UMATILLA OREGON NEWS AND BLOG


Latest News - UMATILLA OREGON

Oregon, Washington museums highlight tribal cultures around Northwest


Umatilla: Tamastslikt Cultural Institute tells the story of the Cayuse, Umatilla and Walla Walla tribes of northeast Oregon and southeast Washington in a 45,000-square-foot building that opened in 1998. It also has an outdoor living history exhibit during ...

Dam official says new repair options emerging


Oregon Sen. Bill Hansell (R-Athena), who lives in Umatilla County, says discussions between Umatilla growers and the Oregon State Department of Water Resources on the matter “are ongoing.” However, J.R. Cook, director of the nonprofit Northeast Oregon ...

Wolf attacks kill sheep, dogs in NE Oregon


ENDANGERED SPECIES — Two recent wolf attacks have killed eight sheep and two livestock-protection dogs in Umatilla County, Oregon officials have confirmed. The state Department of Fish and Wildlife says the attacks took place Sept. 15 and 16 on public ...

Updated: Wolf attacks kill sheep, dogs in Northeastern Oregon


This story has been updated since its original publication. Two recent wolf attacks have killed eight sheep and injured two herd dogs in Umatilla County. The Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife says the attacks took place Sept. 15 and 16 on public ...

Wolf packs attack, kill livestock, guard dogs in Oregon


A wolf pack identified as OR28 was believed responsible for killing 11 sheep and two dogs in three attacks this month in Umatilla County, the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife said, and a different pack killed a calf in nearby Wallowa County.

Wolf attacks kill 8 sheep, 2 protection dogs in Umatilla County in northeast Oregon


PENDLETON, Ore. (AP) -- Two recent wolf attacks have killed eight sheep and two livestock-protection dogs in Umatilla County. The Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife says the attacks took place Sept. 15 and 16 on public grazing land near Ruckle Junction ...

Recent Wolf Attacks Kill Eight Sheep, Two Dogs in Umatilla County


PENDLETON, OR - Two recent wolf attacks have killed eight sheep and two livestock-protection dogs in Umatilla County. The Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife says the attacks took place on September 15th and 16th on public grazing land near Ruckle ...

Umatilla, Morrow Co. spud growers happy with harvest


Statewide, Oregon harvests nearly 40,000 acres of potatoes per year. Umatilla and Morrow counties account for more than half that total, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture. G2 Farming grows about 1,100 acres of potatoes divided among four ...

Umatilla girls tie Riverside


It was a tale of two halves for the Umatilla girls soccer team Tuesday afternoon against Riverside. They gave up two goals late in the first half but responded with two of their own early in the second half to salvage a 2-2 tie in the Eastern Oregon League ...

As Cover Oregon Marks the One-Year Anniversary of "Go-Live," Health Exchange's Struggles Continue


One year later, Cover Oregon's technological problems are continuing and the exchange has become a national case study in good intentions gone wrong. A year ago on Sept. 30, insurance agents around Oregon were feverishly preparing to use the state's new ...

Wasting disease kills most sea stars around Oregon's Haystack Rock, Cannon Beach


Wasting disease has nearly wiped out the sea stars at Haystack Rock, the popular destination for visitors to Cannon Beach. Haystack Rock Awareness Program Coordinator Samantha Ferber estimates more than 90 percent of the sea stars in the lower intertidal ...

Son of boxing champ Evander Holyfield receives offer to play college football for the Oregon Ducks - and 20 other major universities


The son of boxing champ Evander Holyfield seems to be following in his father's athletic footsteps. Elijah Holyfield, a junior at Woodward Academy in College Park, Georgia, has just fielded an offer to play college football for the University of Oregon Ducks.

Oregon vs. Arizona: 5 Crazy Predictions for Pac-12 Shootout


October 1, 2014 1:31 pm EDT by Connor Muldowney Arizona and Oregon will be meeting in week six for a big game that is sure to turn into a shootout. The Ducks have been one of the best offensive teams in the nation this season, as they usually are, while ...

Could Oregon Ducks have revenge in mind Thursday night against Arizona?


EUGENE, Ore. (AP) — Things got ugly for the Oregon Ducks very quickly the last time they played Arizona. Marcus Mariota was intercepted on the first play from scrimmage. Bralon Addison dropped a pass near the sideline and Arizona cornerback Shaquille ...

Oregon denies water for nickel mine exploration


GRANTS PASS, Ore. (AP) — State water regulators have denied a permit sought by a mining company trying to develop nickel ore deposits in southwestern Oregon. The Oregon Water Resources Department order issued Tuesday says there was no water in the creek ...

Oregon LEEDing The Way To Break The Timber Certification Monopoly


David Williams is the President of the Taxpayers Protection Alliance, a non-profit, non-partisan organization dedicated to educating the public through the research, analysis and dissemination of information on the government’s effects on the economy.

Oregon Football: What Ducks Must Do to Avoid Being Upset by Arizona, Again


The Oregon Ducks have had to live with that final score in their heads for the past 313 days. In order to avoid another upset at the hands of the Arizona Wildcats, the Ducks must do a better job of protecting quarterback Marcus Mariota, containing Arizona ...

Oregon pols battle over when to pull plug on costly ObamaCare website


Cover Oregon was supposed to be a shining example of ObamaCare at its best. The state insurance exchange for the state of Oregon received $300 million in federal grants to launch a state-of-the-art website. But it never worked, and not a single Oregonian ...

Oregon honors breast cancer awareness month with pink-and-black uniforms


No school can touch Oregon’s uniform game. Especially not this week when the Ducks wear special edition pink uniforms in support of breast cancer awareness month. The uniforms, which will be worn Thursday night against Arizona, are all black with pink ...



SPECIAL INFORMATION FOR UMATILLA

I knew that as an ex-smoker, had increased risk of developing certain diseases and cancer

The story of Alex

An elderly man with white cap smiling

I knew that as an ex-smoker, had increased risk of developing certain diseases and cancer. But when a friend asked me if I had done the test for abdominal aortic aneurysm , I said "what´s that?".

My friend was 67 when his doctor recommended a test to see if he had an abdominal aortic aneurysm. The test showed a small aneurysm and had surgery a few days later. Now, my friend is recovering and takes very seriously its role to warn their friends about the danger of this disease.

As I used to smoke, and as I exercise regularly and I have tall cholesterol and blood pressure, have taller risk of developing this disease. So my friend was worried about me and asked me to take the test. I was lucky, because the evidence indicated that he had an aneurysm. However, my doctor recommended several things you can do to reduce my risk of developing this disease. The eating healthy foods and being more active help me to reduce my risk of developing heart disease. Exercise also helps to strengthen my muscles and my heart.

Now, if someone asks what is an abdominal aortic aneurysm, you can not say: "What is that?".

MEN´S HEALTH

Most men should pay more attention to their health. Compared with women, men are more likely to:
  • Smoke
  • Drink
  • Make unhealthy or risky decisions
  • Defer regular checkups or medical care
The good moderns is that you can start today to take better care of your health. You know what you do to stay healthy? Answer these questions on the health of men to find out (in English).

It´s not too late to acquire healthy habits 

. patents that healthy eating and physical activity part of your daily habits. Eating a healthy diet and regular physical activity can help reduce:
  • Blood pressure
  • The blood sugar
  • Cholesterol
  • The weight
  • If you keep these values ??low, you can reduce the risk of serious health problems such as diabetes and heart disease.
You can also do the following to prevent health problems:
  • Drink alcohol only in moderation .
  • Stop smoking .


Seek medical attention to stay healthy. Become a regular medical checkups even if you feel well. This is important because some diseases have no symptoms at first. Also, go to the doctor will give you the opportunity to learn more about your health. Also, you can do the following to take care of your health:
  • Become testing you need.
  • Find out if you´re up to date on important vaccinations .
  • See if you have signs of health problems such as diabetes or depression.

Take Action

Follow these tips to take charge of your health.

Make small changes every day. Small changes can yield large results, such as reducing your risk of diabetes or heart disease.
  • Go for a walk instead of smoke a cigarette.
  • Pour yourself a vegetable salad instead of fries.
  • Drink water instead of soda or juice.
  • Follow these tips to consume less salt.
More rapid tips to stay healthy [PDF, 1.7 MB].

Talk to your health. Do not be ashamed to talk about your health. Start by talking with your family to know what the disease is in your family are. Use this website to keep track of what you´re finding out. Share this information with your doctor.

Become testing to find the disease early. Screening tests are medical tests that detect disease before symptoms appear. These tests can help doctors find diseases early, when they can be more easily treated.
  • Become measuring blood pressure  at least once every 2 years.
  • Talk to the doctor to see if you should get tested for cholesterol . Doctors recommend that most men cholesterol test is done at least once every 5 years.
  • Get tested for colon and rectal cancer if you´re 50 or ancienter. Ask your doctor which test is best for you.
  • If you are between 65 and 75 years, have you ever smoked, ask your doctor about abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA).
  • If you feel stressed, anxious or depressed for more than two weeks,  ask your doctor to do tests to see if you´re depressed . Most men who have depression feel better when they receive treatment.


Tell your doctor if you have questions about the prostate. All men have prostate. The prostate is a small gland that produces the sexual fluid that carries sperm. Is located below the front of the rectum and bladder.
  • See a picture of the location of the prostate.
  • Learn more about prostate cancer.
  • Look at this list of questions to ask your doctor about testing for prostate cancer .


Ask your doctor whether you should take aspirin every day. If you are 45 or ancienter, take aspirin every day could reduce your risk of having a heart attack. Talk to the doctor and ask if you should take aspirin every day.

What can I do about costs? Many insurance plans,  including Medicaid and Medicare, pay for recommended preventive services such as screenings and immunizations. In addition, the  Care Act Affordable Health ( Affordable Care Act , in English), the law of health reform that was passed in 2010, covers many preventive services . According to the health insurance plan you have, maybe you can make testing and get vaccines without paying anything. Talk to your health insurance to find out what your plan covers.
  • Find out which services are covered by the Act Care Affordable .
  • Find out what services are covered by Medicare  (in English).
Even if you have health insurance, you can receive care. looking for a health middle near you (in English) and make an appointment.

Content last reviewed: July 31, 2014

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What you need to know about Ebola

What is Ebola?

Ebola virus is the cause of a viral hemorrhagic fever disease. Symptoms include: fever, headache, joint and muscle aches, weakness, diarrhea, vomiting, stomach pain, lack of appetite, and abnormal bleeding. Symptoms may appear anywhere from 2 to 21 days after exposure to ebolavirus though 8-10 days is most common.

How is Ebola transmitted?

Ebola is transmitted through direct contact with the blood or bodily fluids of an infected symptomatic person or though exposure to objects (such as needles) that have been contaminated with infected secretions.

Can Ebola be transmitted through the air?

No. Ebola is not a respiratory disease like the flu, so it is not transmitted through the air.

Can I get Ebola from contaminated food or water?

No. Ebola is not a food-borne illness. It is not a water-borne illness.

Can I get Ebola from a person who is infected but doesn’t have any symptoms?

No. Individuals who are not symptomatic are not contagious. In order for the virus to be transmitted, an individual would have to have direct contact with an individual who is experiencing symptoms.

Are there any cases of individuals contracting Ebola in the U.S.?

No.

What is being done to prevent ill passengers in West Africa from getting on a plane?

CDC is assisting with active screening and education efforts on the ground in West Africa to prevent sick travelers from getting on planes. In addition, airports in Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea are screening all outbound passengers for Ebola symptoms, including fever, and passengers are required to respond to a healthcare questionnaire. CDC is also surging support in the region by deploying 50 additional workers to help build capacity on the ground.

What is CDC doing in the U.S.?

On the remote possibility that an ill passenger enters the U.S., CDC has protocols in place to protect against further spread of disease. These include notification to CDC of ill passengers on a plane before arrival, investigation of ill travelers, and, if necessary, isolation. CDC has also provided guidance to airlines for managing ill passengers and crew and for disinfecting aircraft. CDC has issued a Health Alert Notice reminding U.S. healthcare workers of the importance of taking steps to prevent the spread of this virus, how to test and isolate suspected patients and how they can protect themselves from infection.

What about ill Americans with Ebola who are being brought to the United States for treatment? How is CDC protecting the American public?

CDC has very well-established protocols in place to ensure the safe transport and care of patients with infectious diseases back to the United States. These procedures cover the entire process -- from patients leaving their bedside in a foreign country to their transport to an airport and boarding a non-commercial airplane equipped with a special transport isolation unit, to their arrival at a medical facility in the United States that is appropriately equipped and staffed to handle such cases. CDC’s role is to ensure that travel and hospitalization is done to minimize risk of spread of infection and to ensure that the American public is protected. Patients were evacuated in similar ways during SARS.

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How women tend to react to stress?

woman with her familyHistory of Kasandra I have two full time jobs: I´m the manager of a customer service center and the mother of two young children. I see myself as a happy person and a dedicated worker. But last month, the traffic, my work, household chores, and try to spend enough time with my kids were really stressed out. I get up very early in the morning to prepare my children for school, and then take so long to get to work when I arrive and am cranky. In my office there is shortage of staff and we had meet many deadlines, so I was working overtime. My home life was affected: the traffic back home did not improve my mood, and when it came I was so tired I did not want to do anything! But I was faced with having to make dinner and wash clothes. My kids also need my attention! wanted to control my stress before it overwhelmed me. I talked to my boss about work later to avoid traffic and therefore be in a better mood when I get to work and home. I asked my husband to go to get the kids through school, and he´s offered to help with dinner and laundry. When he cooks, I go biking with my kids. I also started to book five minutes morning and late at work to relax and breathe deeply. These small changes have had a major positive effect on my life!

What are some of the most common causes of stress?

Stress can occur for many reasons. It can be triggered by a traumatic accident, a death, or an emergency situation.Stress can also be a side effect of a serious illness.

There is also stress associated with daily life, the workplace, and family responsibilities. It´s hard to stay calm or relaxed with our hectic lives. As women we have many roles to play: that of wife, mother, caregiver, friend or employee. With all the occupations we have in our life, it seems almost impossible to find ways to relieve our stress. However it is important to find those ways, because your health depends on it.

What are some of the early signs of stress?

Stress can have many different forms, and contribute to the symptoms of disease. Some of the common symptoms are headache, sleep problems, difficulty concentrating, bad temper, stomach disorders, job dissatisfaction, low mood, depression and anxiety.

How women tend to react to stress?

We all have to deal with stressful situations such as traffic, fights with spouse, and work problems. Some researchers believe that women handle stress in a unique way: engage and befriend.

  • Dealing: women protect and care for their children
  • Befriend: women seeking and receiving social support

In times of stress, women tend to care for their children and get support from their female friends. Women organisms produce chemicals that are believed to promote these reactions. One of these chemicals is oxytocin, which has a calming effect during times of stress. This is the same chemical that is released during childbirth and that is found in higher levels in lactating women, who are believed to be calmer and more sociable than those who do not. Women also have estrogen hormone, which enhances the effects of oxytocin. Men, on the other hand, have high levels of testosterone in times of stress, which blocks the calming effects of oxytocin and causes hostility, withdrawal and anger.

How does stress affect my body and my health?

We all suffer stress. There are short-term stress, such as getting lost when driving or missing the bus. To everyday situations, such as planning a meal or making time for errands, can be stressful. This type of stress can make us feel worried or anxious.

At other times we face long-term stress, such as racial discrimination, a fatal illness, or divorce. These stressful events can also affect your health in different ways. The long-term stress can increase your risk for certain medical conditions, such as depression problems.

Both short-term stress and long-term stress can affect your body. The research is beginning to show the serious effects of stress on our body. Stress triggers changes in our body and makes it more likely you sick. It can also worsen problems and suffering. You can influence the following problems:

  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Headaches
  • Constipation
  • Diarrhea
  • Irritability
  • Lack of energy
  • Lack of concentration
  • Overeating or not eating
  • Anger
  • Sadness
  • Increased risk of asthma attacks or arthritis
  • Tension
  • Stomach cramps
  • Bloating
  • Skin problems such as urticaria
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Weight gain or loss
  • Heart problems
  • Hypertension
  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome
  • Diabetes
  • Neck or back pain
  • Decreased sexual desire
  • Trouble getting pregnant

What are some of the most stressful life events?

Any change in our lives can be stressful, even some of the happiest, like having a baby or starting a new job. Here are some of the most stressful life events:

  • Death of a spouse
  • Divorce
  • Separation
  • Going to jail
  • Death of a close relative
  • Illness or injury
  • Marriage
  • Pregnancy
  • Retirement

Scale of Life Events Holmes and Rahe (1967)

What is Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)?

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD for short) is a debilitating condition that can occur after being exposed to a terrifying event or experience in which serious physical harm occurred or the threat thereof. Among the traumatic events that may trigger PTSD include violent attacks on the person, such as rape or mugging, natural disasters or caused by man, accidents, or military combat.

Many people with PTSD repeatedly relive the experience through episodes of flashbacks, memories, nightmares, or frightening thoughts, especially when exposed to events or objects that remind them of the trauma. Anniversaries of the event can also trigger symptoms. People with PTSD may also experience emotional numbness, sleep disturbances, depression, anxiety, irritability or outbursts of anger. Feelings of intense guilt are also common (called survivor guilt), especially if other people did not survive the traumatic event.

Most people who are exposed to a traumatic and stressful event suffer some symptoms of PTSD in the days and weeks following the event, but the symptoms usually disappear. However, about 8% of men and 20% of women go on to develop PTSD, and roughly 30% of these individuals develop a chronic or long-term PTSD continuing for the rest of their lives variety.

How I can help manage my stress?

Do not let stress the disease. Women usually carry a higher burden of stress we should. Often we are not even aware of our stress level. Pay attention to your body to know when stress is affected their health. Here are some ways to help manage stress:

  • Relax. loose is important. Everyone has their way of relaxing. Some of these ways are deep breathing, yoga, meditation and massage therapy. If you can not do these things, take a few minutes to sit down, listen to soothing music, or read a book.
  • Reserve time for yourself. Taking care of yourself is important. To not feel guilty, consider it an order from your doctor! No matter how busy you are, you can try to book at least 15 minutes per day in its program of activities to do something for herself, such as taking a bubble bath, go for a walk or call a friend on the phone.
  • Sleep. Sleeping is a great way to help both your body and your mind. If you do not get enough sleep, your stress can worsen. Nor can fight disease in the same way if you sleep poorly. If you get enough sleep, you can better address their problems and reduce your risk of getting sick. Try to get seven to nine hours every night.
  • Eat right. Try to get energy by eating fruits, vegetables and protein. Peanut butter, chicken salad or tuna are good sources of protein. Eat whole grains, such as bread and wheat crackers. Do not be fooled by the jolt of energy you feel when consuming caffeine or sugar, that energy will run out quickly.
  • Move. Believe it or not, physical activity not only helps relieve muscle tension, but also improves your mood!Before and after physical activity, the body produces certain chemicals called endorphins that relieve stress and improve your mood.
  • Talk to friends. Talk to your friends in order to better manage stress. Friends listen well. Does very well find someone who will let you talk freely about their problems and feelings without judgment. It also helps to hear a different point of view. His friends remember you are not alone.
  • Get professional help if needed. Talk to a therapist. A therapist can help you manage stress and find better ways to cope. Therapy can also help with more serious stress-related disorders such as PTSD. There are medications that can help relieve symptoms of depression and anxiety, and promote sleep.
  • Be transigente. Sometimes discuss not worth the stress it generates. Yield occasionally.
  • Write down what you think. Did you ever sent email to a friend about the terrible day that was, and felt better afterwards? Why not take a pen and paper and write down what is happening in your life? Keeping a journal can be a great way to vent and manage their problems. You can then re-read your journal and see how much progress has been made!
  • Help others. Helping someone can help themselves. Help your neighbor, or do volunteer work in your community.
  • Have a hobby. Find something you enjoy. Be sure to take the time to explore their interests.
  • Please limits. Regarding things like work and family, determine how much you can actually do. The amount of hours in the day is limited. Limit yourself to yourself and others too. Do not be afraid to say NO to requests for your time and energy.
  • Plan your time. Consider in advance how you will use your time. Write a list of things to do. Decide which are the most important.
  • Do not handle stress in ways that are not healthy. Among these are drinking too much alcohol, using drugs, smoking or overeating.

I heard deep breathing can help with my stress. How is it done?

Deep breathing is a good way to relax. Try to do it a few times per day. Here´s how you do it:

  1. Lie down or sit in a chair.
  2. Rest your hands on your stomach.
  3. Slowly count to four and inhale through the nose. Feel your stomach rise. Hold your breath for a second.
  4. Slowly count to four while you exhale through your mouth. To control how fast you exhale, purse your lips as if to whistle. Your stomach will slowly drop.
  5. Repeat for five to ten times.

Cause stress ulcers?

Doctors used to think ulcers were caused by stress and spicy foods. We now know that stress does not cause ulcers, only irritates. The ulcers are caused by a bacterium (germ) called H. pylori. Researchers do not yet know for certain how people contract. They think they can get it through the water. It is treated by a combination of antibiotics and other drugs.

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For a healthy city: The best way to burn fat in men

There are hundreds of ways for men to burn fat and get rid of that extra weight. The problem is to discover which method is best for you. You know from the beginning what diet and exercise work is the best way to do it.

Increase your metabolism

The main reason why a well-toned abdomen becomes a beer belly is your metabolism, which used to be young and vibrant and becomes static and lazy . Increase metabolism should be the primary goal when trying to burn fat. Metabolism is a chemical reaction that decomposes organic matter and uses fat as energy.So the higher the metabolism, burning more fat. For men who want to increase your metabolic rate, the best way is to consume more protein. Simply by increasing protein intake, you can lose up to eight pounds (3.6 kg) extra a year compared to a person who does not. Breakfast should consist of eggs and lean meat like turkey bacon. The snacks rich in protein are importants throughout the day to maintain high energy. Examples are nuts and cheese sticks. Your other two meals should consist of lean meats, poultry and fish.

Eating all the time

A common misconception is to think that skipping meals help you lose weight. This causes the metabolism to slow down, making weight loss more difficult. Spread your meals throughout the day is the best way to attack fat. Eat six small throughout the day instead of three large meals meals. Includes eggs, lean meats, fish, chicken and almonds to the daily consumption. These foods will help keep your metabolism elevated throughout the day.

 

Exercise

Exercise is a critical part to keep the metabolism elevated. Lifting weights is not the best option as it leads to bulking up instead of slimming. The exercises cardio like running, boxing and cycling are all good examples of what to do. Make an intense routine 30 minutes to an hour, three times a week. Combining these exercises with proper caloric intake, results in your body is a fat burning machine, lean and slender that works even while you sleep.

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You have the right to a safe workplace

You have the right to a safe workplace. The Law on Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (OSH Act) was enacted to prevent death, injury or illness of workers in their workplaces. The law requires employers to provide free working conditions hazards and unsafe conditions. The Act (OSH Act) created the Administration Occupational Safety and Health (OSHA), which sets and enforces standards that protect the safety and health at workplaces. OSHA also provides information, training and assistance to workers and employers. Workers can make a complaint to OSHA inspect their workplace if they believe their employer is not following OSHA standards or there are serious risks. Contact us with questions or to make a complaint . We will keep your information confidential. We are here to help.

The rights of workers under the OSHA Act

Workers have the right to conditions of work without risk of serious harm. Site to ensure safe and healthful workplace, OSHA also provides workers the right to:
  • Ask OSHA to conduct an inspection of the workplace.
  • Exercise their rights under the law of revenge free or discrimination.
  • Receive information and training about hazards, methods to prevent damage and OSHA standards that apply to your workplace. The training must be in a language you can understand;
  • Having access to the results of the tests done to find hazards in the workplace,
  • Read the archives of injuries and work-related diseases ;
  • Access to copies of your medical records ;

Who covers the OSHA

Private sector workers Most employees in the country are under the jurisdiction of the OSHA law. OSHA covers employers and private sector workers in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and other jurisdictions of the United States, either directly by the OSHA Federal, or anOSHA-approved state program . State Programs health and safety should be at least as effective as federal OSHA program. To find the contact information for the Office of Federal or state program of the nearest OSHA, see the map of the regional offices. Employees of state and local government Employees who work for state and local governments are not covered by the federal OSHA, but have protection under the OSHA law if they work in states that have a state program approved by OSHA. Four states and a territory of the USA. UU. have OSHA-approved plans that cover only public sector employees. These include: Connecticut, Illinois, New Jersey, New York, and the Virgin Islands. Workers in the private sector in these four states and the Virgin Islands are covered by federal OSHA. Federal workers Federal agencies must have a safety and health program that meets the same standards as private employers. Although OSHA does not assign fines to federal agencies, yes the monitors and responds to complaints from their workers. The States Postal Service (USPS) is covered by OSHA. Not covered by the OSHA Act:
  • Freelance workers;
  • Members of the immediate family of the owners of a farm that did not employ outside workers; and
  • Workplace hazards that are regulated by another federal agency (eg Administration Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA), the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), the Coast Guard)

Standards OSHA: Occupational

OSHA standards are regulations that describe the methods that employers must use to protect their employees from hazards and risks. There are OSHA standards for the construction , agriculturemarine operations , and general industry. latter category are the standards that apply to most workplaces. Standards limit the amount of hazardous chemicals to which workers can be exposed;require the use of certain safe practices and equipment; and require employers to monitor hazards and keep reports of injuries and illnesses in the workplace. Examples of OSHA standards include requirements to: provide fall protection; prevent the collapse of excavations; prevent some infectious diseases; ensure that workers entering confined spaces safely; prevent employees from being exposed to harmful substances such as asbestos; put guards on machines; provide respirators or other safety equipment; and provide training for certain dangerous jobs. Employers must also conform to the General Duty Clause of the OSHA Act ​​requires employers to keep their workplace free of hazards that are recognized as serious. This clause is usually cited when no OSHA standard applies directly to danger.

Workers can request that OSHA inspect your workplace

Workers or their representatives, may file a complaint and request OSHA to conduct an inspection of your workplace if they believe there is a serious danger or your employer is not complying with OSHA standards. A worker can tell OSHA to keep your identity confidential. 's a violation of the OSH Act an employee is fired, demoted, transferred, or discriminated against in any way for filing a complaint or exercise other rights of OSHA. You can make a complaint online , download the form and mail or fax to the office of the nearest OSHA ; or by calling 1-800-321-OSHA (6742). Most of the complaints received from the Internet can be resolved informally by phone with your employer. Written complaints that are signed by an employee or representative and sent to the OSHA office nearest are more likely to result in an OSHA inspection at your workplace. When the OSHA inspector arrives, workers and their representatives have the right to:
  • Be present during the inspection.
  • Talk to the OSHA inspector privately.
  • Take part in meetings between the inspector and the employer before and after the inspection.
When no union representative or the employee, the OSHA inspector must speak confidentially to a reasonable number of employees during the course of the inspection. When an inspector finds violations of OSHA standards or serious hazards, OSHA can issue citations and fines. A citation includes the methods that an employer can use to fix the problem, and the date when these corrective actions must be completed. Workers have the right to challenge only the date when the problem has to be solved. But employers have the right to dispute whether there is a violation, or any other part of the citation. Workers or their representatives must notify OSHA if they want to be involved in the appeal process, if the employer challenges a subpoena. "If you send a complaint requesting an OSHA inspection, you are entitled to a copy of the results of the OSHA inspection and request that they be revised if OSHA decides not to issue citations."

Employer Responsibilities

Employers have a responsibility to provide a safe workplace. Employers MUST provide a workplace free of serious hazards and follow all health and safety standards of OSHA .Employers have to find and fix security issues and health. OSHA also requires employers to try to eliminate or reduce hazards by making changes in working conditions, rather than simply wear masks, gloves, ear plugs, or other types of personal protective equipment (PPE for short in English). Switching to safer chemicals, processes to trap harmful gases, or using ventilation systems to clean the air are examples of effective ways to eliminate or reduce risks. Employers also MUST:
  • Inform employees about the dangers workout, tags, alarms, color-coded systems, information sheets on chemicals and other methods.
  • Save accurate reports of injuries and work-related diseases .
  • Testing in the workplace, such as air sampling, required by some OSHA standards
  • Providing hearing tests or other medical tests required by OSHA standards
  • Locate OSHA citations, data on injuries and illnesses, and the OSHA poster at the jobsite in a place where employees can see them.
  • Report to OSHA within 8 hours after an incident in the workplace where there is a death or when three or more workers to go to hospital.
  • Not discriminate and not retaliate against an employee for exercising their rights under the law.

You can not be punished or discriminated against for exercising their rights under the law of the OSHA

OSHA law protects workers who complain to their employer, OSHA or other government agencies on working conditions that are not healthy or safe, or environmental problems. You can not be transferred, denied a raise, have your hours reduced, be fired, or punished in any other way for exercising their rights under the law of OSHA. OSHA There is help for whistleblowers . If you have been punished or discriminated against for asserting your rights, you must file a complaint with OSHA within 30 days of the alleged retaliation have occurred to most complaints. No form is required, but you must send a letter or call the office nearest OSHA explaining the situation and the alleged discrimination.

What if there is a dangerous situation at work?

If you believe that your work conditions are not healthy or safe, we recommend that you notify your employer of the conditions, if possible. You can make a complaint with OSHA about a hazardous job at any time. But you should not leave the job site only because you made ​​a complaint. If the condition clearly presents a risk of death or serious physical harm, there is insufficient time for OSHA consider, and, whenever possible, you have shown the condition to your employer, you may have a legal right reused to work in a situation where you would be exposed to danger.

Additional information for workers

Does OSHA has reviewed my employer? You can research the history of inspection through their employer seeking establishment of OSHA . Just enter the name of your company and choose the dates you want to examine. What is the danger most commonly cited in my industry? You'll need to know the standard industry classification code (SIC, for its acronym in English) from their employer . Once you know your four-digit code, visit the OSHA Standards that are frequently cited , enter your SIC code and see the information for the last year. Does OSHA provides technical information on hazards? OSHA provides technical information to help workers, employers and professionals in health and safety issues, to reduce occupational injuries and illnesses. For example, you can find information on pathogens, and ergonomic machine guards or fall protection. What is the OSHA materials that may be of interest to workers? OSHA publishes a variety of publications on many topics. Some of the most useful publications for workers are listed below. See OSHA publications for a complete list of materials published by the agency. You can also order publications online.


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