By making some small changes in your home and garden, you can reduce emissions of greenhouse gases and save money
By making some small changes in your home and garden, you can reduce emissions of greenhouse gases and save money. Explore our list of the 10 simple steps you can take to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases.
1. Replace 5 lights at home
Replace the five most frequently used lights or the bulbs in these, with products certified under the seal of ENERGY STAR ® and you help the environment by saving more than $ 70 per year in electricity bills. ENERGY STAR lighting provides bright, warm light that generates 75% less heat; uses up to 75% less energy than traditional lighting; and lasts 10 to 50 times longer.
2. Look for products certified under the ENERGY STAR
When buying new products for your home, look for the ENERGY STAR EPA that will help you make a decision more energy efficient. You can find the Energy Star label on more than 60 kinds of products, including appliances, lighting equipment, heating and air conditioning, electronics and office equipment. Throughout life all on your home certified under the ENERGY STAR label may reduce emissions of greenhouse gases approximately 130.000 pounds and save $ 11,000 in electricity bills.
3. Heat and cool your home smartly
Expenses for the use of heating and cooling account for almost half of its electricity-bill about $ 1,000 a year! There are many things you can do to reduce these costs. Simple steps such as changing air filters regularly, properly using a programmable thermostat and making sure to give annually due maintain your heating and air conditioning by a licensed contractor can save energy and increase comfort at home while helping to protect environment. Depending on the area you live in, you can reduce your annual energy bill by more than $ 200 to replace your heating and air conditioning old certificate under the seal of ENERGY STAR equipment.
4. Selle home and add insulation with ENERGY STAR
Reduce leaks and drafts using caulk, weatherstripping and insulation to seal any cracks or hollow along windows and doors in your home as well as in the attic to block heat and cold. An owner with appropriate knowledge or skilled contractor can save you up to 20% on the cost of heating and air conditioning. Through these actions you can greatly improve the comfort in your home following proper sealing and insulation measures.
5. Reduce, Reuse and Recycle
The reduce, reuse, and recycling in your home helps conserve energy and reduce pollution and emissions of greenhouse gases from extraction, manufacturing and disposal. If there is a recycling program in your community, recycle your newspapers, soda bottles, paper and other products. Also the composting of food waste and yard cleanup reduces the amount of waste you send to landfill and reduces emissions of greenhouse gases. Visit the Individual Waste Reduction Model EPA (iWARM for its acronym in English) to learn about the energy benefits of recycling common waste on landfill disposal.
6. Use water efficiently
It requires a lot of energy to pump, treat, and heat water, thus water conservation reduces emissions of greenhouse gases. Saving water at home is easy. Three percent of the nation´s energy is used to pump and treat water, thus conserving water also conserves energy by reducing pollution of greenhouse gases. Reduce as much as possible the amount of waste generated and the water you drink. Take simple steps to conserve water such as not leaving the tap when shaving or brushing your teeth and save money while conserving water using products labeled WaterSense . Did you know a leaky toilet can waste 200 gallons of water per day? Repair all leaks and dripping faucets and toilets immediately. When you run the dishwasher to capacity will save 100 pounds of carbon dioxide and up to $ 40 per year.Pour water to the lawn and garden wisely. Only water them when necessary and do it in the coolest part of the day.Typically, early morning is the best time. See the Web site of the EPA WaterSense for more tips on how to conserve water.
7. Practice organic gardening
The composting of food waste and grass clippings reduces the amount of waste sent to landfills and emissions of greenhouse gases. The program GreenScapes EPA has several tips and useful publications (PDF) (16 pp, 1.8MB, About PDF )on how to improve your lawn or garden while also helping the environment.
8. Buy green energy
Energize your home by purchasing green energy. The green energy is environmentally beneficial electricity that has been generated by renewable energy sources like wind and sun. There are two ways to use green energy. You can buy green power or you can modify your house to generate your own green energy. Purchasing green power is easy . It offers a host of environmental and economic benefits unlike conventional electricity, including lower emissions of greenhouse gases and helps to increase the supply of clean energy. There are several steps you can take to create a greener home, including installing solar panels and investigate incentives for renewable energy in your state .
9. Calculate the carbon footprint in your home
Use the calculator Domestic Emissions EPA Greenhouse Gas to make an estimate of emissions of greenhouse gases in their residence from the use of energy, transportation, and waste disposal. This tool will help you understand where they come from and how emissions identify ways to reduce them.
10. Communicate the message
Tell your family and friends that energy efficiency is good for their homes and good for the environment because it reduces emissions of greenhouse gases and air pollution. Tell five people and together we can help each other, reducing the cost of energy in our homes.
The cord blood: What You Should Know
The cord blood is present in the blood vessels of the placenta and umbilical cord, and is collected after the baby is born and then cut the umbilical cord; an important detail.
"Because cord blood is usually collected after delivery and after cutting the cord, intervention is generally safe for both mother and baby," says Dr. Keith Wonnacott, PhD, Branch Chief Therapies Office Phones Cell Therapies, Tissue and Genetic FDA.
The use of cord blood is only approved for interventions "hematopoietic stem cell transplantation," which was performed in patients with disorders of the hematopoietic (blood producing). The cord blood contains blood cell production can be used to treat patients with cancers of the blood such as leukemias and lymphomas, as well as certain blood disorders and immune system, such as stem cells of sickle cell anemia and Wiskott-Aldrich
"The cord blood is useful because it is a source of stem cells that are transformed into blood cells. Cord blood transplants can be used for people who need feedback, ie ´re-produce´ these cells producing blood cells, "says Dr. Wonnacott.
For example, in many cancer patients, the disease is found in the blood cells. Chemotherapy to treat these patients undergoing cancer cells eliminates both as producing healthy stem cells of blood cells. Transplantation of umbilical cord stem cells can support the regeneration of blood cells following chemotherapy.
However, the cord blood is not a cure-all.
"Given that cord blood contains stem cells, have been several cases of fraud related to cord blood," says Dr. Wonnacott. "Consumers think that stem cells can cure all diseases, but science has not shown this to be true.Patients should maintain skepticism if the cord blood is available for uses other than blood regeneration by stem "cells.
Information about the storage of cord blood
After obtaining the cord blood is frozen and can be stored safely for many years. "The method of freeze-called ´criopreservación´-is very important to maintain the integrity of the cells," says Dr. Wonnacott. "The cord blood will be stored with care."
Blood from the umbilical cord can be stored in a private bank, so it is available if the baby in the future-or relatives of first or second degree, they need it. The private cord banks typically charge for the collection and storage of blood.
Alternatively, blood can be donated to a public bank so that doctors can use to treat patients who need blood stem cell transplants.
The FDA regulates the cord blood in different ways, depending on its origin, processing level and intended use.
The stored cord blood for personal use, use in relatives of first or second degree, and that also meets other requirements of the FDA regulations, does not need the consent of this body before being used. Still, private cord banks must comply with other requirements of the FDA, including those that require them to register and enroll in the listings, be updated on the proper use of tissues standards, testing and analysis and detection of diseases infectious patients (except when the cord blood is going to be used by the original donor). These FDA requirements ensure the safety of these products to minimize the risk of contamination and transmission of infectious diseases.
The cord blood is stored to treat patients with unrelated donor is eligible to be considered a "drug" and a "biological product". The cord blood in this category must meet additional requirements and be authorized in accordance with a Biologics License Application, or be subjected to research new drug application before it can be used. The FDA requirements help ensure the safety and efficacy of the products in their intended uses.
Not all units of cord blood meeting the requirements necessary to be stored in a public bank, added Safa Karandish, MT, safety officer for the FDA Consumer. If this happens, part of the donated cord blood may be used for non-clinical research.
Tips for Consumers
If you are considering donating to bank cord blood, it is important to study the various options during pregnancy to have enough time to make a decision before the baby is born. If you want to donate to a public bank, ask if the hospital will give birth in a program storage of cord blood.
If you have questions about the risks and the procedures followed to obtain blood, or the donation process, ask your doctor.
The FDA also has a database which is available with information on banks registered cord blood.
All assertions that the cord blood is a miracle cure is not created; it is not. Some parents may consider using a private bank as an "insurance policy" against diseases that may arise in the future. But it is important to remember that currently the only approved use of cord blood is the treatment of hematologic (blood disorders).
Also good to know that, in some cases, the cord blood is stored may not be appropriate for the child who donated."For example, it is not possible to cure some diseases or genetic defects with cord blood containing the same disease or defect," says Karandish.
Parents of children from ethnic minorities should especially consider donating to a public bank, says Dr. Wonnacott, because the more donations make these groups receive more help minority patients who need a stem cell transplant. (Recipients must be "compatible" with donors so that doctors are more likely to find a good candidate among donors within the ethnic group of the receiver).
"As far as public banks is concerned, there is a clear need for cord blood," says Dr. Wonnacott. "And there is a need especially among minorities to have stem cell transplants. The cord blood is an excellent source of stem cells for transplantation. "
And these transplants can change the lives of patients.
Atention: "Every time you see someone promises you will lose weight without exercise, you know that the only thing you lose is your money"
The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) reported that at least four manufacturers -LeanSpa fashion formulas, L´Occitane, HCG Diet Direct and have engaged in misleading sensationalist propaganda. Companies, meanwhile, agreed to pay a combined $ 30 million to settle the matter.
The fine is not much for a business that moves each year between 60,000 million and 70,000 million dollars in a country where two thirds of the population are obese or overweight.
The FTC not only expects to collect that money to reimburse consumers who bought the fraudulent products but also called on newspapers, magazines, television stations and other media that suppress false or misleading propaganda.
"Every time you see someone promises you will lose weight without exercise, you know that the only thing you lose is your money," said a statement from the FTC. "Weight loss requires wise choices about the food."
About 100 million people "dieters" in the United States, easy and miraculous formulas have become even more popular since the years of the Great Recession.
Total spending on EE diets. UU. stagnated during the crisis and, in fact, it has not grown much since. Total revenues of the companies diets rose about 1.2% in 2012 and 2.6% in 2013, according to research firm MarketData markets.
What has changed is that more people are turning to the "fashionable formula"-usually a hodgepodge, fruit, grain or seed exótica- systems use less structured and more costly diets, the results are tested as WeightWatchers.
Over a year ago it became fashionable to extract green coffee beans, hailed as a miracle supplement for weight loss.
The investigation of the American Chemical Society on chlorogenic acid, the main ingredient in supplements of green coffee beans that soon went on sale in the "health food stores" showed that not contribute to weight loss and instead can make fatty deposits build up in the liver.
Another recent example of how quickly the exotic products gain public attention, and pay millions of dollars to doctors and dietitians who are promoted on popular television programs is Garcinia cambogia.
The extract of this fruit from Southeast Asia is promoted as a quick fix for excess weight, with no clinical studies to prove, without much time to use to determine their effects on people with certain health conditions.
On the other hand still has little popularity that the universal formula for losing excess weight, and to maintain healthy, remains a varied and moderate diet, along with an appropriate level of physical exercise. Ie consumption and expenditure necessary than consumed.
"It´s easy to make the resolution to lose weight and keep it is difficult," said Jessica Rich, director of the Office of Consumer Protection at the FTC. "And the odds of success just sprinkle something in the food, running a creamy thighs or using a ´supplement´ are between few and none."
Currently the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has given approval for only three compounds for weight loss, and these are suitable only for certain adults Belviq, Qsymia and Orilstat (sold without prescription under the name Alli) .
For Sensa is a powder which contains maltodextrin, tricalcium phosphate and siliceous as well as natural and artificial flavors, and that users spread on your meals.
The manufacturers claim in their propaganda that has been tested clinically an average weight loss of almost 14 pounds in six months, without dieting or exercise.
The FTC charged that Sensa Products, Inc. Sensa, Sensa´s chief executive, Adam Goldberg, and the creator of the formula, the doctor Alan Hirsch, making claims that are not supported by the evidence.
The FTC closed in December 2011 companies LeanSpa weight loss indicating that made false promises in its promotion of acai fruit and products for colon cleansing.
L´Occitane appeared on the market with a different approach: skin creams with names like Beautiful Shape and Almond Delight Almond Shaping the application, according to the propaganda, slim down the fats in about three inches in just four weeks.
HDG Diet Direct, meanwhile, sells a liquid form of chorionic gonadotropin produced by the human placenta, and as the propaganda has to be taken with a diet of less than 800 calories daily.
But "a very low calorie diet should only be used under proper medical supervision," the government notice.
In that warning the government argued that "HDG products sold without prescription have not proven to aid in weight loss and can be dangerous, even if administered according to the instructions.
If you use cell phones, pay attention to this limits for safe exposure to radiofrequency (RF) energy.
Working closely with federal health and safety agencies, such as the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the FCC has adopted limits for safe exposure to radiofrequency (RF) energy. These limits are given in terms of a unit referred to as the Specific Absorption Rate (SAR), which is a measure of the amount of radio frequency energy absorbed by the body when using a mobile phone. The FCC requires cell phone manufacturers to ensure that their phones comply with these objective limits for safe exposure. Any cell phone at or below these SAR levels (that is, any phone legally sold in the U.S.) is a "safe" phone, as measured by these standards. The FCC limit for public exposure from cellular telephones is an SAR level of 1.6 watts per kilogram (1.6 W/kg).
SAR Information from individual manufacturers can be found on the below websites:
FCC SAR Database - You can usually find the SAR value of a cellular phone through the FCC database if you can get the FCC ID number from the instrument.
The FCC ID number is usually shown somewhere on the case of the phone or device. In many cases, you will have to remove the battery pack to find the number. Once you have the number proceed as follows. Go to the following Web address:www.fcc.gov/oet/ea/fccid. Once you are there you will see instructions for inserting the FCC ID number. Enter the FCC ID number (in two parts as indicated: "Grantee Code" is comprised of the first three characters, the "Equipment Product Code" is the remainder of the FCC ID). Then click on "Start Search." The grant of equipment authorization for this particular ID number should appear. The highest SAR values reported in the equipment certification test data are usually included in the comments section of the grant of equipment certification.
Additional information on Specific Absorption Rates (SAR) can be found on
For general information, you may contact the FCCs Consumer and Governmental Affairs Bureau in the following ways:
Via Internet at www.fcc.gov/consumer-governmental-affairs-bureau
Consumer Center, Voice: 1-888-CALL-FCC (1-888-225-5322) and
TTY: 1-888-TELL-FCC (1-888-835-5322)
For this or any other consumer publication in an alternative format (electronic ASCII text, Braille, large print or audio) please write or call us at the address or phone number below, or send an email to FCC504@fcc.gov.
Looking For More Information?
You can contact the FCC at:
Federal Communications Commission
Consumer and Governmental Affairs Bureau
445 12th Street, SW
Washington, DC 20554
1-888-CALL-FCC (1-888-225-5322) VOICE
1-888-TELL-FCC (1-888-835-5322) TTY