. Sometimes discuss not worth the stress it generates. Yield occasionally.
- Write down what you think. Did you ever sent email to a friend about the terrible day that was, and felt better afterwards? Why not take a pen and paper and write down what is happening in your life? Keeping a journal can be a great way to vent and manage their problems. You can then re-read your journal and see how much progress has been made!
- Help others. Helping someone can help themselves. Help your neighbor, or do volunteer work in your community.
- Have a hobby. Find something you enjoy. Be sure to take the time to explore their interests.
- Please limits. Regarding things like work and family, determine how much you can actually do. The amount of hours in the day is limited. Limit yourself to yourself and others too. Do not be afraid to say NO to requests for your time and energy.
- Plan your time. Consider in advance how you will use your time. Write a list of things to do. Decide which are the most important.
- Do not handle stress in ways that are not healthy. Among these are drinking too much alcohol, using drugs, smoking or overeating.
I heard deep breathing can help with my stress. How is it done?
Deep breathing is a good way to relax. Try to do it a few times per day. Here´s how you do it:
- Lie down or sit in a chair.
- Rest your hands on your stomach.
- Slowly count to four and inhale through the nose. Feel your stomach rise. Hold your breath for a second.
- Slowly count to four while you exhale through your mouth. To control how fast you exhale, purse your lips as if to whistle. Your stomach will slowly drop.
- Repeat for five to ten times.
Cause stress ulcers?
Doctors used to think ulcers were caused by stress and spicy foods. We now know that stress does not cause ulcers, only irritates. The ulcers are caused by a bacterium (germ) called H. pylori. Researchers do not yet know for certain how people contract. They think they can get it through the water. It is treated by a combination of antibiotics and other drugs.
Learn about obesity in children
How do I know if my child has a healthy weight?
The doctor will monitor the changes in height and weight of children in the course of time and can tell you if your child has a healthy weight. During regular checkups, be sure to talk to your doctor about your childs weight.
Your childs doctor may ask about:
- The feeding habits of your child
- If you know places where to buy healthy food for children
- How much physical activity the child
- If there are certain places where your child can run and play
- Much time your child spends each day in front of screens (watching TV, playing video games or at the computer, phone or tablet, such as iPad)
- Any health problems your child has
- The medical history of your family
What is BMI and what are the percentiles of BMI?
To find out if your child is in a healthy weight range, your doctor may use a measure called BMI or "body mass index". BMI is based on height and weight of your child measure. The BMI helps the doctor estimate how much body fat your child. The doctor can use BMI to see if your child has an appropriate weight for your height. A healthy BMI is different between girls and boys and varies by age.
Your doctor can compare your child´s BMI values ??typical of children of the same sex and age BMI. For that, doctors may use what is called "BMI percentile". This can help the doctor determine if your child is underweight, healthy weight, overweight or obese.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention of Diseases, CDC, for its acronym in English), it is considered that a child has:
- A healthy weight if your BMI is between the 5th percentile and 85th
- Overweight if their BMI is between the 85th percentile and 95 º
- Obese if their BMI is in the 95th percentile or higher
Talk with your child´s doctor about what BMI means your child.
Obesity: the 95th percentile upwards
Overweight: 85th percentile to less than 95
Healthy Weight: 5th percentile to the 85th
Underweight: below the 5th percentile
To calculate BMI and BMI percentile your child visit http://apps.nccd.cdc.gov/dnpabmi/ (available in English)
What health problems can cause a child being overweight or obese?
Children who are overweight or obese are more likely to be overweight or obese as adults. Also more likely to develop serious health problems, such as:
- High blood sugar or diabetes
- High Blood Pressure
- Cholesterol (a type of blood fat) high
- Sleep apnea (a condition in which a person stops breathing for short periods during sleep)
- Heart problems (such as heart attack or heart failure) or stroke in adulthood
- Increased pressure on bones and joints, which can cause problems in childhood and in adulthood, joints and bones
- Disease Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (disease caused by excess fat in the liver)
- Low self-esteem or depression
- Eating disorders such as binging and purging food
In the U.S., 1 in 3 children are overweight or obese.
What can cause a child to become overweight or obese?
Many things can cause a child to become overweight or obese; for instance:
- Unhealthy eating habits . Children may overeat, eat many foods that are not healthy or take too many sugary drinks.
- Not getting enough sleep . Children who do not sleep long enough each night are more likely to be overweight.
- Family history . Children in families with overweight may be more likely to develop it. That may be due to the child´s genes or eating habits that are learned in the family.
- Lack of sufficient physical activity . It is possible that children do not carry enough physical activity.Children should be active for at least 1 hour each day.
- Too much time in front of screens . Children can spend too much time each day in front of screens.Some children eat while watching TV or playing on the computer.
- Environment . Children may spend time in an environment (such as with family or friends, at daycare or school) where they have access to healthy food choices and opportunities for physical activity.
How to prevent your child from becoming overweight or obese
How I can prevent my child from becoming overweight or obese?
To help prevent your child from becoming overweight or obese, make sure you eat healthy and be active. There are many things you can do at home, at school and in the community to help children maintain a healthy weight.Here are some examples of each is.
There are many things families can do at home. Some examples are:
- Prepare healthy meals at home with components of each food group.
- The food groups include fruits, vegetables, grains, protein foods (meat, eggs, fish, "tofu" or tofu and beans) and low-fat dairy products or fat.
- Make sure you eat a healthy breakfast every day.
- Eat at the table with the family, rather than in front of a screen (TV, computer, cell phone or tablet).
- Limit or avoid having drinks and foods that are not healthy at home.
- Replace unhealthy snacks such as cookies, candy or chips in bag, healthy snacks such as fruits and vegetables.
- Replace unhealthy sugary drinks such as soda, sports drinks or juices for healthy drinks such as water and low fat milk or fat.
- Whenever you can, eat at home instead of in restaurants. At home, you are more likely to limit the amount of fat, sugar and salt in their food.
- Make sure you eat the right amount of food.
Stay physically active
- Give your child a chance to run and play for at least 1 hour a day.
- Organize fun activities like biking, walking to the park, playing ball or swimming.
- Encourage the whole family to stay active throughout the day.
- For example, use the stairs instead of the elevator and go to places to walk or bike instead of going by car or bus.
- Limit the time you spend in front of screens every day.
- In addition to being physically active, make sure your child gets enough sleep each night.
Let´s Go! (Come on!) is a program to prevent children from becoming obese. The program is based on healthy eating and physical activity. Let´s Go! recommends healthy habits "5-2-1-0" for each day:
- 5 fruits and vegetables
- 2 hours or less of screen time for fun
- 1 hour or more of physical activity
- 0 sugary drinks
Let´s Go also recommends keeping the TV and computers out of the bedroom of the child and not allowing screen time for children under 2 years.
Let´s Go is a program of the State of Maine also provides resources to communities in other states.
These images and messages are adapted from Let´s Go on www.letsgo.org (available in English only)
Let´s Go also has resources for schools to help children to eat healthy and be physically active. For more information and a packet of resources for your school, visit www.letsgo.org / toolkits . Certain pages package resources are available in Spanish.
To find out what is making your child´s school to help prevent children are overweight or become obese, talk to the principal, the school nurse or school counselor your child. You can also ask how to participate in the Parent Teacher Association (PTA, for its acronym in English) or Parent Teacher Organization (PTO, for its acronym in English).
In addition to eating healthily and be physically active at home, school programs can help children maintain a healthy weight. School programs can include activities such as:
- Lessons about the importance of healthy eating and physical activity.
- Information sessions for parents to learn ways to help your child maintain a healthy weight.
- Healthy options for breakfast and lunch in the cafeteria, with appropriate portion sizes.
- Healthy snacks and drinks in vending machines and at parties and events.
- Water Dispensers with filters, to promote the use of drinking water instead of soda or sports drinks.
- Groups led by adults to go to school on foot or by bicycle.
- A longer period of physical education, in which children are physically active.
- Fitness equipment such as balls and jump ropes for use at recess.
In the community
In addition to home and school, they can also make changes in the community to help children maintain a healthy weight. Communities and community centers can:
- Improve parks, sidewalks and bike paths to ride in the community.
- Take steps to parks, sidewalks and bike paths to be safe.
- Promote community events such as health fairs, walks 5 kilometers (5K), sporting events at local parks, community gardens programs and local farmers markets. This can be done through posters, local newspapers and radio stations and local television.
- Offer programs where families can receive advice on healthy eating and physical activity.
For other resources that can help your child maintain a healthy weight, visit:
For more information to improve parks, sidewalks and bike paths to ride in your area, contact your local department of parks and recreation.
For more information about events or programs in your community, contact your local community and recreation centers (such as the YMCA, the Boys and Girls Club or the local religious community centers).
What researchers found on measures that can be taken at home, school and community to prevent children are overweight or become obese?
Healthy eating and physical activity are very important to prevent children are overweight or become obese.
The researchers found that:
- School programs to help children to eat healthily and being physically active can help prevent becoming overweight or become obese.
- In conjunction with the curriculum, they can be useful also other measures taken at home and in the community.
- More research is needed to find out what programs or measures are most effective.
Talking to your child´s doctor, school officials and community centers
Examples of questions to ask your child
- Is my child a healthy weight?
- What are the most important things I do at home to help my child maintain a healthy weight?
- How I can get my child to eat healthy foods?
- How much of each type of food should my child eat?
- How much physical activity does my child need each day?
- What are the best types of physical activity for my child?
- How long should I allow my child pass in front of screens every day?
- How long should my child sleep every night?
- Do you have resources that can help me keep my child at a healthy weight?
- Are you of community resources that can help you know?
- If I have no grocery stores nearby or healthy foods are expensive for me, do you know resources that can help?
- If there is a safe place for my child out to play, how I can help you stay active?
Sample questions for the principal, school nurse or your child´s counselor
- Does the school offer programs to help prevent children are overweight or become obese? If not, how could we start one?
- In the cafeteria and vending machines? Healthy foods like fruits and vegetables are offered instead of sugary drinks and salty or fatty foods?
- How long will my child for physical activities is given in physical education class, at recess or during the day?
- Do you use once school physical education as punishment or other physical activities?
- Do you have programs for group walks or go to school groups for cycling to school guided by adults or other physical activity programs for children?
- Is there information sessions that you can attend to learn more about how to help my child maintain a healthy weight?
- What can I do at home to help reinforce what is taught in school about healthy eating and physical activity?
- Are you of community resources that can help you know?
Examples of questions to their local community or recreation centers
- Do you have resources or programs on healthy eating and physical activity for children?
- Do you have a calendar of community events that include activities such as health fairs, walks 5 kilometers (5K) and sporting events at local parks?
- Do you have a list of community gardens or local farmers markets?
- Do you know of programs that can guide me to help my family eat healthy and be physically active?
The information in this summary comes from the report Childhood Obesity Prevention Programs: Comparative Effectiveness Review and Meta-Analysis, (Programs to prevent childhood obesity: A review of comparative efficacy and meta-analysis)., June 2013 The report was produced by the Johns Hopkins University Evidence-based Practice Center (Centre for Evidence-Based Practice at Johns Hopkins) with funding from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality in Health Care, AHRQ, for its acronym in English).
Additional information MedlinePlus website was obtained ® , a service of the National Library of Medicine (National Library of Medicine) and the National Institutes of Health (National Institutes of Health) of the United States. This page is available at www.nlm.nih.gov / medlineplus / spanish .
This summary was prepared by the John M. Eisenberg Center for Clinical Decisions and Communications Science (John M. Eisenberg Center for Science Communications and Clinical Decision) at Baylor College of Medicine (Baylor College of Medicine) in Houston, Texas. It was written by Amelia Williamson Smith, MS, Jason A. Mendoza, MD, MPH, and Michael Fordis, MD This summary was reviewed by parents of children aged 2 to 18 years old.
4 Ways how young people can get health insurance
Young adults have several options to get coverage through the insurance market.
Find out if you are eligible for a Special Enrollment Period. You may be eligible for registration under the Special Enrollment Period unknowingly. If your student medical coverage you finished, you may be eligible for a Special Enrollment Period that will allow you to purchase a health plan through the Insurance Market. You might also grant a Special Enrollment Period if you get married or divorced, have a child or adopt a child, moving to another area, and not old enough to be on the safe parent or have in your life some other event eligible to do so.
Find out how to request coverage for Medicaid
. You can enroll in Medicaid or the Childrens Health Insurance Program (CHIP) at any time of year. If you qualify you can now register.
You can get coverage from their parents plan until age 26, even if married, not living with their parents or dependent on them economically. After age 26, you qualify for a Special Enrollment Period.
These plans are an affordable way to protect yourself from the high costs of the worst cases, such as an accident or serious illness. If you are under 30, you can purchase a catastrophic plan coverage. Served three visits per year before you have paid the deductible and certain preventive services
Pay attention to your lifestyle in times of stress, advises a researcher
Exercise, a healthy diet and a good sleep can protect the body from the negative effects of stress and slow down the process of aging at the cellular level, some researchers report.
A study with hundreds of older women found that stressful events are linked to increased shrinkage of Telomeres, the protective caps at the ends of chromosomes that affect the speed with which age the cells.
"We found that in a period of one year, while more stressful factors showed a woman, most likely it was their Telomeres are encogieran," said the author of the study, Eli Puterman, Assistant Professor of Psychiatry at the Faculty of Medicine of the University of California in San Francisco.
But women who maintained an active life style, ate and slept well seemed protected from the effects of stress, and their Telomeres did not show a significant additional shrink, the researchers said.
Dr. Michael Speicher, Professor and Chair of the Institute of genetics, human at the Medical University of Graz, in Austria, said that the study "addresses a really important biological question: the reason that a healthy lifestyle of truth is useful, especially if one is exposed to stressors".
"The encouraging message is that if one carries out these healthy behaviors, you can reduce some of the effects of stress on the body," he said.
Telomeres are like the plastic end tips at the ends of the shoelace, which avoid you to discard.
They are composed of DNA and protein, and protect the ends of chromosomes so that you discard. As the Telomeres are shortened and their structural integrity is weakened, the cells age and die more quickly.
This type of cell aging has partnered with diseases related to age, cardiovascular disease, Alzheimers disease and cancer. A theory holds that older people are more likely to get cancer because its shrunken Telomeres have made that their chromosomes are unstable and that they tend to operate poorly, said Speicher, it did not participate in the study.
The Telomeres become shorter naturally with age, but unhealthy behaviors such as smoking, poor diet and lack of sleep can do that they shorten before, warned Puterman. Chronic emotional stress has also been linked with a few shorter Telomeres.
To see if a healthy lifestyle could combat the effects of stress, the researchers tracked 239 postmenopausal women who do not smoked for a year. The findings appear in the edition of July 29, the journal Molecular Psychiatry.
The women provided blood samples at the beginning and at the end of the year to measure the Telomere. They were subjected to periodic reviews of their physical activity, diet, and sleep.
In the end, the women also reported stressful events that had occurred in that year. Researchers focused on really stressful life events, become a caregiver of a relative sick, losing a house or a job, or that a loved one died, said Puterman.
The researchers found that those major stressful events elicited a more significant decline in the length of the Telomeres in women who were healthy behaviors without too much evidence.
But the same levels of stress not elicited a greater shortening of Telomeres in women who remained active, eat a healthy diet and slept well.
The study shows the importance of maintaining a healthy lifestyle in the difficult life periods, they said Puterman and Speicher.
"If were in stressful situations, physical activity, sleep and nutrition of truth are really important to keep our bodies in shape and stay healthy", said Speicher. "With this study now we see it at the genetic level."
The study also expands our understanding of how a healthy lifestyle affects the aging process, said Puterman.
"The same type of person who eats well and continues to exercise is the same type of person who does not age much," he said. "As we delve ever deeper into the cell, get more information above why and what happens at the genetic level".
But the study actually does not prove a causal relationship between healthy habits and a few longer Telomeres. The next step will be randomised trials to see if the exercise can be used to slow down Cellular Aging in people who face a continuous life stress, such as caregivers of Alzheimers patients.
"We will see if we can change the aging process within cells, as well as the levels of depression and stress and that sort of thing," said Puterman.
Although the study was limited to women, both experts said it makes sense that the findings apply to men.
Speicher went further. "There are several studies that say that on average, men have about womens shorter Telomeres," he said. "It could assumed that the effects on men would be even greater on women, but that is just a theory".
For more information about Telomeres, visit the University of Utah.
Article by HealthDay
Why my child need the HPV vaccine?
This vaccine protects against most of the cancers caused by the virus infection of human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV is a common virus that spreads among people when they have sexual contact with another person. Each year, around 14 million people, including teenagers, are infected with HPV. HPV infection can cause cancer of the cervix in women and cancer of the penis in men. HPV can also cause anal cancer, cancer of the throat and genital warts in both men and women.
When should my child be vaccinated?
It is recommended that preteens, both male and female, put the HPV vaccine at age 11 or 12 years old so that they are protected until they are exposed to the virus. If your teen not has been the vaccine still, talk to your doctor to make it be as soon as possible.
The HPV vaccine is given in 3 doses. The second dose should be 1 or 2 months after the first and the third dose should be administered 6 months after the first. Make sure that your child wear 3 doses to ensure the best protection.
What else should I know about the HPV vaccine?
There are two vaccines against HPV. Girls between 11 and 12 years of age) and young women between 13 and 26 years any of them should be placed to prevent cancer of the cervix.
One vaccine also protects against genital warts and anal cancer in women as in men. Children need to be with this HPV vaccine to prevent anal cancer and genital warts. Girls can be this vaccine to prevent cancer of the cervix, anal cancer and genital warts.
Very careful studies of both HPV vaccines have been performed and these studies have shown that no serious security concern there is with them. Some side effects that have been reported in these studies include pain in the arm, on the site that has been the injection, fever, dizziness and nausea.
Some preteens and teens you can pass out after receiving the HPV vaccine or any other vaccine.Preteens and teens must sit or lie when they put the vaccine and remain so for about 15 minutes after receiving the injection. This can help prevent fainting or other injury that could happen to the faint.
Serious side effects of the HPV vaccine are rare. It is important to tell the doctor or nurse your child if you have any severe allergies, including allergy against the latex or yeast. He is not recommended to put the HPV vaccine to women who are pregnant.
Centres stop Control and prevention of diseases (CDC), all American Academy of family physicians, the American Academy of Pediatrics and the society of adolescent medicine and health recommended vaccines against HPV.
Where can I get more information?
For more information on HPV vaccines and other vaccines for pre-teens and teens talk with the doctor or the nurse her son. You can also get more information is available on the web site "Vaccines for pre-teens and teenagers" from CDC at the following address:cdc.gov ohttp://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/teens (for more information).
How can I get help to pay for these vaccines?
SPENCER MASSACHUSETTS tspan:3m
You have the right to a safe workplace
You have the right to a safe workplace. The Law on Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970
(OSH Act) was enacted to prevent death, injury or illness of workers in their workplaces. The law requires employers to provide free working conditions hazards and unsafe conditions. The Act (OSH Act) created the Administration Occupational Safety and Health (OSHA), which sets and enforces standards that protect the safety and health at workplaces. OSHA also provides information, training and assistance to workers and employers. Workers can make a complaint to OSHA inspect their workplace if they believe their employer is not following OSHA standards or there are serious risks.
Contact us with questions or to make a complaint
. We will keep your information confidential. We are here to help.
The rights of workers under the OSHA Act
Workers have the right to conditions
of work without risk of serious harm. Site to ensure safe and healthful workplace, OSHA also provides workers the right to:
- Ask OSHA to conduct an inspection of the workplace.
- Exercise their rights under the law of revenge free or discrimination.
- Receive information and training about hazards, methods to prevent damage and OSHA standards that apply to your workplace. The training must be in a language you can understand;
- Having access to the results of the tests done to find hazards in the workplace,
- Read the archives of injuries and work-related diseases ;
- Access to copies of your medical records ;
Who covers the OSHA
Private sector workers
Most employees in the country are under the jurisdiction of the OSHA law. OSHA covers employers and private sector workers in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and other jurisdictions of the United States, either directly by the OSHA
Federal, or anOSHA-approved state program
. State Programs health and safety should be at least as effective as federal OSHA program. To find the contact information for the Office of Federal or state program of the nearest OSHA, see the map of the regional offices
Employees of state and local government
Employees who work for state and local governments are not covered by the federal OSHA, but have protection under the OSHA law if they work in states that have a state program approved by OSHA. Four states and a territory of the USA. UU. have OSHA-approved plans that cover only public sector employees. These include: Connecticut, Illinois, New Jersey, New York, and the Virgin Islands. Workers in the private sector in these four states and the Virgin Islands are covered by federal OSHA.
Federal agencies must have a safety and health program that meets the same standards as private employers. Although OSHA does not assign fines to federal agencies, yes the monitors and responds to complaints from their workers. The States Postal Service (USPS) is covered by OSHA.
Not covered by the OSHA Act:
- Freelance workers;
- Members of the immediate family of the owners of a farm that did not employ outside workers; and
- Workplace hazards that are regulated by another federal agency (eg Administration Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA), the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), the Coast Guard)
Standards OSHA: Occupational
OSHA standards are regulations that describe the methods that employers must use to protect their employees from hazards and risks. There are OSHA standards for the construction
, marine operations
, and general industry.
latter category are the standards that apply to most workplaces. Standards limit the amount of hazardous chemicals to which workers can be exposed;require the use of certain safe practices and equipment; and require employers to monitor hazards and keep reports of injuries and illnesses in the workplace. Examples of OSHA standards include requirements to: provide fall protection; prevent the collapse of excavations; prevent some infectious diseases; ensure that workers entering confined spaces safely; prevent employees from being exposed to harmful substances such as asbestos; put guards on machines; provide respirators or other safety equipment; and provide training for certain dangerous jobs.
Employers must also conform to the General Duty Clause
of the OSHA Act requires employers to keep their workplace free of hazards that are recognized as serious. This clause is usually cited when no OSHA standard applies directly to danger.
Workers can request that OSHA inspect your workplace
Workers or their representatives, may file a complaint
and request OSHA to conduct an inspection of your workplace if they believe there is a serious danger or your employer is not complying with OSHA standards. A worker can tell OSHA to keep your identity confidential. 's a violation of the OSH Act an employee is fired, demoted, transferred, or discriminated against in any way for filing a complaint or exercise other rights of OSHA.
You can make a complaint online
, download the form
and mail or fax to the office of the nearest OSHA
; or by calling 1-800-321-OSHA (6742). Most of the complaints received from the Internet can be resolved informally by phone with your employer. Written complaints that are signed by an employee or representative and sent to the OSHA office nearest are more likely to result in an OSHA inspection at your workplace.
When the OSHA inspector arrives, workers and their representatives have the right to:
- Be present during the inspection.
- Talk to the OSHA inspector privately.
- Take part in meetings between the inspector and the employer before and after the inspection.
When no union representative or the employee, the OSHA inspector must speak confidentially to a reasonable number of employees during the course of the inspection.
When an inspector finds violations of OSHA standards or serious hazards, OSHA can issue citations and fines. A citation includes the methods that an employer can use to fix the problem, and the date when these corrective actions must be completed. Workers have the right to challenge only the date when the problem has to be solved. But employers have the right to dispute whether there is a violation, or any other part of the citation. Workers or their representatives must notify OSHA if they want to be involved in the appeal process, if the employer challenges a subpoena.
"If you send a complaint requesting an OSHA inspection, you are entitled to a copy of the results of the OSHA inspection and request that they be revised if OSHA decides not to issue citations."
Employers have a responsibility to provide a safe workplace. Employers MUST provide a workplace free of serious hazards and follow all health and safety standards of OSHA
.Employers have to find and fix security issues and health. OSHA also requires employers to try to eliminate or reduce hazards by making changes in working conditions, rather than simply wear masks, gloves, ear plugs, or other types of personal protective equipment (PPE for short in English). Switching to safer chemicals, processes to trap harmful gases, or using ventilation systems to clean the air are examples of effective ways to eliminate or reduce risks.
Employers also MUST:
- Inform employees about the dangers workout, tags, alarms, color-coded systems, information sheets on chemicals and other methods.
- Save accurate reports of injuries and work-related diseases .
- Testing in the workplace, such as air sampling, required by some OSHA standards
- Providing hearing tests or other medical tests required by OSHA standards
- Locate OSHA citations, data on injuries and illnesses, and the OSHA poster at the jobsite in a place where employees can see them.
- Report to OSHA within 8 hours after an incident in the workplace where there is a death or when three or more workers to go to hospital.
- Not discriminate and not retaliate against an employee for exercising their rights under the law.
You can not be punished or discriminated against for exercising their rights under the law of the OSHA
OSHA law protects workers who complain to their employer, OSHA or other government agencies on working conditions that are not healthy or safe, or environmental problems. You can not be transferred, denied a raise, have your hours reduced, be fired, or punished in any other way for exercising their rights under the law of OSHA. OSHA There is help for whistleblowers
If you have been punished or discriminated against for asserting your rights, you must file a complaint with OSHA within 30 days of the alleged retaliation have occurred to most complaints. No form is required, but you must send a letter or call the office nearest OSHA
explaining the situation and the alleged discrimination.
What if there is a dangerous situation at work?
If you believe that your work conditions are not healthy or safe, we recommend that you notify your employer of the conditions, if possible.
You can make a complaint with
OSHA about a hazardous job at any time. But you should not leave the job site only because you made a complaint. If the condition clearly presents a risk of death or serious physical harm, there is insufficient time for OSHA consider, and, whenever possible, you have shown the condition to your employer, you may have a legal right reused to work
in a situation where you would be exposed to danger.
Additional information for workers
Does OSHA has reviewed my employer?
You can research the history of inspection through their employer seeking establishment of OSHA
. Just enter the name of your company and choose the dates you want to examine.
What is the danger most commonly cited in my industry?
You'll need to know the standard industry classification code (SIC, for its acronym in English) from their employer
. Once you know your four-digit code, visit the OSHA Standards that are frequently cited
, enter your SIC code and see the information for the last year.
Does OSHA provides technical information on hazards?
OSHA provides technical information
to help workers, employers and professionals in health and safety issues, to reduce occupational injuries and illnesses. For example, you can find information on pathogens, and ergonomic machine guards or fall protection.
What is the OSHA materials that may be of interest to workers?
OSHA publishes a variety of publications on many topics. Some of the most useful publications for workers are listed below. See OSHA publications
for a complete list of materials published by the agency. You can also order publications online.