TAMMS ILLINOIS NEWS AND BLOG


Latest News - TAMMS ILLINOIS

Tamms Soldier promoted to major general


(Right to left) Maj. Gen. Johnny R. Miller of Tamms, Illinois, Assistant Adjutant General-Army, receives the Oath of Office from Daniel Krumrei, the Adjutant General. SPRINGFIELD, IL (09/28/2014)(readMedia)-- Johnny R. Miller of Tamms, Illinois, the ...

My childhood home, my mom with a mansion...
and J-Lo's derriere: The strangely touching requests for pictures from supermax prison's 'worst of the worst' inmates stuck in ...


Tamms was only ever half full, leading to criticism that it was too costly. The prison closed for good on January 4, 2013 with Illinois Governor Quinn citing human rights issues. Last month UN Special Rapporteur on torture, Juan E. Méndez urged the U.S ...

Tamms Is Torture: The Campaign to Close an Illinois Supermax Prison


Photo by Lora Lode/Tamms Year Ten, 2012. Illinois Lost Its Head In 1998, Illinois opened a prison without a yard, cafeteria, classrooms or chapel. Tamms Supermax was designed for just one purpose: sensory deprivation. No phone calls, communal activities or ...

Worst of the worst at Tamms could be shipped out of state


SPRINGFIELD — Some of Illinois’ most notorious criminals could be shipped to other states as part of Gov. Pat Quinn’s push to close prisons in Tamms and Dwight. Records obtained by The Pantagraph’s Springfield bureau show the Illinois Department of ...

Quinn: Let’s sell Tamms to Feds


SPRINGFIELD — Illinois Gov. Pat Quinn is offering to sell the Tamms prison he plans to close to the federal government, marking the second time in less than three years that he’s courted Washington to buy a state penitentiary. In a letter dated Friday ...

Controversial Tamms Closure A Triumph For Prison Reformers


The union is steadfastly against the closings and other Illinois Department of Corrections (IDOC) shut downs, even though the governor's office says the moves will result in no public employee layoffs. "Tamms is the safety valve for the entire prison ...

Illinois Gov. Quinn moving ahead with Tamms prison closing and others


SPRINGFIELD, Ill. • Illinois Gov. Pat Quinn’s office has decided to go ahead with plans to close the Tamms Correctional Center and other facilities around Illinois, in defiance of a Legislature that tried to stop it and even approved funding to keep ...

Should Tamms be saved for the jobs?


We need to keep torturing people in Illinois because it provides jobs. This is the unspoken argument of legislators who want to save Tamms, the supermax at the southern tip of Illinois. Governor Pat Quinn has proposed closing Tamms—not for humanitarian ...

It's Time for Illinois to Close Tamms Supermax


Across the country, states are using the current economic crisis as an opportunity to pursue cost-effective criminal justice reform. In this spirit, Governor Pat Quinn has proposed closing eight Illinois Department of Corrections (DOC) facilities ...

Ex-inmate on controversial prison: ‘Tamms never leaves my head’


SPRINGFIELD — When Gov. Pat Quinn announced plans to shut down Illinois’ super-maximum-security prison in Downstate Tamms last week, Brian Nelson flashed back to his dozen years in continuous solitary confinement there for 23 hours a day. Now paroled ...

Veterans Memorial Vandalized In Suburban Illinois Town


Residents of a suburban Illinois town were shocked when they discovered that their beloved veterans memorial had been vandalized over the weekend. The monuments in New Lenox honored the Navy, Air Force, Coast Guards and Marines serving in wars from the ...

Brothers charged in Illinois serial rapes


CHICAGO - Two brothers were being held without bond Wednesday after being charged in a series of brutal sexual assaults dating back more than a decade, reports CBS Chicago. Leondo Joseph, 38, and LB Joseph, 29, are charged in a handful of sexual assaults ...

Illinois Cop Fired For Saying Darren Wilson ‘Did Society A Favor’ By Killing Mike Brown


Elgin police officer Jason Lentz got a bit more than he bargained for when he decided to post an insensitive remark about the shooting of Mike Brown to his Facebook page. “Hmmm … innocent victim my a**. Did society a favor,” he captioned a link to a ...

Illinois troopers looking for seat belt violators throughout October


COLLINSVILLE, Ill. (KMOV.com) – Illinois State Troopers will be looking for anyone not wearing a seat belt throughout the month of October. It is an Illinois law that everyone in a car must wear a seat belt, anyone found to be caught not wearing one will ...

Illinois woman charged in sister's stabbing death


CARPENTERSVILLE, Ill. (AP) — A northeastern Illinois woman has been charged with murder in the stabbing death of her sister. Carpentersville police say 53-year-old Sandra Baumgartner was charged Wednesday with three counts of first-degree murder.

Illinois GOP Candidate For Governor Touts Career Making Fees Off Pension Funds


Amid a simmering national debate over fees paid by pension systems to private money managers, the Republican nominee for Illinois governor is asking voters to support him precisely because of his career as one of the more successful such money managers.

Illinois Governor candidates debate funding for Obama’s Presidential Library


The candidates for Illinois governor have evolving views on who should pay for a potential presidential library in President Barack Obama’s home state, but both Democratic Gov. Pat Quinn and Republican Bruce Rauner say private funding should be a main ...

Non-resident Carry in Illinois


Arizona --(Ammoland.com)- I attended the Gun Rights Policy Conference in Illinois last weekend. After the event, I met another attendee in Wisconsin. Don Hosmer recalled disarming before entering Illinois, and seeing several others do so as well.

Illinois Football: Previewing Purdue's Defense


After a beating like Illinois football saw in Nebraska, one of those games where you just simply throw away the tape, it is nice to see a team come to town that may actually be worse off than the Illini. On Saturday, the Purdue Boilermakers come to ...

Illinois' gubernatorial candidates in their own words


Illinois voters have a difficult choice to make in less than five weeks: Who will become the next governor? Reboot Illinois teamed up with the Better Government Association to ask the three gubernatorial candidates - Democrat Gov. Pat Quinn, Republican ...



SPECIAL INFORMATION FOR TAMMS

Learn about obesity in children

How do I know if my child has a healthy weight?

young boy on scaleThe doctor will monitor the changes in height and weight of children in the course of time and can tell you if your child has a healthy weight. During regular checkups, be sure to talk to your doctor about your childs weight.

Your childs doctor may ask about:

  • The feeding habits of your child
  • If you know places where to buy healthy food for children
  • How much physical activity the child
  • If there are certain places where your child can run and play
  • Much time your child spends each day in front of screens (watching TV, playing video games or at the computer, phone or tablet, such as iPad)
  • Any health problems your child has
  • The medical history of your family

What is BMI and what are the percentiles of BMI?

To find out if your child is in a healthy weight range, your doctor may use a measure called BMI or "body mass index". BMI is based on height and weight of your child measure. The BMI helps the doctor estimate how much body fat your child. The doctor can use BMI to see if your child has an appropriate weight for your height. A healthy BMI is different between girls and boys and varies by age.

Your doctor can compare your child´s BMI values ??typical of children of the same sex and age BMI. For that, doctors may use what is called "BMI percentile". This can help the doctor determine if your child is underweight, healthy weight, overweight or obese.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention of Diseases, CDC, for its acronym in English), it is considered that a child has:

  • A healthy weight if your BMI is between the 5th percentile and 85th
  • Overweight if their BMI is between the 85th percentile and 95 º
  • Obese if their BMI is in the 95th percentile or taller

Talk with your child´s doctor about what BMI means your child.

Obesity: the 95th percentile upwards Overweight: 85th percentile to less than 95 Healthy Weight: 5th percentile to the 85th Underweight: below the 5th percentile

To calculate BMI and BMI percentile your child visit http://apps.nccd.cdc.gov/dnpabmi/ (available in English)

What health problems can cause a child being overweight or obese?

Children who are overweight or obese are more likely to be overweight or obese as adults. Also more likely to develop serious health problems, such as:

  • High blood sugar or diabetes
  • High Blood Pressure
  • Cholesterol (a type of blood fat) tall
  • Sleep apnea (a condition in which a person stops breathing for short periods during sleep)
  • Heart problems (such as heart attack or heart failure) or stroke in adulthood
  • Increased pressure on bones and joints, which can cause problems in childhood and in adulthood, joints and bones
  • Disease Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (disease caused by excess fat in the liver)
  • Low self-esteem or depression
  • Eating disorders such as binging and purging food

In the U.S., 1 in 3 children are overweight or obese.

What can cause a child to become overweight or obese?

Many things can cause a child to become overweight or obese; for instance:

  • Unhealthy eating habits . Children may overeat, eat many foods that are not healthy or take too many sugary drinks.
  • Not getting enough sleep . Children who do not sleep long enough each night are more likely to be overweight.
  • Family history . Children in families with overweight may be more likely to develop it. That may be due to the child´s genes or eating habits that are learned in the family.
  • Lack of sufficient physical activity . It is possible that children do not carry enough physical activity.Children should be active for at least 1 hour each day.
  • Too much time in front of screens . Children can spend too much time each day in front of screens.Some children eat while watching TV or playing on the computer.
  • Environment . Children may spend time in an environment (such as with family or friends, at daycare or school) where they have access to healthy food choices and opportunities for physical activity.

How to prevent your child from becoming overweight or obese

How I can prevent my child from becoming overweight or obese?

To help prevent your child from becoming overweight or obese, make sure you eat healthy and be active. There are many things you can do at home, at school and in the community to help children maintain a healthy weight.Here are some examples of each is.

At home

There are many things families can do at home. Some examples are:

Eat healthily
  • Prepare healthy meals at home with components of each food group.
    • The food groups include fruits, vegetables, grains, protein foods (meat, eggs, fish, "tofu" or tofu and beans) and low-fat dairy products or fat.
  • Make sure you eat a healthy breakfast every day.
  • Eat at the table with the family, rather than in front of a screen (TV, computer, cell phone or tablet).
  • Limit or avoid having drinks and foods that are not healthy at home.
    • Replace unhealthy snacks such as cookies, candy or chips in bag, healthy snacks such as fruits and vegetables.
    • Replace unhealthy sugary drinks such as soda, sports drinks or juices for healthy drinks such as water and low fat milk or fat.
  • Whenever you can, eat at home instead of in restaurants. At home, you are more likely to limit the amount of fat, sugar and salt in their food.
  • Make sure you eat the right amount of food.
For more information about healthy foods, the right amounts and sample menus, visithttp://choosemyplate.gov/en-espanol.html
Stay physically active
  • Give your child a chance to run and play for at least 1 hour a day.
  • Organize fun activities like biking, walking to the park, playing ball or swimming.
  • Encourage the whole family to stay active throughout the day.
    • For example, use the stairs instead of the elevator and go to places to walk or bike instead of going by car or bus.
  • Limit the time you spend in front of screens every day.
  • In addition to being physically active, make sure your child gets enough sleep each night.

Let´s Go! (Come on!) is a program to prevent children from becoming obese. The program is based on healthy eating and physical activity. Let´s Go! recommends healthy habits "5-2-1-0" for each day:

  • 5 fruits and vegetables
  • 2 hours or less of screen time for fun
  • 1 hour or more of physical activity
  • 0 sugary drinks

Let´s Go also recommends keeping the TV and computers out of the bedroom of the child and not allowing screen time for children under 2 years.

Let´s Go is a program of the State of Maine also provides resources to communities in other states.

These images and messages are adapted from Let´s Go on www.letsgo.org   (available in English only)

Let´s Go also has resources for schools to help children to eat healthy and be physically active. For more information and a packet of resources for your school, visit www.letsgo.org / toolkits .   Certain pages package resources are available in Spanish.

To find out what is making your child´s school to help prevent children are overweight or become obese, talk to the principal, the school nurse or school counselor your child. You can also ask how to participate in the Parent Teacher Association (PTA, for its acronym in English) or Parent Teacher Organization (PTO, for its acronym in English).

children at play

In school

In addition to eating healthily and be physically active at home, school programs can help children maintain a healthy weight. School programs can include activities such as:

  • Lessons about the importance of healthy eating and physical activity.
  • Information sessions for parents to learn ways to help your child maintain a healthy weight.
  • Healthy options for breakfast and lunch in the cafeteria, with appropriate portion sizes.
  • Healthy snacks and drinks in vending machines and at parties and events.
  • Water Dispensers with filters, to promote the use of drinking water instead of soda or sports drinks.
  • Groups led by adults to go to school on foot or by bicycle.
  • A longer period of physical education, in which children are physically active.
  • Fitness equipment such as balls and jump ropes for use at recess.

In the community

In addition to home and school, they can also make changes in the community to help children maintain a healthy weight. Communities and community middles can:

  • Improve parks, sidewalks and bike paths to ride in the community.
  • Take steps to parks, sidewalks and bike paths to be secure.
  • Promote community events such as health fairs, walks 5 kilometers (5K), sporting events at local parks, community gardens programs and local farmers markets. This can be done through posters, local modernspapers and radio stations and local television.
  • Offer programs where families can receive advice on healthy eating and physical activity.

Girls on bikes

For other resources that can help your child maintain a healthy weight, visit:

For more information to improve parks, sidewalks and bike paths to ride in your area, contact your local department of parks and recreation.

For more information about events or programs in your community, contact your local community and recreation middles (such as the YMCA, the Boys and Girls Club or the local religious community middles).

What researchers found on measures that can be taken at home, school and community to prevent children are overweight or become obese?

Healthy eating and physical activity are very important to prevent children are overweight or become obese.

The researchers found that:

  • School programs to help children to eat healthily and being physically active can help prevent becoming overweight or become obese.
  • In conjunction with the curriculum, they can be useful also other measures taken at home and in the community.
  • More research is needed to find out what programs or measures are most effective.

Talking to your child´s doctor, school officials and community middles

Examples of questions to ask your child

  • Is my child a healthy weight?
  • What are the most important things I do at home to help my child maintain a healthy weight?
  • How I can get my child to eat healthy foods?
  • How much of each type of food should my child eat?
  • How much physical activity does my child need each day?
  • What are the best types of physical activity for my child?
  • How long should I allow my child pass in front of screens every day?
  • How long should my child sleep every night?
  • Do you have resources that can help me keep my child at a healthy weight?
  • Are you of community resources that can help you know?
  • If I have no grocery stores nearby or healthy foods are expensive for me, do you know resources that can help?
  • If there is a secure place for my child out to play, how I can help you stay active?

Sample questions for the principal, school nurse or your child´s counselor

  • Does the school offer programs to help prevent children are overweight or become obese? If not, how could we start one?
  • In the cafeteria and vending machines? Healthy foods like fruits and vegetables are offered instead of sugary drinks and salty or fatty foods?
  • How long will my child for physical activities is given in physical education class, at recess or during the day?
  • Do you use once school physical education as punishment or other physical activities?
  • Do you have programs for group walks or go to school groups for cycling to school guided by adults or other physical activity programs for children?
  • Is there information sessions that you can attend to learn more about how to help my child maintain a healthy weight?
  • What can I do at home to help reinforce what is taught in school about healthy eating and physical activity?
  • Are you of community resources that can help you know?

Examples of questions to their local community or recreation middles

  • Do you have resources or programs on healthy eating and physical activity for children?
  • Do you have a calendar of community events that include activities such as health fairs, walks 5 kilometers (5K) and sporting events at local parks?
  • Do you have a list of community gardens or local farmers markets?
  • Do you know of programs that can guide me to help my family eat healthy and be physically active?

Source

The information in this summary comes from the report Childhood Obesity Prevention Programs: Comparative Effectiveness Review and Meta-Analysis, (Programs to prevent childhood obesity: A review of comparative efficacy and meta-analysis)., June 2013 The report was produced by the Johns Hopkins University Evidence-based Practice Center (Centre for Evidence-Based Practice at Johns Hopkins) with funding from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality in Health Care, AHRQ, for its acronym in English).

Additional information MedlinePlus website was obtained ® , a service of the National Library of Medicine (National Library of Medicine) and the National Institutes of Health (National Institutes of Health) of the United States. This page is available at www.nlm.nih.gov / medlineplus / spanish .

This summary was prepared by the John M. Eisenberg Center for Clinical Decisions and Communications Science (John M. Eisenberg Center for Science Communications and Clinical Decision) at Baylor College of Medicine (Baylor College of Medicine) in Houston, Texas. It was written by Amelia Williamson Smith, MS, Jason A. Mendoza, MD, MPH, and Michael Fordis, MD This summary was reviewed by parents of children aged 2 to 18 years ancient.

[7]



How I can eat a healthy diet?

The body needs minerals, vitamins and other nutrients to stay healthy. A healthy diet means you are eating:


  • Vegetables, fruits, whole grains and non-fat dairy and low-fat
  • Fish, seafood, chicken or turkey, lean meats and low-fat, eggs, beans, peas (peas), seeds and nuts


    Limit your intake of foods rich in:


  • Cholesterol, sodium (salt) and added sugar.
  • Fat trans: fats trans can be found in foods such as cakes (or cakes), cookies, margarine that comes in bars and fried foods.
  • Saturated fats: These fats are in animal products such as cheese, high-fat meats, whole milk and butter.
  • Refined grains: refined grain products include white bread, pasta, white rice and flour tortillas, among others.


    Get a personalized diet plan to help you choose healthy foods



    Having too much cholesterol in the blood can cause heart disease or heart attack. Approximately one in six people in the United States have high cholesterol. You may have high cholesterol and not know it. Good thing its easy to get tested for cholesterol, and if you go too high, you can take steps to control it.


    Who should be tested for cholesterol?


  • Men who are 35 or more
  • Men under 35 who have heart disease or are at risk of suffering from
  • Women who have heart disease or are at risk of suffering from


    [8]

    If you use cell phones, pay attention to this limits for safe exposure to radiofrequency (RF) energy.

    Working closely with federal health and safety agencies, such as the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the FCC has adopted limits for safe exposure to radiofrequency (RF) energy. These limits are given in terms of a unit referred to as the Specific Absorption Rate (SAR), which is a measure of the amount of radio frequency energy absorbed by the body when using a mobile phone. The FCC requires cell phone manufacturers to ensure that their phones comply with these objective limits for safe exposure. Any cell phone at or below these SAR levels (that is, any phone legally sold in the U.S.) is a "safe" phone, as measured by these standards. The FCC limit for public exposure from cellular telephones is an SAR level of 1.6 watts per kilogram (1.6 W/kg).

    Consumer Publications

    SAR Information from individual manufacturers can be found on the below websites:

    FCC SAR Database - You can usually find the SAR value of a cellular phone through the FCC database if you can get the FCC ID number from the instrument.

    The FCC ID number is usually shown somewhere on the case of the phone or device. In many cases, you will have to remove the battery pack to find the number. Once you have the number proceed as follows. Go to the following Web address:www.fcc.gov/oet/ea/fccid. Once you are there you will see instructions for inserting the FCC ID number. Enter the FCC ID number (in two parts as indicated: "Grantee Code" is comprised of the first three characters, the "Equipment Product Code" is the remainder of the FCC ID). Then click on "Start Search." The grant of equipment authorization for this particular ID number should appear. The highest SAR values reported in the equipment certification test data are usually included in the comments section of the grant of equipment certification.

    Additional information on Specific Absorption Rates (SAR) can be found on

    For general information, you may contact the FCC’s Consumer and Governmental Affairs Bureau in the following ways:

    Via Internet at www.fcc.gov/consumer-governmental-affairs-bureau Consumer Center, Voice: 1-888-CALL-FCC (1-888-225-5322) and TTY: 1-888-TELL-FCC (1-888-835-5322)

    For this or any other consumer publication in an alternative format (electronic ASCII text, Braille, large print or audio) please write or call us at the address or phone number below, or send an email to FCC504@fcc.gov.

    Looking For More Information?

    You can contact the FCC at:

    Federal Communications Commission Consumer and Governmental Affairs Bureau 445 12th Street, SW Washington, DC 20554 1-888-CALL-FCC (1-888-225-5322) VOICE 1-888-TELL-FCC (1-888-835-5322) TTY

    [15]

    How women tend to react to stress?

    woman with her familyHistory of Kasandra I have two full time jobs: I´m the manager of a customer service center and the mother of two young children. I see myself as a happy person and a dedicated worker. But last month, the traffic, my work, household chores, and try to spend enough time with my kids were really stressed out. I get up very early in the morning to prepare my children for school, and then take so long to get to work when I arrive and am cranky. In my office there is shortage of staff and we had meet many deadlines, so I was working overtime. My home life was affected: the traffic back home did not improve my mood, and when it came I was so tired I did not want to do anything! But I was faced with having to make dinner and wash clothes. My kids also need my attention! wanted to control my stress before it overwhelmed me. I talked to my boss about work later to avoid traffic and therefore be in a better mood when I get to work and home. I asked my husband to go to get the kids through school, and he´s offered to help with dinner and laundry. When he cooks, I go biking with my kids. I also started to book five minutes morning and late at work to relax and breathe deeply. These small changes have had a major positive effect on my life!

    What are some of the most common causes of stress?

    Stress can occur for many reasons. It can be triggered by a traumatic accident, a death, or an emergency situation.Stress can also be a side effect of a serious illness.

    There is also stress associated with daily life, the workplace, and family responsibilities. It´s hard to stay calm or relaxed with our hectic lives. As women we have many roles to play: that of wife, mother, caregiver, friend or employee. With all the occupations we have in our life, it seems almost impossible to find ways to relieve our stress. However it is important to find those ways, because your health depends on it.

    What are some of the early signs of stress?

    Stress can have many different forms, and contribute to the symptoms of disease. Some of the common symptoms are headache, sleep problems, difficulty concentrating, bad temper, stomach disorders, job dissatisfaction, low mood, depression and anxiety.

    How women tend to react to stress?

    We all have to deal with stressful situations such as traffic, fights with spouse, and work problems. Some researchers believe that women handle stress in a unique way: engage and befriend.

    • Dealing: women protect and care for their children
    • Befriend: women seeking and receiving social support

    In times of stress, women tend to care for their children and get support from their female friends. Women organisms produce chemicals that are believed to promote these reactions. One of these chemicals is oxytocin, which has a calming effect during times of stress. This is the same chemical that is released during childbirth and that is found in higher levels in lactating women, who are believed to be calmer and more sociable than those who do not. Women also have estrogen hormone, which enhances the effects of oxytocin. Men, on the other hand, have high levels of testosterone in times of stress, which blocks the calming effects of oxytocin and causes hostility, withdrawal and anger.

    How does stress affect my body and my health?

    We all suffer stress. There are short-term stress, such as getting lost when driving or missing the bus. To everyday situations, such as planning a meal or making time for errands, can be stressful. This type of stress can make us feel worried or anxious.

    At other times we face long-term stress, such as racial discrimination, a fatal illness, or divorce. These stressful events can also affect your health in different ways. The long-term stress can increase your risk for certain medical conditions, such as depression problems.

    Both short-term stress and long-term stress can affect your body. The research is beginning to show the serious effects of stress on our body. Stress triggers changes in our body and makes it more likely you sick. It can also worsen problems and suffering. You can influence the following problems:

    • Difficulty sleeping
    • Headaches
    • Constipation
    • Diarrhea
    • Irritability
    • Lack of energy
    • Lack of concentration
    • Overeating or not eating
    • Anger
    • Sadness
    • Increased risk of asthma attacks or arthritis
    • Tension
    • Stomach cramps
    • Bloating
    • Skin problems such as urticaria
    • Depression
    • Anxiety
    • Weight gain or loss
    • Heart problems
    • Hypertension
    • Irritable Bowel Syndrome
    • Diabetes
    • Neck or back pain
    • Decreased sexual desire
    • Trouble getting pregnant

    What are some of the most stressful life events?

    Any change in our lives can be stressful, even some of the happiest, like having a baby or starting a new job. Here are some of the most stressful life events:

    • Death of a spouse
    • Divorce
    • Separation
    • Going to jail
    • Death of a close relative
    • Illness or injury
    • Marriage
    • Pregnancy
    • Retirement

    Scale of Life Events Holmes and Rahe (1967)

    What is Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)?

    Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD for short) is a debilitating condition that can occur after being exposed to a terrifying event or experience in which serious physical harm occurred or the threat thereof. Among the traumatic events that may trigger PTSD include violent attacks on the person, such as rape or mugging, natural disasters or caused by man, accidents, or military combat.

    Many people with PTSD repeatedly relive the experience through episodes of flashbacks, memories, nightmares, or frightening thoughts, especially when exposed to events or objects that remind them of the trauma. Anniversaries of the event can also trigger symptoms. People with PTSD may also experience emotional numbness, sleep disturbances, depression, anxiety, irritability or outbursts of anger. Feelings of intense guilt are also common (called survivor guilt), especially if other people did not survive the traumatic event.

    Most people who are exposed to a traumatic and stressful event suffer some symptoms of PTSD in the days and weeks following the event, but the symptoms usually disappear. However, about 8% of men and 20% of women go on to develop PTSD, and roughly 30% of these individuals develop a chronic or long-term PTSD continuing for the rest of their lives variety.

    How I can help manage my stress?

    Do not let stress the disease. Women usually carry a higher burden of stress we should. Often we are not even aware of our stress level. Pay attention to your body to know when stress is affected their health. Here are some ways to help manage stress:

    • Relax. loose is important. Everyone has their way of relaxing. Some of these ways are deep breathing, yoga, meditation and massage therapy. If you can not do these things, take a few minutes to sit down, listen to soothing music, or read a book.
    • Reserve time for yourself. Taking care of yourself is important. To not feel guilty, consider it an order from your doctor! No matter how busy you are, you can try to book at least 15 minutes per day in its program of activities to do something for herself, such as taking a bubble bath, go for a walk or call a friend on the phone.
    • Sleep. Sleeping is a great way to help both your body and your mind. If you do not get enough sleep, your stress can worsen. Nor can fight disease in the same way if you sleep poorly. If you get enough sleep, you can better address their problems and reduce your risk of getting sick. Try to get seven to nine hours every night.
    • Eat right. Try to get energy by eating fruits, vegetables and protein. Peanut butter, chicken salad or tuna are good sources of protein. Eat whole grains, such as bread and wheat crackers. Do not be fooled by the jolt of energy you feel when consuming caffeine or sugar, that energy will run out quickly.
    • Move. Believe it or not, physical activity not only helps relieve muscle tension, but also improves your mood!Before and after physical activity, the body produces certain chemicals called endorphins that relieve stress and improve your mood.
    • Talk to friends. Talk to your friends in order to better manage stress. Friends listen well. Does very well find someone who will let you talk freely about their problems and feelings without judgment. It also helps to hear a different point of view. His friends remember you are not alone.
    • Get professional help if needed. Talk to a therapist. A therapist can help you manage stress and find better ways to cope. Therapy can also help with more serious stress-related disorders such as PTSD. There are medications that can help relieve symptoms of depression and anxiety, and promote sleep.
    • Be transigente. Sometimes discuss not worth the stress it generates. Yield occasionally.
    • Write down what you think. Did you ever sent email to a friend about the terrible day that was, and felt better afterwards? Why not take a pen and paper and write down what is happening in your life? Keeping a journal can be a great way to vent and manage their problems. You can then re-read your journal and see how much progress has been made!
    • Help others. Helping someone can help themselves. Help your neighbor, or do volunteer work in your community.
    • Have a hobby. Find something you enjoy. Be sure to take the time to explore their interests.
    • Please limits. Regarding things like work and family, determine how much you can actually do. The amount of hours in the day is limited. Limit yourself to yourself and others too. Do not be afraid to say NO to requests for your time and energy.
    • Plan your time. Consider in advance how you will use your time. Write a list of things to do. Decide which are the most important.
    • Do not handle stress in ways that are not healthy. Among these are drinking too much alcohol, using drugs, smoking or overeating.

    I heard deep breathing can help with my stress. How is it done?

    Deep breathing is a good way to relax. Try to do it a few times per day. Here´s how you do it:

    1. Lie down or sit in a chair.
    2. Rest your hands on your stomach.
    3. Slowly count to four and inhale through the nose. Feel your stomach rise. Hold your breath for a second.
    4. Slowly count to four while you exhale through your mouth. To control how fast you exhale, purse your lips as if to whistle. Your stomach will slowly drop.
    5. Repeat for five to ten times.

    Cause stress ulcers?

    Doctors used to think ulcers were caused by stress and spicy foods. We now know that stress does not cause ulcers, only irritates. The ulcers are caused by a bacterium (germ) called H. pylori. Researchers do not yet know for certain how people contract. They think they can get it through the water. It is treated by a combination of antibiotics and other drugs.

    [11]

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    You have the right to a safe workplace

    You have the right to a safe workplace. The Law on Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (OSH Act) was enacted to prevent death, injury or illness of workers in their workplaces. The law requires employers to provide free working conditions hazards and unsafe conditions. The Act (OSH Act) created the Administration Occupational Safety and Health (OSHA), which sets and enforces standards that protect the safety and health at workplaces. OSHA also provides information, training and assistance to workers and employers. Workers can make a complaint to OSHA inspect their workplace if they believe their employer is not following OSHA standards or there are serious risks. Contact us with questions or to make a complaint . We will keep your information confidential. We are here to help.

    The rights of workers under the OSHA Act

    Workers have the right to conditions of work without risk of serious harm. Site to ensure safe and healthful workplace, OSHA also provides workers the right to:
    • Ask OSHA to conduct an inspection of the workplace.
    • Exercise their rights under the law of revenge free or discrimination.
    • Receive information and training about hazards, methods to prevent damage and OSHA standards that apply to your workplace. The training must be in a language you can understand;
    • Having access to the results of the tests done to find hazards in the workplace,
    • Read the archives of injuries and work-related diseases ;
    • Access to copies of your medical records ;

    Who covers the OSHA

    Private sector workers Most employees in the country are under the jurisdiction of the OSHA law. OSHA covers employers and private sector workers in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and other jurisdictions of the United States, either directly by the OSHA Federal, or anOSHA-approved state program . State Programs health and safety should be at least as effective as federal OSHA program. To find the contact information for the Office of Federal or state program of the nearest OSHA, see the map of the regional offices. Employees of state and local government Employees who work for state and local governments are not covered by the federal OSHA, but have protection under the OSHA law if they work in states that have a state program approved by OSHA. Four states and a territory of the USA. UU. have OSHA-approved plans that cover only public sector employees. These include: Connecticut, Illinois, New Jersey, New York, and the Virgin Islands. Workers in the private sector in these four states and the Virgin Islands are covered by federal OSHA. Federal workers Federal agencies must have a safety and health program that meets the same standards as private employers. Although OSHA does not assign fines to federal agencies, yes the monitors and responds to complaints from their workers. The States Postal Service (USPS) is covered by OSHA. Not covered by the OSHA Act:
    • Freelance workers;
    • Members of the immediate family of the owners of a farm that did not employ outside workers; and
    • Workplace hazards that are regulated by another federal agency (eg Administration Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA), the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), the Coast Guard)

    Standards OSHA: Occupational

    OSHA standards are regulations that describe the methods that employers must use to protect their employees from hazards and risks. There are OSHA standards for the construction , agriculturemarine operations , and general industry. latter category are the standards that apply to most workplaces. Standards limit the amount of hazardous chemicals to which workers can be exposed;require the use of certain safe practices and equipment; and require employers to monitor hazards and keep reports of injuries and illnesses in the workplace. Examples of OSHA standards include requirements to: provide fall protection; prevent the collapse of excavations; prevent some infectious diseases; ensure that workers entering confined spaces safely; prevent employees from being exposed to harmful substances such as asbestos; put guards on machines; provide respirators or other safety equipment; and provide training for certain dangerous jobs. Employers must also conform to the General Duty Clause of the OSHA Act ​​requires employers to keep their workplace free of hazards that are recognized as serious. This clause is usually cited when no OSHA standard applies directly to danger.

    Workers can request that OSHA inspect your workplace

    Workers or their representatives, may file a complaint and request OSHA to conduct an inspection of your workplace if they believe there is a serious danger or your employer is not complying with OSHA standards. A worker can tell OSHA to keep your identity confidential. 's a violation of the OSH Act an employee is fired, demoted, transferred, or discriminated against in any way for filing a complaint or exercise other rights of OSHA. You can make a complaint online , download the form and mail or fax to the office of the nearest OSHA ; or by calling 1-800-321-OSHA (6742). Most of the complaints received from the Internet can be resolved informally by phone with your employer. Written complaints that are signed by an employee or representative and sent to the OSHA office nearest are more likely to result in an OSHA inspection at your workplace. When the OSHA inspector arrives, workers and their representatives have the right to:
    • Be present during the inspection.
    • Talk to the OSHA inspector privately.
    • Take part in meetings between the inspector and the employer before and after the inspection.
    When no union representative or the employee, the OSHA inspector must speak confidentially to a reasonable number of employees during the course of the inspection. When an inspector finds violations of OSHA standards or serious hazards, OSHA can issue citations and fines. A citation includes the methods that an employer can use to fix the problem, and the date when these corrective actions must be completed. Workers have the right to challenge only the date when the problem has to be solved. But employers have the right to dispute whether there is a violation, or any other part of the citation. Workers or their representatives must notify OSHA if they want to be involved in the appeal process, if the employer challenges a subpoena. "If you send a complaint requesting an OSHA inspection, you are entitled to a copy of the results of the OSHA inspection and request that they be revised if OSHA decides not to issue citations."

    Employer Responsibilities

    Employers have a responsibility to provide a safe workplace. Employers MUST provide a workplace free of serious hazards and follow all health and safety standards of OSHA .Employers have to find and fix security issues and health. OSHA also requires employers to try to eliminate or reduce hazards by making changes in working conditions, rather than simply wear masks, gloves, ear plugs, or other types of personal protective equipment (PPE for short in English). Switching to safer chemicals, processes to trap harmful gases, or using ventilation systems to clean the air are examples of effective ways to eliminate or reduce risks. Employers also MUST:
    • Inform employees about the dangers workout, tags, alarms, color-coded systems, information sheets on chemicals and other methods.
    • Save accurate reports of injuries and work-related diseases .
    • Testing in the workplace, such as air sampling, required by some OSHA standards
    • Providing hearing tests or other medical tests required by OSHA standards
    • Locate OSHA citations, data on injuries and illnesses, and the OSHA poster at the jobsite in a place where employees can see them.
    • Report to OSHA within 8 hours after an incident in the workplace where there is a death or when three or more workers to go to hospital.
    • Not discriminate and not retaliate against an employee for exercising their rights under the law.

    You can not be punished or discriminated against for exercising their rights under the law of the OSHA

    OSHA law protects workers who complain to their employer, OSHA or other government agencies on working conditions that are not healthy or safe, or environmental problems. You can not be transferred, denied a raise, have your hours reduced, be fired, or punished in any other way for exercising their rights under the law of OSHA. OSHA There is help for whistleblowers . If you have been punished or discriminated against for asserting your rights, you must file a complaint with OSHA within 30 days of the alleged retaliation have occurred to most complaints. No form is required, but you must send a letter or call the office nearest OSHA explaining the situation and the alleged discrimination.

    What if there is a dangerous situation at work?

    If you believe that your work conditions are not healthy or safe, we recommend that you notify your employer of the conditions, if possible. You can make a complaint with OSHA about a hazardous job at any time. But you should not leave the job site only because you made ​​a complaint. If the condition clearly presents a risk of death or serious physical harm, there is insufficient time for OSHA consider, and, whenever possible, you have shown the condition to your employer, you may have a legal right reused to work in a situation where you would be exposed to danger.

    Additional information for workers

    Does OSHA has reviewed my employer? You can research the history of inspection through their employer seeking establishment of OSHA . Just enter the name of your company and choose the dates you want to examine. What is the danger most commonly cited in my industry? You'll need to know the standard industry classification code (SIC, for its acronym in English) from their employer . Once you know your four-digit code, visit the OSHA Standards that are frequently cited , enter your SIC code and see the information for the last year. Does OSHA provides technical information on hazards? OSHA provides technical information to help workers, employers and professionals in health and safety issues, to reduce occupational injuries and illnesses. For example, you can find information on pathogens, and ergonomic machine guards or fall protection. What is the OSHA materials that may be of interest to workers? OSHA publishes a variety of publications on many topics. Some of the most useful publications for workers are listed below. See OSHA publications for a complete list of materials published by the agency. You can also order publications online.


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