TOLEDO IOWA NEWS AND BLOG


Latest News - TOLEDO IOWA

Little strength so far in Hawkeyes’ strength-of-schedule


Both have gone catatonic since losing to Iowa. Ball State hasn’t won since its Iowa game, losing 27-20 to FCS Indiana State and 34-23 at Toledo. Pittsburgh’s follow-up to its 20-17 home loss to the Hawkeyes was a 21-10 home defeat to Akron. The Zips ...

John E. Llewellyn


John E. Llewellyn, 82, of Toledo passed away Saturday, Sept. 27, 2014 at the Iowa River Hospice Home in Marshalltown. Funeral Services will be held Wednesday, Oct. 1, 2014, at 10:30 a.m. at Kruse-Phillips Funeral Home in Tama with Stan Upah officiating.

Football Set for Saturday Game at Toledo on ESPN3


Ball State ranks 14th in the nation in rushing defense and has allowed only 82.3 rushing yards per game through its first three contests . . . The Cardinals limited Indiana State to only 44 rushing yards, the fewest for a Ball State opponent since Toledo ...

Ball State football: storylines vs. Toledo


Line: Toledo by 14. Storylines TO WATCH Dueling sophomores ...
But look at the defensive backfield and one finds some holes, especially against Iowa in the late going and for much of the afternoon against Indiana State. All they'll face is a group of ...

Ball State Cardinals vs. Toledo Rockets: Game Time, Radio, Streaming, and More


Sure, a lot of people predicted them to fall to Iowa, but I don't think anyone saw the loss to Indiana State coming. Fortunately, Ball State finally gets to see how they compare to a MAC opponent. They will be going back on the road to take on Toledo.

Tama County trial set for man in wife's slaying


TOLEDO, Iowa (AP) — A December trial has been scheduled for an Iowa man charged with the murder of his wife in Tama. The Tama County trial for Dustin Jefferson, 39, originally was set to begin on April 20. He's charged with the slaying of Kerry O'Clair ...

Lawsuit: Youth spent 280 days in isolation at Iowa Juvenile Home


She says she spent 280 of her 528 days at the Toledo facility in an isolation cell. It is the first such lawsuit since November 2012, when the federally funded advocacy group Disability Rights Iowa uncovered widespread use of long-term isolation at the ...

Building Collapses in Toledo


TOLEDO, Iowa (AP) -- No injuries have been reported in the collapse of a two-story building in the east-central Iowa city of Toledo. Toledo police say the collapse occurred just before 11 p.m. Monday on West High Street downtown. A wall and part of the ...

Building Partially Collapses in Toledo


TOLEDO, Iowa — A portion of a two-story building in downtown Toledo collapsed into an alley late Monday night. The Toledo Police Department reports it happened just before 11 p.m. in the 100 block of West High Street. The lower level contained a business ...

Toledo vs Iowa State football: Too-early game preview


Thanks to a switch in the football schedule, Iowa State won’t play its third non-conference game until well into the season against Toledo. Just because they aren’t familiar doesn’t mean that the Cyclones can dismiss them. They complete a non ...

Iowa company pitches Newcomb development proposal


Hobart Historic Restoration wants to build $3.9 million apartment and retail complex on site of former hotel The City of Quincy will continue negotiations with a developer from Grand Rapids, Iowa who wants to build a $3.9 million apartment and retail ...

Body found in Iowa City confirmed as missing ISU student


Iowa City police says the body found in the trunk of a car at an apartment complex Friday has been positively identified at missing Iowa State University student Tong Shao. Ames police say Shao, who was 20-years-old, was last seen in Ames on September 6th.

Iowa’s paranormal activity


CLEAR LAKE, Iowa – It’s a night to learn all about the paranormal. Terry Fisk, a man that studies the after-life and likes to find ghosts himself, is in Clear Lake. From young to old, many of those attending were laughing and listening to Paranormal ...

Nebraska and Iowa stocks fall, led by National Research


Nebraska and Iowa stocks fell on Monday, led by National Research and Berkshire Hathaway. The Bloomberg Nebraska and Iowa Index, a price-weighted list of companies with operations in the region, fell 0.80 to 718.54. National Research fell 1.42 to 36.83.

Tuttle set to emerge as star for Northern Iowa


CEDAR FALLS, Iowa (AP) -- Wichita State has been so dominant in the Missouri Valley that it can be tough for players on other schools to get noticed. Northern Iowa star Seth Tuttle might be good enough to buck that trend. Tuttle is one of the nation's most ...

Iowa Poll: Where do Braley and Ernst sit with Iowans


Iowa Poll: Where do Braley and Ernst sit with Iowans The ground under Bruce Braley has shifted. The Democratic U.S. Senate candidate is 6 points behind his GOP rival, Joni Ernst, according to The Des Moines Register’s new Iowa Poll of likely voters.

Forever Gold: Iowa Select teammates remember Chris Street


Chris Street's #40 jersey was placed on a chair on the bench during the Chris Street 20th anniversary game at Carver-Hawkeye Arena, Iowa vs. Wisconsin, on Saturday night Jan. 19th, 2013. Chris was a Iowa star basketball player who died Jan. 19, 1993.

University of Iowa student lists same address as missing ISU student


IOWA CITY — Social media posts and court records shed light into the investigation of a missing Iowa State University student whose body police found in the trunk of a car in Iowa City on Friday. Tong Shao, a 20-year-old ISU junior from China, on Aug. 25 ...

Morning Plum: Joni Ernst says Iowa doesn’t need a minimum wage hike


A Des Moines Register poll released on Saturday put Republican Joni Ernst up six points over Democrat Bruce Braley among likely voters in Iowa. There are reasons not to over-hype this one poll, but it seems clear Ernst has at least a small lead, and ...

Politico: Iowa’s got a woman problem, and only Hillary can cure it


Iowa has not elected a woman in a statewide contest since 1990, one example of election trivia that floats to the surface every couple of years when political journalists look for hooks on which to hang narratives. Twenty-four years later, Iowa has a ...



SPECIAL INFORMATION FOR TOLEDO

My identity was stolen. What should I do?

Identity theft occurs when someone steals your name and other personal information, such as your Social Security or driver’s license numbers, and uses it without your permission.

What to do if Someone Steals Your Identity If you think you may be a victim of identity theft: The FTC’s ID Theft Affidavit is a form that you can use to report information to businesses, notifying them that there is a fraudulent debt in your name. Download a copy of the ID Theft Affidavit (PDF | requires Adobe Acrobat Reader) or call the FTC’s ID Theft Hotline at 1-877-IDTHEFT (1-877-438-4338) to get a copy. Security Freeze Some states allow you to place a “security freeze” on your credit report, which will keep businesses from issuing credit to a thief. The cost of a security freeze varies from state to state, and is not available in every state. Contact your state consumer protection office for more information about your state security freeze laws.
[16]



The city agains Asthma

 If you or your child has asthma, you are not alone. About 23 million people in the United States suffer from asthma. Asthma is the leading cause of disease of long duration in children.

We are all responsible for protecting the conditions that determine a good level of health for our family and our community. Education is the basis for creating health-promoting environments for all.

At present, we have at our disposal a wealth of information about asthma. Hence, both the parents and the people who are caring for children play an important role in the transmission of knowledge, and changing lifestyle of the family.

Since the EPA is committed to educating all people about asthma, then you will find useful information that will help you more effectively control asthma.

What are the environmental factors that cause asthma?

Asthma can be triggered by allergens or irritants that are common in our homes.The most common factors are:

Smoke snuff

Asthma can be caused by smoke from a cigarette butt, pipe or cigar and also by the smoke exhaled by a smoker.
  • Choose not to smoke in your home or car or allow others to do so.

Dust mites

Dust mites are too small to be seen with the naked eye, but are in every home.They live in mattresses, pillows, carpets, furniture fabric wallpaper, bedspreads, clothes and stuffed toys.
  • Wash sheets and blankets weekly in hot water.
  • Choose soft toys that are washable, and wash them often in hot water, drying them completely. Keep these toys off beds.
  • Cover mattresses and pillows with covers that prevent the passage of dust (allergen impermeable) having a closure.

Pets

Skin flakes emerging from domestic animals, urine and saliva may trigger asthma.
  • Consider keeping pets out of the house or finding a new home if necessary.
  • Keep your pets all the time outside the bedroom or any other area that is used for sleeping and keep the doors shut.
  • Keep pets off the furniture with tapestry fabric, carpets and stuffed toys.
Learn more at www.epa.gov/asthma/pets.html 

Moho

Mold grows in damp places or materials. The key to mold control is moisture control. If mold is a problem in your home, clean and remove excess water or moisture. Reducing moisture also helps reduce other factors that cause asthma, such as cockroaches.
  • Wash mold off hard surfaces and dry completely. Absorbents, such as tile roofs and carpets, if they rust, should probably be removed or replaced materials.
  • Make any water leaks in the pipes and pipes and other sources of water supply.
  • Keep drip pans in your refrigerator, air conditioner and dehumidifier environments, clean and dry.
  • Use exhaust fans or open windows hold while cooking or when using the dishwasher.
  • Use exhaust fans in the bathrooms while showering.
  • Place the exhaust in a clothes dryer to the outside.
  • Keep the humidity inside the house at a low level, 30 to 50 percent relative humidity. Humidity levels can be measured by hygrometers which can be purchased at hardware stores.

Cockroaches

Droppings or excretions of cockroaches can trigger asthma.
  • Do not leave food or garbage out environmental exposure.
  • Store food in tightly sealed containers.
  • Clean all food waste or spilled liquids immediately.
  • First try to control cockroaches using poison baits, boric acid or traps before using pesticide sprays.
If sprays are used:
  • Limit yourself to use only in infested areas.
  • Carefully follow the instructions found on product labels.
  • Ensure that enough fresh air when you spray and keep the person with asthma out of the home.

Preventing asthma attacks

Visit www.noattacks.org/es. To make an asthma action plan, tips on how to manage asthma and get a copy of the popular activity book "Dusty the Goldfish".
www.noattacks.org/es
  • Step 1: Talk to your doctor about your child´s asthma. If your child has asthma or you think your child has this disease, take your child to a doctor.The doctor will work with you to ensure that your child has an asthma attack.
    • Learn what causes asthma in your child.
    • Identify your asthma triggers in your home are.
    • Learn how to rid your home the factors that cause asthma.
    • Know what your child should take medication.
  • Step 2: Make a plan. Ask your doctor to help you create an individual action plan to control your child´s asthma. Work with your doctor to create a plan of action to help you learn how to prevent asthma attacks your child regularly.
  • Step 3 - Make your home resistant asthma. The factors that cause asthma are part of our daily lives. Asthma attacks can be caused by mold growing on the shower curtain in the bathroom, dust mites living in blankets or blankets, the pillows and stuffed toys of your child. Learn more about the things that can cause an asthma attack and what you can do to eliminate them and keep your child healthy.

Tools Program Indoor Air Quality for Schools

EPA has developed a program of Air Quality Tools for Schools Interior to reduce exposure to environmental contaminants in them through the voluntary adoption of practices to manage indoor air quality.
IAQ Tools for Schools Program
The "program IAQ Tools for Schools "is a detailed to help maintain a healthy environment in school buildings by identifying, correcting and preventing problems of air quality resource.Poor indoor air quality in schools can affect the comfort and health of students and staff, which in turn can affect concentration, attendance, and student performance. In addition, if the school takes to react promptly as poor air quality, students and staff are at increased risk of health problems in the short term, such as fatigue and nausea, as well as problems long-term health such as asthma. Read more about it and download or order a kit action " IAQ Tools for Schools ".
[17]

4 Ways how young people can get health insurance

Young adults have several options to get coverage through the insurance market.

1. Special Enrollment Periods

Find out if you are eligible for a Special Enrollment Period. You may be eligible for registration under the Special Enrollment Period unknowingly. If your student medical coverage you finished, you may be eligible for a Special Enrollment Period that will allow you to purchase a health plan through the Insurance Market. You might also grant a Special Enrollment Period if you get married or divorced, have a child or adopt a child, moving to another area, and not old enough to be on the safe parent or have in your life some other event eligible to do so.

2. Medicaid and CHIP

Find out how to request coverage for Medicaid and CHIP . You can enroll in Medicaid or the Childrens Health Insurance Program (CHIP) at any time of year. If you qualify you can now register.

3. coverage through the health plan of the parent

You can get coverage from their parents plan until age 26, even if married, not living with their parents or dependent on them economically. After age 26, you qualify for a Special Enrollment Period.

4. Catastrophic Coverage

These plans are an affordable way to protect yourself from the high costs of the worst cases, such as an accident or serious illness. If you are under 30, you can purchase a catastrophic plan coverage. Served three visits per year before you have paid the deductible and certain preventive services .

Pay attention to your lifestyle in times of stress, advises a researcher

 

 Exercise, a healthy diet and a good sleep can protect the body from the negative effects of stress and slow down the process of aging at the cellular level, some researchers report.

A study with hundreds of older women found that stressful events are linked to increased shrinkage of Telomeres, the protective caps at the ends of chromosomes that affect the speed with which age the cells.

"We found that in a period of one year, while more stressful factors showed a woman, most likely it was their Telomeres are encogieran," said the author of the study, Eli Puterman, Assistant Professor of Psychiatry at the Faculty of Medicine of the University of California in San Francisco.

But women who maintained an active life style, ate and slept well seemed protected from the effects of stress, and their Telomeres did not show a significant additional shrink, the researchers said.

Dr. Michael Speicher, Professor and Chair of the Institute of genetics, human at the Medical University of Graz, in Austria, said that the study "addresses a really important biological question: the reason that a healthy lifestyle of truth is useful, especially if one is exposed to stressors".

"The encouraging message is that if one carries out these healthy behaviors, you can reduce some of the effects of stress on the body," he said.

Telomeres are like the plastic end tips at the ends of the shoelace, which avoid you to discard.

They are composed of DNA and protein, and protect the ends of chromosomes so that you discard. As the Telomeres are shortened and their structural integrity is weakened, the cells age and die more quickly.

This type of cell aging has partnered with diseases related to age, cardiovascular disease, Alzheimers disease and cancer. A theory holds that older people are more likely to get cancer because its shrunken Telomeres have made that their chromosomes are unstable and that they tend to operate poorly, said Speicher, it did not participate in the study.

The Telomeres become shorter naturally with age, but unhealthy behaviors such as smoking, poor diet and lack of sleep can do that they shorten before, warned Puterman. Chronic emotional stress has also been linked with a few shorter Telomeres.

To see if a healthy lifestyle could combat the effects of stress, the researchers tracked 239 postmenopausal women who do not smoked for a year. The findings appear in the edition of July 29, the journal Molecular Psychiatry.

The women provided blood samples at the beginning and at the end of the year to measure the Telomere. They were subjected to periodic reviews of their physical activity, diet, and sleep.

In the end, the women also reported stressful events that had occurred in that year. Researchers focused on really stressful life events, become a caregiver of a relative sick, losing a house or a job, or that a loved one died, said Puterman.

The researchers found that those major stressful events elicited a more significant decline in the length of the Telomeres in women who were healthy behaviors without too much evidence.

But the same levels of stress not elicited a greater shortening of Telomeres in women who remained active, eat a healthy diet and slept well.

The study shows the importance of maintaining a healthy lifestyle in the difficult life periods, they said Puterman and Speicher.

"If were in stressful situations, physical activity, sleep and nutrition of truth are really important to keep our bodies in shape and stay healthy", said Speicher. "With this study now we see it at the genetic level."

The study also expands our understanding of how a healthy lifestyle affects the aging process, said Puterman.

"The same type of person who eats well and continues to exercise is the same type of person who does not age much," he said. "As we delve ever deeper into the cell, get more information above why and what happens at the genetic level".

But the study actually does not prove a causal relationship between healthy habits and a few longer Telomeres. The next step will be randomised trials to see if the exercise can be used to slow down Cellular Aging in people who face a continuous life stress, such as caregivers of Alzheimers patients.

"We will see if we can change the aging process within cells, as well as the levels of depression and stress and that sort of thing," said Puterman.

Although the study was limited to women, both experts said it makes sense that the findings apply to men.

Speicher went further. "There are several studies that say that on average, men have about womens shorter Telomeres," he said. "It could assumed that the effects on men would be even greater on women, but that is just a theory".

More information

For more information about Telomeres, visit the University of Utah.


Article by HealthDay



Why my child need the HPV vaccine?

This vaccine protects against most of the cancers caused by the virus infection of human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV is a common virus that spreads among people when they have sexual contact with another person. Each year, around 14 million people, including teenagers, are infected with HPV. HPV infection can cause cancer of the cervix in women and cancer of the penis in men. HPV can also cause anal cancer, cancer of the throat and genital warts in both men and women.


When should my child be vaccinated?

It is recommended that preteens, both male and female, put the HPV vaccine at age 11 or 12 years old so that they are protected until they are exposed to the virus. If your teen not has been the vaccine still, talk to your doctor to make it be as soon as possible.

The HPV vaccine is given in 3 doses. The second dose should be 1 or 2 months after the first and the third dose should be administered 6 months after the first. Make sure that your child wear 3 doses to ensure the best protection.


Teen outdoors.

What else should I know about the HPV vaccine?

There are two vaccines against HPV. Girls between 11 and 12 years of age) and young women between 13 and 26 years any of them should be placed to prevent cancer of the cervix.

One vaccine also protects against genital warts and anal cancer in women as in men. Children need to be with this HPV vaccine to prevent anal cancer and genital warts. Girls can be this vaccine to prevent cancer of the cervix, anal cancer and genital warts.

Very careful studies of both HPV vaccines have been performed and these studies have shown that no serious security concern there is with them. Some side effects that have been reported in these studies include pain in the arm, on the site that has been the injection, fever, dizziness and nausea.

Some preteens and teens you can pass out after receiving the HPV vaccine or any other vaccine.Preteens and teens must sit or lie when they put the vaccine and remain so for about 15 minutes after receiving the injection. This can help prevent fainting or other injury that could happen to the faint.

Serious side effects of the HPV vaccine are rare. It is important to tell the doctor or nurse your child if you have any severe allergies, including allergy against the latex or yeast. He is not recommended to put the HPV vaccine to women who are pregnant.

Centres stop Control and prevention of diseases (CDC), all American Academy of family physicians, the American Academy of Pediatrics and the society of adolescent medicine and health recommended vaccines against HPV.


Where can I get more information?

For more information on HPV vaccines and other vaccines for pre-teens and teens talk with the doctor or the nurse her son. You can also get more information is available on the web site "Vaccines for pre-teens and teenagers" from CDC at the following address:cdc.govAclaraci?n sobre los enlaces a sitios web externos ohttp://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/teensAclaraci?n sobre los enlaces a sitios web externos (for more information).


How can I get help to pay for these vaccines?

[0]

The city agains Asthma

 If you or your child has asthma, you are not alone. About 23 million people in the United States suffer from asthma. Asthma is the leading cause of disease of long duration in children.

We are all responsible for protecting the conditions that determine a good level of health for our family and our community. Education is the basis for creating health-promoting environments for all.

At present, we have at our disposal a wealth of information about asthma. Hence, both the parents and the people who are caring for children play an important role in the transmission of knowledge, and changing lifestyle of the family.

Since the EPA is committed to educating all people about asthma, then you will find useful information that will help you more effectively control asthma.

What are the environmental factors that cause asthma?

Asthma can be triggered by allergens or irritants that are common in our homes.The most common factors are:

Smoke snuff

Asthma can be caused by smoke from a cigarette butt, pipe or cigar and also by the smoke exhaled by a smoker.
  • Choose not to smoke in your home or car or allow others to do so.

Dust mites

Dust mites are too small to be seen with the naked eye, but are in every home.They live in mattresses, pillows, carpets, furniture fabric wallpaper, bedspreads, clothes and stuffed toys.
  • Wash sheets and blankets weekly in hot water.
  • Choose soft toys that are washable, and wash them often in hot water, drying them completely. Keep these toys off beds.
  • Cover mattresses and pillows with covers that prevent the passage of dust (allergen impermeable) having a closure.

Pets

Skin flakes emerging from domestic animals, urine and saliva may trigger asthma.
  • Consider keeping pets out of the house or finding a new home if necessary.
  • Keep your pets all the time outside the bedroom or any other area that is used for sleeping and keep the doors shut.
  • Keep pets off the furniture with tapestry fabric, carpets and stuffed toys.
Learn more at www.epa.gov/asthma/pets.html 

Moho

Mold grows in damp places or materials. The key to mold control is moisture control. If mold is a problem in your home, clean and remove excess water or moisture. Reducing moisture also helps reduce other factors that cause asthma, such as cockroaches.
  • Wash mold off hard surfaces and dry completely. Absorbents, such as tile roofs and carpets, if they rust, should probably be removed or replaced materials.
  • Make any water leaks in the pipes and pipes and other sources of water supply.
  • Keep drip pans in your refrigerator, air conditioner and dehumidifier environments, clean and dry.
  • Use exhaust fans or open windows hold while cooking or when using the dishwasher.
  • Use exhaust fans in the bathrooms while showering.
  • Place the exhaust in a clothes dryer to the outside.
  • Keep the humidity inside the house at a low level, 30 to 50 percent relative humidity. Humidity levels can be measured by hygrometers which can be purchased at hardware stores.

Cockroaches

Droppings or excretions of cockroaches can trigger asthma.
  • Do not leave food or garbage out environmental exposure.
  • Store food in tightly sealed containers.
  • Clean all food waste or spilled liquids immediately.
  • First try to control cockroaches using poison baits, boric acid or traps before using pesticide sprays.
If sprays are used:
  • Limit yourself to use only in infested areas.
  • Carefully follow the instructions found on product labels.
  • Ensure that enough fresh air when you spray and keep the person with asthma out of the home.

Preventing asthma attacks

Visit www.noattacks.org/es. To make an asthma action plan, tips on how to manage asthma and get a copy of the popular activity book "Dusty the Goldfish".
www.noattacks.org/es
  • Step 1: Talk to your doctor about your child´s asthma. If your child has asthma or you think your child has this disease, take your child to a doctor.The doctor will work with you to ensure that your child has an asthma attack.
    • Learn what causes asthma in your child.
    • Identify your asthma triggers in your home are.
    • Learn how to rid your home the factors that cause asthma.
    • Know what your child should take medication.
  • Step 2: Make a plan. Ask your doctor to help you create an individual action plan to control your child´s asthma. Work with your doctor to create a plan of action to help you learn how to prevent asthma attacks your child regularly.
  • Step 3 - Make your home resistant asthma. The factors that cause asthma are part of our daily lives. Asthma attacks can be caused by mold growing on the shower curtain in the bathroom, dust mites living in blankets or blankets, the pillows and stuffed toys of your child. Learn more about the things that can cause an asthma attack and what you can do to eliminate them and keep your child healthy.

Tools Program Indoor Air Quality for Schools

EPA has developed a program of Air Quality Tools for Schools Interior to reduce exposure to environmental contaminants in them through the voluntary adoption of practices to manage indoor air quality.
IAQ Tools for Schools Program
The "program IAQ Tools for Schools "is a detailed to help maintain a healthy environment in school buildings by identifying, correcting and preventing problems of air quality resource.Poor indoor air quality in schools can affect the comfort and health of students and staff, which in turn can affect concentration, attendance, and student performance. In addition, if the school takes to react promptly as poor air quality, students and staff are at increased risk of health problems in the short term, such as fatigue and nausea, as well as problems long-term health such as asthma. Read more about it and download or order a kit action " IAQ Tools for Schools ".
[17]

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You have the right to a safe workplace

You have the right to a safe workplace. The Law on Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (OSH Act) was enacted to prevent death, injury or illness of workers in their workplaces. The law requires employers to provide free working conditions hazards and unsafe conditions. The Act (OSH Act) created the Administration Occupational Safety and Health (OSHA), which sets and enforces standards that protect the safety and health at workplaces. OSHA also provides information, training and assistance to workers and employers. Workers can make a complaint to OSHA inspect their workplace if they believe their employer is not following OSHA standards or there are serious risks. Contact us with questions or to make a complaint . We will keep your information confidential. We are here to help.

The rights of workers under the OSHA Act

Workers have the right to conditions of work without risk of serious harm. Site to ensure safe and healthful workplace, OSHA also provides workers the right to:
  • Ask OSHA to conduct an inspection of the workplace.
  • Exercise their rights under the law of revenge free or discrimination.
  • Receive information and training about hazards, methods to prevent damage and OSHA standards that apply to your workplace. The training must be in a language you can understand;
  • Having access to the results of the tests done to find hazards in the workplace,
  • Read the archives of injuries and work-related diseases ;
  • Access to copies of your medical records ;

Who covers the OSHA

Private sector workers Most employees in the country are under the jurisdiction of the OSHA law. OSHA covers employers and private sector workers in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and other jurisdictions of the United States, either directly by the OSHA Federal, or anOSHA-approved state program . State Programs health and safety should be at least as effective as federal OSHA program. To find the contact information for the Office of Federal or state program of the nearest OSHA, see the map of the regional offices. Employees of state and local government Employees who work for state and local governments are not covered by the federal OSHA, but have protection under the OSHA law if they work in states that have a state program approved by OSHA. Four states and a territory of the USA. UU. have OSHA-approved plans that cover only public sector employees. These include: Connecticut, Illinois, New Jersey, New York, and the Virgin Islands. Workers in the private sector in these four states and the Virgin Islands are covered by federal OSHA. Federal workers Federal agencies must have a safety and health program that meets the same standards as private employers. Although OSHA does not assign fines to federal agencies, yes the monitors and responds to complaints from their workers. The States Postal Service (USPS) is covered by OSHA. Not covered by the OSHA Act:
  • Freelance workers;
  • Members of the immediate family of the owners of a farm that did not employ outside workers; and
  • Workplace hazards that are regulated by another federal agency (eg Administration Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA), the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), the Coast Guard)

Standards OSHA: Occupational

OSHA standards are regulations that describe the methods that employers must use to protect their employees from hazards and risks. There are OSHA standards for the construction , agriculturemarine operations , and general industry. latter category are the standards that apply to most workplaces. Standards limit the amount of hazardous chemicals to which workers can be exposed;require the use of certain safe practices and equipment; and require employers to monitor hazards and keep reports of injuries and illnesses in the workplace. Examples of OSHA standards include requirements to: provide fall protection; prevent the collapse of excavations; prevent some infectious diseases; ensure that workers entering confined spaces safely; prevent employees from being exposed to harmful substances such as asbestos; put guards on machines; provide respirators or other safety equipment; and provide training for certain dangerous jobs. Employers must also conform to the General Duty Clause of the OSHA Act ​​requires employers to keep their workplace free of hazards that are recognized as serious. This clause is usually cited when no OSHA standard applies directly to danger.

Workers can request that OSHA inspect your workplace

Workers or their representatives, may file a complaint and request OSHA to conduct an inspection of your workplace if they believe there is a serious danger or your employer is not complying with OSHA standards. A worker can tell OSHA to keep your identity confidential. 's a violation of the OSH Act an employee is fired, demoted, transferred, or discriminated against in any way for filing a complaint or exercise other rights of OSHA. You can make a complaint online , download the form and mail or fax to the office of the nearest OSHA ; or by calling 1-800-321-OSHA (6742). Most of the complaints received from the Internet can be resolved informally by phone with your employer. Written complaints that are signed by an employee or representative and sent to the OSHA office nearest are more likely to result in an OSHA inspection at your workplace. When the OSHA inspector arrives, workers and their representatives have the right to:
  • Be present during the inspection.
  • Talk to the OSHA inspector privately.
  • Take part in meetings between the inspector and the employer before and after the inspection.
When no union representative or the employee, the OSHA inspector must speak confidentially to a reasonable number of employees during the course of the inspection. When an inspector finds violations of OSHA standards or serious hazards, OSHA can issue citations and fines. A citation includes the methods that an employer can use to fix the problem, and the date when these corrective actions must be completed. Workers have the right to challenge only the date when the problem has to be solved. But employers have the right to dispute whether there is a violation, or any other part of the citation. Workers or their representatives must notify OSHA if they want to be involved in the appeal process, if the employer challenges a subpoena. "If you send a complaint requesting an OSHA inspection, you are entitled to a copy of the results of the OSHA inspection and request that they be revised if OSHA decides not to issue citations."

Employer Responsibilities

Employers have a responsibility to provide a safe workplace. Employers MUST provide a workplace free of serious hazards and follow all health and safety standards of OSHA .Employers have to find and fix security issues and health. OSHA also requires employers to try to eliminate or reduce hazards by making changes in working conditions, rather than simply wear masks, gloves, ear plugs, or other types of personal protective equipment (PPE for short in English). Switching to safer chemicals, processes to trap harmful gases, or using ventilation systems to clean the air are examples of effective ways to eliminate or reduce risks. Employers also MUST:
  • Inform employees about the dangers workout, tags, alarms, color-coded systems, information sheets on chemicals and other methods.
  • Save accurate reports of injuries and work-related diseases .
  • Testing in the workplace, such as air sampling, required by some OSHA standards
  • Providing hearing tests or other medical tests required by OSHA standards
  • Locate OSHA citations, data on injuries and illnesses, and the OSHA poster at the jobsite in a place where employees can see them.
  • Report to OSHA within 8 hours after an incident in the workplace where there is a death or when three or more workers to go to hospital.
  • Not discriminate and not retaliate against an employee for exercising their rights under the law.

You can not be punished or discriminated against for exercising their rights under the law of the OSHA

OSHA law protects workers who complain to their employer, OSHA or other government agencies on working conditions that are not healthy or safe, or environmental problems. You can not be transferred, denied a raise, have your hours reduced, be fired, or punished in any other way for exercising their rights under the law of OSHA. OSHA There is help for whistleblowers . If you have been punished or discriminated against for asserting your rights, you must file a complaint with OSHA within 30 days of the alleged retaliation have occurred to most complaints. No form is required, but you must send a letter or call the office nearest OSHA explaining the situation and the alleged discrimination.

What if there is a dangerous situation at work?

If you believe that your work conditions are not healthy or safe, we recommend that you notify your employer of the conditions, if possible. You can make a complaint with OSHA about a hazardous job at any time. But you should not leave the job site only because you made ​​a complaint. If the condition clearly presents a risk of death or serious physical harm, there is insufficient time for OSHA consider, and, whenever possible, you have shown the condition to your employer, you may have a legal right reused to work in a situation where you would be exposed to danger.

Additional information for workers

Does OSHA has reviewed my employer? You can research the history of inspection through their employer seeking establishment of OSHA . Just enter the name of your company and choose the dates you want to examine. What is the danger most commonly cited in my industry? You'll need to know the standard industry classification code (SIC, for its acronym in English) from their employer . Once you know your four-digit code, visit the OSHA Standards that are frequently cited , enter your SIC code and see the information for the last year. Does OSHA provides technical information on hazards? OSHA provides technical information to help workers, employers and professionals in health and safety issues, to reduce occupational injuries and illnesses. For example, you can find information on pathogens, and ergonomic machine guards or fall protection. What is the OSHA materials that may be of interest to workers? OSHA publishes a variety of publications on many topics. Some of the most useful publications for workers are listed below. See OSHA publications for a complete list of materials published by the agency. You can also order publications online.


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